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Epidemics and outbreaks of peripheral nervous system disorders: I. infectious and immune-mediated causes | Journal of Neurology.

[Open Access] [Received 21 August 2020; Revised 28 August 2020; Accepted 02 September 2020; Published 10 September 2020]

Abstract.

The history of mankind is marked by numerous epidemics, some of which involved diseases of the peripheral nervous system, either infectious or otherwise. We describe here the three main infectious causes of epidemics that affect the peripheral nervous system: leprosy, poliomyelitis and diphtheria. We then discuss the main epidemics of immune-mediated origin.


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Podcast and Video: TWiV 663: The joy of vax | This Week in Virology.

[September 13, 2020]

Daniel Griffin provides a clinical report on COVID-19, including vaccines, Alan summarizes a vaccine webinar on the most advanced US trials, a nidovirus from snapping turtles, longevity of memory B cells in recovered patients, and listener email.

The British people can face any misfortune with fortitude & buoyancy as long as they are convinced that those in charge of their affairs are not deceiving them, or are not dwelling in a fool’s paradise.
— Winston Churchill

Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, Alan DoveRich Condit, and Brianne Barker

Guest: Daniel Griffin

Watch 'virtual roundtable'; discussion on YouTube video [2:44:15]: https://youtu.be/rkia1FvuMnE

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Listen to Podcast via source article

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Download TWiV 663 (98 MB .mp3, 163 min)
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Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees

Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv


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Certifying the interruption of wild poliovirus transmission in the WHO African region on the turbulent journey to a polio-free world | The Lancet Global Health.

[Open Access] [Published: September 08, 2020] [The Africa Regional Commission for the Certification of Poliomyelitis Eradication]

Summary.

On Aug 25 2020, the Africa Regional Commission for the Certification of Poliomyelitis Eradication declared that the WHO African region had interrupted transmission of all indigenous wild polioviruses. This declaration marks the African region as the fifth of the six WHO regions to celebrate this extraordinary achievement. Following the Yaoundé Declaration on Polio Eradication in Africa by heads of state and governments in 1996, Nelson Mandela launched the Kick Polio out of Africa campaign. In this Health Policy paper, we describe the long and turbulent journey to the certification of the interruption of wild poliovirus transmission, focusing on 2016–20, lessons learned, and the strategies and analyses that convinced the Regional Commission that the African region is free of wild polioviruses. This certification of the WHO African region shows the feasibility of polio eradication in countries with chronic insecurity, inaccessible and hard-to-reach populations, and weak health systems. Challenges have been daunting and the sacrifices enormous—dozens of health workers and volunteers have lost their lives in the pursuit of a polio-free Africa.


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