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IAEA NSSC Network Newsletter

ISSUE 9 | APRIL 2022

Chair's Welcome

As the Chair of the NSSC Network, I am pleased to highlight the progress that the International Network for Nuclear Security Training and Support Centres (NSSC Network) has made towards achieving major objectives since the previous publication of this Newsletter in October 2021.

Building on productive virtual meetings of the Asia Regional Network, the Hungary-Lithuania-Ukraine Consortium, and the Africa Regional Group in the autumn, the Network members continued to collaborate with the IAEA Secretariat during the last months of 2021.

In November, we held the third Consultancy Meeting on Development of Materials for Workshops on IAEA-TDL-010, Establishing and Operating a National Nuclear Security Support Centre. At this meeting, a group of NSSC Network experts worked with the IAEA to review and finalize training materials and to discuss preparations for the pilot regional workshop. This workshop, initially planned for February 2022, will be held from 29 May to 2 June 2022 at Egypt’s NSSC in Cairo.


Inamul Haq
NSSC Network Chair,
Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS)

Network membership data

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Tajikistan’s Experience in Conducting Trainings, Workshops and Meetings in the Field of Nuclear Security/ Radiation Protection/ Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) Non-proliferation and Export Control

Zarina Sayvieva, Director of the Regional Training Centre on WMD Non-proliferation and Export Control for Countries of Central Asia, Caucasus and Afghanistan

Olimjon Azizov, Head, Public and International Relations Department at the Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Safety and Security Agency (CBRN SSA) of Tajikistan
The Training Centre on WMD Non-proliferation and Export Control for Countries of Central Asia, Caucasus and Afghanistan started operating in 2011 as a National Training Centre and received the status of a Regional Training Centre in March 2018. The Regional Training Centre was created on the basis of the Nuclear and Radiation Safety Agency of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan and according to the Decree of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences on 5 November 2021, No. 117, the name of the Agency has been changed to the Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Safety and Security Agency (CBRN SSA).
The Regional Training Centre is equipped with modern equipment and covers a wide range of services for education and training in the field of nuclear security and radiation safety, non-proliferation of WMD, and export control. The staff of the Regional Training Centre is involved in research and elaboration of new technologies in the field of nuclear security, radiation safety and non-proliferation of WMD.

Mobile Detection System (MDS) Operator Training for Border Guards at the Regional Training Centre on WMD, Non-Proliferation, and Export Control for Caucasus and Afghanistan (Photo: CBRN SSA)
The Regional Training Centre annually trains more than 500 specialists of the employees of state regulatory and law enforcement agencies, industrial, medical and educational institutions that use ionizing radiation sources in their activities supporting the entire region. Practical training courses are being conducted at various border and customs checkpoints for staff of the Border Guards, the State Committee of National Security, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Customs Service under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan in order to prevent the illegal trafficking of nuclear and other radioactive material.

Customs service staff after successfully completing a Radiation Portal Monitor (RPM) Operator and System Administration Training (Photo: CBRN SSA*)
A hybrid training course for inspectors (Photo: CBRN SSA*)
Left: The process of working with specialized software on Mobile Detection System (MDS) Van
Right: Instructor providing an explanation on using a hand-held equipment (Photos: CBRN SSA*)
Instructor providing an explanation about how the RPM system working at the border control point of Tajikistan (Photo: CBRN SSA)
*Please note, all photos were taken during in-person training sessions conducted prior to the COVID-19 pandemic

These news stories either highlight NSSC Network members at work in the field, or provide information on subjects relevant to the Network.

IAEA and Japan Atomic Energy Agency to Work Together in Decommissioning, Radioactive Waste Management, and Nuclear Security

IAEA Deputy Director General and Head of the Department of Nuclear Energy, Mikhail Chudakov (left), with IAEA Deputy Director General and Head of the Department of Nuclear Safety and Security, Lydie Evrard (middle), and the Japanese Ambassador Takeshi Hikihara (right), at the signing ceremony of JAEA as an IAEA Collaborating Centre.


Marie Sklodowska-Curie Fellows Attend IAEA School on Nuclear Security

Students of the IAEA Marie Sklodowska-Curie Fellowship Programme visited the Incident and Emergency Centre at the IAEA in Vienna to learn about how experts are trained to respond to nuclear and radiological emergencies. (Photo: A.Tarhi/IAEA)
Until two years ago, Geraldyne Ule Duque could not imagine she would get to learn about nuclear security at the IAEA in Vienna. Last month she did just that.


IAEA Completes Nuclear Security Advisory Mission in Senegal

An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) team of experts completed today a nuclear security advisory mission in Senegal, which was carried out at the request of its Government.
The International Physical Protection Advisory Service (IPPAS) mission, conducted from 22 November to 3 December 2021, was the first such mission in Senegal.


