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Salon: Issue 426
30 April 2019

Next issue: 13 May

The Society of Antiquaries of London Online Newsletter (Salon) is a fortnightly digest of heritage news. It focuses on the activities of the Society and the contributions that the Society's Fellows make to public life. A copy of Salon’s editorial policy can be found on the Society’s website.

Please send news, comment and feedback for publication to the Editor, Mike Pitts, at Salon EditorSalon doesn't review books, but the Editor is pleased to receive details and cover images of new titles written by Fellows. Scholarly publications are reviewed in The Antiquaries Journal.

Fellows may occasionally find they do not receive email notification of a new Salon. There are suggestions for solving this, and an online archive where new editions are posted. You can also unsubscribe at any point, by following this link.
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Inside this issue

From the Desk of the General Secretary

I am very sad to have to tell you that Dr Rebecca Tomlin, our Governance Officer, has tendered her resignation.

Rebecca started work at the Society in September 2017, and has been a wonderful colleague. Rebecca is looking for a role that is intellectually more stimulating than the administration of our grants, ballots and committee minutes, and I for one cannot blame her!

During her time at Burlington House I have come to rely on Rebecca’s sense of humour, support and unfailingly good advice, and I will personally miss her a great deal. I am sure those of you who have met her will feel the same.

Rebecca has very kindly offered to work until the end of July, providing she is not required to take up another post in that period. I very much appreciate this, as the Governance Officer post is key to the efficient running of the Society, and this will allow an orderly handover to Rebecca’s successor: they will have a hard act to follow.

Back to the beginning of the report

Fellow's Day at Kelmscott Manor

Thursday, 20 June 2019

14.00 - 17.00 (Gates open at 13.30)

Fellows are invited to bring their families to join us at Kelmscott Manor for a special opportunity to find out more about our Heritage Lottery Funded project, explore the Manor and its collections, and enjoy music, cream tea and refreshments on our tea lawn. Croquet and other lawn games will be available. 

The Swing Rhythms Trio (Jazz band) will provide entertainment on the day.  


Information About Booking

Ticket Prices:

  • Family Ticket (2 adults and 2 children): £40.00
  • Adult Ticket: £15.00
  • Child Ticket: £7.50

Space is limited and advanced registration is required. Use the button below to reserve a place and pay online. You may also purchase a ticket by calling Kelmscott Manor at 01367 252486.

Tickets will be posted to you after your purchase. You should receive a confirmation email from our online booking system. However, we will also post tickets in advance of the event and ask that you please bring your ticket(s) with you on the day.

Purchase Tickets >

Reduced Library Services 

Temporary reduced library services

The Society is presently recruiting to fil the two staff vacancies in the library. There will therefore be reduced library services for 3 months until there is a full complement of staff.
Research visits: Research visits by Fellows will continue as usual during the Library’s normal opening times (Monday - Friday 10am - 5pm). Fellows wishing to consult material that needs retrieving by staff (manuscripts, archives, prints and drawings, and printed items on closed access) are asked to order material in advance.
External researcher visits will be limited to no more than 2 researchers per day and will be strictly by appointment only. Our Guidelines for Researchers give information on how to make an appointment.
Image services: Our image services are suspended, and we will not be accepting requests for images and licences from the library and museum collections.
This does not affect the photocopying service.
Other library services to Fellows will operate as normal (book loans and electronic resources service)
Please check our website at for dates of planned closures.

Notre Dame

The most important relic in Notre Dame de Paris, Neil MacGregor FSA told Evan Davis on Radio 4 PM on 16 April (about 15 minutes in), is the crown of thorns, presented by St Louis in 1239 and ‘central to what Notre Dame means to the French’. Until then the great relics were in Constantinople, Jerusalem and Rome, and suddenly Paris ‘was in the forefront’ as the great European city. ‘That’s why this building is much much more than just a great Gothic masterpiece,’ said MacGregor, ‘and part of something everybody cares about. It’s really where France has asserted that it is a special place.’
The day before, at about the same time, 6.20pm in France and an hour earlier in the UK, fire broke out in the cathedral’s roof. With an alarm system not connected to the authorities, firefighters arrived over half an hour later. The 19th-century spire fell in flames through the medieval stone vaulted ceiling. Sensitive and courageous work by hundreds of firefighters minimised damage to the building's fabric and works, but the roof had to be abandoned and efforts were directed to successfully saving the twin towers. The next morning, to the surprise of many and world-wide relief, it was apparent that apart from the roof, the cathedral was still standing, along with its great rose windows. It will be some time before the damage can be fully assessed, but conservators were suggesting it would take decades to restore the site. The roof alone, however, is a great loss to the history of European culture.
Many Fellows will have watched the fire live on their screens with mounting horror – perhaps some were in Paris – and as the media raced to understand what had happened, many were consulted and offered comment. Several wrote to Salon. I will start this survey with a considered piece about the roof and spire by Lynn Courtenay FSA, which she very kindly wrote on 16 April and updated on the 28th; the roof was photographed by Bernard Hasquenoph in February 2018 (Wikimedia):

‘Having spent many hours in the 1980s in the roofs of Notre Dame, the destruction of the medieval carpentry feels like a personal loss. Roofs above the high vaults of medieval cathedrals were never meant to be seen; yet, ironically the world just saw the timberwork ablaze against the evening sky. For those interested in historic carpentry, the roofs and spire of Notre Dame of Paris were especially important since they revealed a critical stage in architectural development between 1160 and 1230. The loss is enormous scientifically and emotionally; it is hard to banish the sight of the burning trusses and collapsing spire.
‘Fortunately, the roofs had been recorded and dated by dendrochronology; we know, for example, that the nave roof was built around 1220 to 1230, with an internal width of 12.4 m (41 ft) and supported on a slender parapet about 35 m from the ground. The cathedral spans two generations of builders during one of the most vigorous and creative periods in the history of medieval France. Tree-ring dating indicates two different periods of timber construction, with felling dates from re-used timber in the choir as early as 1160. The choir was consecrated in 1182, evidently when construction had just finished, or perhaps not quite. A few years earlier in 1177, the contemporary chronicler, Robert de Torigny, reported that the choir was complete except for its tectorio, ie the vaults and roof, and in 1186, the bishop of Paris, Maurice de Sully, left a legacy in his will for the lead covering for the roof.
‘Notre Dame was the “skyscraper” of its generation, proportionally much taller and thinner than the cathedrals of Laon and Sens that preceded it. It is precisely the challenge of a very tall structure – 33 m to the crowns of the nave vaults with an overall span of about 14 m – that made roofing the building so demanding. It also set a precedent for the scale and aspirations of the High Gothic cathedrals of the next generation.
‘While this is not the place for technical detail, what stands out in the design of the roofs of Paris, especially the nave, is the carefully articulated longitudinal integration of the trusses and the master carpenter’s considerable attention to seating the roof on top of the thin parapet wall (only about 70 cm thick!). His concern is evident from the addition of large braces beneath the slender tie beams (30cm x 20cm) and the insertion of an additional longitudinal plate that linked them along the length of the upper wall. The most innovative feature was the use of double tension hangers (like elongated clasps) that supported the tie beams from underneath to prevent their sagging across the long span. The ability for timber to act in tension was clearly understood. Because of the precautions employed by the carpenters of the 13th century, it is evident that they were aware of the forces of nature and the potential damage from high winds. If one imagines the stresses on a large sail of timber and lead rising over 100 feet from the ground, one can only marvel at the ingenuity and skill of these early builders.
‘The elegant 19th-century spire by the architect, Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc, above the crossing where the roofs of the nave, choir, and transepts meet, may be perhaps less highly regarded in terms of its antiquity, but there is more to its story. Notre Dame’s 13th-century spire (or flèche) survived for six centuries until it was vandalized during the French Revolution. It was taken down to the level of the roofs in the early 19th century by Etienne-Hippolyte Godde, then cathedral architect (1813–1830). After that, Notre Dame existed without a spire for more than half a century. Apparently, there were no funds available to reconstruct the flèche until about 1840, when Viollet-le-Duc and his senior colleague, Jean-Baptiste Lassus, who had built the timber spire of the Ste Chapelle, put forward proposals for the reconstruction for Notre Dame based on the designs and methods of medieval carpenters.
'What proved to be critical to the project was the survival of the base of the early 13th-century spire preserved beneath the roof; it is this structure that Viollet used as a model for the spire that just burned. Viollet was exuberant about his new spire built entirely of wood and lead without iron (above, photo from Wikipedia). The work took place between 1858 and 1860 (Lassus died in 1857). The overall height of the spire was 44.5 m, and the oak framing (brought from Champagne) was estimated to weigh 500 tons with an additional 250 tons of lead sheathing. The exposed “sail” rose 36.5 m from the roof ridge to the base of the iron cross upon which was perched the weathercock. On 13 January 1860 the primary scaffold for the construction was removed, but on 27 February the stability of the new spire was challenged by a violent storm that destroyed many chimneys in Paris. Viollet later reported triumphantly that the oscillation at the top of the cross was only 20 centimetres! I do not know whether Viollet himself ascended the flèche by the external ladder with plumb bob and measuring rod in hand. It is clear, from its survival of those formidable wind conditions, that the former spire of Notre Dame was a tour-de-force in timber.’ 

