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UNICEF Côte d’Ivoire COVID-19 Situation Report No. 20 (Reporting Period: 26 September to 16 October 2020) | ReliefWeb.

[Situation Report] [Source: UNICEF] [Posted: 16 Oct 2020] [Originally Published: 16 Oct 2020]

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs COVID-19:

  • As of 12 October, out of the 20,155 confirmed COVID-19 cases, 58.5% are male and 41.5% female, 19,831 people (98.9%) have recovered, and 120 people (0.59%) have died.

  • Trends are showing a constant decrease in the number of COVID-19 cases with less than 200 active cases recorded to date. However, with the beginning of the Presidential campaign on 15 October, there is a risk of resurgence of cases due to public meetings and gatherings.

Upcoming Presidential elections (31 October 2020).

  • UNICEF updated its Emergency Preparedness Platform during a joint mission in the North with all UNICEF emergency focal points and sector contributors from both Programme and Operations. This was also the opportunity to review the preparation for the upcoming elections.

  • From 4 to 16 October, an OCHA mission came from Dakar to support the finalisation of the new Inter-Agency Contingency Plan (IACP) and to set up an emergency response coordination mechanism in the context of the upcoming elections. UNICEF contributed to the various sessions and led the discussions on: Nutrition, Education, WASH, and Child Protection.

  • The RCO and UNICEF (co-lead) facilitated the UN Programme Criticality Exercise for the period around the elections.
    Polio:

  • The first round of polio vaccination with OPVm2 took place from 18 to 21 September in 113 health districts. This campaign aimed to vaccinate 5,276,820 children aged 0-59 months (national coverage). The results of the independent monitoring of the campaign showed a 94% immunisation coverage.

  • Lessons learned from the first vaccination round were used to improve the implementation of the second round, which took place from 9 to 12 October.

  • This second round of the campaign mobilised over 6 million doses of OPVm2 vaccine, 21,340 vaccinators, and 10,670 social mobilisers.


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Canada: Ontario: Chatham: Pizza for Polio returns for sixth year | Blackburn News CK.

[October 16, 2020 5:47am] Natalia Vega writes:

Several local pizzerias are once again partnering with local Rotary Clubs in Chatham-Kent to help raise funds and awareness of a crippling disease.

The sixth annual Pizza for Polio fundraiser in Chatham will be held on October 28. World Polio Day is typically recognized around the world in late October.

Residents can help the cause by placing a pizza order at any of the listed locations on October 28. A portion of the sales will go back to the Rotary Club of Chatham to put toward polio eradication efforts.

Participating pizzerias include:
– Konstantinos
– Andy’s Place
– Steve’s Pizzeria
– Original 2 Pizza
– Boston Pizza
– Pizza Tonite
– Pie-Zano’s

“It’s an amazing thing to think that our Rotary Club has helped save the lives of more than 400,000 children over the past three decades,” said Alysson Storey, interim polio eradication chair for the Rotary Club of Chatham, “We could not have raised a dime without the leadership and energy of one of our longest-serving Rotarians, Keith Koke. Losing Keith earlier this year left a hole in our Club that can never be filled.”

As an active participant in polio eradication efforts, the Rotary Club of Chatham has raised over $250,000 for the cause. The Rotary organization has contributed nearly $1.2 billion since 1985.

Storey said Koke “almost single-handedly organized Pizza for Polio every year” so this year’s event is a way of honouring his work.

“I know he loved the fact that something fun like ordering a pizza and supporting a local business could also help save the lives of children around the world,” she said.

The Rotary Club of Tilbury is also joining in on the effort, but on a different day.

On October 24, a portion of all pizza sales at J & D Bowling, Tillsbury Pizza Boy, The Garage in Merlin and Car Barn, MJ’s Pizza, & OG Pizza in Wheatley will go back to the Rotary Club of Tilbury.

Polio can still be seen in countries such as Afghanistan and Pakistan, according to the Rotary Club. However, the number of polio cases was reduced to less than 200 cases in 2015.


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Polio expertise steers the COVID-19 response in South Sudan | ReliefWeb.

