In recent years, governments have deployed several legislative and regulatory measures aimed at prohibiting the use of certain technologies or applications, blocking website content, and requiring data to reside on local servers - all as a means of controlling and impeding information flows. These restrictions are imposed, at times, with a view to protecting national security or national interests. Such restrictions may not only curb privacy as well as other human rights, but also limit legitimate economic activity, including cross border trade.
Cross border data flows are integral to international trade transactions, which increasingly rely on information exchange, electronic payments, and cloud storage. Restrictions on the free flow of information not only hinder economic growth, they can also lead to adverse human rights impacts.
Find Out More
This IHRB report provides an overview of the connections between trade and human rights and the importance of data flows in this context, as well as current threats and obstacles to cross border trade and the free flow of information.
It examines six areas in which government-imposed restrictions on the free flow of information could impact negatively on trade and human rights, and provides recommendations to governments legislating in often sensitive areas including:
Content censorship through filtering/blocking
User registration requirements
Connectivity and access
Restrictions on cross border data flows
For more information about the report, please contact:
Institute for Human Rights and Business is the trading name of the Institute for Human Rights and Business (IHRB). Registered office address: 19c Commercial Road, Eastbourne, East Sussex, BN21 3XE, UK. | UK Company Number: 06882940 | UK Charity Registration Number: 1131790.