Lynn Courtenay is Emerita Professor in the Department of Art History at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater. At the time of the fire she was staying with Nat Alcock FSA, a chemist and historian of vernacular architecture. They told me that the late Andrew Tallon had created a 3-D laser scan of the cathedral, but they were doubtful that this included details of the roof trusses.
The morning after the fire Tim Tatton-Brown FSA, cathedral archaeologist, talked to the BBC News channel. His first impression from watching the event on TV was that the masonry structure should still be intact: ‘I hope and pray that it’s not as bad as it seems. It was in a terrible state. I was lucky to go up into the triforiums when we had a British Archaeological Association conference there, and I was shocked at the state of the masonry on the outside, which desperately needed repair-work. Because of the fire that will clearly happen now.’
So what next?
‘With state-of the-art new scaffolding,’ Tatton-Brown suggested, the roof ‘should be done within two or three years once they get going – it’s not going to be decades, as somebody said. In the early 1960s Westminster Abbey, amazingly, had its medieval roofs torn out and burnt in great bonfires, and they were replaced by a new concrete and steel structure.’
Norman Hammond FSA thought it ‘would be otiose to offer France money for the restoration of Notre Dame: their government and billionaires have responded in a way that ours, shamefully, would not for a similar disaster. But what we could offer,’ he said, writing to the Times (19 April), ‘after the tragedies at York Minster and Windsor Castle, is expertise: that would befit the entente cordiale.’
Even that may be a challenge. ‘In Britain, cathedral-quality stonemasons and carpenters are thin on the ground,’ Allan Brodie FSA told the Observer (21 April). ‘The thing that will undermine Macron’s promise to get the cathedral reopened in five years is just trying to find enough skilled manpower.’
‘Not a dry eye in the house,’ wrote Julian Munby FSA to Salon, ‘seeing the loss of such major works of Gothic carpentry, whether C13 roofs or Viollet-le-Duc's superb restoration of the central flèche. To prevent the destructive sweep through the roofs, the only answer is compartmentalisation, as has been done at Chichester Cathedral (and was fatally absent at Clandon) or ready access to water (as was fatally absent at Uppark). Has nothing been learnt from the string of tragic losses? We of course chucked out the original roofs of Westminster Abbey in the 1960s, but that was at the hands of a renowned architect, whereas uniquely the last episode at York Minster was so to speak an Act of God. The visual loss through imposing compartments is unfortunate, but a cost worth paying.’
‘Everybody will be focused on “what’s the new spire going to be?”,’ Ptolemy Dean FSA, Westminster Abbey’s Surveyor of the Fabric, told the Guardian (20 April). ‘But actually we really must try to focus on conserving what’s already there first of all. We don’t want to lose the original Gothic vaulting inside. That then leads to what the roof space is used for. It’s a great big void in the upper storey of the cathedral and the question to my mind is, is there anything ingenious that could be done with it?
‘Then finally we’re left with the whole question about the spire. To me, it’s a slightly deeper question than putting something in and making it a statement of modern thought; I think it’s also tied to the functionality of that roof void. You could make something rather amazing in there that explains the whole story of the fire and reveals something about the Gothic vaults.’
Dean also talked to the York Press (16 April), saying the fire in Paris ‘is exactly what we all dread to see – a vital building going up in flames. The spread of the destruction was horrific and then seeing the fire ripping through those rooms…’
‘It is the same as if Westminster Abbey were to burn down,’ he added. ‘There is a great sense of national bereavement. It will be interesting to understand more about the Paris fire and why it spread and if there are any lessons to be learned from the Paris fire disaster. No-one wants these things to happen again.”
Sarah Brown, Director of York Glaziers Trust, told the Guardian (17 April) that she had emailed her French counterparts to offer help and support. ‘Stained glass, of course, is made in heat,’ she said, ‘so it can be surprisingly robust and resistant to fire.” During the fire at York Minster in 1984 solder holding the pieces of glass in place melted, and the glass suffered from thermal shock as a result of being sprayed with cold water. ‘The combination of fire and the cooling effect of the water’, she said, ‘causes lots of little micro-cracks to form on the glass.’
If similar damage had occurred in Paris, Brown told the Art Newspaper (26 April), ‘each of the hundreds of panels at Notre Dame would need to be carefully chipped out of the masonry and individually repaired. The process is “very time-consuming and potentially very costly”, Brown says, although there are fortunately “very good historical records of the windows” in the Corpus Vitrearum stained-glass archive.’
‘The terrible scenes [at Notre Dame] are a sobering reminder of the peril faced by historic buildings during renovation works,’ wrote Robin Densem, Chairman, Rescue, the British Archaeological Trust, to the Times (17 April). ‘Tinder-dry and filled with the dust of centuries, such structures are especially at risk as the events in Paris, Windsor Castle and the Cutty Sark attest. Yet at Notre Dame, hope for restoration is already high. A full survey of the structure exists, which will enable any elements of the fabric to be recreated and replaced.
‘Here in the UK, another ancient structure is about to undergo an extensive programme of restoration. The Palace of Westminster, a world heritage site, is crumbling and MPs have already taken the decision to vacate the building in 2025 to allow for a comprehensive series of works. However, no archaeological survey of the palace exists and MPs have rejected the necessity of having such a survey conducted, owing to cost.
‘This cost would be negligible compared with the information such a survey would supply as well as being able to provide, as an insurance policy, proper understanding for restoration should a catastrophic event occur. MPs should view the images from Paris as a warning of the dangers that are always close at hand and reconsider their opposition to having an archaeological survey conducted of this building.’

Caroline Shenton FSA, author of The Day Parliament Burned Down, wrote to the Times’ Red Box (17 April):
‘Watching live coverage of the fire at Notre Dame last night was eerily reminiscent of the scenes at Westminster in 1834. The rapid spread of flame across uncompartmentalised roof space; the huge silent, shocked crowds on the banks of the river; the astonishing bravery of the firefighters; and everyone hoping against hope not to see molten lead and shattering glass tumbling into the streets: all these were horribly familiar. Similar warnings were made in the years leading up to 1834. I’m so tired of talking about this, and wonder if my next comment to a journalist won’t just be “I told you so”.’
A key factor in determining when agreed restoration can begin on Westminster Palace is when MPs decide to vacate the premises. Work was due to start in 2022, but that has been put forward several years. The Ministry of Defence is not helping, objecting to proposed use of its carpark for contractors’ lorries. However on 27 April Ester Webber, writing for the Red Box, reported that the Paris fire meant the Restoration and Renewal Bill is likely to be brought forward in May: ‘Andrea Leadsom, the leader of the Commons, is keen to initiate the legislation so that it is under way and can be “carried over” when the current parliamentary session comes to an end.’
Caroline Shenton wrote a letter to the Times (18 April), about the risk of the parliamentary archives remaining inside the Houses of Parliament, a pont raised by another letter writer. ‘My final act,’ she says, ‘as Director of the Parliamentary Archives Accommodation Programme, when I left in April 2017, was to present a detailed business case to the parliamentary administration for just such a move to a permanent, purpose-built heritage centre. All the information needed to make a decision, now that the restoration and renewal of the Palace of Westminster is going ahead, has been in their hands for more than two years.’
Peter Yeoman FSA wrote to Salon about Britain’s – or in particular, Scotland’s – historical links with France:

‘In recent press coverage of the devastating fire at Notre Dame, Henry VI's proclamation as King of France at the cathedral in 1431 during the Hundred Years War has been identified by the media as the UK's principle historical connection to Notre Dame. Whereas in fact we have a closer connection with an ancestor of our Queen – James V King of Scots who was married at Notre Dame on 1 January 1537. After a rollicking gap-year love mission in France, James Stewart married Princess Madeleine daughter of Francois I at Notre Dame, renewing the Auld Alliance and placing Scotland in an elevated position on the European stage. He had shopped so much in France that his father-in-law had to provide him with another ship to transport all his new stuff home. This marriage transformed palace architecture in Scotland, as James also brought back French Renaissance ideas and craftsmen, immediately setting about the construction of the courtyard facades at Falkland Palace in Fife, one of the earliest examples of coherent Renaissance design to survive in Britain. The windows here are flanked by pairs of Classical laurel roundels with portrait heads carved in profile. And the close connection between Scotland and Notre Dame continues after James' early death in 1542, when his daughter Mary, Queen of Scots married King Henri II there in 1558.’
Yeoman’s photos show a Carved oak roundel portrait of James V, originally from the ceiling of his presence chamber in Stirling Castle Palace, and the courtyard facade of Falkland Palace, built by James V soon after his return from France in 1537.
The fire in Paris is ‘a very extreme tragedy’, Neil MacGregor FSA told Evan Davis. But ‘Notre Dame has a history of being a kind of phoenix … from the outside there’s hardly a stone there that’s not 19th century. Restoring it is a chance to think, what does that all mean now? It will be such an important debate.
‘Remaking it will say a lot about what France wants to be now.’
Photo at top Godefroy Troude/Wikimedia; spire in flames Wandrille de Préville/Wikimedia; roof in flames LeLaisserPasserA38/Wikimedia; above Cangadoba/Wikimedia.

Fellow to Chair Major Study into Historical Links to Slavery

Martin Millett FSA is to chair an Advisory Group which will investigate Cambridge University’s historical links to slavery. ‘We still live with the legacy of the slave trade, don't we,’ Millett told John Humphrys on the Radio 4 Today programme, when challenged that slavery was long-gone history (30/4/19, 7.22am). In many ways, said Millett, modern societies in western Africa, the Caribbean and the USA are ‘a product of those unfortunate historical circumstances’.

