Opportunities to improve bus rapid transit in China – A comparison of several BRT systems around the world
Over the last few years, China has added bus priority corridors at a faster pace than any other parts of the world. As the number of bus rapid transit (BRT) systems increases in Chinese cities, it becomes critical to identify the key factors that influence the operation performance and service quality of BRT systems. We formulated a methodology to compare weaknesses and strengths in the design of Chinese BRT systems, using information from previous editions of the ITDP BRT Standard, which includes evaluations made by several experts on the quality of the design features of BRTs.
Using an econometric approach and data from the Global BRT database, we also quantified the impact of the quality of the design features of BRT on its productivity. The dataset used to estimate the regression models covers more than 99 BRT corridors, in 59 cities and 21 countries. We found that Chinese BRTs obtained significantly scores lower than BRTs in other countries, which is equivalent to an average decrease in productivity of approximately 5,000 passengers per kilometer. The presentation will discuss possible explanations for this decrease in productivity.
We will also present a beta version of an online tool created to compare BRT systems around the world, which can be accessed at http://www.pabloguarda.com/tableau-dashboard.html