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Ethiopia to Vaccinate over 7 Mln Children against Polio | ReliefWeb.

[News and Press Release] [Source: Govt. Ethiopia] [Posted: 5 Oct 2020] [Originally Published: 2 Oct 2020] [Origin: View original]

Addis Ababa October 2/2020 (ENA) Ethiopia announced an immunization campaign to vaccinate more than 7 million Children against polio next week, according to Ethiopian Public Health Institution.

The four-day campaign will take place in Oromia, Somali, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR), Harari regional states as well as in Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa city administrations.

Ethiopian Public Health Institution (PHI) Deputy Director-General, Aschalew Abyneh told journalists today that the regions and city administrations are selected based on an assessment conducted throughout the country in December 2019 to see the prevalence of the disease.

The campaign is part of the on-going efforts to fight polio in the country, according to him.

About 7 million children aged between 5 and below the age of five years will be vaccinated in 44 zones and 334 districts of the stated regions and city administrations in the campaign beginning from October 7, 2020.

The Deputy Director-General said the institution has made the necessary preparations in terms of resource mobilization and assignment of health professionals to successfully carry out the door to door vaccination campaign.

Noting that signs of Polio have been currently observed in Kenya, Somalia, and Sudan, Ethiopian Public Health Institution is working with neighboring countries in order to control the disease throughout the horn of Africa, he added.


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Pakistan: Around 39 million children vaccinated in five-day polio immunization drive | Associated Press of Pakistan (APP).

[Mon, 5 Oct 2020, 3:23 PM]

ISLAMABAD, Oct 5 (APP): An estimated 39 million children have been immunized against poliomyelitis during five-day nationwide vaccination campaign concluded on September 25.

According to an official of Pakistan Polio Eradication, the nationwide campaign was implemented by a workforce of almost 270,000 frontline workers who carried out door-to-door vaccination of children under the age of five.

He said that this was the first nationwide campaign since February due to a four-month suspension on supplementary immunization activities during the COVID-19 outbreak in Pakistan.

He said that the campaign was inaugurated by provincial and district leadership across the country, while the Pakistan armed forces, members of medical associations, prominent religious leaders, celebrities, activists and leadership from across the political spectrum came forward to support the campaign.

Commenting on the results of September campaign, Dr Faisal Sultan, the Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on National Health Services said that it was very encouraging to see all Pakistanis, from all walks of life, showing such great support for this national cause.

“With such level of commitment, I am confident that we are going in the right direction. We have to ensure that no child is missed during these nationwide vaccination campaigns in order to protect them against the crippling polio disease.”

As with smaller campaigns held in July and August, frontline workers were trained on COVID-19 preventive measures, such as hand washing, the proper use of face masks and maintaining a safe distance from others especially children during door-to-door visits.

Moreover, the programme implemented strict measures for its field staff as per the Government of Pakistan’s set guidelines on COVID-19 prevention, he added.

Data from campaigns conducted between July to September show that vaccination teams have improved their outreach in each subsequent campaign. This means more children across the country were being administered the polio vaccine and building the necessary immunity against the polio virus.

“With each campaign we have launched since July, our frontline workers have done an exceptional job at reaching vulnerable children with the polio vaccine.

This would not have been possible, however, without the cooperation of concerned parents and caregivers across the country,” said Dr. Rana Muhammad Safdar, Coordinator of the National Emergency Operations Centre of the Pakistan Polio Eradication program.

“Essential immunization also needs to be strengthened to facilitate the interruption of all poliovirus transmission, and hence, the program is focused on prioritizing essential immunization as part of the national agenda alongside upcoming door-to-door vaccination campaigns,” Dr. Safdar further highlighted.

To do this, the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) has simultaneously been conducting targeted outreach activities to ensure that children are receiving essential immunization.

About 8,150 vaccination teams have been deployed across the country in order to conduct these outreach activities with communities. From January to August, around 13.6 million vaccine doses had been administered to children. Meanwhile, approximately 699,762 zero dose children, or children who had never received routine immunization, had also been identified and vaccinated.


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Isle of Wight sailor Natasha Lambert to sail Atlantic ocean | Isle of Wight County Press.

[5th October2020]

Natasha Lambert (left) dreamed of sailing her own boat from a young age

Natasha Lambert (left) dreamed of sailing her own boat from a young age.

Dominic Kureen writes:

An Isle of Wight sailor - who uses her mouth to sail her boat - is to attempt to cross the Atlantic next month.

Natasha Lambert has Quadriplegic Athetoid Cerebral Palsy and she already travelled thousands of miles, with the aid of her father's amazing invention.

Blown Away has been adapted to use Sip and Puff (SNP) technology, which allows Natasha to use her breath.

Scroll down for a video explaining how it works....

It sends signals to a device using air pressure, by inhaling or exhaling on a straw, tube or wand. 

Before her Atlantic challenge, Natasha needed to reach Gran Canaria. She sailed from Cowes, with her team, early on Friday July 31.

Isle of Wight County Press:

Blown Away arrived in Gibraltar on August 16, having sailed more than 1,300 miles via the French ports of Cherbourg, Granville, L'Aber Wrac'h, Saint-Quay, Roscoff and Brest.

Their next stop was Gran Canaria, arriving on August 29.

Now, Natasha is preparing for her most challenging leg yet.

Her team will return to Gran Canaria early in November, for the annual Atlantic Rally for Cruisers sailing competition, which departs on November 22.

Isle of Wight County Press: Natasha's father Gary adapted Sip and Puff technology for boats
Natasha's father Gary adapted Sip and Puff technology for boats.

Natasha is undertaking the challenge to raise funds for the Ellen MacArthur Cancer Trust, RNLI and the MissIsle School of Sip Puff Sailing through her Virgin Money page.