Launching the project on 30 April, the university said that a two-year inquiry will ‘explore archives and a wide range of records elsewhere to uncover how the institution may have gained from slavery and the exploitation of labour, through financial and other bequests to departments, libraries and museums. It will also investigate the extent to which scholarship at the University of Cambridge, an established and flourishing seat of learning before and during the period of Empire, might have reinforced and validated race-based thinking between the 18th and early 20th Century.’
Millett, who is the Laurence Professor of Classical Archaeology at Cambridge, was appointed by the Vice-Chancellor, Stephen J Toope. The Advisory Group has been asked to recommend appropriate ways to publicly acknowledge past links to slavery and to address its impact.
‘This will be an evidence-led and thorough piece of research’, said Millett in a press statement, ‘into the University of Cambridge’s historical relationship with the slave trade and other forms of coerced labour. We cannot know at this stage what exactly it will find but it is reasonable to assume that, like many large British institutions during the colonial era, the University will have benefited directly or indirectly from, and contributed to, the practices of the time.’
‘The benefits may have been financial or through other gifts,’ he continued. ‘But the panel is just as interested in the way scholars at the University helped shape public and political opinion, supporting, reinforcing and sometimes contesting racial attitudes which are repugnant in the 21st Century.”
The inquiry will be conducted by two full-time post-doctoral researchers, based in the Centre of African Studies. The research will examine specific gifts, bequests and historical connections with the slave trade. Researchers will also look into the University’s contribution to scholarship and learning that underpinned slavery and other forms of coerced labour.
Members of the advisory group, says the Guardian (30 April) include Toni Fola-Alade, President of the university’s African Caribbean Society, and Sujit Sivasundaram, Reader in World History.
‘Although it will not cover its 31 colleges, which are legally and financially independent,’ reports the Times (30 April), ‘the investigation will include its central estate, academic faculties and collections including the Fitzwilliam Museum.’
The Advisory Group is expected to deliver its report in autumn 2021. ‘Alongside its findings on historical links to the slave trade,’ said the university, ‘the report will recommend appropriate ways for the University to publicly acknowledge such links and their modern impact.’
The news follows the publication of Slavery, Abolition and the University of Glasgow in September 2018, which contained recommendations from the University of Glasgow History of Slavery Steering Committee. The report was the outcome of a year-long research project undertaken by Stephen Mullen and Simon Newman.
It concluded that ‘although the University of Glasgow never owned enslaved people or traded in the goods they produced, it is nonetheless clear that the university received significant financial gifts and support from people who derived some or occasionally much of their wealth from slavery.’
‘The issue facing the university today’, the report added, ‘is how to address this history? We deeply regret that during a crucial period of its growth and development the University of Glasgow indirectly benefitted from racial slavery, and this is a past which clashes with our proud history of support for the abolition of both the Slave Trade and slavery itself. We believe that what is most important, however, is how we intend to use our knowledge of this past in a “Programme of reparative justice”.’

Two Outstanding Antique Cabinets Could Leave the Country

Christopher Rowell FSA has recently advised the government on two pieces of furniture, on both of which Michael Ellis MP, Arts Minister has placed a temporary export bar. Over £4 million would be needed to keep them both in the UK
On 9 April Ellis deferred a decision on the export licence application for an Italian Baroque cabinet (above) until 8 July 2019, extendable until 8 November 2019 if a serious intention is shown to raise funds to buy it for £3,300,000.
‘This magnificent cabinet,’ said Rowell, ‘surmounted by a clock and containing a virginal, is one of four which were shown in 1669 to Cardinal Giacomo Rospigliosi, nephew of Pope Clement IX, at the palazzo del Quirinale in Rome. The various components were put together in Rome by a German cabinet-maker, Giacomo Herman, who veneered the church-like façade of this cabinet with lapis lazuli and jasper, as well as covering the drawer fronts and the central niche with painted views of the Eternal City.
‘The cabinet has been recently reunited with its original cresting: a reduced gilt bronze copy of the Antique bronze equestrian statue of the Emperor Constantine, which Michelangelo placed in the centre of his Piazza di Campidoglio, Rome. Originally supported upon an ebony stand, the present gilded support is early-18th-century Roman, carved with supreme skill and brio and covered with a veneered marble top, shaped to fit.
‘This is the only one of the set of four cabinets to have been acquired for an English collection. Indeed, this remarkable composite work of art may well have been in England since 1738, when a very similar cabinet was seen by the antiquary, George Vertue, at Cowdray House, Sussex.’
Ellis deferred an export licence decision on the second piece on 12 April, with a price of £750,000 to be raised by 11 July 2019, extendable until 11 October.
The small cabinet from Newbattle Abbey, said Rowell, was probably made in Nuremberg around 1565. Inlaid with panels of figurative and perspectival marquetry, with elegantly chased gilt bronze mounts, it is the only example of its kind in Great Britain, and, he added, ‘the most elaborate of only a dozen pieces of 16th-century German furniture to be decorated with marquetry depicting 3D geometric solids or illusionistic polyhedra. The perspectival wood, ivory, bone and mother-of-pearl marquetry derives from Italian and German engravings. One of the panels is dated 1565.’
‘The cabinet was designed as a repository of precious small works of art. Its British carved walnut cabriole-legged support was made for it around 1730, so it has been in this country since then. It may have descended to the Marquesses of Lothian from Frederick V, Elector Palatine, the so-called “Winter King” of Bohemia, son-in-law of James VI of Scotland and I of England and brother-in-law of Charles I.’

The 64th annual report on Export of Objects of Cultural Interest was published on 24 April, detailing the work of the Reviewing Committee on the Export of Works of Art and Objects of Cultural Interest in the year to 30 April 2018. Five of the committee’s eight members were Fellows: Peter Barber FSA, Philippa Glanville FSA (appointment expired 1 April 2018), Lowell Libson FSA, Christopher Rowell FSA and Leslie Webster FSA. Other Fellows attended meetings as independent assessors.
A lot of stuff was allowed to leave the country. Among items licensed for export were one toy, 245 post-1900 paintings, 1,454 manuscripts, documents and archives, and 24,250 items listed as ‘Prehistory & Europe (inc. Archaeological material, Medieval and later antiquities & Metal Detecting Finds’). In all the sale of items issued with export licences after they had been referred to expert advisers raised £1.6 billion.
Thirteen items were found to be ‘national treasures’, of which seven were acquired by UK institutions or individuals. These seven included Alfred Gilbert’s portrait bust of Queen Victoria, a Roman figurine from Essex of a man in a hooded cloak, a George I Palladian baby house (right) and a Mae West Lips Sofa by Salvador Dalí and Edward James. Five items were not saved, among them Images from the Life (The Norman Album) by Julia Margaret Cameron, and a two-part seal matrix of the Abbey of Dunfermline.

How Not to Manage Harassment Fears at a Conference

An archaeologist who had been accused of sexual harassment and banned from his university campus attended the 2019 Society for American Archaeology (SAA) conference, causing much concern. The annual conference, held this year on 10–14 April in Albuquerque, New Mexico, is an international event where archaeologists and anthropologists, often students, gather to learn, network and showcase their work. The SAA is alleged to have mishandled a difficult situation.

At the time of writing an open letter to the SAA complaining of the incident and its management has over 2,300 signatories, among them Grahame Appleby FSA, Nick Cooke FSA, Spencer Gavin Smith FSA, Ken Hamilton FSA, Dan Hicks FSA, Sarah Parcak FSA, Rachel Pope FSA, Lorna-Jane Richardson FSA, Suzie Thomas FSA and Sadie Watson FSA. Other signatories include Simon Gilmour, Director of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland; the first five to sign the letter work in Britain, and in a long list there may be further Fellows.
An earlier investigation had substantiated claims of sexual harassment against David Yesner, an archaeologist who left employment at the University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA) in 2017; he was banned from the campus and from any events linked to the university, on and off campus, at which students attend. Salon understands that nine further complaints about Yesner’s conduct are under consideration, and more are pending.
Early on the second day of the conference Michael Balter, an attending science journalist, heard that both Yesner and some of the students who had lodged complaints against him were present. ‘If so,’ tweeted Balter, ‘this is an emergency situation… Some of Yesner’s victims… are here at the meeting and need to be protected.’ Balter met with SAA staff and later attempted to escort Yesner from the site. Meanwhile UAA, having been informed of the situation by conference attendees, expressed concern to the SAA in a number of communications to which they say they received no responses. The next morning, the third day of the conference, Balter was banned from attending the SAA meeting, and from participating in a #MeToo Archaeology forum. Concern about Yesner’s presence spread among attendants.
The open letter was published online on the fourth day, when, according to a timeline of events compiled by Liz Quinlan, ‘Outrage and calls on social media for removal of Yesner continue[d] all day on Twitter, Facebook, and offline.’ The letter said that the SAA had ‘protected an individual who had claims of sexual harassment against them substantiated,’ while ‘Survivors and allies had to adopt a buddy-system to try and keep themselves safe… They took to social media to warn others of the danger, and to seek support that was not provided by the SAA.’
On the last, fifth day of the conference Kristina Killgrove, a bioarchaeologist and science writer who was not present, resigned as Chair of the SAA Media Relations Committee, saying that ‘SAA staff and others who spoke for the organization refused to eject the archaeologist in spite of the exhortations of survivors and their university chancellor, and instead decided to clam up and refuse to engage with the issue in any venue.’
On 17 April, three days after the meeting had ended, the SAA posted a short report headed Dispelling the rumors regarding Dr. David Yesner's removal from the SAA meeting. It says that the SAA received two complaints about Yesner’s presence on the third day of the conference, and ‘began reviewing [them] immediately’. A few hours later ‘SAA notified Dr Yesner that it was removing him from the meeting per SAA’s policy,’ claiming that no relevant information had been received before that morning. The next day the SAA tweeted that Michael Balter had not been at the conference ‘as a SAA-credentialed journalist’.
A week later the SAA emailed at least 20 people, asking for help with how the organisation might ‘move forward … regarding sexual harassment’.

