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Salon: Issue 407
22 May 2018

Next issue: 5 June


The Society of Antiquaries of London Online Newsletter (Salon) is a fortnightly digest of heritage news. It focuses on the activities of the Society and the contributions that the Society's Fellows make to public life. A copy of Salon’s editorial policy can be found on the Society’s website.

Please send news, comment and feedback for publication to the Editor, Mike Pitts, at Salon EditorSalon doesn't review books, but the Editor is pleased to receive details and cover images of new titles written by Fellows. Scholarly publications are reviewed in The Antiquaries Journal.

Fellows may occasionally find they do not receive email notification of a new Salon. There are suggestions for solving this, and an online archive where new editions are posted. You can also unsubscribe at any point, by following this link.
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Inside this issue

From the Desk of the General Secretary

General Data Protection Regulations

 
What is GDPR?
 
The General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR) will replace the current Data Protection Act (DPA) 1998. While the GDPR contains all the same principles as the DPA, there are some additional requirements, regarding the need to obtain proper consent to retain personal information about a living individual. No longer is it acceptable to assume consent or ask individuals to opt out of having their details recorded by an organisation.
 
The GDPR will impact across all organisations that hold and process personal data in whatever form; both electronic records and on paper. The regulations increase the rights of an individual in respect of how their data is kept and includes “the right to be forgotten”.
 
What is meant by personal data?
 
Personal data is any information relating to an identifiable person who can be directly or indirectly identified in particular by reference to an identifier. This definition is more than what historically was understood as personal data and includes identification numbers, location data and on-line identifiers; this reflects the development of technology and the new methods of recording data. The DPA already applies to images including those recorded on CCTV systems.
 
What are we doing?
 
The Society of Antiquaries of London takes your privacy seriously. If you subscribe to SALON, we will only process the data you have given us for the effective management of this e-newsletter. We may contact you in connection with SALON using the contact details you have provided to us, but we will not use this information for any other purpose. You can unsubscribe at any point, by following this link. The Society’s overall Privacy Policy, and further advice to Fellows on controlling their personal data will be shared on the Society’s website and in future editions of SALON.
 

Julius Caesar in Britain: Our latest Public Lecture


Julius Caesar invaded Britain in 55 and in 54 BC. It is usually assumed that these campaigns had little lasting significance and were soon a distant memory in both Britain and Rome. It is also thought that few, if any, archaeological traces should be anticipated. This lecture, given by Andrew Fitzpatrick FSA explored two contrasting reactions to these events; one is set in Britain, the other in Rome.

Listen now >


 

Read the Society's response to the National Planning Policy Framework


The Society has released its response to the redrafted National Planning Policy Framework, available at the "Policy Consultations" page of our website. As an active and respected advocate for heritage issues in Britain and abroad, the Society of Antiquaries (with the guidance of our Policy Committee) releases a broad range of official responses to policy consultations or statements regarding public policy in general.

Find out more >

From the Governance Officer

Online Balloting now open


To vote online in our four upcoming Ballots, please login to the Fellows’ Area and go to the Ballots section. From here, you can read Blue Papers and cast your vote for all candidates. Simply click on the ‘Details’ option to the right of a candidates’ name, and you will automatically be taken to the voting page.

Cast your votes >

Please note, online balloting closes at noon on the day of the vote. The next vote is taking place on Thursday 31 May but you may vote online at any time until noon on the day of the ballot.

Light on Rembrandt




Dulwich Picture Gallery has published its 2019 exhibition programme. The climax will be Rembrandt’s Light, curated by Jennifer Scott FSA, the Sackler Director, Dulwich Picture Gallery, with Helen Hillyard, Assistant Curator at the Gallery.
 
2019 is the Year of Rembrandt, with celebrations across Europe marking 350 years since the artist’s death in 1669. Dulwich aims ‘to refresh the way that we look at works by this incomparable Dutch Master. Along with many firsts, this show will bring the captivating painting Philemon and Baucis (National Gallery of Art, Washington) to the UK for the first time.'
 
International loans will focus on Rembrandt’s mastery of light and storytelling, concentrating on his greatest years in the heart of Amsterdam in his ideal house at Breestraat (now the Museum Het Rembrandthuis), where his most exceptional paintings, prints and drawings came to life in his light-infused studio. The exhibition is the first to be curated by Jennifer Scott since she became Director at the Gallery last year.
 
The full programme consists of Harald Sohlberg: Painting Norway (13 February–2 June), Cutting Edge (artists from the Grosvenor School of Modern Art, 19 June–8 September), and Rembrandt’s Light (2 October 2019–2 February 2020). There will be a Dulwich Pavilion between June and September; shortlisted architectural practices exhibiting in June-July this year.
 
At top is Rembrandt's The Artist's Studio, c 1658, © Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford.

Edward Bawden, curated by James Russell, opens on 23 May (until 9 September). ‘Following in the footsteps of our spectacular Eric Ravilious exhibition in 2015,’ says Scott in a press release, ‘visitors can expect to be transported through Bawden’s extraordinary works to a characterful world full of humour and innovation.’
 

Sharing Durham’s Dark Secret

 

On 18 May the remains of men who had been captured on Scottish soil by Oliver Cromwell were reburied in a small cemetery in Durham, not far from where they had been excavated in 2013. None of the bodies was complete (archaeologists could say only that there were between 17 and 28 individuals). When the inevitable debate arose over where they should be reburied – some felt strongly they should be returned to Scotland – one of the points raised was that reburial in Durham would minimise the distance to be put between known and unknown parts of the same men.
 
The remains were found when a café was built at Durham University’s Palace Green Library, between the castle and the cathedral. After it was realised who the men were, the Scottish Soldiers Project was set up to continue the research and manage a programme of public engagement, with Chris Gerrard FSA as Project Lead. Others on the team were Richard Annis FSA, Senior Archaeologist at Archaeological Services Durham University (who led the excavation), Pam Graves FSA, Senior Lecturer in the Department of Archaeology and Archaeological Consultant to Durham Cathedral’s Fabric Advisory Committee (historical research), and Anwen Caffell (bones) and Andrew Millard (dating). Other Fellows who contributed to the research included Charlotte Roberts FSA and Peter Rowley-Conwy FSA, Department of Archaeology, Durham University; Adrian Green FSA, Department of History, Durham University; Alex Croom FSA, Tyne and Wear Archives and Museums; and Malin Holst FSA, York Osteoarchaeology Ltd.
 
With scientific studies and historical research, the archaeologists were able to say with confidence that the men found in Durham in two mass graves had been survivors of the Battle of Dunbar (1650). After an unexpected victory against an army supporting Charles Stuart, Cromwell sent prisoners south into England while he moved on to Edinburgh. A thousand may have died on the eight-day march, and a further 1,600 were said to have died in Durham. The atrocity – perhaps more of an act of supreme bungling than intent – had not been forgotten. When the first remains came to light at the café works, a workman said to an archaeologist, ‘That’ll be one of those Scottish soldiers, then.’
 
Pam Graves gave a public lecture about the soldiers in Durham last year with Emerson Baker, Salem State University, Massachusetts, which can be watched online. Around 150 of the surviving prisoners were transported to New England, where most ended up as indentured servants at ironworks in what is now Saugus, Massachusetts or on other labouring in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Much of the public interest has come from their descendants in North America.

The project was shortlisted for the 2017 Times Higher Education Awards – Research Project of the Year (Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences). The team has written Lost Lives, New Voices: Unlocking the Stories of the Scottish Soldiers from the Battle of Dunbar 1650 (to be published later in the year), which will feature ‘The Survivors' Tales’ and ‘Themes and Descendants’ among its seven sections.
 
A major exhibition, Bodies of Evidence: How Science Unearthed Durham’s Dark Secret, opens at the Palace Green Library on 9 June (closing 7 October). An events programme will include Woven Bones, a production by Cap-a-Pie theatre company written by Laura Lindow, which will tour venues along the route marched from Dunbar to Durham (25 June–7 July). Chris Gerrard opens the gallery on 18 June, and David Caldwell FSA, President of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, gives a lecture on 30 July. Other speakers include Caroline Wilkinson, Director of Face Lab, Liverpool John Moores University, which produced a facial reconstruction, and Arran Johnston, Founding Director of the Scottish Battlefields Trust. A small sister exhibition is being developed to tour the United States. 
 

