Edition 6, June 2016 If you cannot read this email, please click here.
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  Better Internet for Kids - Bulletin Insafe & InHope  
  Welcome to the sixth edition of the Better Internet for Kids (BIK) bulletin. This quarterly bulletin aims to keep you informed of safer and better internet issues and opportunities across Europe and beyond. In each edition, we’ll bring you a mix of news, research and resources from many of the key stakeholders in keeping children and young people safe online, be they European Safer Internet Centres, research organisations, industry partners, policy makers or experts in the field.

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  About the Better Internet
for Kids Project
  Under the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF), the European Commission is co-funding a range of better/safer internet services, both at the European and the national level. Building on the European Strategy for a Better Internet for Children as published in 2012, the BIK core service platform aims to bring together European stakeholders in the field to work collaboratively in achieving the goal of a better internet for all. This bulletin is just one of a range of tools and services provided. Keep following us across all BIK communication channels - see links in the footer of this email.  
  In each edition of the BIK bulletin we look at a topical issue – this time we look at media and information literacy in Europe.

For centuries, literacy has referred to the ability to read and write. Early thinking about media literacy emerged much more recently, partly in response to a growing mass entertainment industry - from the early days of vaudeville, through radio, cinema, television, newspapers and magazines. It's now evolved to encompass modern-day media such as video games and online content, apps and services.

Today, we get most of our information through an interwoven system of media technologies. Hence, the ability to read many types of media has become an essential skill in the 21st century. Media literacy provides citizens with the ability to think critically, and gives them a comprehensive understanding of how media works, and how it can influence the individual and society as a whole. Nowadays, young people are using the internet to interact socially, to play games, and to watch videos on their computers and their mobile devices. This use of the internet is growing at a rate far faster than for conventional TV watching. The focus on teaching technology skills and the gap between parents, teachers, and children and young people regarding perceptions of activity has substantial implications for media literacy educators. Thus, media and digital literacy are currently more topical than ever around Europe.

In May 2016, the Council of the European Union adopted its Conclusions on developing media literacy and critical thinking through education and training. The Council acknowledges the many benefits and opportunities that the internet and social media can bring, but also highlights the potential threats and dangers they can present. The conclusions stress the fundamental role of education and training in helping young people to become media-literate and responsible citizens of the future.

In line with this, Sonia Livingstone OBE, professor in the Department of Media and Communications at LSE, updates us on media and information literacy policies across Europe and, in particular, the translit.fr resource. The resource is the result of a project to map media literacy provision in the 28 EU member states. A report is available for each country examining the situation in both formal and informal education, in relation to regulation and co-regulation, for all ages and settings. They include all aspects of ‘information education', spanning access to the internet, active citizenship in digital contexts and eSafety for children.