Portrait of James Adam Acquired for the Nation

The National Galleries of Scotland and the Victoria and Albert Museum have jointly acquired a portrait of James Adam (1732-94) by the Italian artist Antonio Zucchi (1726-95). The painting depicts Adam during his grand tour of Italy in 1763, before he returned to London to work with his brother, Robert Adam (1728-92).
Julius Bryant FSA, Keeper of Word and Image at The Victoria and Albert Museum, said in a statement, ‘Zucchi’s portrait of James Adam depicts one of the leading Scottish exponents of the European Neoclassical movement who played a formative role in developing British architecture. It is an ideal portrait for the Neoclassicism section of the V&A’s British Galleries. We are delighted that it joins the V&A’s collection, together with the two sculptures previously purchased with the National Galleries of Scotland. We are enormously grateful to both the NGS and Art Fund for enabling this joint acquisition.’
The portrait will be shown with the Scottish National Portrait Gallery’s 18th-century collection before going on display in the V&A’s British Galleries later this year. It will then remain at the V&A for a year before returning to Edinburgh, following which it will be shown at each institution on a seven-year rotation. 

Fellows (and Friends)

Thomas J McCormick FSA, architectural historian, died in April.
Arthur ApSimon, archaeologist, died in April.
Appreciations appear in Fellows Remembered below. The section also contains further notices on the late Peter Kidson FSA and the late Ashley Barker FSA.
David Breeze FSA is to give this year’s prestigious Rhind Lectures, on the subject of Hadrian’s Wall. Alexander Henry Rhind FSA (1833–1863) left a bequest to the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland to fund a lectureship. The first Rhind Lectures were given in 1874, and with a few breaks have continued annually ever since. They often lead to substantial publications, and since 2009 they have been recorded and can be watched online: speakers include John Barber FSA (2018), Roberta Gilchrist FSA (2017), Roey Sweet FSA (2016), Richard Fawcett FSA (2013), Kevin Edwards FSA (2012), Stuart Needham FSA (2011), Martin Carver FSA (2010) and Trevor Watkins FSA (2009), as well as other Fellows. Breeze will give six lectures over three days (one on Friday evening, three on Saturday and two on Sunday afternoon) on 10-12 May; details in Other Heritage Events below.

Adventure in Iron by Brian G Awty is a technological, political and genealogical investigation of the blast furnace and its spread from Namur to northern France, England and North America between 1450 and 1640. Using British and continental archival and published sources, the book describes how the early history of the indirect ironmaking process in England is integrated into the parallel story on the continent, and provides a detailed biographical approach to the migration of ironmasters and workers to south east England. Case-bound in two parts, it has been prepared for publication by Jeremy Hodgkinson FSA and Christopher Whittick FSA in a limited edition of 350 copies for the Wealden Iron Research Group.

Building Anglo-Saxon England by John Blair FSA is among books shortlisted for the Wolfson History Prize 2019. A statement from the judges described Building Anglo-Saxon England as ‘A guide to a world now almost utterly lost and wholly unrecognisable. Drawing on decades of research and richly illustrated, Blair’s book provides us with a panoramic view and a startling new interpretation of the Anglo-Saxon world.’ Chair of the judges and President of the British Academy, David Cannadine FSA, said all the authors had ‘a commitment to share their meticulous research and passion for their subject with as wide an audience as possible.’ They will be talking about their work at a live recording of BBC Radio 3 Free Thinking, hosted at the British Academy in London on 7 May.

Interpreting Medieval Effigies: The Evidence from Yorkshire to 1400, by Brian Gittos FSA and Moira Gittos FSA, they say, uses the Yorkshire corpus of sculptured effigies as a basis for a wide-ranging, investigative, discussion. The effigies’ form, function and meaning are considered alongside their context and post-Reformation treatment. Illustrations play a key role in supporting the interpretative approach. Downloadable Appendices include an illustrated catalogue of the 231 effigies, including some previously unpublished subjects and reassessments of others that are better known. The scale and scope of the Yorkshire material provides valid insights for the interpretation of medieval effigies countrywide.

The Tundzha Regional Archaeology Project: Surface Survey, Palaeoecology, and Associated Studies in Central and Southeast Bulgaria, 2009-2015, edited by Shawn A Ross FSA, Adela Sobotkova, Julia Tzvetkova, Georgi Nekhrizov and Simon Connor, is the final report on fieldwork organised by Ross. It describes the results of archaeological and palaeoecological research in two study areas: the intermontane Kazanlak Valley along the Upper Tundzha River of central Bulgaria, and the Thracian Plain along the Middle Tundzha River south of the city of Yambol in south-eastern Bulgaria. The project was a cooperative effort including Australian, Bulgarian, and Czech investigators between 2009 and 2011, with pedestrian survey, trial excavations, artefact processing and environmental sampling. Over 100 surface artefact concentrations and 800 burial mounds were inventorised. Reviewing the book for the Prehistoric Society, Bisserka Gaydarska wrote that the project ‘will have a huge impact on future archaeological studies as well as cultural resource management… This has never been done before in Bulgaria.’
‘[Young people] understand the simple discoveries of science about our dependence upon the natural world,’ Sir David Attenborough told Christiana Figueres, former Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. ‘My generation is no great example for understanding – we have done terrible things.’ The Guardian (26 April) reported that Attenborough was encouraged by protests by young people. ‘That is the one big reason I have for feeling we are making progress. If we were not making progress with young people, we are done.’

Fellows Remembered

Thomas Julian McCormick FSA died on 2 April aged 93. He was elected a Fellow of the Society in May 1993.
Thomas J McCormick studied at Syracuse University and later at Princeton, where he earned his PhD. He became a powerful and important voice in the field of art history, and in particular the study of architecture in the century of Enlightenment. He taught art history at Wheaton College in Norton; Vassar College; Canterbury College of Art and Architecture in England; University of Louisville; Smith College; University of Vermont; Wells College; and Williams College.
He was Director of the art museums at Vassar and the University of Vermont, and worked at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. He was the 15th holder of the Frederick Lindley Morgan Chair of Architectural Design at the University of Louisville.
He wrote Charles-Louis Clérisseau and the Genesis of Neoclassicism (1991), described as ‘the first comprehensive and balanced study of Clérisseau’, and Ruins as Architecture: Architecture as Ruins (1999).

Arthur Massey ApSimon died on 21 April aged 91, after a long struggle with the consequences of Parkinson’s disease. He had been elected a Fellow of the Society in January 1971, and is thought to have surrendered his Fellowship around 2000. The photo above shows Arthur at the University of Southampton Department of Archaeology's 50th Reunion on 29 April 2017, with (left to right) Roger Thomas FSA, Mike Parker Pearson FSA, Arthur's son David, and Tim Darvill FSA.