Artfully Dressed

 


Carla van de Puttelaar, a Dutch photographer with a PhD from Utrecht University in 17th-century Scottish portraiture, creates carefully finished, naturally lit images that celebrate fragile beauty in women and flowers. She is engaged in a major portraiture project, featuring powerful women in the international art world, including artists, gallery directors, curators, designers and historians. Sixty of her portraits can be seen in the Weiss Gallery in London, in Artfully Dressed: Women in the Art World (16–31 May), and then in Essex at the New Sentinel Gallery, Wivenhoe (7–13 June).
 
A catalogue in seven sections, from which these photos have been taken, has been published online by the Weiss Gallery. A standard format interview on one page faces a portrait on another. I spotted four Fellows (if I missed anyone, let me know):
 
Catharine MacLeod FSA (top left), Senior Curator of 17th Century Portraits at the National Portrait Gallery (‘There will not be gender equality in these higher levels of employment until such positions are structured more creatively and flexibility’).

Diana Scarisbrick FSA (top right), jewellery historian (‘Carla made me feel like one of Sir Joshua Reynolds’ sitters’).
 
Karen Hearn FSA (below left), former Curator of 16th & 17th Century British Art at Tate and Honorary Professor, Department of English Language and Literature, UCL (‘The experience of being directed how to pose, to gaze and to hold a position must have resembled sitting for a very expert portrait-painter of the past. I kept thinking of van Dyck’).
 
Jennifer Scott FSA (below right), Director of the Dulwich Picture Gallery (‘In the art world, it is glaringly apparent that once we have equality in leadership roles, the stories we tell through exhibitions, displays and art itself are more real and compelling’).
 


*

Maria Reiche (not a Fellow), a German-born science teacher and archaeologist who spent most of her life in Peru, was portrayed in the Google doodle on 15 May, the 115th anniversary of her birth. She devoted her later life to mapping and publicising ancient land art in the Nazca desert. Reiche believed the lines had astronomical significance. I recently saw Clive Ruggles FSA, a globe-trotting archaeoastronomer on his way between Peru and Spain, who told me there was nothing in such theories.
 

The Art of Collecting Memories


John Kenyon FSA writes to say that the May 16 edition of Country Life features the sale of the ‘superb collection of militaria’ that belonged to the late Cornish archaeologist, Charles Thomas FSA. In fact, remarkably, the article in question describes the sale of two military-themed collections, both owned by Fellows.
 
Thomas Del Mar auctioned The Professor Charles Thomas Collection on Blythe Road, London on 24 April. Stephen Wood FSA, former Curator, Badges and Medals, National Army Museum, and Keeper, National War Museum of Scotland, contributed a piece about Thomas for the catalogue.
 
Few knew Thomas as either a badge collector or a military historian, says Wood (the topic was not mentioned in Salon’s obituary – or indeed many at all), but ‘when noting his recreations in his Who’s Who entry, he gave precedence to “Military History” above “Archaeological Fieldwork”. Military history, and the collecting of its material culture “militaria”, remained an abiding interest with him for more than 70 years; the extent of this interest is demonstrable by the extent of this collection – which is remarkable by any standards. He brought to his collecting,’ adds Wood, ‘the same forensic skills as guided his archaeology, carefully and assiduously curating his collection as if he had chosen a different career path and become a museum curator (of a type now largely extinct).’
 
Indicative of his scholarship, continues Wood, ‘are the 20-odd lots from his extensive library: comprising well in excess of a thousand individual publications on all aspects of military history, the lots could be those from the library of an academic military historian, not from that of one of this country’s most eminent archaeologists. The breadth and depth of knowledge represented in this collection of publications symbolises Charles Thomas’s long-held view that an item’s context was as important as the item itself, and that not fully to understand the context of any artefact was not fully to appreciate that artefact’s value and significance. Thus we see the modern academic rigour of archaeology brought to the pastime of badge-collecting: it is a practice that should be observed by all collectors but very rarely is.’
 
There were some 15,000 pieces in 447 lots, many of them consisting of dense and careful arrangements of badges on cards. The top ten lots, reports Country Life, ‘all went well over estimate and were bought privately… a top-selling group of 22 [badges] represented British Chinese units, for the most part raised in Hong Kong, but also in Wei-hai-wei and Shanghai. This took £3,472 against an upper estimate of £240.’ A framed set of Military Train Battalion shako plates (1859–65, left), estimated at £80–120, made £2,976.
 
A month earlier, another auction on Blythe Road offered works from the collection of Alan Borg FSA, former Director-General of the Imperial War Museum and Director of the Victoria and Albert Museum. The sale was held by Harry Moore-Gwyn, and in this case Borg wrote his own introduction for the catalogue.
 
His special interest was war memorials, about which he wrote a book (War Memorials, 1991). Such memorials, he says, ‘are by far the commonest public monuments in the country, existing in every town and village in the land, but there was no central record of them and no account of their design and building.’ The National Inventory of War Memorials was set up in 1988, and other organisations followed. As a spin-off of his work on this, he began to assemble a collection of memorial designs. Often the subject of competitions, many memorials generated more artwork than was used. Borg gives an example of five drawings by the sculptor and painter Herbert Hampton (1862–1929) for the equestrian memorial to Earl Haig in London's Whitehall: the actual memorial is by the competition winner, A F Hardiman.
 
Borg’s 49 lots included some 20 drawings and watercolours of designs for mostly First World War memorials and cenotaphs. The second-most expensive of the lots (after a print by John Piper), reports Country Life, was a watercolour design for the First World War memorial in the Victorian church at Albury, Surrey, by Gerald Fenwicke Metcalfe (1871–1953, right); the local postman posed for the soldier. The board sold for £1,860, with an estimate of £700–1,000.
 
In the same edition of Country Life, which is described as a commemorative issue to celebrate the wedding of HRH Prince Harry and Meghan Markle, John Goodall FSA looks at St George’s Chapel, Windsor, the royal wedding venue.
 
*
 
War memorials will feature in considerable detail in a book to be published by Historic England in September, edited by Wayne Cocroft FSA and Paul Stamper FSA, Legacies of the First World War. Tate Britain opens Aftermath: Art in the Wake of World War One on 5 June (until 23 September). It will show how artists responded to the experience of war, the culture of remembrance and the rebuilding of cities and societies.
 

National Planning Policy Stitch-up




The National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) is a 59-page document setting out central Government policies for England within which local decisions are to be made. Published in 2012, it covers such things as town centres, transport, communications, climate change, minerals and the natural and historic environments. Its mantra is ‘sustainable development’: the world we know and love needs to be protected, but not at the expense of ‘positive growth’. This means improving the quality of build, design and landscape management, and making planners more answerable to the public – ‘Development that is sustainable should go ahead, without delay.’
 
Britain has a serious shortage of houses, recognised by all political parties. The NPPF tells local planners that they should significantly boost the supply. It hasn't worked. The housing problem is worse. The Government continues to blame the planning system, so it hopes revising the NPPF will solve things. A consultation on a draft revision ended on 10 May.
 
The proposal document covers the full range of planning responsibilities, but is driven by the housing issue. Its first sentence is ‘This country does not have enough homes,’ and its last refers to a document about ‘supporting housing delivery’. Responses to the consultation suggest that some feel that unjustifiable sacrifices are to be made in the pursuit of a good but partial cause.
 
The Chartered Institute for Archaeologists (CifA, led by Peter Hinton FSA), the Council for British Archaeology (CBA, Mike Heyworth FSA) and the Federation of Archaeological Managers and Employers (FAME, Nick Shepherd) submitted a joint response. They say that the proposed revisions ‘[reduce] protection for the historic environment and [undermine] rather than [promote] its potential. Planning authorities and applicants are likely to read changed wording as implying that archaeology should be afforded less weight.’
 