Against this background, the Insafe network of European Safer Internet Centres (SICs) sees it as an important and necessary task to empower children and young people to adapt good media habits, and to guide parents and professionals to support children and youth in their use of online media and digital technologies. As such, the network is currently mapping activities and best practices on media and digital literacy across Europe, emphasising that media literacy is the 21st century approach to education - see a short preview of this work here. Equally, many Safer Internet Centres have created educational strategies, campaigns and resources, for the full range of ages, recognising that such education must start at a very early age. We feature just a few here:
  • The Austrian Safer Internet Centre (SIC) has published a fully-illustrated storybook for children: ‘The Online-Zoo'. This 60-page book teaches young kids (aged 3-6) digital competences and media literacy in a playful, age-appropriate way. In the book, Zoo Director Elsa tries to help all her animals who encounter some difficulties when using digital media and the internet.
  • Also in Austria, the Austrian Ministry of Education has implemented a digital competences strategy. Named ‘digi.komp', it targets young people in the age groups of 6-10 and 10-14 years. The initiative aims to increase the probability that children and young people will get in touch with digital technologies and receive an education in the field of digital skills. The Austrian Safer Internet Centre has supported in a number of ways, providing handbooks and trainings for teachers.
  • The Greek Safer Internet Centre used its recent project to create a Youth4Greece platform - designed with the aim of promoting the country through the eyes of children and adolescents - to highlight issues around originality, copyright and privacy online with the young project participants.
  • The Hungarian Safer Internet Centre talks about an emerging phenomena of social engineering in the form of Whaling - a new take on phishing where children of executives are targeted as a way of gaining access to sensitive information of their parents. Awareness raising - for all members of the family - is one way to eliminate risk.
  • An experiment by the Latvian Safer Internet Centre on assessing web content critically showed a willingness for people to offer up their private information without due consideration of how it might be used. A further social experiment in the country showed that, in the main, people treat their passwords irresponsibly. The SIC is trying to counterbalance these findings in various ways, encouraging wise use of the internet for study and other purposes.
  • Media education is an important part of the curriculum in Luxembourgish primary schools. The overall aim of the interdisciplinary field of media education is the positive, responsible and safety-oriented online behaviour of pupils. To support primary school teachers in achieving this aim, BEE SECURE (the Luxembourgish Safer Internet Centre) offers a practical activity handbook with easy-to-use work sheets, games and activities for grade 1-6.
  • In recent years, the Dutch Safer Internet Centre has considered various emerging issues, such as the challenges of customised content for creating and consuming media and advice regarding the media education of young children between the ages of birth and six years, producing white papers on such.
  • In Sweden there is no single relevant policy or ministry concerning children's and young people's media use, but instead various policies dealing with these issues. In general, the policies address issues of safer internet in a broad media context, often in terms of literacy, digital competence or critical thinking. The Swedish Safer Internet Centre provides a detailed overview of approaches.
  • eSafety charity Childnet (partner in the UK Safer Internet Centre), has recently launched ‘Trust Me', a new resource designed to support primary and secondary school teachers in exploring critical thinking online. Developed in partnership with the London Grid for Learning (LGfL) Safeguarding Board to address the emerging area of online extremism and propaganda, the practical resource aims to provoke discussion among students so as to challenge young people to think critically about what they see online.
While there might still be a long way to go in terms of media and information literacy, we should remember that much has already been achieved. For instance, in the Netherlands, the concept of teaching media literacy was introduced in 2005 already. The Dutch Safer Internet Centre (SIC) has therefore created a special jubilee book (in English), in which they not only look at what has happened in the past 10 years; but especially look forward to the next 10 years. As a European network of Safer Internet Centres, we look forward to this onward journey!

The Insafe network of helplines collects data about the types of calls that they receive, and this is analysed every three months to look at trends and new and emerging issues. While the latest batch of data confirms the prevalence of cyberbullying, reporting on issues such as sextortion and grooming for radicalisation are becoming more common. As such, the network must respond with new approaches and resources to mitigate risk and ensure online wellbeing.

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New terminology guidelines
  In June 2016, a Global Interagency Working Group released the ‘Terminology Guidelines for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse’, taking an important step in strengthening collaboration to address sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children.

Child sexual abuse material - which INHOPE's members and hotline analysts across the globe work tirelessly to remove from the internet - is often referred to as 'child pornography' or other terms which trivialise the issue and minimise the seriousness of the abuse being depicted. INHOPE and its members have long been advocates of better and more respectful terminology.

INHOPE, as a member of the International Working Group, strongly supports the development of these guidelines to help streamline terminology and fight online child sexual abuse and exploitation.
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New decision tree resource on sextortion
A new English-language decision tree has been created addressing a current hot topic in the online world – sextortion. Produced by saferinternet.at and rataufdraht.at (part of the the Austrian Safer Internet Centre), the decision tree is part of the ‘Think about' series inviting young people to reflect on their online behaviour and how to protect themselves online.
‘Become a friend of your child' – educational project for parents
‘Become a friend of your child' is an educational project prepared by NASK (coordinator of the Polish Safer Internet Centre (SIC)) with the aim of helping parents and caretakers of mainly primary school children to overcome obstacles that they encounter while trying to enter the virtual environment of their children.

Five new videos have been produced dealing with issues such as excessive time online, cyberbullying, privacy and online criticism. All videos are available in both Polish and English.
Launch of the Teacher Academy

European Schoolnet launched the Teacher Academy to support educators in their daily classroom work and address key challenges in teacher professional development. Created for the European Commission, the Teacher Academy will offer a variety of online courses for teachers and is available on the School Education Gateway, a multilingual European website dedicated to education matters.

Youth as key stakeholders in the internet governance agenda
June saw the annual EuroDIG (European Dialogue on Internet Governance) event take place, this year in Brussels. This open, multi-stakeholder platform acts as an important European point of reference on exchanging views about the internet and how it is governed, followed later in the year by other key events such as the Safer Internet Forum and the global Internet Governance Forum (IGF).

Acknowledging the importance of youth participation in such matters, the Better Internet for Kids platform recently hosted a youth webinar on internet governance, seeking to boost youth participation and incentivise young people to get involved in internet governance discussions on a more consistent and regular basis, by acquiring the adequate knowledge and skills to both facilitate understanding and building of personal opinions on issues related to how the internet ecosystem works.