Clive Gamble FSA and Tim Darvill, who were with ApSimon at Southampton as a departmental colleague and student, respectively, have kindly written about this prominent 20th-century archaeologist and prehistorian. First from Gamble:
‘Arthur’s archaeological interests ranged widely over prehistory. He is best known for his work on the Neolithic of Wessex and the south-west and the Bronze Age, for example at Brean Down in Somerset. But he also excavated Palaeolithic sites, among them Picken’s Hole on Mendip and the aptly named King Arthur’s Cave in Herefordshire, and in 1975 we investigated together the Lower Palaeolithic site of Red Barns above Portchester, Hampshire (right). Arthur had a network of flint collectors and speleologists who brought him interesting, and not so interesting material which he either dismissed or followed up. He was the right shape for a speleologist, short, trim and terrier-like. He was a lifelong member of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society and became its President.
‘He was very proud to have learned his Pleistocene Geology from Frederick Zeuner FSA during his time at the Institute of Archaeology in London. On almost the first day I met him in 1975 he had heard of a possible exposure of Joseph Prestwich’s raised beach, last described in 1859, that runs across Portsdown Hill inland from Portsmouth. Off we set in the family VW van, complete with gas-ring for making tea, and spent a productive day logging sections in gravel pits old and new. Typical of his archaeological generation Arthur was very skilled in the use of theodolites and dumpy levels. He had an affinity with numbers and an ability to do complex calculations in his head; skills now lost in this era of total stations. He was also a stickler as an editor, as many will remember as he guided their papers through the Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club. Leafing through a recently submitted paper he was sometimes heard to mumble: “just look at these figures: no scale, no north-point, and lettering I can hardly read.”
‘In 1970 Arthur joined the recently formed Department of Archaeology at the University of Southampton arriving there from Queen’s University Belfast. The excitement of his discovery at Ballynagilly and its implications [see Darvill, below] gave him a spring in his step when he started at Southampton, and a topic for conversation around the coffee table that amused countless generations of students.
‘Ever the student of Gordon Childe FSA, Arthur gave priority to the data and instructed many student cohorts through the typologies of bronzes, pots, and chambered tombs. His ability to cover a blackboard in sketches of objects and sites was legendary. And those attending his lectures were fairly certain that he was working from notes that he himself made while listening to Childe; when more recent evidence had to be introduced he turned his trusty ring-binder through 90 degrees and read additions written in the margins. His exam questions demanded knowledge in written form as well as sketches and drawings. Second marking the completed scripts was always a joy with his pithy marginalia about some struggling second year’s inability to remember the difference between a palstave and a socketed axe; comments that in these student-experience-led-times we can no longer make, only think. Those who paid attention undoubtedly benefitted, as did those who went with him to Brittany to excavate.
‘Arthur’s adherence to data did relax as he got older. He became a New Archaeologist at least in spirit if not in print. He amazed the next generation by appearing at TAG conferences where anyone over the age of 50 stuck out like a menhir. Indeed, he gave a paper entitled “changing explanations for discontinuity” in a session aptly named “interpretative problems” at the first ever Theoretical Archaeology Group conference in Southampton in December 1977. And his interest in new approaches was genuine, as was his unfailing concern to help younger archaeologists get established. I experienced his generosity of archaeological spirit when he wrote up the results of that day on Portsdown, and included me as an author for what became my first published paper (ApSimon, Gamble and Shackley 1977, Hants. Field. Club 33). Almost my last message from him at the age of 90 was about the heights of that beach and his recalculations of Prestwich’s figures which, terrier like, had been bothering him. His beloved wife Pat died in 2015 and he is survived by his four children.’
Tim Darvill tells the story of Ballynagilly:
‘While working in Belfast, one of Arthur’s greatest achievements was his investigations at Ballynagilly, Co Tyrone, between 1966 and 1970. The removal of peat in advance of quarrying sand on this low hill revealed a well-preserved ancient landscape with four areas of prehistoric occupation. On the very top of the hill were pits and traces of a roughly square building, 6.5m by 6m, with plank-built walls and a fairly rich associated material culture of early Neolithic date. It was an important discovery, one of the first such houses to be identified in the British Isles. The radiocarbon dates were significant too, and writing about Neolithic Britain and Ireland in 1974 Isobel Smith FSA noted that they were the earliest radiocarbon dates so far obtained for early farming communities in these islands. Later work suggests that the house probably belongs to the middle centuries of the fourth millennium BC, and many more examples are now known as a result of commercial archaeology. But it was Ballynagilly that opened our eyes to the nature of such settlements, and where to look for them.’
‘So sorry to hear this news,’ wrote Jacqueline Nowakowski FSA on Facebook. ‘Arthur worked in Cornwall early in his career and was a champion of amateur archaeology here in the 1950s and was responsible of course for excavating a very important BA and IA settlement at Trevisker St Eval, the site which gave its name to the major cultural style ceramics for the Bronze Age in SW Britain.’
‘Arthur shared his incredible knowledge and helped me hugely over the years (and was a very generous buyer of lunch when I was a poor student),’ wrote Jodie Lewis FSA. ‘A great man.’
‘Arthur was my PhD supervisor’, wrote Mike Allen FSA, ‘late 1980s/early 1990s (he did the Beaker stuff I did the snails and soils stuff) - he encouraged my existing interest in all things Beaker … and it is perhaps no coincidence that the [Prehistoric] Society's Research Series includes Is there a British Chalcolithic? (2012 reprinted); The Beaker People Project (new 2019 - but stocks v v low buy before out of stock!), and Beaker Settlement of Europe (in proof, due this summer). He passed his knowledge and enthusiasm to generations that followed.’
ApSimon also helped me early in my career, though I was not his student. In 1979, just weeks into my new job at the Department of the Environment, based in Avebury, I had to mount an urgent excavation at Stonehenge. I was given a fortnight to do it, but no funds. Arthur arranged for the Archaeology Department’s minibus to come up from Southampton every day, with tools, volunteer students and Arthur himself. Without this the dig would never have happened, and some important discoveries would have been destroyed without record. I was determined that the excavation should take place, but more senior people than me were not keen on it, and the man who everyone thought of as the Stonehenge archaeologist of the time advised against it. Arthur gave me the moral support I needed. More about this (with photos) on my blog.

Darvill’s photo (above) shows Arthur at Stonehenge in 1977, pointing out then little-known carvings of axe blades, and mine (right) excavating at Stonehenge in 1979.


The Times has published (18 April) an obituary of the late Peter Kidson FSA, who died in February, describing him as an ‘Influential if self-effacing medieval architectural historian who in the 1960s worked under Anthony Blunt at the Courtauld.’ He was, adds the paper, ‘an intensely private person, shy in a large gathering and rarely mentioning himself in stories or reminiscences about others, yet he was at the same time very confident in his intellectual abilities. As well he should have been. He was among the most influential medieval architectural historians of his generation, partly through his writing, partly through his teaching at the Courtauld.’
‘Like everyone else at the Courtauld, Kidson was unaware of Blunt’s [Soviet] sympathies and likened the institution under his directorship to “Plato’s academy, where dedicated scholars were left to themselves to do what they could in their own time”. This suited Kidson perfectly because it left him free to follow his own lines of thought. Kidson was convinced that the purpose of university education was to develop independent thought, not to acquire knowledge. He had no interest in applying an ideological standpoint to historical discussion because this inevitably excluded certain questions from being asked.
‘Originality was a quality he admired in medieval buildings, whether it was the soaring, monumental clarity of Bourges Cathedral in France, his favourite building, or the quirky idiosyncrasies of the contemporary architecture of Lincoln Cathedral, which he saw as the product of a highly inventive mind, subverting convention almost before it had become convention.’
The Times has also published (19 April) an obituary of the late Ashley Barker FSA, who died in March. Under the headline ‘Dapper surveyor who saved Covent Garden,’ the paper says that as surveyor of historic buildings at the Greater London Council, he ‘had the opportunity to stem the tide of destruction [created by post-war development]. Indeed, he helped to preserve areas that it would be hard to imagine London without today, most notably in Covent Garden. The 17th-century square and covered market would have been replaced with offices and a conference centre. When the fruit, vegetable and flower market was moved to Battersea in 1974, Barker was a key player in ensuring that the wider 96-acre site, with its narrow street pattern, was largely preserved. He later delighted in walking the cobbled streets with his children, casually mentioning his part in their conservation.’
Having qualified as an architect, he was ‘unimpressed’ with a school-building programme for Hertfordshire County Council: ‘The insistence on speed made good design impossible, he claimed… In despair, he retreated to the land of make-believe, joining Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer to create film sets at a British studio.’ When he joined the London County Council ‘After years of working with modernists, it was a relief to Barker to find an office where his “young fogeyism” was welcome, and he enjoyed working under W A Eden FSA, the surveyor of historic buildings.’

Memorials to Fellows

Last autumn Terry Manby FSA wrote to Salon about a planned memorial to Tony Brewster FSA. The appeal was well supported and the stone is now installed in Winteringham churchyard in North Yorkshire. Manby writes:
‘The Thomas Cape Mason Brewster Memorial is the result of the generous support of friends, colleagues, students and diggers. Together they desire to provide a public monument in memory of an inspirational field archaeologist and teacher.
‘Two of the major excavations directed by Tony Brewster are represented symbolically: a rock rose (Cistaceae) flower for Staple Howe, a Late Bronze Age-Iron Age hill-top settlement, and a chariot with driver for the Garton and Wetwang Slacks landscape excavation project. The chariot is Tony’s reconstruction based on the Garton Slack burial: discovered in 1971 it was the first Iron Age chariot burial to be scientifically excavated.
‘Suffering a heart attack in July 1984, only a few days after his 66th birthday, Tony was buried in the new churchyard at Winteringham. His grave long remained unmarked. In 2018, the centenary of his birth, the East Riding Archaeological Research Trust considered it would be appropriate to sponsor an appeal to those who personally knew Tony to provide a memorial headstone for the grave.’
The monument was made by J Rotherham Ltd and installed on 19 February. The photo of Brewster was taken in 1984 by Terry Suthers at a conference at the Yorkshire Museum. Memorial photo by Dominic Powlesland FSA.


'On a sunny afternoon in Cardiff on Saturday 13 April,’ writes Mark Redknap FSA, ‘a blue plaque for Sir Cyril Fox FSA (1882–1967) was unveiled by one of his sons, Charles Scott-Fox (right), at the house Cyril and his family lived in from 1928 until retirement as Director of the National Museum of Wales in 1948: Four Elms, Heol Wen, Rhiwbina, Cardiff.

'Fox came to Cardiff in 1926, having been appointed as Keeper of Archaeology to replace Mortimer Wheeler FSA on his appointment as Director. His remarkable career based in Wales embraced prehistoric and early medieval archaeology, historical geography and vernacular architecture, and culminated with the creation of Amgueddfa Werin Cymru – Welsh Folk Museum at St Fagans (now Sain Ffagan: Amgueddfa Werin Cymru / St Fagans National Museum of History), which opened its doors to visitors in 1948.
‘The ceramic plaque and event were organised by the Rhiwbina Civic Society, and also attended by George Fox, representatives of Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales, Cardiff University and Cardiff Archaeological Society.’