[News and Press Release] [Source: WHO] [Posted: 16 Oct 2020] [Originally Published: 16 Oct 2020] [Origin: View original]

When fever and body weakness gripped John Achuil, he feared it might be COVID-19. The symptoms were somehow familiar to ignore. The 28-year-old called a hotline number for help.

The rapid response team sent by the Public Health Emergency Operations Center in Rumbek in South Sudan’s Lakes State included an epidemiologist with polio expertise. The team ensured a test sample was collected correctly and taken for testing immediately. Following the positive diagnosis, Achuil was isolated and treated in a designated treatment facility.

“I can’t imagine what could have happened to me. My illness could have deteriorated if the team that came did not know what to do,” the recovered Achuil says. “Probably, I wouldn’t have been alive today.”

Across South Sudan, polio experts have been at the forefront of South Sudan’s COVID-19 pandemic response. Drawing on their experiences in the country’s polio eradication work, more than 300 polio team members are now helping to strengthen disease surveillance in communities and health facilities as well as contact tracing and data management.

For decades, many countries in Africa battled against polio, a vaccine-preventable disease. A heightened attack was mounted in 2014 after the World Health Organization (WHO) declared polio a public health emergency of international concern in several African countries, including South Sudan.

The critical work of the polio response in South Sudan and across the continent led to Africa being declared free of wild polio in August of this year.

Although the polio specialists remain on guard to protect that status (more than 890 000 children younger than 5 years were vaccinated against polio in April and more polio campaigns are planned for later in the year), their know-how was quickly repurposed to contain the spread of COVID-19 even before the first case was reported on 5 April.

“Of course, the disease is different. But the experience, knowledge, and skills we honed while tackling polio can all be used in the fight against COVID-19,” says Dr Andrea Jiel Jiel Dhieu, the WHO polio specialist in Lakes State. “This approach has greatly helped us find, isolate, test, and treat as well as trace and quarantine COVID-19 contacts.”

In working to eradicate polio, South Sudan had to navigate immense challenges that included the displacement of populations, difficult terrain, and accessibility to communities, with air transport the main mode of movement in some areas, which thus increases the operational cost of campaigns and surveillance.

Those same issues challenged what needed to be done to contain the spread of the COVID-19. All the capabilities previously dedicated to polio shifted, and the network of responders from partner organizations and WHO sprang into action with their tried-and-successful systems and tools. Mobile phone applications originally developed for health workers to use in polio outbreak response and disease surveillance, for instance, were adapted to help the polio responders trace COVID-19 contacts.

The inclusion of polio specialists in the rapid response teams helped to enhance prompt case investigations, and contact tracing, while using the opportunity to also enhance surveillance and further detect other epidemic diseases and vaccine preventable outbreaks.

Another impact of the polio expertise in the South Sudan COVID-19 response is the acute awareness for rigorous juggling of attention to all priority diseases despite the necessary and urgent attention to a dominating public health problem.

“COVID-19 continues to cause disruptions in the health sector, and we have to mitigate this,” says Dr Olushayo Olu, WHO Representative for South Sudan. “Our major goal is to support the current COVID-19 response and strengthen in-country capacities while reducing the impact of the disease on other health programmes.”

“The polio team engages with the community to raise awareness about COVID-19 and supports the provision of other health services that may have otherwise have ceased, that include monitoring immunization sessions to ensure standards are adhered to, disease surveillance of not just the vaccine preventable diseases ” explains Dr Sylvester Maleghemi, WHO Team Lead for the Polio Programme.

Achuil learned from the community awareness targeting. He now wears a face mask and washes his hands vigilantly. And he is giving back: On radio talk shows he discusses stigma surrounding COVID-19 and advocates community participation in contact tracing.

“The diligent work of all public health responders has contributed to the country’s mild COVID-19 experience so far, with only 55 deaths reported and 2 817 cases in 24 counties to date, said Dr Olu.

For Additional Information or to Request Interviews, Please contact:

Ms Jemila M. Ebrahim Communications Officer Mobile: +211 921 647 859 Email: ebrahimj@who.int


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Polio this week as of 14 October 2020 | ReliefWeb.

