In this issue: Research: Laying the Path for Policy Design | "My GGP Fellowship"The Academy of Global Governance - Capitalising on a Network of Experts | Highlights | Recent Publications |

Research Turned into Action: beyond European Boundaries

Pressing contemporary socio-economic challenges, such as climate change, sustainable development, trade liberalisation, and key political ones, such as the quest for justice, freedom and equality, require answers at the global level.

At the Global Governance Programme (GGP) we aim to respond to these challenges, but also to set the agenda. A recent example of our outlook is the High-Level Policy Seminar (HLPS) “Targeted Killing, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and EU Policy” where a group of prominent experts, including  Ben Emmerson and Gilles de Kerchove, discussed the direction and development of EU policy in response to this controversial practice. The HLPS took place just after the leak of the US Department of Justice White Paper on targeted killing of terrorist suspects, anticipated the intense debate, at the international and US domestic level, of the past months, which culminated with the speech of Obama on national security few weeks ago.

Building on its rich intellectual and political traditions, Europe can stand up to the task of promoting innovative solutions in the field of governance. But at the GGP we go beyond the European boundaries and generate ideas, conceive concepts and offer advice to make a major contribution and to tackle global societal challenges.

At the GGP we want to think differently and make a difference.

Enjoy the reading of this newsletter and keep up with the GGP research developments and activities on our website.

Anna Triandafyllidou
Director ad Interim

Professor Anna Triandafyllidou took up the position of Director ad Interim of the Global Governance Programme on 12 April 2013.

Research: Laying the Path for Policy Design

Cultural Pluralism: The Driver for Social Innovation (Anna Triandafyllidou)
Cultural diversity is a major 21st century policy challenge, yet an opportunity the world is facing, especially at a time of economic crisis. For this reason we investigate the costs of diversity, but also the social and economic advantages it can bring.
Think about return migrants’ entrepreneurship, its potential for countries of origin’s development, social innovation, knowledge, and technology transfers. A recent Workshop co-organised with the RDP discussed the conditions conducive to return migrant entrepreneurship: material and human capital (money, skills, education, and expertise) as well as the mobilisation of a transnational social capital (links with other entrepreneurs and potential customers). Following the workshop further discussions will focus on Migration and Entrepreneurship as a Source for Development in the Balkans, at a conference organised by Group 484 Centre for Migration (Serbia), Institute of Social Sciences in Belgrade and Institute for Change and Leadership in Albania. As for the RDP, it will organise a conference on 29 May 2013, in Tunis, entitled “Conditions of Tunisian Return Migrants”.
At a High-Level Policy Seminar in May we also analysed the cost of not addressing cultural diversity in designing, implementing and monitoring social and economic policies. One of the main, yet controversial, conclusions of the debate is that only through “ethnic statistics” it is possible to monitor the policies in place to fight discrimination and ensure equality of opportunity. A policy brief (soon available) will offer some food for thoughts on the issue and put forward policy recommendations to address it.

Global Economics: Multilateral Cooperation and Policy Spillovers (Bernard Hoekman)
The overall focus of the strand is on multilateral economic cooperation in a multi-polar world and alternative approaches to reducing the negative spillover effects of national policies. Trade agreements are one instrument. But alternative forms of international cooperation may be more effective mechanisms to support cooperation that allows attainment of regulatory objectives with less negative knock-on effects on international competition and the contestability of markets. A key feature of activities under this strand will be “roundtables” that bring together policy researchers, policymakers and officials from international organisations that provide advice and assistance in the area of trade and investment-related policies. These roundtables may be connected to specific policy initiatives that are being pursued – such as the transatlantic economic partnership negotiations and regional integration initiatives. They may also be issue-specific – for example, the policy implications of international supply chains, the “servitisation” of economic activities, trade and industrial policies, and more generally how domestic regulatory policies impact on international commerce. Research activities will be pursued in close cooperation with the International Trade Observatory. A general feature of many of the research activities is collaboration with policy research institutes around the globe, as well as multilateral and regional development institutions such as the Inter-American Development Bank and the World Bank.
All GGP Research Strands

"My GGP Fellowship"

Reputational Sanctions in International Law
With my research project I aim to identify under what conditions reputation can serve the goal of compliance among countries, with respect to international agreements and, hence, fill the enforcement gap in the international community. My research consists of both a theoretical and empirical part. I adopted a microeconomic approach that treats reputation as arising from information asymmetries in exchange relations. I argue that countries´ reputational concern is related to the density of economic, social and cultural exchange among other countries. I also developed a way of testing the approach empirically, by focusing on whether countries' compliance with human rights agreement can be explained by a reputational concern, to signal good institutions and governance that has an impact on trade relations.
Laarni Escresa
Jean Monnet GGP fellow 2012-2013