The Wisdom of Fellows

This photo was sent to Salon by a Fellow who wishes to remain anonymous (‘as an expatriate Pom I don’t want to be poking fun at the old country)’, but I like to think that English Heritage would be more than happy to imagine that its works stimulate friendly exchanges between dog walkers. Rougemont Castle is a group of medieval earthworks, with a ringwork and bailey, fishponds and an outwork, at Kirkby Overblow, near Harrogate in North Yorkshire. It is passed by a public footpath.


In the last Salon I reported that housing developments planned for the hinterland of Old Oswestry hillfort in Shropshire had been dropped. Shropshire Council’s decision came after considerable campaigning against the proposals, not least from several Fellows. I noted in passing that part of the hill’s history included a First World War camp, which had ‘caused considerable damage’ to the prehistoric remains, and that Wilfred Owen had been trained there.

Malcolm Reid FSA feels I unjustly dismissed the significance of the military remains. That was not my intention at all, but his remarks are worth reading, not least for clarifying the nature of Owen’s presence at the site:
‘In the Conservation Plan for Old Oswestry, which Jenny Marriott and I produced for English Heritage in 2010, it is stated that Wilfred Owen returned to the area in September 1916 (he was born in Oswestry), when a Second Lieutenant in the Manchester Regiment. He was stationed at Park Hall Camp (about 1km east of the hillfort) for a month and had gone there to train the troops under his command in the use of rifles. In the Conservation Plan we indicate that it is likely (but not certain) that some of this training took place at Old Oswestry. There are well-preserved remains of a complete trench system within the hillfort, probably used by a full battalion (about 700 men).
‘In the article it seems unjust and rather negative to view the First World War activity as having “caused considerable damage” to the hillfort. While it cannot be denied that the trench system and the contemporary remains are extensive, they are, however, extremely important in the story of this exceptional monument. Indeed, the trench system is the only known example of such a military facility to exist on a site that is in the care of the Secretary of State and is managed by English Heritage.’

‘Ancestor worship is a common vice among antiquaries,’ writes Richard Barber FSA, ‘and I apologise in advance for offering Salon a book which is not directly by me, but which has been edited from the papers of my great-great grandparents.
‘The letters and diaries in The Boyce Papers are, I hope, of much wider interest than the usual family material, particularly since Joanna Boyce, who is the pivotal figure in the material, will figure prominently in Pre-Raphaelite Sisters. This exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery will open on 17 October. Jan Marsh, speaking at the launch of the book at the Royal Academy last week, described the contents of the book as an unrivalled source for the artistic life of mid-Victorian England and the Pre-Raphaelites. Its focal point is from 1855 to 1861, and the two volumes consist of letters and diaries of three people: Joanna Boyce and her brother, the watercolourist G P Boyce, and Henry Tanworth Wells, miniaturist and portrait painter, whom she eventually married.
‘They were friends with Rossetti, Burne-Jones and many of the Pre-Raphaelites and their circle, as well as Ruskin and John Douglas Cook, the editor of the Saturday Review. Both Henry and Joanna studied in Paris: Joanna’s account of her time at the studio of Thomas Couture is supplemented by the striking reviews she wrote of the French Exposition of 1855 and the Royal Academy summer exhibition of 1856. All three write freely and eloquently about painting techniques and materials and the way in which the London art market and societies worked.’
Fellows can order The Boyce Papers, edited by Sue Bradbury, from the Boydell and Brewer web page at a discount of £45 by logging in and using the promotion code BB711.


In the last Salon I wrote about a video of Stonehenge featuring exceptional grass parch-marks seen only in 2013. The clip features in promotion for an exhibition in Kansas City opening on 25 May. I said the show was in Kansas, and as Curtis Runnels FSA and Linda Ehrsam Voigts FSA pointed out, it is in Missouri. ‘There are two cities named Kansas City,’ writes Voigts, who is Curators' Professor of English Emerita at the University of Missouri-Kansas City. ‘The smaller one is in Kansas. The larger one, where Union Station is located, is in Missouri.’ Meanwhile Union Station has responded to a query about the film, and I hope to be able to report back with further information.

Anniversary Meeting

Tuesday 30th April 

There will be a ballot for election of Fellows before the meeting which will open in the Meeting Room at 4.00pm and close at 4.20pm. Visitors will not be admitted to the Meeting Room during the ballot.

The Anniversary Meeting of the Society will be held in the Meeting Room, Burlington House, on TUESDAY 30th April 2019 at 5.00pm. Tea will be served in the Council Room from 4.15pm.

The Ballots for Director and for two Ordinary Members of Council are uncontested this year and therefore will not take place (as provided for in Order no 1, para 4.2). The Fellows who are candidates for the vacant posts are:
As Director (second term):
Professor Christopher Scull FSA MIFA
As Ordinary Council Members:
Professor Vincent Gaffney MBE FSA
Dr Samantha J Lucy FSA

In order to meet the requirement of Statute 4.4 that one third of the Ordinary Members of Council retire each year, we have asked the following, who are the longest serving members of Council but who have not completed their three years of office, to retire and immediately be co-opted to complete their agreed terms:
Dr John Maddison FSA (Vice President)
Dr Elizabeth Hallam-Smith CB, FSA, FRHistS, FRSA
Dr Alan Lloyd FSA

The business to be conducted at the Anniversary Meeting is as follows:
  1. To thank the Director and Ordinary Members of Council whose term of service has come to an end
  2. To note the (re-) election of the above-named Fellows as Director and as Ordinary Members of Council for the period 2019-2022 (see overleaf for a list of Officers and Council for 2019-20).
  3. To approve the appointment of Kingston Smith LLP as the Society’s auditors for 2019-20
  4. To note the names of Fellows deceased and amoved during 2018-19
  5. To note and thank the Benefactors of the Society for 2018-19
  6. To award the Society’s medals to Mr Peter Cormack MBE, FSA and Mr Martin Levy FSA
The President’s Anniversary Address will follow.
                                                                  JOHN S.C. LEWIS, FSA
                                                                  General Secretary and Returning Officer
                                                                        March 2019

Society of Antiquaries Vacancy

 Employer: Society of Antiquaries of London

Location: London

Salary:  £25,591 (£17,913 pro rata) inclusive 

Holidays: 19.5days + 3.5 privilege days 

Pension: 19.5% Employer contribution 

Contract: Permanent 

The Society wishes to appoint a Governance and Administrative Officer. The successful candidate will support the governance of the Society, administer the Society’s grants programmes and the election process of new Fellows at the Society’s headquarters at Burlington House, Piccadilly. This is an important post and is essential to the smooth running of the Society.
The Society is a registered charity and the senior national learned society in Britain concerned with the conservation, research and dissemination of knowledge of the material past ( The Society consists of just over 3,000 Fellows, drawn from scholars and practitioners working across the cultural heritage sector.
Closing date: 23.59hrs, Wednesday 22nd May 2019 
Interviews: Wednesday 29th May 2019

For more information and an application pack click here. 

Forthcoming Events for Fellows

You can catch up on meetings you've missed by visiting our YouTube Channel.

Ordinary Meetings of Fellows

Interested in proposing a lecture? Please download the Lecture Proposal Form, and email it to Danielle Wilson Higgins, Communications Manager (

Introductory Tours for Fellows

If you've never visited Burlington House or had an introduction to the Library and Collections, please join an introductory tour. You'll meet the Society's staff, learn about your Fellowship benefits, and discover more from the collections at Burlington House. 

Forthcoming Public Events

Conferences and Seminars

Public Lectures

Public Lectures are held from 13.00 to 14.00 on Tuesdays, with advance booking advised to be sure of a place.

Regional Fellows Groups


South West Fellows

Further information on talks at Exeter can be found here.

Want to join the South West Regional Fellows Group? Please see bulletin above regarding potential upcoming activities. You can sign-up to hear about future activities, here.

Welsh Fellows

  • 11-13 October 2019: Weekend visit to the Pembrokeshire area. Programme to be arranged.
Want to join the Welsh Regional Fellows Group? If you would like to attend any current events, please email Bob Child at If you wish to be added to the mailing list, sign-up here.

York Fellows

Want to join the York Regional Fellows Group? If you would like to receive email updates about forthcoming meetings in York, sign-up here.
  • 14 May 2019: “Petuaria ReVisited – Rediscovering Roman Brough and environs” by Dr Peter Halkon FSA
The meeting to be held in the Bedingfield Room, The Bar Convent, York. The Bar Convent  ( is very near the Nunnery Lane car park, Nunnery Lane, York, YO23 1AA. The meeting will begin with refreshments at 18.00, with the presentation at 18.30, concluding with a meal organised by our new steward, Nicola Rogers at 20.00.  For those who wish to join us I would be grateful, for catering purposes, if you could let me know if you are able to attend the meeting as well as the meal following. Please remember that you may now bring up to five guests to the meeting. Dr Ailsa Mainman FSA (

Other Heritage Events

2 May: New Research on Roman Temples in Britain: Recent Findings from Hayling Island and Meonstoke, Hampshire (Brighton)
Tony King FSA will give the Holleyman Archaeology Lecture for 2019 at a meeting of the University of Sussex Archaeological Society, at the University of Sussex, Falmer. This lecture will review recent investigations at Meonstoke and Hayling Island which have given insights into Roman sacred landscapes, and how villas and temples interact. Details online.