More News

Innovative Approaches in Nuclear Security Training: Shapash Nuclear Research Institute (SNRI) 3D Model
The Shapash Nuclear Research Institute (SNRI) 3D model is a hypothetical facility created for nuclear security training purposes, particularly nuclear material accounting and control (NMAC) and the threat posed by insiders to nuclear material and facilities. It features detailed 3D models of the layout and buildings located within SNRI. Additionally, the buildings have detailed internal structures that feature important nuclear security related elements to acquaint users with the basic principles of nuclear material security. The SNRI 3D model is currently available for distribution to the Nuclear Security Support Centers (NSSCs).
Pushing the limits of innovation in nuclear security training even further, the IAEA has also developed a virtual reality (VR) experience for nuclear material security training. Training participants have the opportunity to use this cutting-edge VR training tool to participate in a simulation of nuclear material handling in the SNRI Oxide Storage Bunker. Utilizing a VR headset, participants will be asked to complete nuclear material accounting tasks related to receipt of new nuclear material containers and material security in general.
SNRI VR demonstration at the 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Security (ICONS): Sustaining and Strengthening Efforts (Photo: Bidan Zhu / IAEA)

The SNRI 3D model is the basis for development of advanced and innovative training material and is suitable as a training tool for any discipline that involves nuclear material or facilities. Noting that participants have different learning styles, Robert Larsen, Senior Nuclear Security Officer at the IAEA said: “the use of 3D modeling, VR experiences, along with traditional lectures and exercises allows the IAEA to use solid pedagogical approaches to enhance training methods for multi-level learning.” Recognizing its value, the IAEA will leverage modern gamification methods and continue developing high quality engaging training material in the field of nuclear security.

The 3D model was developed through close collaboration between the IAEA and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and took three years to complete. The VR and gamification functionalities are currently being developed by the IAEA with co-funding from the European Union.
Nuclear Security Plan 2022-2025

The IAEA Nuclear Security Plan 2022 – 2025 describes proposed Agency nuclear security activities that respond to priorities Member States have expressed through the decisions and resolutions of the Agency’s Policy-Making Organs.

Events and Activities

Upcoming network events

2nd Consultancy Meeting on Establishing an Overarching Framework to Collect Nuclear Security Support Centre Good Practices (Virtual)
4 – 6 April 2022
Regional Workshop on Establishing and Operating a National NSSC
29 May – 2 June 2022, Cairo, Egypt
Annual Meeting of the NSSC Network
18-22 July 2022, Vienna, Austria


Recent member activities*

Tajikistan, CBRN SSA: National Training Course on Handheld Equipment for Radiation Detection
04 October - 08 October 2021, Dushanbe, Tajikistan

Morocco, CNESTEN: Regional Workshop on Threat Assessment and Design Basis Threat
12 October - 15 October 2021, Rabat, Morocco

Kazakhstan, NSTC: National Training Course on Fundamentals of Nuclear Materials Accounting and Control
23 November - 26 November 2021, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Ukraine, WMDTC: National Training Course on Hazardous Substances Identification Methods
14 December - 24 December 2021, Cherkasy, Ukraine

Sri Lanka, SLAERC: National Training Course for Naval Officers of Gunnery Specialization Course at Naval & Maritime Academy
07 February - 09 February 2022, Trincomalee, Sri Lanka


*List of member activities selected from the NSSC Network Calendar requesting promotion in the Newsletter

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a National
Nuclear Security Support Centre - Arabic

IAEA-TDL-010, Establishing and Operating a National Nuclear Security Support Centre is now available in Arabic. The publication, which is a revision of TECDOC-1734, is intended for use by the IAEA and the NSSC Network as the primary reference for activities to support States with the establishment and operation of an NSSC.

Security Management
Radioactive Material
in Use and Storage
and of
Associated Facilities

Security management for radioactive material in use, storage and associated facilities includes the establishment and implementation of policies, plans, procedures and processes for the security of radioactive material.
Security management assists to ensure that the security systems are effective, reliably operated and maintained with the necessary resources. Based on extensive input from technical and legal experts, this publication sets forth security management as an essential tool to verify that personnel, procedures and equipment operate interdependently and in an integrated manner, and that the leadership and personnel responsible for security demonstrate the highest commitment towards promoting a robust nuclear security culture within the organization. This Technical Guidance references and takes into account other IAEA Nuclear Security Series publications that provide guidance relating to security management. The document further provides guidance , including on the development of a security plan for radioactive material in use and in storage and for associated facilities. The Security Plan is an essential component of an operators licensing submission package. This Technical Guidance takes into account other IAEA Nuclear Security Series publications that provide guidance relating to security management and relating to security plans.

Computer Security Techniques
Nuclear Facilities

This revision provides guidance on how to establish or improve, develop, implement, maintain, and sustain computer security within nuclear facilities. This publication addresses the use of risk informed approaches to establish and enhance computer security policies, programmes; it describes the integration of computer security into the management system of a facility; establishes a systematic approach to identifying facility functions and appropriate computer security measures that protect sensitive digital assets and the facility from the consequence of cyber-attacks consistent with the threat assessment or design basis threat.
Managing the Interface between
Safety and Security
for Normal Commercial Shipments
of Radioactive Material
Regulations governing the safe transport of radioactive material have been developed and maintained at the international and national levels for more than six decades. More recently, similar efforts have been initiated for security during the transport of radioactive material; however, safety and security provisions have typically been developed independently. The aim of this publication is to provide technical guidelines and practical information to assist Member States, competent authorities and operators in ensuring an integrated and coordination approach. Based on international good practices, its use will facilitate the management of the interface between nuclear safety and security during normal commercial shipments of radioactive material that pose a low radiological consequence if attacked by an adversary.
Network Event Data
62 events from 1 October 2021 – 31 March 2022
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