Further drawing on this work, for this edition of the BIK bulletin we have invited a number of leading participants in the youth internet governance movement to share their experiences:
  • Anna Iosif reflects on her recent experiences in attending the New Media Summer School and EuroDIG events, and asks whether young people can influence a better internet through involvement in internet governance discussions.
  • Auke Pals, a member of the Dutch Digital Youth Council, and a youth representative of European Digital Youth reflects on his attendance at SEEDIG – the South Eastern Europe Dialogue on Internet Governance – and his ability to contribute to internet governance issues as a young European citizen.
  • Florian Daniel describes his journey as a youth involved in internet governance issues, and reflects on the challenges of keeping youth involved.
  • Brazilian researcher Kimberly Anastácio recounts how she got involved in the youth internet governance movement, and tells of how it has helped shape her subsequent career and opportunities.
  • And finally, in a crossover with our focus topic this month, María José gives her views on why media and information literacy matters for young people, and why they should be encouraged to contribute to internet governance debates on such issues.
New research on helpline effectiveness
Recent research, carried out by European Schoolnet with EU Kids Online and funded by Kaspersky Labs, helps to identify how Insafe helplines are able to evaluate their effectiveness; something which challenges all those involved in eSafety education and support. Young people are often well versed in ‘talking the talk’ as regards to how to stay safe online but translating this into changing their behaviours is more difficult. Helplines clearly make a huge difference to the lives of those they support and the research helps to support the network in ensuring that the wider public are aware of them and the work that they do.
"When Free Isn't" - new eNACSO policy paper on children and business practices online
eNACSO (the European NGO alliance for child safety online) recently released “When Free Isn't”, a report which makes a strong case for improved policy, law and action to protect children against unfair and damaging business practices online. Globally, one in three internet users are below the age of 18. Children and young people are the fastest growing group of users, actively influencing purchasing decisions within their families or themselves directly buying online content and offline products.
FOSI and UNICEF launch new Global Resource & Information Directory
A new version of the Global Resource & Information Directory (GRID) was recently launched, providing governments, industry, law enforcement, educators and academics with a comprehensive digital resource to better protect children online including from sexual exploitation, said UNICEF and the Family Online Safety Institute.

The new version of the GRID profiles country-specific pages that bring together national level research, education, legislation, and local organisations working to protect young people from online violence and exploitation.
Theme announced for Safer Internet Day 2017
Safer Internet Day (SID) is organised by Insafe in February of each year to promote safer and more responsible use of online technology and mobile phones, especially among children and young people across the globe. Safer Internet Day 2017 will be celebrated on Tuesday, 7 February 2017 with a theme of 'Be the change: Unite for a better internet’.
10th International Conference ‘Keeping Children and Young People Safe Online' is fast approaching
For the tenth time already, experts from all over Europe will gather to discuss both the biggest safety threats on the internet as well as the latest trends and possibilities for using new technologies by children and young people. The 10th International Conference ‘Keeping Children and Young People Safe Online' will take place on 20-21 September 2016 in Warsaw. The event is jointly organised by the Polish and German Safer Internet Centres.
Czech MAPPING Forum as part of European Cyber Security Month
The promotion of safer use of the internet goes together with efforts to advance privacy and personal data protection. The Czech National Safer Internet Centre (SIC) aims to address the issue in collaboration with stakeholders and other initiatives as part of the annual European Cyber Security Month taking place each October. This year’s event will include the MAPPING (Managing Alternatives for Privacy, Property and Internet Governance) Forum which aims to identify best practices and develop future scenarios of personal data use in commercial and non-commercial settings, pinpointing data protection and privacy-related cybercrime issues.
Prestigious awards for UK hotline IWF

The Internet Watch Foundation (IWF), which provides the hotline function as part of the UK Safer Internet Centre (UK SIC), has recently been awarded the prestigious 2016 European Citizen’s prize by the European Parliament. Each year judges pick individuals or organisations from within the EU who made outstanding contributions to the promotion of cooperation and a better mutual understanding, between the citizens of the Member States.

And in other hotline news from the UK, Susie Hargreaves, Chief Executive of the IWF, has been awarded an OBE (Order of the British Empire) in the Queen’s prestigious Birthday Honours List for her work in the field of online child protection.

On hearing of her award, Susie said: “This is a great honour not only for me, but the whole IWF team. It is because of the dedicated work done by our team of analysts that we’ve been able to make such a significant global impact in the battle against online child sexual abuse images and videos...”.