2 May: Stratigraphic Analysis in Archaeology (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. The course is designed for those who are familiar with the processes of excavation and stratigraphic recording, and are looking to develop their skills in the post-excavation stages of analysis, dating, interpretation and description. The course will comprise a combination of presentations to explain theory and approaches, and practical sessions providing opportunities for participants to work with real data. Course Director: Victoria Ridgeway, editor and manager of Pre-Construct Archaeology’s monograph series. Tutor: Rebecca Haslam, Senior Archaeologist, Pre-Construct Archaeology. Details online.

4 May: Sussex Archaeology Symposium 2019 (Lewes)
The Sussex Archaeology Symposium is an annual event held by the Sussex School of Archaeology which showcases recent archaeological research in the county and beyond. Speakers include Jaime Kaminski FSA and David Rudling FSA, exploring thousands of years of the human past in South-East England. Email, details online.
May 8: The Protestant Cemetery in Rome (London)
Nicholas Stanley-Price FSA will talk at the Dissenters' Chapel, Kensal Green Cemetery at 6.30 for 7pm. The Protestant Cemetery in Rome is the resting place of poets John Keats and Percy Bysshe Shelley among many British and other eminent individuals. Stanley-Price has written on the history of the Cemetery, and will be pleased to answer questions on its management after the talk.
8 May: Dr Andrew Ducarel, Lambeth Librarian 1757-85, Seen through his Brother’s Eyes (London)
A Lambeth Palace Library event. Andrew Ducarel FSA, the eldest of three Huguenot brothers, was a successful ecclesiastical lawyer, Librarian at Lambeth, historian of the palaces of Lambeth and Croydon and of the architecture of Normandy. In The Two Brothers, a new book by Robin Myers FSA, it is his younger brother James who takes centre stage, writing letters to Andrew in London about his life in France. Details online.
8–9 May: The Setting of Heritage Assets and Places (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. In the context of official guidance and wide-ranging experience of practical casework, this course explains why the setting of historic places matters, and the principles and practical skills of sound assessment and decision-making. Course Director: George Lambrick, with Stephen Carter (Headland Archaeology), Ian Houlston (LDA Design), Richard Morrice (Historic England), Julian Munby (Oxford Archaeology), Michael Pirie (Green College), Ken Smith (formerly Peak District National Park), Karin Taylor (National Trust) and David Woolley QC (formerly Landmark Chambers). Details online.

9-10 May: Collections in Circulation: Mobile Museum Conference (London)
This conference will bring together scholars from the UK and overseas with a shared interest in the mobility of museum collections, past and present. Their papers will address various aspects of the history of the circulation of objects and their re-mobilisation in the context of object exchange, educational projects and community engagement. This conference is organised by the Mobile Museum project, an AHRC-funded collaboration between Royal Holloway, University of London and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Details online.

10-12 May: Hadrian’s Wall: A Study in Archaeological Exploration and Interpretation (Edinburgh)
David Breeze FSA will give this year’s prestigious Rhind Lectures, hosted by the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, in the main auditorium of the National Museum of Scotland. In six lectures given over three days, Breeze will review 180 years of research and inquiry into the history, nature and purpose of Hadrian’s Wall. Details online.

May 14: Petuaria ReVisited – Rediscovering Roman Brough and Environs (York)
Peter Halkon FSA will talk for a York Antiquaries Lecture in the Bedingfield Room, The Bar Convent at 6pm for 6.30. Since 2014 there has been new interest in this neglected Roman site on the Humber, with some spectacular discoveries. The Petuaria ReVisited project has enabled large scale geophysics to be carried out, revealing large densely packed buildings, walls and roadways, providing a context for a famous inscription commemorating the erection of a new stage by Marcus Ulpius Januarius, Aedile of the Vicus of Petuaria, found by Philip Corder FSA in 1937.

18 May: The Medieval Port of London (London)
A conference organised by the Docklands History Group to be held at the Museum of London, where people with a long involvement in the history and archaeology of the River Thames and the City of London will present papers on a varied range of subjects relating to the Medieval Port of London. Speakers include John Clark FSA, Nathalie Cohen FSA, Gustav Milne FSA, Edward Sargent FSA and John Schofield FSA. Details online.

20 May: Gotha’s Chinese Cabinet: Duke August’s Collection of East Asian Objects (London)
Emily Teo, PhD candidate at University of Kent and Free University of Berlin, speaks in a series of free Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.

25 May: Archaeological Research in Progress (Edinburgh)
Organised by the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland and Archaeology Scotland at the Royal Society of Edinburgh, this one day conference programme chaired by David Caldwell FSA and Beverley Ballin-Smith FSA includes exciting new research findings and best practice in archaeology covering all periods from across Scotland and beyond. Speakers include Beverley Ballin-Smith FSA, Jane Geddes FSA, Derek Hamilton FSA, Steven Mithen FSA and Alison Sheridan FSA. Details online.
3 June: Do Not Touch? 3D in Museums (Cambridge)
A conference about 3D technology and tactile access to heritage collections hosted by the University of Cambridge Museums. We’ll be exploring how 3D modelling and printing technology can be used to open up collections to everyone. The aim is to bring together people from the heritage sector – including conservators, curators, educators and digital specialists – with university researchers and representatives from the creative and digital industries, exploring how 3D modelling and printing technology can be utilised effectively to open up collections to everyone. Details online.
4 June: The Library of Richard Holdsworth (1590-1649): New Light on the Manuscripts (London)
A Lambeth Palace Library event. Richard Holdsworth – academic, preacher, theologian and bibliophile – bequeathed his entire library to the University of Cambridge. On its arrival in 1664, this amounted to a second foundation of Cambridge University Library, but it has barely been studied. Jean-Pascal Pouzet’s presentation offers a survey of current research on the collection, together with the first tangible results on Holdsworth’s manuscripts. Details online.
6–7 June: Fibres in Early Textiles, from Prehistory to AD 1600 (Glasgow)
The Early Textiles Study Group will be holding its 16th conference at the University of Glasgow, on the theme of textile fibres. There will be a full programme of 23 papers, with posters, practical demonstrations and an optional excursion to places related to the textile heritage of Scotland on 8 June. The subject matter includes fibre sources and their preparation techniques; excavated evidence from Europe, Asia, the Americas and New Zealand, from the Stone Age to the Middle Ages; ethnographic material; and modern analytical methods of fibre identification. An international panel of speakers includes Margarita Gleba FSA and Penelope Walton Rogers FSA. Details online.

15–16 June: Tour of South Somerset and Dorset Churches (Sherborne)
This two day coach excursion with the Church Monuments Society will visit some of the finest churches in the South-West – Trent, Montacute, Hinton St George, Sherborne Abbey, Melbury Sampford, Dorchester St Peter, Puddletown and Milton Abbey – containing some of the finest monuments in England. Details online.
24 June: Delivering Public Benefit through Archaeology (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course looks at how we can plan projects to deliver public benefit consistently, how to communicate that benefit effectively, and how to evaluate the impact of our work. It is designed for all those responsible for commissioning, specifying and/or delivering programmes of work in our sector that aim to deliver public benefit. Course Director: Kate Geary, Head of Professional Development and Practice, CifA. Tutors: Taryn Nixon, independent archaeologist and heritage adviser, formerly Chief Executive of MOLA (1997-2017); Rob Lennox, CIfA, whose PhD research looked at heritage and politics in the public value era. Details online.

28 June: Lord Stewartby – The Numismatic Legacy (London)
Lord Stewartby FSA (1935–2018) was a leading figure in British numismatic scholarship in the second half of the 20th century. At this all day Symposium at the British Academy, structured around topics with which Lord Stewartby was deeply engaged, leading figures who place the use of numismatic evidence at the forefront of historical and archaeological interpretation will explore recent work which builds on his contributions to numismatic scholarship. Four sessions will cover Britain AD 300–400, Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Viking England 800–1100, the British Isles 100-1150, and Scottish Coinage 1140–1707. Details online.

1 July: A Woman of Taste: Mrs R A Workman’s Collection of Modern French Painting (London)
Frances Fowle, Professor of Nineteenth-Century Art, University of Edinburgh and Senior Curator of French Art, National Gallery of Scotland, speaks in a series of free Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.
3–4 July: Understanding and Conserving Historic Gardens and Designed Landscapes (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. An increasing number of historic gardens and landscapes are opening their doors to the paying public. Owners and managers, reliant on tourist income, are seeking to widen their visitor base. Such development can sometimes be at odds with the conservation needs of historic sites, and this course will provide the tools for balancing the needs of developing tourist attractions with conservation and care. For trustees, volunteers and staff responsible for managing or working in a historic garden or designed landscape. Course Director: John Watkins, Head of Gardens and Landscape at the English Heritage Trust. Speakers to include: Brian Dix, Linden Groves, Emily Parker, Robin Copeland, David Lambert. Details online.

17 July: Translating Becket: New Themes, New Meanings in the Life and Afterlife of St Thomas of Canterbury 1170-2020 (London)
A Lambeth Palace Library event. The talk by Nicholas Vincent FSA will follow the Annual General Meeting of the Friends of Lambeth Palace Library. He has published widely on English and European history in the 12th and 13th centuries, most recently on King John and Magna Carta. This lecture anticipates the 850th anniversary of Becket’s martyrdom next year and will be accompanied by a display of manuscripts from the Library’s collections. Details from or 020 7898 1400.