She aims to raise £30,000 to share equally between the charities.

Video: Breath control sailing-Clip of Invented in the South Natasha and Miss Isle [6:55]: https://youtu.be/g3bY9yaApZo


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Measuring the Benefits of Mass Vaccination Programs in the United States | Vaccines.

[Open Access] [Received: 26 August 2020 / Revised: 21 September 2020 / Accepted: 22 September 2020 / Published: 29 September 2020]

Abstract.

Since the late 1940s, mass vaccination programs in the USA have contributed to the significantly reduced morbidity and mortality of infectious diseases. To assist the evaluation of the benefits of mass vaccination programs, the number of individuals who would have suffered death or permanent disability in the USA in 2014, had mass vaccination never been implemented, was estimated for measles, mumps, rubella, tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis, polio, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), hepatitis B, varicella, and human papillomavirus (HPV). The estimates accounted for mortality and morbidity trends observed for these infections prior to mass vaccination and the impact of advances in standard of living and health care. The estimates also considered populations with and without known factors leading to an elevated risk of permanent injury from infection. Mass vaccination prevented an estimated 20 million infections and 12,000 deaths and permanent disabilities in 2014, including 10,800 deaths and permanent disabilities in persons at elevated risk. Though 9000 of the estimated prevented deaths were from liver cirrhosis and cancer, mass vaccination programs have not, at this point, shown empirical impacts on the prevalence of those conditions. Future studies can refine these estimates, assess the impact of adjusting estimation assumptions, and consider additional risk factors that lead to heightened risk of permanent harm from infection.


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Bentonite Clay: A Potential Natural Sanitizer for Preventing Neurological Disorders | ACS Chemical Neuroscience.

[Pay to View Full Text] [Received 21 September 2020; Accepted 23 September 2020; Published online 2 October 2020]

Abstract.

SARS-CoV-2 is a positive stranded-RNA human viral pathogen that attacks the central nervous system (CNS), causing interminable diseases. Although alcohol-based hand sanitizers (ABHS) control the widespread transmission of such pathogens through dermal contact, excessive exposure to alcohol mists and vapors causes CNS disorders, apart from skin infections and negative impacts on the useful microbiome. Herein, we propose bentonite paste, which interacts strongly with different +RNA viruses such as SARS-CoV-2/poliovirus, for dermal sanitization. Repeated hand cleansing with bentonite paste not only provides complete protection against any viruses but also improves the skin condition. The proposed method is useful for contact isolation and as a strict infection control tool in hospital settings and in public.


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The Critical Role and Evaluation of Community Mobilizers in Polio Eradication in Remote Settings in Africa and Asia | Global Health: Science and Practice.

[Open Access] [Received: January 2, 2020; Accepted: June 12, 2020; Published: October 1, 2020]

Key Findings.

  • Data use, community engagement, local adaptation, linkage with the health system, and a strong community platform are critical for successful community programming.

  • Community-based disease surveillance using local volunteers enhanced national and district efforts.

Key Implications.

  • Program managers should consider using the Updated Program Functionality Matrix for Optimizing Community Health Programs of the Community Health Worker Assessment and Improvement Matrix (AIM) tool to develop, implement, and assess community health worker programs.

  • Policy makers should support and strengthen strong community platforms in disease eradication programs that engage communities, promote local ownership, and use community-level workers.

  • Emerging infectious diseases will require community engagement through local mobilizers to implement successful government prevention and response efforts.

ABSTRACT.

This article assesses the CORE Group Polio Project (CGPP) experience over a 20-year period in 5 countries. It examines how a program designed to provide social mobilization to eradicate one disease, and which did so effectively, functioned within the general framework of community health workers (CHWs). Vertical health programs often have limited impact on broader community health. CGPP has a 20-year history of social mobilization and effective program interventions. This history provided an opportunity to assess how CGPP community mobilizers (CMs) functioned in polio and maternal and child health. The Updated Program Functionality Matrix for Optimizing Community Health Programs tool of the CHW Assessment and Improvement Matrix (AIM) was used to examine CGPP CM roles across different contexts. The analysis determined that CGPP CMs met the basic level of functioning (level 3) for 6 of the 10 components of the AIM tool. This cross-country descriptive analysis of the CGPP demonstrates the importance of embracing the full range of CHW AIM components, even in a vertical program. Use of data, community involvement, local adaptation, and linkage with the health system are especially critical for success. This general lesson could be applied to other community mobilization and disease/epidemic control initiatives, especially as we face the issues of the COVID-19 pandemic.


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Podcast: Video: TWiV 669: All the wrong COVID-19 moves | This Week in Virology.

[October 4, 2020]

Daniel Griffin provides a clinical report on COVID-19, including a discussion of the role of vitamin D in COVID-19, Michael and Christopher explain why we have made all the wrong moves during the pandemic, evidence that the D614G amino acid change improves transmission in hamsters, and listener questions.

Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson DespommierRich Condit, and Brianne Barker

Guests: Daniel GriffinMichael B. Yaffe, and Christopher D. Barrett

Watch 'virtual roundtable'; discussion on YouTube video [3:02:11]: https://youtu.be/RNRsI9p6M5U

or

Listen to Podcast via source article

or

Download TWiV 669 (108 MB .mp3, 180 min)
Subscribe (free): iTunesGoogle PodcastsRSSemail

Become a patron of TWiV!

Links for this episode.

Weekly Science Picks.

Dickson – Why we should all wear masks
Brianne – Milestones in Vaccines
Rich – Wallpaper/fabric designs by David Goodsell
Vincent – Das Coronavirus bullet points and a new t-shirt

Listener Pick.

Justin – COVID Alert NY App | Department of Health

Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees

Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv


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