Since 1990 ancient and historic remains have been protected by planning guidance, which obliges developers to pay for the recording before works start (typically by excavation) of any that are threatened and deemed significant. A fringe has long complained that this is an unbearable burden on developers, but mostly it has been recognised as an efficient solution to an unavoidable conflict of interests, allowing the country’s heritage to be saved and better understood without delaying change.
 
Slight changes in NPPF wording, say CIfA, the CBA and FAME, could have serious negative repercussions. They object to changes to the sustainable development objectives and the presumption in favour of sustainable development. They do not like the idea that core principles, including ‘conserve heritage assets in a manner appropriate to their significance, so that they can be enjoyed for their contribution to the quality of life of this and future generations,’ have been dropped from early in the document. And paragraphs critical for the future of the historic environment have been cut.
 
The latter include a reference to the significance of ‘currently unidentified heritage assets, particularly sites of historic and archaeological interest’, the prime focus of the 1990 guidance. The loss of another sentence ‘seriously undermines the central role [of Historic Environment Records] in the planning process… Without HERs the current system for conserving and protecting heritage assets with archaeological interest would not survive.’ Thanks to the current system, they add, ‘archaeology is a reason for refusal (almost always one of several) on less than 150 planning applications per year (0.03%).’
 
In other words, weakening existing planning guidance, especially by causing HERs to suffer or even close, would not only harm the national heritage. It would also introduce new risks and potential delays for developers, of the kind that was seen in 1989 at the site of the Rose Theatre in London, but with works scrutinised by a better informed and more attentive public. The revised NPPF omits a definition of ‘Historic environment’ from the glossary.
 
‘I had a chance to express these concerns at the first meeting of the new Heritage Council,’ says Heyworth, ‘and [the CBA] will be meeting the Heritage Minister Michael Ellis MP in June, and officials from the relevant Government department (MHCLG), to press the case for the proposed changes to be amended.’
 
The Society’s response, which can be read on the website, also focuses on small changes or omissions of text. ‘A key issue,’ it says, ‘is the apparent reduction in policy support for [HERs] and the curatorial service based on them… their policy status (“Every local planning authority should maintain a HER or have access to one” – new NPPF Glossary) is now a long way from their actual status as a key planning and information tool which can provide the “strong” or “clear” reasons for affording protection for the historic environment.’ HERs, formerly described in the Glossary as ‘services’, are now to be known as ‘resources’: over-worked offices, seems to be the implication, might no longer need any staff at all.
 
A perceived threat to HERs is further supported by a revised definition of ‘Archaeological interest’: the words ‘Heritage assets with archaeological interest are the primary source of evidence about the substance and evolution of places, and of the people and cultures that made them,’ are omitted. ‘Since these words provide the rationale for archaeological interest to be the “clear” or “strong” reasons for restriction of development,’ says the Society, ‘this sentence should be reinstated as a justification of the policy for protection of this part of the historic environment.’



















RESCUE The British Archaeological Trust (Judith Plouviez FSA, Chair) submitted a similar response: ‘The draft document has deleted reference to the historic environment in a number of areas where previously it occurred… This can only be interpreted as a downgrading of status.’ ‘It is RESCUE’s opinion,’ concludes Plouviez, ‘that the system is no longer fit for the purpose of being an effective tool for the sensitive and sustainable management of our heritage resources.’
 
‘Overall,’ commented Historic England (HE, Duncan Wilson FSA, Chief Executive), ‘there is much to be welcomed [in the draft NPPF], notably the commitment to addressing housing delivery, the retention of the bulk of existing heritage policy, and the recognition of the importance of design.’ However, ‘There are a number of areas where the draft text does not appear to implement the Government’s stated objectives as intended.’ These include:
  • A ‘change in the definition of sustainable development in favour of the economic objective, and, in consequence, an overall shift in the balance of policy to the detriment of the social and environmental objectives.’
  • ‘The result of the revised NPPF as currently drafted … [will be] to weaken heritage protections.’
  • ‘Design policy is given prominence, but looks to be being applied at too high a level to meaningfully acknowledge the fine grain of local character, and thus to support effective and successful place-making.’
‘Recent Historic England research,’ concludes HE, ‘has demonstrated that the application of policy is far from optimal, … and the changes outlined above – and particularly the shift in the overall weighting of policy – suggest that heritage policy will be less effective itself, and less well applied by local planning authorities. The result will be harm to the historic environment, and also the opportunity cost occasioned by the failure to recognise the potential for the historic environment to support good planning.’

• The photos show recent works on the A14 in Cambridgeshire, one of the largest archaeological excavation projects in the country. At top is a Neolithic henge monument under excavation, with yellow-suited archaeologists in its ditch (Highways England). Centre shows Emma Jeffery (Senior Archaeologist at Headland) with a plan of another site; this “site” has within it iron age settlement, an Anglo-Saxon village and another village deserted in medieval times (M Pitts). And bottom is part of a Roman 'distribution centre'; archaeologists have recorded some 50 pottery kilns (Highways).
 

Slipping Away




In an earlier Salon, under the heading What Happened to Windrush Records?, I wrote about immigration landing cards or registry slips held by the Government that had been destroyed without consultation. This left some people who reached the UK in the last century on ships such as HMT Empire Windrush, and who have lived and worked here for decades, apparently unable to prove their right to remain. The issue was politically charged, and in the last Salon I summarised a report that concluded that while the loss would not have been much of a problem had a ‘hostile environment’ policy not been introduced by the current Prime Minister when she was Home Secretary, the steps to that point had been taken under a succession of Governments of all flavours.
 
From an antiquarian perspective, an issue raised by the revelations concerned the slips themselves. They would seem to be documents of significance for future historians. As I wrote, under the Public Records Act, at the time the slips were destroyed (2010), Government departments were supposed to transfer records to The National Archives (TNA) within 30 years of their creation (it is now 20 years); otherwise TNA has to be consulted.
 
It was not clear what had happened, so I asked Helen Forde FSA, a member of the Advisory Council on National Records and Archives, if she could help? She was not there in 2010, so forwarded my query to the TNA where it was treated as a Freedom of Information enquiry. I have now received a response from Trish Humphries, Advisory Council Secretary.
 
My question, addressed to the Advisory Council with reference to the context outlined above, was:
 
‘I wondered if you could confirm that the Council was not given the opportunity to advise on these records before their destruction. Would you have sought their retention if you had been?’
 
To which came the answer:
 
We have taken your request to mean retention [of] applications relating to historical landing records considered by the Advisory Council on National Records and Archives. We can confirm that the Advisory Council on National Records and Archives does not hold information relevant to your request.’
 
We are to infer that the Council was not consulted about the records before they were destroyed. That seems to me to require explanation. Can any Fellow with more expertise than me on these matters throw any light?
 
The UK Border Agency is said to have decided to destroy quantities of personal documents, which included these slips and more, because of the Data Protection Act 1998. One of the terms states, ‘Personal data processed for any purpose or purposes shall not be kept for longer than is necessary for that purpose or those purposes.’
 
That this could have repercussions beyond the Windrush context is perhaps suggested by a report in the Financial Times (20 April), by Robert Wright, Federica Cocco and Jonathan Ford. They pointed out that arrival records of tens of thousands of ‘Windrush Generation’ immigrants who came to the UK before 1960 are already in the National Archives. These ledger records, they wrote, could help ‘those struggling to prove citizenship after the Home Office destroyed their landing slips’.
 
From another perspective these are also ‘personal data’, much of them likely to relate to people still alive. What is their status in the context of the Data Protection Act? How should potential conflict between data protection and the value of historic archives to future generations be resolved? Other things being equal, with records of government the solution is usually to archive sensitive documents but not to release them until times have changed. Should this not be the default option, rather than destruction, and should not TNA be consulted?

The image at the top is a screengrab from a TNA video, New Britons – Immigration to the United Kingdom, a talk by Mark Peasall. Peasall considers immigration into Britain between the 16th and 20th centuries, and ‘the relatively few sources that can be used to trace immigrants entering, and living, in this country. Records discussed can provide vital clues to the overseas origins of denizens or naturalised British citizens, as well as providing insight into their first years in their adopted country.’
 