29 July: ‘The Great Joss and his Playthings’: George IV as a Print Collector (London)
Kate Heard, Senior Curator of Prints and Drawings, Royal Collection Trust, speaks in a series of Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.
18 September: Post-Excavation Assessment in Practice (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course will introduce recent guidance to PX, and review the essential components of assessment and updated project design. In the afternoon we will review examples from current practice and consider how far they meet their purpose and justify funding decisions. The course is designed for those in supervisory, junior management or specialist roles who will be compiling and contributing to PX assessments, and those in consultancy and curatorial roles who commission and evaluate them. Course Director: Leo Webley, Head of Post-Excavation, Oxford Archaeology South. Tutors: Edward Biddulph, Senior Project Manager and Roman pottery specialist, Oxford Archaeology South; Sarah Wyles, Senior Environmental Officer, Cotswold Archaeology. Details online.

21 September: Suffolk by the Sea (Southwold)
The 5th Wheeler Conference of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology & History will consider the impact of the coast on Suffolk’s heritage from prehistory to medieval times. Topics include exploring Doggerland, crossing the North Sea and Scandinavian ships, Medieval trade, underwater archaeology at Dunwich, and Southwold museum (Museum of the Year 2017). Speakers include Brian Ayers FSA, Paul Constantine, Vince Gaffney FSA, David Sear and Simon Loftus. Details online.
25–27 September: Heritage Values and the Assessment of Significance (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. Significance assessment is a key part of management and of development within the historic environment. This course will introduce the process, show you what is involved in preparing assessments of significance, teach you how to read and judge such assessments, and explore the ways in which they can be used. Open to all, but of particular interest to heritage asset managers and advisers, planners, historic environment professionals and architects, surveyors and others who do not specialise in heritage but may need to understand assessments and their value in guiding change. Course Director: Stephen Bond, Director of Heritage Places and joint author of Managing Built Heritage. Course Co-Director: Henry Russell, Course Director of the programme in Conservation of the Historic Environment, Reading University. Details online.

27 September: Maritime Archaeology (Chatham)
This will be Chatham Historic Dockyard’s first course, with three morning talks covering themes on the history and work of the dockyard at Chatham, the built heritage and conservation of maritime architecture at Portsmouth dockyard, and marine archaeology across east Kent. Lunch will be provided, followed by a guided tour of the dockyard, introduced by the Chatham Historic Dockyard Trust and led by Peter Kendall FSA of Historic England. Details online.
30 September: ‘The Aura of Popularity’: The Rise and Fall of Bartolomé Esteban Murillo in the Nineteenth-Century British Art Market (London)
Isabelle Kent, Enriqueta Harris Frankfort Curatorial Assistant, The Wallace Collection, speaks in a series of Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.

10 October: Archaeological Desk-Based Assessments (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course informs participants about the role of desk-based assessments in managing the cultural heritage resource and provides a practical guide to their production. It will also include guidance on the use of desk-based assessments to fulfil the requirements of the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF). The course will be of interest to all those who are currently (or hope to be) involved in the commissioning or production of desk-based assessments. It is targeted towards new entrants to the profession and those who would like to develop skills in this area. Course Directors: Jill Hind (formerly Senior Project Mgr Oxford Archaeology) and Melanie Pomeroy-Kellinger, County Archaeologist for Wiltshire. Details online.

28 October: Architectural Salvage from Cairo to London: The Pivotal Role of the Paris Exhibitions of 1867 and 1878 (London)
Moya Carey, Curator of Islamic Collections, Chester Beatty Library, Dublin, and Mercedes Volait, Research Professor at CNRS, based at InVisu, INHA, Paris, speak in a series of Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.

31 October: Archaeological Writing for Publication (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course will introduce the standard types of published reports currently produced by archaeologists, and how the scope and content of a report is planned. The course will then focus on two key components, the stratigraphic narrative and the discussion, and the most effective and successful ways of approaching the planning, writing and illustration of these. This will include a critical review of a number of examples, to identify common mistakes and how to avoid them. We will also look at the special requirements that apply to writing in a professional and academic context. The course will involve some preparatory reading before the training day. Course Director: Elizabeth Popescu, Post-Excavation and Publications Manager, Oxford Archaeology East. Details online.

15 November: Curating Decay (Waltham Abbey)
This will be Waltham Abbey Gunpowder Mills’ first course, with three morning talks covering a range of issues in the management of vulnerable heritage sites, and reimagining how we might adopt an ethical stance that allows us to collaborate with natural processes and decay, rather than fighting against them. Lunch will be provided, followed by a chance to visit the Royal Gunpowder Mills exhibition and a guided tour of the site led by Wayne Cocroft FSA. Details online.
25 November: A ‘Fauve de la Curiosité’: The Hybrid Career of Edouard Jonas (1883-1961), Dealer and Curator (London)
Barbara Lasic, Lecturer in History of Art and Coordinator of Postgraduate Programmes, University of Buckingham, speaks in a series of free Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.

27–29 November: Public Inquiry Workshop (Oxford)
A short course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course is a practical workshop carefully designed to improve the performance of anyone who might be called upon to participate in a Public Inquiry concerned with the historic environment. It will present the terms of procedure, the roles of the participants and the general feel of a Public Inquiry. A mock Public Inquiry will be mounted using a genuine case study. Training for potential witnesses will be given in how to prepare evidence for a Public Inquiry, how to produce proofs of evidence, and to experience them being given and tested under realistic conditions. You will be allocated a role to play in the Inquiry and asked to prepare a proof of evidence to fit this role. Active participation limited to 14 participants. There will also be a limited number of places available for observers. Course Directors: Roger M Thomas, Barrister and Archaeologist; George Lambrick, Independent Archaeology and Heritage Consultant. Planning Inspector: Richard Tamplin. Advocates: David Woolley QC and Allan Ledden, Solicitor. Details online.


The Society of Antiquaries of London is seeking a Governance and Administrative Officer. Closing date for applications 23.59hrs, Wednesday 22 May 2019.
The Society wishes to appoint a Governance and Administrative Officer. The successful candidate will support the governance of the Society, administer the Society’s grants programmes and the election process of new Fellows at the Society’s headquarters at Burlington House, Piccadilly. This is an important post and is essential to the smooth running of the Society.
The Society of Antiquaries is a registered charity and the senior national learned society in Britain concerned with the conservation, research and dissemination of knowledge of the material past. The Society consists of just over 3,000 Fellows, drawn from scholars and practitioners working across the cultural heritage sector.
For an application pack contact Jola Zdunek, Society of Antiquaries of London, Burlington House, Piccadilly, London, W1J 0BE. Email: or see online.
Interviews: Wednesday 29 May 2019.
Hours: 3.5 days (24.5 hours) per week
Salary: £25,591 (£17,913 pro rata) inclusive
Holidays: 19.5 days + 3.5 privilege days
Pension: 19.5% Employer contribution
Contract: Permanent


Historic Houses seeks a Policy Officer for a full-time salaried post. Closing date 6 May.
Historic Houses represents the UK’s largest collection of independent historic houses, castles and gardens, many with open doors waiting to be explored. The properties are dynamic examples of our past, present and future, making an important contribution to the nation – welcoming 26 million visits each year (among them hundreds of thousands of education visitors), generating £1 billion in visitor spend and supporting 33,000 FTE jobs.
We are looking for a bright, proactive Policy Officer with a passion for the special places we represent, a keen interest in advocacy and sharp attention to detail. Our dedicated policy team works closely with government, stakeholders and politicians to shape and influence policy for the benefit of heritage and tourism. This is an exciting time to join us; we’ve recently launched a new brand, and are implementing a dynamic public affairs strategy to raise our profile in Westminster, Holyrood, Cardiff and Belfast.
Details online.

London Archaeologist is seeking a volunteer to join the Publication Committee in the essential role of Secretary. Elections will take place at the AGM on 16 May.
London Archaeologist, published quarterly, is the only magazine devoted to the archaeology of the capital, and has been an indispensable resource since 1968. It gets involved in education and community archaeology events, and provides a forum for discussion and advocacy. The Secretary’s duties include organising the quarterly Committee meetings and taking the minutes; arranging the AGM and Annual Lecture with the relevant advance notices; maintaining the journal’s archive; ensuring that London Archaeologist conforms to charity law and meets Charity Commission requirements.
Please contact Jenny Hall FSA at with expressions of interest or for further details.

Propose a Lecture or Seminar

Please download and complete the Lecture Proposal Form, and email it to Danielle Wilson Higgins (, the Society's Communications Manager, if you are interested in giving a lecture at one of the Society's Ordinary Meetings (Thursday evenings at 17.00) or as part of our Public Lecture series (occasional Tuesday afternoons at 13.00). We welcome papers based on new research or themes related to the Society's field of interest: the study of the material past. You can view our current lecture programme in the Events section of our website.

Fellows are also encouraged to propose topics or themes for conferences or seminars that bring scholars and professionals from a variety of disciplines together to explain, discuss and debate our material culture. Please download and complete the Conference Proposal Form, and email it to Danielle Wilson Higgins (, if you are interested in helping us organise such an event.


Follow the Society of Antiquaries on Twitter for news and event updates: @SocAntiquaries

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