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On this auspicious day, Micchami Dukkadam to all - if we have wronged you or hurt you in any way this year, we humbly ask for your forgiveness!
Today is the last day of Paryushan, on which day Jains are asked to focus on the last Paryushan essential - forgiveness. This day is calledSamvatsari and is the most important day of Paryushan.
According to Jainism, repentance, asking for forgiveness, and letting go of any ill will harbored for anyone is an important step for spiritual progress. The Jain ritual of Pratikraman is meant to encompass this repentance and forgiveness. While many Jains do daily Pratikraman, once biweekly Pratikraman, or even once every four months, many of us are not able to do Pratikraman regularly. Therefore, Jain tradition is for Jains to do a longer and more thorough Pratikraman once yearly. For Shvetambars, this is the Samvatsari Pratikraman; Digambars do this Pratikraman at the end of Das Lakshana.
The yearly Pratikraman encompasses equanimity (Samayik), letting go of attachment to the body (Kayotsarga), respecting Jain teachers and Tirthankars (Guru and Dev vandan), taking vows (Pachchkan), and most importantly, repentance for harms committed in the past year while asking for forgiveness. Sutras such as Sat Lakha sutra (expressing repentance to all species of living beings) and Adhar Paapsthanak Sutra (noting the ways we may have committed each of the 18 paapsthanaks) ask us to reflect carefully and in depth rather than in a general sense. However, these sutras are in the original Indian language and it’s all too easy for us to go through the ritual blindly, not getting much meaning from it. If you are doing Pratikraman today, take time before or after to review the meanings of each sutra.

For a more comprehensive guide that includes a modified Pratikraman observance, along with the English translations of each sutra, try the English Pratikraman book. You can also learn more about the significance of Pratikraman and Samayik in Jainism with this YJA Pathshala handout.
If you are not able to do Pratikraman today or on another day, you can still take time for forgiveness! Reflect on the past year and ways you may have hurt others, however large or small. If you are carrying grudges, actively try to let them go. Consciously and unconsciously, reflect on the sentiment of “Micchami Dukkadam” - ”If I have committed any mistakes, I ask for your forgiveness.”

The sutra “Khamemi Savva Jive” also matches the sentiment of Paryushan.
Khämemi Savva Jive, Savve Jivä Khamantu Me
Mitti Me Savva Bhuesu, Veram Majjha na Kenai.

I forgive all the living beings of the universe.
May all the living beings forgive me for my faults.
I do not have any animosity towards anybody, and
I have friendship for all living beings.

From YJA, we would also like to humbly apologize for any hurts we may have committed, knowingly or unknowingly, and sincerely ask for forgiveness - Micchami Dukkadam. We hope that all tapasvis are in saata and that everyone enjoyed a healthy and spiritual Paryushan. Please look out for upcoming content for Das Lakshan!
Each of these resources is a great way to enrich your Paryushan/Das Lakshan!
  • YJA Pathshala - start off with Jainism basics through interactive lessons
  • Jain E-Library - introductory materials, spiritual readings, news articles and more to help broaden your understanding of this festival
  • English Pratikraman Recording - a recording of the adapted practice in English - use as a guide if doing Pratikraman on your own or with a group
  • JSMC Dial-a-Manglik & Dial-a-Pacchakhan - call (630) 213-5762 to hear the recording of a Manglik before taking a vow of any kind (Pacchakhan)
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