Fellows (and Friends)

 
Ian Glover FSA, archaeologist of south-east Asia, died in April.
 
Eddie Booth FSA, conservation architect, died in May.
 
Appreciations appear in Fellows Remembered below.
 
John Hutchinson FSA died on 29 April aged 83. He was elected a Fellow of the Society in January 1987. An architect, architectural historian and artist, he was also a Fellow of the Society of Architectural Illustration, and of the Royal Historical Society. He was co-author, with Nikolaus Pevsner, of The Buildings Of England. Yorkshire: York And The East Riding (1972).

Zhao Kangmin, a Chinese archaeologist credited with discovering the terracotta warriors at Xi’an, is reported to have died on 16 May, aged 82. In 1974, when he was curator at a local museum, farmers showed him terracotta fragments they had found when digging a well. He recognised them as being of Qin dynasty age, and rushed to the site with a colleague on his bike. ‘Someone had taken one of the heads home and stuck it in a granary to chase away rats,’ he said later. He was the first to excavate at the tomb. • China's First Emperor and the Terracotta Warriors is at the World Museum, Liverpool, until 28 October.
 
*

On 20 May BBC Radio 3 repeated a programme originally broadcast on Christmas day 2016, Called David Attenborough – World Music Collector. With his usual ear for anecdote, David Attenborough FSA presents clips from tape recordings accumulated over his long broadcasting career, most of them, it seems, acquired in between the work he was being paid to do while travelling around the world. We hear a singer working with Alan Lomax, the Copper family in Sussex, gamelan orchestras in Bali, gongs in Borneo, drums in Sierra Leone, didgeridoos in Australia, choirs and nose flutes in Tonga, songs for turtles in Fiji, harps in Paraguay, valihas in Madagascar – and more. The 45-minute programme can be heard on iPlayer.
 
The BBC’s Civilisations continues to colonise public arts, with Civilisations Stories, a series of 11 half-hour programmes billed on iPlayer as ‘exploring art, history, science and innovation across the UK’. Each film has a different presenter, and is based in a different part of England (the BBC’s UK, or more series to come?). Actor Ace Bhatti visits Whitby, Hull and Staithes (Art and the Sea). Miles Chambers, Bristol's Poet Laureate, goes to the house of a black slave owner in Bath, Dyrham Park (where a National Trust volunteer explains why it is right to exhibit blackamoor figures) and a slave’s grave (named by his captor ‘like fauna and flora’), in The Remains of Slavery. Unlike the ‘landmark’ series presented by Simon Schama, Mary Beard FSA and David Olusoga, this one brings in prominent expert guests. TV actor Angela Bruce meets Bill Griffiths FSA, Andrew Birley FSA and Lindsay Allason-Jones FSA on Hadrian’s Wall (Frontier Land). In East Anglia Maisie Taylor FSA, Tim Pestell FSA (on left in the clip with a huge bronze dirk blade from Rudham, Norfolk) and Francis Pryor FSA join Ray Mears in Treasures of the Bronze Age with Ray Mears.
 
Claudia Wagner FSA, Director of the gems database at the Beazley Archive in the University of Oxford and Senior Lecturer at Lady Margaret Hall, and John Boardman FSA, Emeritus Lincoln Professor of Classical Archaeology and Art in the University of Oxford, have written Masterpieces in Miniature: Engraved Gems from Prehistory to the Present. Their subject is a ‘distinguished collection’ of ancient Greek and Roman gems, which, says the blurb, was put together ‘in the earlier twentieth century by a notable connoisseur of ancient art’. Many of the gems originate from named older European collections, and were previously unknown to scholars and collectors. The book is the latest in a series on which Wagner and Boardman have collaborated, in which others include The Beverley Collection of Gems at Alnwick Castle and The Ladrière Collection of Gems and Rings (both with Diana Scarisbrick FSA), and, with a different publisher, Natter's Museum Britannicum: British Gem Collections and Collectors of the Mid-Eighteenth Century (with Julia Kagen and Catherine Phillips).
 
Charles Saumarez Smith FSA, Chief Executive of the Royal Academy, deserves to be pleased with the Sunday Times’ Culture magazine (20 May). Waldemar Januszczak gave a glowing review of the RA’s rebuild (designed by David Chipperfield), which opened on 19 May, concluding a couple of weeks of positive responses from critics. ‘To my eyes,’ wrote Januszczak, ‘it’s the most promising refurbishment of a big London gallery since the unveiling of the Great Court at the British Museum in 2000.’ The building whose front overlooks the same square as the front of the Society’s premises, has been connected to a separate structure behind, once occupied by the Museum of Mankind, and the spaces have been refurbished and re-shaped. Later in the same magazine, Richard Brooks says Saumarez Smith is ‘long overdue for a knighthood’. ‘Under his watch at the RA,’ he writes, ‘the exhibitions, with Tim Marlow as its splendid artistic director, have consistently gained great reviews and drawn large crowds.’ And he oversaw the ‘ambitious redevelopment’. The photo is from Saumarez Smith’s blog.

Brendan O’Connor FSA writes to say that Hannie Steegstra's biography of Jay J Butler is out, under the tile of European Connections of a Bronze Age Scholar. Butler, an archaeologist and Bronze Age metal specialist (1921–2014), was not a Fellow, says O’Connor, ‘though various present and former Fellows figure in the book. For most British readers, the main interest will lie in its coverage of archaeology in London during the decade after World War II, whose participants have now almost all passed away. There is also a substantial Appendix on the Prehistoric Society's tour of the Netherlands in 1960.’
 
 David M Wilson FSA, a former Director of the British Museum, has written Manx Crosses: A Handbook of Stone Sculpture 500-1040 in the Isle of Man. The carved stone crosses are of international importance, says the blurb, providing the most coherent source for the early history of Christianity in the island, and for the arrival and conversion of Scandinavian settlers in the last century of the Viking Age – a century which produced some of the earliest recognisable images of the heroes and gods of the North, earlier even than those found in Scandinavia. The first general survey of the material for more than a century, the book provides a new view of the political and religious connections of the Isle of Man in a period of great turmoil in the Irish Sea region, and includes an annotated inventory of the monuments.

Andrew Wilson FSA and Mark Pollard FSA are among the authors of a study of atmospheric pollution in ancient Europe using evidence from a 400-metre core of Greenland ice. The ice had accumulated between 1100 BC and AD 800. Forensic analysis enabled the scientists to sample individual years for amounts of lead which, after allowing for natural background levels, map intensities of silver smelting. The data are significantly more detailed and comprehensive than achieved in similar previous studies, and in some areas show contrary results; European peat bogs are seen not to be as sensitive to the effect as had been thought by some. There is a slow, erratic rise in emissions to a Roman peak, with a dramatic fall after the Third Punic War, recovery in the Pax Romana and a fall again in the third century AD; levels reach their highest in early Medieval times. The research is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
The late archaeologist Iain Crawford spent many years excavating and researching a Neolithic and Bronze Age ritual complex on North Uist, but fell short of publishing the work, which generated considerable interest among specialists. Beverley Ballin Smith FSA has edited the first monograph, Life on the Edge: The Neolithic and Bronze Age of Iain Crawford’s Udal, North Uist. Radiocarbon dating and scientific studies reveal a story of periods of starvation suffered by the people buried on the site, of the community’s emigration, of their attempts to bring land back into cultivation, of a temporary tent-like structure, and of marking their territory by the construction of enduring monuments to the dead. Remains were unusually well preserved, having been buried by the sand dunes that made farming unsustainable. A digital version of the book can be downloaded from Archaeopress at no charge.
 
