One must evaluate the true value of shravak’s life and understand where it begins. To elucidate the initiation point of shravak’s life Acharya Tulsi mentioned the name of Umasvati, the author of ‘Tattvartha Sutra’. Tattvartha Sutra (the original name, Moksha Sutra) starts with the aphorism:
‘Samyakdarshangyaanachaaritraani ratnatrya mokshamaargaha.’
Right faith, right knowledge and right conduct altogether lead to the path of emancipation.
These are not three different paths, but one comprised of the three. In the words of Umasvati, these three gems are the starting point of a shravak’s life. It is a prerequisite to have faith and follow this path for shravak’s life. One should contemplate on right faith, right knowledge, right conduct. A person who does not understand and adopt the practices of these three gems, does not qualify to be called a shravak. He can just be a follower. Therefore, it can be concluded that a shravak’s life does not start just by birth or lineage. It begins from the moment he starts practising right faith, right knowledge, and right conduct.
Samayak Darshan (Right Faith)
Right faith, in general, is understood as right perspective. But in fact, it is far beyond this practical definition. Acharya Tulsi explains right faith ontologically. He explains how a soul can achieve this state?
darshan-saptak aur apratyaakhyaanaavara nvilay paaye
tab sanyamvrat me praveshkar, deshvrati ve kahlaaye.
A layman becomes shravak when he attains right faith (samayak darshan). When does he attain right faith? right faith emerges when the seven types of karma, collectively called ‘DarshanSaptak’, are either eliminated (kshay), or subsided (upsham) or destructioncum- subsided (kshayopasham). Darshansaptak means seven types of mohaniya (deluding) karma:
(1). Four types of anantaanubandhi (endless or severe) kashay (passions): anger, pride, deceit, and greed, (2). Three types of darshan mohaniya (faith deluding) karma: mithyatva (perverse faith) mohaniya, samyaktva (right faith) mohaniya and mishr (mixed or unstable faith) mohaniya. When these seven karmas subside samyak darshan is attained.
Naishchayika Samyak Darshan. There are two types of right faith:
1. Pragmatic right faith (Vyavhaarika)
2. Realistic right faith (Naishchayika)
The kshayopasham of darshansaptak is realistic right faith. Until darshansaptak is conquered partially or completely, right faith does not appear. Anantaanubandhi (infinite intensity of passion) is the most dangerous. For example, if a person has grudges against someone and resolves not to maintain any relation with that person forever including all the future reincarnations. It is the state of anantaanubandhi anger. Another state of anger occurs when at times a person gets angry, but eventually cools down. Of course, there is anger, but it is not anantaanubandhi.