[News and Press Release] [Source: GPEI] [Posted: 15 Oct 2020] [Originally Published: 14 Oct 2020] [Origin: View original]

  • Dear polio eradication supporter, last month I was delighted to join a very long-awaited celebration at the WHO African Regional Committee of a global public health milestone… Read more of Polio Oversight Board Chair’s quarterly letter.

  • Take a look at the newly published nOPV2 technical brief that provides a quick summary of the key operational considerations for the use of nOPV2 in outbreak response as a quick reference for EPI managers, immunization focal points, and field staff.

  • Summary of new WPV and cVDPV viruses this week (AFP cases and ES positives):

    • Afghanistan: one WPV1 case, one WPV1positive environmental sample and 11 cVDPV2 positive environmental samples
    • Pakistan: three WPV1 cases, three WPV1 positive environmental samples and 10 cVDPV2 positive environmental samples
    • Burkina Faso: one cVDPV2 AFP case
    • Côte d’Ivoire: four cVDPV2 cases
    • Guinea: eleven cVDPV2 cases
    • Mali: four cVDPV2 cases
    • Niger: three cVDPV2 AFP cases

See country sections below for more details.


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Postpoliomyelitis Syndrome and Reversal With Sugammadex: A Case Report | AANA | PubMed.

[Open Access] [October 2020  Vol. 88, No. 5]

Abstract.

Postpolio syndrome (PPS) is a disabling process characterized by progressive muscle weakness and atrophy that typically emerges decades after an initial poliomyelitis infection. Although the exact incidence of PPS is unknown, it is estimated that 25% to 40% of all poliomyelitis survivors are affected. Patients with PPS may have increased sensitivity to numerous anesthetic agents including neuromuscular blocking drugs. A case report of a patient with PPS undergoing general anesthesia for a cystoscopy procedure is presented. Because of a previous general anesthetic using traditional muscle relaxant reversal of neostigmine, which resulted in prolonged paralysis (6-8 hours) and an intensive care unit admission, sugammadex was used in the cystoscopy procedure. Excellent results were achieved. Following extubation, the patient sustained adequate respiratory effort demonstrated by respiratory rate, end-tidal carbon dioxide, and oxygen saturation within normal limits. Sugammadex administration led to a markedly improved outcome for a patient with a disabling muscle-weakening neurologic disorder. Use of this medication may be of value to other anesthesia providers caring for patients with PPS in an operative setting.

Free (at the time of writing) full text PDF: https://www.aana.com/docs/default-source/aana-journal-web-documents-1/20-oct-marshall.pdf


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UK: Scotland: Rotarians in Monklands won't let Covid-19 stop fight against polio | The Daily Record.

[15 OCT 2020]

Organisation backing End Polio campaign and World Polio Day later this month.


Coatbridge, Airdrie and Monklands Rotary Club has previously held fundraisers like a ten-bowling competition (pictured) to back good causes.

Ian Bunting writes:

COATBRIDGE, Airdrie and Monklands Rotary Club is not letting Covid-19 prevent it from continuing to do its bit in the fight against polio.

Even though the organisation’s meetings are now held in a virtual setting, the generous Rotarians are still managing to fundraise for its chosen great causes.

https://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/local-news/monklands-rotarians-collect-toiletries-donate-22756220

A spokesperson for the club said: “Rotary is an international community that brings together leaders who step up to take on the world’s toughest challenges, locally and globally.

“The eradication of polio is one of our longest standing and most significant efforts.

“Along with our partners, we have helped immunise more than 2.5 billion children against polio in 122 countries.

“We have reduced polio cases by 99.9 percent worldwide and we won’t stop until we end the disease for good.

“Our club has been involved in the End Polio campaign since 1979 in various ways, from donating to the Rotary Foundation charity every year to additional fundraising via the Purple Crocus initiative over the past five years.

“The work continues, although the Covid-19 pandemic has resulted in our meetings now being held virually online.

“We will be marking World Polio Day on Saturday, October 24, and continue to join the global fight against the disease.”

Information about the Monklands club’s work can be found at https://coatbridgeairdriemonklandsrotary.webs.com/; visit https://www.endpolio.org/ for further details on the End Polio campaign.


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