Susan Sloman FSA writes with news of an exhibition that she is co-curating with Hugh Belsey, which will open at the Holburne Museum, Bath, on 5 October (until 20 January 2019). Gainsborough and the Theatre, she says, will ‘bring together for the first time Thomas Gainsborough's portraits of men and women associated with the stage in Bath and London in the 1760s, 70s and 80s. The subjects include actors such as Samuel Foote, David Garrick and Sarah Siddons; dancers, including Auguste Vestris; operatic singers, including Giusto Ferdinando Tenducci; composers, band leaders and men who wrote for and about the theatre. The show includes contemporary prints and drawings of the theatres with which these people were linked, and a map of London showing the layout of the Haymarket area before the building of Regent Street.’ A book of the same name, by Belsey and Sloman, is due out in December. • Lighting Up the Stage: Stars of the Georgian Theatre, which draws on a collection of theatrical portraits assembled by the writer W Somerset Maugham and now in the care of the Holburne Museum, is open until 3 June.

Fellows Remembered


Ian Glover FSA died on 23 April, the day before his 84th birthday, while on holiday in Sicily. He was elected a Fellow of the Society in May 1994.
 
Glover was widely recognised as a leading and inspiring pioneer in Southeast Asian archaeological research. He was born in Lancashire and educated at Stowe. He studied at the University of Sydney (1962–65), where he was awarded the Frank Bell Memorial Prize of the Anthropological Society of New South Wales. His doctoral dissertation at the Australian National University, Canberra (1972) focused on the early prehistory of East Timor. He joined the London Institute of Archaeology, now part of UCL, in 1970, where he was Lecturer in the Prehistory of South and Southeast Asia. He became a Senior Lecturer in 1988, and was Head of the Department of Prehistoric Archaeology 1988–91. He retired in 1996 as Emeritus Reader in the Archaeology of Southeast Asia, and continued to travel widely and to be active at conferences.
 
His interest in the origins of complex societies and early states led him to study a variety of themes, including rice agriculture, glass and metal working technologies, early trade networks linking South and Southeast Asia, and the emergence of Indic-influenced civilisations in Thailand and Vietnam. He also worked in Sulawesi, Sumatra, Sri Lanka, Burma, the Philippines and India.
 
In Thailand he excavated at Ban Don Ta Phet (1980–83), in a joint project in Kanchanaburi Province between UCL and the Archaeological Division of the Fine Arts Department of Thailand. Finds from the Iron Age burial site produced the earliest clear, dated evidence for contacts between Southeast Asia and India. He identified a carnelian lion pendant as a representation of Buddha as Sakyasima (Lion of the Sakya Clan) in the late centuries before the Christian Era, which he saw as a precursor to the introduction of Buddhism into Southeast Asia. He was also involved in significant excavations in Vietnam, at the site of Tra Kieu, the ancient Cham capital of Simapura, in collaboration with the Institute of Archaeology, Hanoi, and the University of Hanoi (1993–2002).
 
He was a founder member of the Indonesia Circle at the School of Oriental and African Studies, and was on the Councils of the Prehistoric Society, the Royal Anthropological Institute and the Siam Society, Bangkok. He was a member of the Management Committee of the British Institute on South-East Asia (1982–86) and of the British Academy's Committee for South-East Asian Studies (1987–90). He was an editor of World Archaeology (1972–92) and of the Journal of the Indonesia Circle (1977–89), and Hon Editor of the Journal of the Siam Society. In 1978 he was Visiting Lecturer in the Department of Archaeology, University of Ghana, and in 1991 Visiting Professor at the Department of Archaeology, University of Peking, Beijing.
 
He helped to organise several conferences, among them a meeting of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists held at the British Museum in 2004 which led to two books: Uncovering Southeast Asia's Past, edited with Elisabeth Bacus and Vincent Pigott FSA (2006), and Interpreting Southeast Asia's Past: Monument, Image and Text, edited with Elisabeth Bacus and Peter Sharrock (2008). He also edited Southeast Asia: From Prehistory to History with Peter Bellwood (2004), which developed out of a series of books they had been editing for Blackwell (Peoples of Southeast Asia and the Pacific), which they felt had not always been successful in addressing a wide readership. He was working on The Oxford Handbook of Southeast Asian Archaeology, as joint editor with Charles Higham FSA.
 
Berenice Bellina, Elisabeth Bacus, Thomas Oliver Pryce and Jan Wisseman Christie edited 50 Years of Archaeology in Southeast Asia: Essays in Honour of Ian Glover (2010). Reviewing the book in Antiquity (June 2011), Nam C Kim wrote that ‘Glover’s work has stimulated, influenced and inspired a new generation of scholars, many of whom he has trained personally. His efforts as both colleague and teacher have aided countless individuals (myself included) in many countries.’ Many of the book’s contributors, who included Graeme Barker FSA, Charles Higham FSA, Dorian Q Fuller FSA and Matthew Spriggs FSA, were former students.
 
A tribute on the UCL Archaeology website describes him as ‘a generously supportive scholar, supervisor and colleague’. ‘He was a big personality,’ writes Cristina Castillo there, ‘full of anecdotes and interesting tales about his work and travels around the world. I remember his story of being in a boat narrowly escaping the tsunami that struck Southeast Asia in 2004. He was a generous scholar who opened up his private library in his home in Shropshire. But most of all, he was a great friend. I will miss our talks, especially those had over a glass of good wine or beer somewhere in Southeast Asia.’ Her photo (top) shows Glover in the Lake District in 2014.
 
For many years he led tour groups to parts of Indonesia, Thailand Cambodia, Vietnam and Hong Kong for Swan Hellenic, Far Horizons, the Archaeological Institute of America and others. A full list of his academic publications is on his Academia.edu page.
 
*

Eddie Booth FSA died on 7 May aged 69. He was elected a Fellow of the Society in May 2007.
 
Eddie Booth trained as a town planner and designer, obtaining a BA in Urban and Regional Planning and a postgraduate Diploma in Urban Design at Oxford Brookes University. He worked for the Department of the Environment and local authorities in London and Yorkshire, before joining English Heritage as Historic Areas Adviser in 1986. Here he dealt with historic towns in the West Midlands and in the South West, and London casework. In 1998 he became a Director of The Conservation Studio, based in Cirencester until a move to Midhurst in 2011.
 
He was Chair of the Institute of Historic Building Conservation (2001–04), President (2008–11), and thereafter Secretary. He was a Trustee of the Woodchester Mansion Trust, a Board Member of the National Heritage Training Academy (SW), and a member of the design review panel for the Gloucester Heritage Urban Regeneration Company. He was a Member of the Royal Town Planning Institute.
 
The website of The Conservation Studio, of which Eddie Booth was a Director with Chezel Bird, says he lectured frequently and was involved in a number of public inquiries, including the Compulsory Purchase Order hearing for Apethorpe Hall in Northamptonshire. English Heritage restored the house to halt dilapidation and make it safe, and it was bought in 2015 by Jean Christophe, Baron von Pfetten; at the time, Simon Thurley FSA, then English Heritage's Chief Executive, said it was 'by far the most important country house to have been threatened with major loss through decay since the 1950s.’ Booth was particularly interested in urban regeneration, grant schemes, policy research and the law. Photo LinkedIn.
 

The Wisdom of Fellows 




‘As another in Salon’s occasional series of mystery buildings,’ writes Roger Smith FSA, ‘a friend has shown me this naïve but charming watercolour of a semi-ruined church or abbey with a large domestic building in the background, all set in a hilly landscape. It is anonymous but probably late 18C in date. I wonder if any Fellows can identify it?’
 
*
 
We are waiting to hear what the public told Highways England about its latest proposals for road alterations across the Stonehenge World Heritage Site. In the last Salon I summarised published responses to a consultation. The Council for British Archaeology’s thoughts went online the same day as Salon, and can be seen here. Like several respondents, they ‘have significant concerns about the impact of the tunnel portal locations and the new surface dual carriageways on the archaeological landscape and the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the World Heritage Site, particularly at the western end.’
 
‘I would never accuse you of bias,’ writes Tim Schadla-Hall FSA, before suggesting my summary was 'selective in such a way as to appear biased to some’. 'It’s impossible to know how representative published views about the scheme are, I wrote, ‘though we might note that in cases where organisations have consulted their members, responses have been supportive (the National Trust) or more nuanced (the Society, the Council for British Archaeology and the Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society).’
 
The Wiltshire Society ‘are clearly are not in favour!’ counters Schadla-Hall. Their response to the tunnel project, he says, began by saying that the Society felt the Southern Route (taking the road outside the WHS) ‘was the best option’ to preserve the OUV of the Stonehenge part of the WHS.
 
