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MEDirections is delighted to share a Policy Brief by Luca Raineri, Research Fellow at the Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, published as part of a collaboration between Sant'Anna and the MEDirections Libya Initiative, which draws together research issues and projects of common interest.


To what extent can the EU-sponsored border management policies explain the dramatic reduction in migratory flows from Libya to Italy over the past months? Do the data available dismiss the significance of the Libyan Coast Guard’s contributions to this end? Are they sufficiently reliable to demonstrate the strengthening of Libya’s southern borders?

The answers to these questions invite the conclusion that events taking place at Libya’s external borders provide a less convincing explanation for Europe-bound migratory flows than what occurs within Libya, thereby questioning the assumptions surrounding EU migration management and crisis response policies.

Read the Policy Brief here:


Who Are We?
The Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS) at the European University Institute (EUI) established the MIDDLE EAST DIRECTIONS (MEDirections) Programme in 2016. MEDirections is a continuation of the Mediterranean Programme, which was launched in 1999. The Mediterranean Programme put the EUI at the forefront of the Euro-Mediterranean research dialogue between 1999 and 2013, and MEDirections aspires to build on this reputation to become an international reference point for research on the Middle East and North Africa Region. Its themes encompass socio-political, economic and religious trends and transformations.
The program's Director is Luigi Narbone, working with the programme’s senior scientific advisor, Olivier Roy. Its research team is a multidisciplinary pool of researchers with diversified backgrounds, and a vast network of contacts in the countries covered, all with extensive fieldwork experience. To learn more about MEDirections, visit our website:
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