Reputational Sanctions in International Law - PPT

Regional Security Governance
My research project focuses on three main areas. I aim to analyse comparative regional organisations, such as the European Union, the Organisation of American States or the African Union, among others, as international actors empowered with mandates and instruments, from their member states, to contribute to regional peace and stability. I am also studying the construction of regional security governance in Latin America, focusing on the collaboration mechanisms among the most relevant security providers in the region; in particular, I am investigating how they deal with organised crime, border disputes and weakness of states. Finally, my research also examines the obstacles to regional security cooperation in North America, in light of the contradiction between the construction of the region as an economic engine of productivity and the difficulties to develop effective security cooperation between Canada/United States, on the one hand, and Mexico, on the other.

The Accountability of Financial Regulators: a European and International Perspective
The accountability of financial regulators constitutes a necessary condition for the adequate functioning of the financial markets and institutions, and for financial stability. Before the financial crisis of 2007-10 the accountability regimes, under which financial regulators operated, suffered from several shortcomings, which, in some instances, contributed to financial instability and investors’ losses. After the financial crisis several jurisdictions have implemented reforms aimed at improving the accountability of financial regulators.
Do such reforms address the causes of the accountability deficits of financial regulators? What is the role of political actors and stakeholders in the new financial supervision architectures? My research project aims to address, among others, these questions and to analyse the evolution of the accountability arrangements applicable to financial supervisors in Spain, the UK, the US, the EU institutional framework and the international networks of financial regulators.
Pablo Iglesias-Rodríguez
Jean Monnet GGP fellow 2012-2013

The Accountability of the European Supervision Authorities Towards Stakeholders after the 2007 - 2010 Financial Crisis - PPT

The Academy of Global Governance - Capitalising on a Network of Experts

After three years of activity, the Academy of Global Governance is proud of having trained 500 professionals on global governance issues as diverse and pressing as nuclear security, cultural diversity and growth, EU external relations. In 2013 we have reached out to NGOs officials and to an increased number of diplomats, rating our training among the most relevant for future generations of decision makers

Our trainees are global, a number coming from Europe but also from key countries in the global economic and political scenario, such as Brasil, China, India, and South Africa.

This year the Academy proposes third editions of executive trainings to offer advanced and integrated programmes with the aim of analysing global governance issues over time and from different perspectives, making available to its trainees a growing network of top-level experts, for example, on climate governance, regional integration and tax havens.
The Academy is also organising complementary and consecutive executive trainings on interlinked issues, with the aim of giving young diplomats, executives and academics the opportunity to benefit from an in-depth analysis, from diverse angles and with a variety of experts and fellow trainees. This is the case of the Global Value Chains: Policy Implications and Opportunities (21-23 October) and the Role of Foreign Direct Investments for Development: Legal, Social and Economic Aspects (23-25 October) executive trainings which will have a joint interactive panel discussion on “Implications for National Policy and International Cooperation”. 

Upcoming Executive Trainings
Programmes and registration forms available here
Watch the video interviews with the AGG speakers

The GGP recently launched the Survey on Migration from Southern EU Member States and Ireland to track how the economic crisis has affected migration and mobility in the EU.
The results and findings of the joint non-profit research project will be presented to academics and policy makers in the coming months.

Global Thinkers and Actors at the GGP

Watch the interviews with Ben Emmerson – UN Special Rapporteur on Counter-terrorism and Human Rights – and Christof Heyns – UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions – on the use of the tactic of targeted killing and on the consequent complex questions of human rights and humanitarian law.

More GGP videos

Policy Papers

The World Bank Group Trade Strategy: Fit for Purpose?
Bernard M. Hoekman (EUI)

Working Papers

Liberalizing Trade in Services: Lessons from Regional and WTO Negotiations
Bernard M. Hoekman (EUI) and Aaditya Mattoo (World Bank)
European Foreign Policy and the Euro-crisis
Jan Zielonka (University of Oxford)
The EU and India: Common Interests, Divergent Policies
Radha Kumar (Delhi Policy Group)
Intellectual Property, Innovation and the Governance of the Internet
David K. Levine (Washington University)

EU Policy toward Asia and the Pacific: A View from Japan
Takako Ueta (International Christian University)

Overlapping Regionalism, No Integration: Conceptual Issues and the Latin American Experiences
Andrés Malamud (University of Lisbon)
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