Neither is the National Trust as ‘supportive as you put it!’ Schadla-Hall ‘thought 40% were against the proposal so hardly a ringing endorsement! On top of which it is worth emphasising that NT members had to vote against the council’s recommendation to accept the tunnel!’
 
I ‘might have said a little more’, he suggests.
 
‘I can see that the current scheme will or may damage too many sites,’ writes Dale Serjeantson FSA, ‘and the construction of portals within the Stonehenge archaeological area can’t be a good idea. All the same I am very sad the tunnel is getting so much opposition. For at least 30 years I have been looking forward to being able to walk to Stonehenge from Old Sarum without crossing the A303, and now I suspect I won't get to do it in my lifetime.’

*

After I wrote about Palaeolithic handaxes in the last Salon, Nigel Brown FSA directed me to an article in the London Review of Books (5 April), in which Anne Wagner describes an exhibition at the Nasher Sculpture Centre in Dallas. First Sculpture: Handaxe to Figure Stone closed in April. To a British archaeologist familiar with handaxes (not least those from Boxgrove, a site represented in the show) it seems a curious affair, with exhibits that included apparently natural rocks (‘Neanderthal figure stones … the earliest forms of artistic intention’), some famous handaxes from England (including one from West Tofts with a prominent fossil shell, left, photo Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Cambridge) and others from the collection of Los Angeles-based artist Tony Berlant. But there was serious intent, and it may be the first public expression of the idea that these objects need to be seen as more than technological solutions if they, and the early people who made them, are to be understood. There is a book, and a talks event can be seen online: speakers include archaeologist Thomas Wynn (University of Colorado, Colorado Springs), Richard Deacon, a British artist, and archaeologist John Gowlett FSA (University of Liverpool). Did anyone see it?
 

Forthcoming Events for Fellows


You can catch up on meetings you've missed by visiting our YouTube Channel.

Ordinary Meetings of Fellows

Interested in proposing a lecture? Please download the Lecture Proposal Form, and email it to Amelia Carruthers, Communications Manager (acarruthers@sal.org.uk).

Introductory Tours for Fellows

If you've never visited Burlington House or had an introduction to the Library and Collections, please join an introductory tour. You'll meet the Society's staff, learn about your Fellowship benefits, and discover more from the collections at Burlington House. 

28 June: Tours are free, but booking is required >

Forthcoming Public Events


Conferences and Seminars

Public Lectures

Public Lectures are held from 13.00 to 14.00 on Tuesdays, with advance booking advised to be sure of a place. Click here for more information on our public lectures. We also run public tours of the building (£10) preceding the lectures above.
 

Regional Fellows Groups

 

South West Fellows

Further information on talks at Exeter can be found here.

Want to join the South West Regional Fellows Group? If you would like to receive email updates about forthcoming meetings, you can subscribe online at: http://eepurl.com/MvHUr
 

Welsh Fellows

  • 23 June 2018: 'Neath Abbey and the Ironworks' - a one day visit, led by Bill Zajac FSA with David Robinson FSA also in attendance at the Abbey. Lunch will be in-between visits at the Miners Arms.
  • July (Date TBC): An opportunity to visit the new excavations at Cosmeston by John Hinds FSA
  • 19 October 2018: Weekend visit to the Hereford area, staying in the Three Counties Hotel in Hereford and visiting places of historical and archaeological interest in the area. 
  • 18 January 2019: The Davies Family of Llandinam with its Burry Dock connection, by David Jenkins FSA
  • 11-13 October 2019: Weekend visit to the Pembrokeshire area. Programme to be arranged.
Want to join the Welsh Regional Fellows Group? If you would like to attend any events or receive email updates about forthcoming meetings, email Bob Child at bob.child@ntlworld.com.
 

York Fellows

  • 26 June 2018: 'Writing Yorkshire' by Professor Richard Morris - discussing his recent highly acclaimed book Yorkshire. Please email ailsa.mainman@york.ac.uk if you'd like to attend.
  • 29 November 2018: 'Surveying Shakespeare's Guildhall: a public building in pre-modern England' (Out of London Ordinary Meeting of Fellows, held in York). Find out more online.
Want to join the York Regional Fellows Group? If you would like to receive email updates about forthcoming meetings in York, you can subscribe online at: http://eepurl.com/8nvxL
 

Other Forthcoming Heritage Events

31 May: A Chain of Silver Collectors (London)
At the Wallace Collection, Charles Sebag-Montefiore FSA, Trustee of the National Gallery, describes eight major items of silver, silver-gilt and gold from the Gilbert Collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum, and speaks about their provenance, including the life histories of the families who previously owned them. One of a series of meetings held by the Art Fund with the support of the Silver Society. Details online.
 
5 June: ‘Who is my Neighbour?’: Stories of Alms-seeking in Early Modern England’ (Cambridge)
‘Who is my neighbour?’ is a question with ethical, social and political valency to which stories of caritas (Christian charity) found in the archives, literature and drama of early-modern England respond. In this talk at the Wolfson College Humanities Society, Rebecca Tomlin, the Society’s Governance Officer, will explore the church and playhouse as spaces in which the affective qualities of neighbourliness and charity might be imaginatively experienced and evaluated, and the identities of alms-seeker and alms-giver mutually constituted through the rhetoric and performance. Details online.
 
5 June: New Perspectives on Seventeenth-Century Libraries (London)
This event at Lambeth Palace Library will showcase some recent research on library formation, public and private, in the 17th century. Three short talks, among them Jacqueline Glomski FSA on ‘Religion and Libraries in the Seventeenth Century’, will deal with patterns of book selection and acquisition as revealed by individual practice and in 17th-century theoretical writing on bibliography. The presentations will discuss the potential for research and the application of digital methods. In association with the University of London research seminar on the History of Libraries. Details online, or email juliette.boyd@churchofengland.org.

7 June: In Conversation: Contemporary Collecting and Making (London)
Adrian Sassoon, gallery director and Trustee of the Silver Trust, talks to Junko Mori, one of the UK’s leading silversmiths, at the Wallace Collection. Originally trained as a blacksmith in Japan, Mori distils observations of the natural world and works with the repetition of multiple silver units, creating pieces of great complexity. One of a series of meetings held by the Art Fund with the support of the Silver Society. Details online.
 
8 June: Delivering Public Benefit through Archaeology (Oxford)
One of a series of short courses for the historic environment put on by Oxford University Department for Continuing Education at Rewley House. This looks at planning projects to deliver public benefit, how to communicate that benefit, and how to evaluate the impact. It is designed for those responsible for commissioning, specifying and/or delivering programmes of work that aim to deliver public benefit. Details online.
 
12 June: The Silver Caesars: A Renaissance Mystery (Aylesbury)
A Study Visit to the exhibition at Waddesdon Manor, organised by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, which brings together for the first time in more than 150 years some of the most extraordinary and enigmatic treasures of the Renaissance, a set of 12 European silver-gilt standing cups known as the ‘Aldobrandini Tazze’. Each tazza includes a portrait of one of the Caesars, with four episodes from his life on the supporting dish. The day will consist of three short presentations, and opportunities to view the exhibition with its curator, Julia Siemon, and the rest of the Manor. Speakers include James Rothwell FSA and Dora Thornton FSA. Contact Waddesdon Booking Office 01296 820414.

14 June: In Conversation: Fashioning Silver – Past and Present (London)
In a meeting at the Victoria & Albert Museum, Tessa Murdoch FSA, Head of Metalwork at the V&A, introduces a selection of silver from the national collection, ranging from Medieval to present day. She discusses its potential to inspire contemporary British silversmiths with Juliette Bigley and Miriam Hanid, whose work has recently been acquired by the museum, and Eric Turner, curator of 20th-century and contemporary metalwork. One of a series of events held by the Art Fund, with the support of the Silver Society. Details online.
 
15 June: 2000 Years of History: The World’s Cultural Capital (London)
For over 2000 years London has been settled by traders, exiles and adventurers from overseas. Their achievements are reflected in the city’s buildings and monuments. Their craftsmen and artists underpin much of what we appreciate in London’s vibrancy today. This conference held at the Society of Antiquaries by the Heritage of London Trust looks at the role of international heritage in perceptions of London as a great world city. It explores our understanding of London’s past, its global appeal, the value of heritage in rooting communities and its potential for strengthening the city’s future. Speakers include Linda Monckton FSA, Philip Davies FSA and Emily Gee FSA. Details online.

20 June: The Works of Decimus Burton (London)
Philip Whitbourn FSA will give a lecture on the works of Decimus Burton (1800–81) at the Dissenter's Chapel at Kensal Green Cemetery, where Burton is buried in a tapering sarcophagus of grey Cornish granite. One of the foremost 19th-century architects and a leading exponent of the Greek Revival, Regency and Classical styles of his time, Burton designed the Athenaeum Club in Pall Mall, the Arch and Screen at Hyde Park Corner, the Hothouse (Palm) in Kew Gardens and buildings in St Leonards-on-Sea. Details online.
 
23 June: Prehistoric and Early Historic Tracks on the Downland and Weald (Lewes)
A talk by Martin Bell FSA based on a case study from a forthcoming book, Making ones Way in the World. He will take a critical look at the evidence for early patterns of movement on the Downs and in the Weald. He will consider to what extent the ridgeways such as the South Downs Way served as prehistoric routes, and argue that there is better evidence for the early origins of routes at right angles to the escarpments, marked in places by hollow ways, connecting contrasting environments and topographies. Details online.
 
25 June: 'Sèvres-mania'? (London)
In the bicentenary of Richard Wallace’s birth, the Wallace Collection is focusing on collecting in London and Paris in the later 19th century. In a series of Monday History of Collecting Seminars organised by Suzanne Higgott FSA, Caroline McCaffrey-Howarth FSA (PhD Candidate and History of Art Tutor, University of Leeds) will speak about 'Sèvres-mania'? The History of Collecting Sèvres Porcelain in Britain in the Later 19th century. Details online.
 
27 June: Re-opening the Workshop: Medieval to Early Modern (London)
Therese Martin FSA (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Madrid) talks about Re-opening the Treasury: Meaning in Materials at San Isidoro de León, in a lecture series at the Warburg Institute organised by Joanne Anderson and Eckart Marchand. The overall aim is to speak to an interdisciplinary audience interested in issues such as agency and the commission, production and the use of art works and objects, as well as those attuned to the theoretical implications these issues have for visual and material culture of all ages. Details online.
 
28 June: Annual Ecclesiastical History Colloquium (Oxford)
The 2018 Ecclesiastical History Colloquium will be held at the Oxford Centre for Methodism and Church History in association with BYU London Centre & BYU Wheatley Institution, at Oxford Brookes University with speakers from Brigham Young University, University of California, Berkeley, Ohio University and Oxford Brookes. There is no charge, but confirm attendance by 1 June to the Administrator of the OCMCH, at admin.ocmch@brookes.ac.uk or 01865 488455. See online for location.
 
6 July: Churches: History, Significance and Use (Oxford)
One of a series of short courses for the historic environment put on by Oxford University Department for Continuing Education at Rewley House. This provides a firm foundation of the history of church architecture and furnishings, and provides skills to draft statements of significance, aimed particularly at those actively involved in management of church buildings. Details online.
 
17–20 July: Performance, Ceremony and Display in Late Medieval Britain (Harlaxton)
The 2018 Harlaxton Medieval Symposium in Grantham, Lincolnshire, aims to explore many dimensions of performance. As well as talks on musical and dramatic performance, it will include papers on aspects of display and associated ceremonies and rituals, on oral performance in a variety of ecclesiastical and social contexts, and on the performative potential of spaces, and of manuscripts and other physical objects. Speakers include Jerome Bertram FSAClive Burgess FSA, Pamela King FSA, Nicholas Orme FSA, Matthew Payne FSA, Ellie Pridgeon FSA, Nigel Ramsay FSA and Anne F Sutton FSA. There will be an excursion to St Mary’s church, Higham Ferrers and to St Peter’s church at Raunds. Details online.
 
30 July: J C Robinson's Collection at Auction (London)
In the bicentenary of Richard Wallace’s birth, the Wallace Collection is focusing on collecting in London and Paris in the later 19th century. In a series of Monday History of Collecting Seminars organised by Suzanne Higgott FSA, Elizabeth Pergam (Lecturer, Sotheby’s Institute of Art, New York, NY) will speak about Paris over London: Victorian Curator J C Robinson's Collection at Auction. Details online.
 
6–9 September: Recent Archaeological Research in the Channel Islands and nearby France (St Helier, Jersey)
Building on the successful Channel Islands History Conference of 2016, this event hosted by the Société Jersiaise Archaeology Section showcases the best and up-to-date archaeological research. Speakers include Chantel Conneller FSA, Barry Cunliffe FSA, Heather Sebire FSA and Robert Waterhouse FSA. On the fourth day, if there is sufficient interest, it is proposed to run two minibus trips to significant archaeological sites in Jersey. Details online.
 
11–15 September: Understanding Historic Buildings (Oxford)
Historic England is running a four-day course at St Anne’s College, which will teach key skills in building investigation, interpretation and recording. Tutors Adam Menuge FSA and Allan Adams FSA will demonstrate how to observe, analyse, hand-measure, draw and photograph historic buildings. Details online.
 
14-16 September: The Monuments of Hereford and Herefordshire (Hereford)
The Church Monuments Society Bi-Annual Symposium 2018 will be held at the Green Dragon Hotel opposite the cathedral. The focus will be on monuments in the cathedral and surrounding Herefordshire countryside, with an optional visit to the Cathedral’s Mappa Mundi, chained library and after evening dinner lecture on the Mappa Mundi. Speakers include Tobias Capwell FSA, Jerome Bertram FSA, Sally Badham FSA, Brian Gittos FSA and Moira Gittos FSA, David Lepine FSA, Jon Bayliss FSA, Holly Trusted FSA and Roger Bowdler FSA. Details online.
 
15 September: Deerhurst, Pershore and Westminster Abbey (Deerhurst)
The 2018 Annual Deerhurst Lecture will take place at 7.30 pm in St Mary's Church, Deerhurst and will be given by Richard Mortimer FSA (former archivist to Westminster Abbey). Details online.

19–20 September: Photographing Historic Buildings (Oxford)
One of a series of short courses for the historic environment put on by Oxford University Department for Continuing Education at Rewley House. This is aimed at those who are not professional photographers but wish to photograph historic buildings for the record using a digital camera. By the end students will be expected to know how to choose viewpoint and lighting conditions, correctly set up cameras to capture suitable images and how to post-produce images in software ready for the archive. Details online.
 
24 September: The Sale of Sir Peter Lely's Paintings and Prints (London)
In the bicentenary of Richard Wallace’s birth, the Wallace Collection is focusing on collecting in London and Paris in the later 19th century. In a series of Monday History of Collecting Seminars organised by Suzanne Higgott FSA, Saskia van Altena (Cataloguer of prints, Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam) will speak on The Sale of Sir Peter Lely's Paintings and Prints: A Breaking Point in the History of Collecting in Britain? Details online.
 
26–28 September: Heritage Values and the Assessment of Significance (Oxford)
One of a series of short courses for the historic environment put on by Oxford University Department for Continuing Education at Rewley House. This will introduce the process of significance, show what is involved in preparing significance assessments, teach you how to read and judge such assessments, and explore ways in which they can be used. Details online.

29 September: Georgian Group Symposium: The Architecture of James Gibbs (London)
James Gibbs (1682–1754), born in Scotland and trained in Rome, was one of the most important British architects of the 18th century, responsible for the church of St Martin-in-the-Fields in London and the Radcliffe Camera in Oxford, and many other commissions throughout Britain. He published one of the most influential of 18th-century architectural pattern books, which spread his influence throughout the worldwide British diaspora. This symposium at the Society of Antiquaries and led by Geoffrey Tyack FSA, editor of the Georgian Group Journal, will reassess Gibbs’ achievement and its significance for the understanding of Georgian architecture. Speakers include Charles Hind FSA and Pete Smith FSA. Details online.

4 October: Post-Excavation Assessment in Practice (Oxford)
One of a series of short courses for the historic environment put on by Oxford University Department for Continuing Education at Rewley House. This will introduce recent guidance, and review the essential components of assessment and updated project design. In the afternoon we will review examples from current practice and consider how far they meet their purpose and justify funding decisions. Details online.
 
13 October: Castle Studies: Current Research and the Future (London)
A conference organised by the Castle Studies Group to be held at the Society of Antiquaries will honour Derek Renn FSA, author of Norman Castles in Britain (1969/1973), and launch a Festschrift, Castles: History, Archaeology, Landscape and Architecture, edited by Neil Guy FSA. Speakers include Oliver Creighton FSA, Bob Higham FSA, Brian Kerr FSA, Neil Ludlow FSA and Pamela Marshall FSA. For details contact John R Kenyon FSA, 140 Fairwater Grove East, Llandaff, Cardiff CF5 2JW, before 31 July.

20 October: Design and Destiny: Arts and Crafts of the Iron Age (Lewes)
A conference organised by the Sussex Archaeological Society to explore the Iron Age through its artefacts. Speakers will bring varied perspectives on artefact research to enlarge our understanding of social influences and the economics of trade and exchange in this period. Speakers will include Jody Joy FSA, Julia Farley FSA, Melanie Giles FSA, Jaime Kaminski FSA and John Creighton FSA. Details online, or contact the organiser, Lorna Gartside, members@sussexpast.co.uk.
 
24 October: Artefacts and Ecofacts in and out of the Field (Oxford)
One of a series of short courses for the historic environment put on by Oxford University Department for Continuing Education at Rewley House. This will provide expert guidance on how key artefacts and ecofacts can contribute to interpretation of archaeological sites, and good practice in sampling and collection. The course is designed for supervisors, project officers and junior managers with responsibility for running excavations, and those new to specialist artefact and ecofact roles. Details online.
 
29 October: The Last Great Demidoff Sale of Paintings (London)
In the bicentenary of Richard Wallace’s birth, the Wallace Collection is focusing on collecting in London and Paris in the later 19th century. In a series of Monday History of Collecting Seminars organised by Suzanne Higgott FSA, Alexandre Tissot Demidoff (Independent scholar) will speak about the last great Demidoff sale. Details online.
 
30 October: Archaeological Desk-Based Assessments (Oxford)
One of a series of short courses for the historic environment put on by Oxford University Department for Continuing Education at Rewley House. This informs participants about the role of desk-based assessments in managing the cultural heritage resource and provides a practical guide to their production. It will also include guidance on the use of desk-based assessments to fulfil the requirements of the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF). Details online.
 
10 November: Structured Deposits: Definitions, Developments and Debates (Chertsey)
A conference organised jointly by CBA South-East and the Surrey Archaeological Society will examine how our understanding and uses of the concept of ‘structured deposition’ have developed during the last 30 years, resulting in a perceived tendency for over-use and ‘ritual’ interpretations in analysis. Research from prehistoric to Medieval times will be considered, revealing new discoveries from southern England. Speakers will include Jon Cotton FSA, Mike Fulford FSA and Sam Moorhead FSA. Details online, or contact the organiser, Anne Sassin, asassinallen@gmail.com.

15 November: Archaeological Writing for Publication (Oxford)
One of a series of short courses for the historic environment put on by Oxford University Department for Continuing Education at Rewley House. This will introduce standard published reports produced by archaeologists, and how a report is planned. It will then focus on stratigraphic narrative and discussion, with a critical review of examples, to identify common mistakes and how to avoid them. We will also look at the special requirements of writing in a professional and academic context. Details online.

24 November: Heritage and Resources in Southeast England (Lewes)
An interdisciplinary conference involving aspects of geology, archaeology and local history. Speakers will include Danielle Schreve FSA and David Rudling FSA. For details contact the organiser Anthony Brook, anthony.brook27@btinternet.com.

26 November: Sir William Holburne's Display Mounts (London)
In the bicentenary of Richard Wallace’s birth, the Wallace Collection is focusing on collecting in London and Paris in the later 19th century. In a series of Monday History of Collecting Seminars organised by Suzanne Higgott FSA, Catrin Jones (Curator of Decorative Arts, Holburne Museum, Bath) will speak on Piecing Together a Collection: Sir William Holburne's Display Mounts. Details online.
 
28–30 November: Public Inquiry Workshop (Oxford)
One of a series of short courses for the historic environment put on by Oxford University Department for Continuing Education at Rewley House. This is a practical workshop designed to improve the performance of anyone who might be called to participate in a Public Inquiry concerned with the historic environment. A mock Public Inquiry will be mounted using a genuine case study, with training for potential witnesses. Details online.

6 December: Commissioning Archaeology (Oxford)
One of a series of short courses for the historic environment put on by Oxford University Department for Continuing Education at Rewley House. This is designed for non-archaeologists who need to work with archaeology within the design and construction process, including architects, surveyors, engineers and other design professionals, planners, and project managers and developers. Details online.

10 December: The Picture Collection of Stephen Alers Hankey (London)
In the bicentenary of Richard Wallace’s birth, the Wallace Collection is focusing on collecting in London and Paris in the later 19th century. In a series of Monday History of Collecting Seminars organised by Suzanne Higgott FSA, Robert Wenley (Deputy Director, Head of Collections, Barber Institute of Fine Arts, University of Birmingham) will speak on ‘Rare and Most Magnificent’: The Picture Collection of Stephen Alers Hankey (1809-1878). Details online.
 

Call for Papers


14 July: Archaeology in Hertfordshire: Recent Research (Welwyn)
The Welwyn Archaeological Society and the Rhodes Museum, Bishops Stortford are pleased to announce the third recent research conference, to be held at the Museum. We are seeking 25-minute papers on all aspects of archaeology in Hertfordshire – very broadly defined – from prehistoric to post-Medieval, including updated work on older projects. If you would like to present at the conference, please send a short abstract to Kris Lockyear at noviodunum@hotmail.com. Indicate if you would be willing to present a poster should your paper not be one of ten chosen. Details online.

15 September: Journal of the Decorative Arts Society 43 (2019)
The DAS journal for 2019 will celebrate cross-cultural influences between British and Continental European designers and makers of decorative art, as well as exchange with designers further afield. The Society’s remit is 1850 to the present, and typical journal articles take an object-focussed approach. The journal audience is knowledgeable and well-informed, but not necessarily academic. Authors are invited to submit proposals of around 750–1,000 words by 15 September 2018, for articles between around 2,500–6,000 words, plus notes, illustrations and captions. Send proposals to the Editor, Megan Aldrich FSA, at meganbrewsteraldrich@gmail.com.
 

Awards

The Council of the Church Monuments Society offers a biennial prize of £250 called the Church Monuments Essay Prize, to be awarded with a certificate for the best essay submitted in the relevant year. The aim of the competition is to stimulate people, particularly those who may be writing on church monuments for the first time, to submit material for the peer-reviewed international CMS journal Church Monuments. Therefore, the competition is open only to those who have not previously published an article in Church Monuments. Closing date for applications 31 December 2018. Details online.

Propose a Lecture or Seminar


Please download and complete the Lecture Proposal Form, and email it to Amelia Carruthers (acarruthers@sal.org.uk), the Society's Communications Manager, if you are interested in giving a lecture at one of the Society's Ordinary Meetings (Thursday evenings at 17.00) or as part of our Public Lecture series (occasional Tuesday afternoons at 13.00). We welcome papers based on new research or themes related to the Society's field of interest: the study of the material past. You can view our current lecture programme in the Events section of our website.

Fellows are also encouraged to propose topics or themes for conferences or seminars that bring scholars and professionals from a variety of disciplines together to explain, discuss and debate our material culture. Please download and complete the Conference Proposal Form, and email it to Amelia Carruthers (acarruthers@sal.org.uk), if you are interested in helping us organise such an event.

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