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Salon: Issue 304
9 September 2013

Next issue: 30 September 2013

The Society of Antiquaries of London Online Newsletter (Salon) is a fortnightly digest of news from the heritage sector. It focuses on the activities of the Society and the contribution that the Society's Fellows make to public life. Like the intellectual salons of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Europe, it aims to amuse and to stimulate debate as well as to inform. A copy of Salon’s editorial policy can be found on the Society’s website. News and feedback for publication in Salon should be addressed to the Editor, Christopher Catling.
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Inside this issue

Heritage Past, Present and Future

On 16 September 2013, leading figures of the cultural heritage sector and government will debate the motion: ‘This house believes that future care for our heritage requires the Government as our champion’. Our President Maurice Howard will chair the debate, in which the speakers will be our Fellows Simon Thurley (English Heritage Chief Executive) and Sir Simon Jenkins (journalist and Chair of The National Trust) plus Stephen Bayley (author and cultural critic), Robert Hewison (cultural historian) and John Howell (archaeology graduate and Conservative MP for Henley-upon-Thames).

Attendance at the live event — to be held at the RIBA, 66 Portland Place, London W1B 1AD, from 7pm — is free, but space is limited and only a few tickets remain (to book please visit the EventBrite website).

The debate will also be streamed live online for anyone interested in watching it and unable to attend the event itself. Questions and points will be taken from Twitter during the debate, and there is bound to be plenty of lively comment on the day; you can also submit a question in advance.

The debate forms part of a two-day conference to commemorate the centenary of the Ancient Monuments Amendment and Consolidation Act of 1913, an important landmark in state-sponsored heritage protection. The next issue of Salon will report on the main conclusions of the conference, which is sponsored by our Society along with the Arts and Humanities Research Council, English Heritage and the National Trust.

Forthcoming meetings

Tea is served from 4.15pm, and meetings start at 5pm (except for the York meeting on 10 October)

3 October 2013: ‘Thomas Spratt, FSA: travels in Crete’, by Dudley Moore, FSA
Thomas Spratt (1811—88) was a Royal Naval hydrographical officer who travelled to Crete to survey the Mediterranean waters around the island but who also studied the Cretan archaeology in an attempt to identify the legendary ‘labyrinth’ of Theseus and the Minotaur. This lecture looks at some of Spratt’s discoveries on the island well before Sir Arthur Evans’s groundbreaking discoveries of the Minoan civilisation.

10 October 2013: ‘The crop-mark landscapes of the Magnesian Limestone in south and west Yorkshire’, by Ian Roberts, FSA

This meeting will be held in King’s Manor, York, starting with tea, coffee and biscuits at 5.15pm in the Refectory, followed by the meeting, which will start at 6pm, in the Philip Rahtz Lecture Theatre. Sherry will be served after the lecture at 7pm in the King’s Manor Refectory.

Reservations are not required, but confirmation of your attendance would be appreciated for catering purposes: please send an email to the Society’s Communications Officer, Renée LaDue by 3 October 2013. You should also let Renée know if you would like to be admitted at this meeting.

Ian Roberts's paper will show the results of a comprehensive survey of the crop-mark landscapes of the Magnesian Limestone belt and its margins in south and west Yorkshire that was carried out as an English Heritage ALSF project between 2005 and 2010 (and published in 2010 as Understanding the Cropmark Landscapes of the Magnesian Limestone). The crop-mark data were combined with geophysical survey and excavation data, gathered mainly since 1990, using GIS so that the distributions of identified types and classifications of enclosures and field systems could be considered with respect to geology, topography and supposed territorial boundaries. One of the principal aims of the project was to obtain a spatial overview of the incidence of the ‘brickwork fields’, well documented on the sandstones of south Yorkshire, as compared to the more irregular field systems found on the limestone in west Yorkshire. The data also facilitated a comprehensive review of the rural archaeology of the later prehistoric and Roman periods.

17 October 2013: ‘5,000 years of Machair settlement: Iain Crawford and the legendary Udal, North Uist, Scotland’, by Beverley Ballin Smith, FSA
Beginning fifty years ago, Iain Crawford worked for more than forty years on the Udal peninsula in North Uist in the Western Isles, employing new and innovatory techniques and accumulating a remarkable collection of finds and site records covering a sequence of occupation from the Neolithic to the present day. His excavations have acquired mythical status because Crawford only publicised the most spectacular elements, he discouraged the visits of other academics, gave little information away, deterred researchers’ enquiries and then found the task of writing up too daunting. Since 2010, with the blessing of the Crawford family and the help of Historic Scotland and the Western Isles Council, a small team has assessed both the documentary archive and the collections. Next year we aim to embark on writing up the results and publishing the individual sites. Iain Crawford remains an enigma, and the story of the Udal is as much about him as what was discovered on site.

24 October 2013: ‘The copy of the 1215 Magna Carta in the Society of Antiquaries’ Black Book of Peterborough and new light on the negotiations at Runnymede’, by David Carpenter
The copy of the 1215 Magna Carta found in a late thirteenth-century cartulary of Peterborough Abbey, known as the Black Book of Peterborough, now in the possession of the Society of Antiquaries, has always been accepted as a straightforward copy of the authorised version of the 1215 Charter. This paper will demonstrate that it is not a copy and that it has variant readings in several places, some of which it shares with a copy of the Charter in the Huntington Library in California. The paper will also show that the Peterborough Black Book and the Huntington Library copies are part of a family of copies of the Charter with distinct differences from the authorised version, and it will explore the possibility that these copies preserve elements of drafts made at Runnymede, and thus throw new light on the course of the negotiations that took place there.

31 October 2013: Death in Paradise: archaeology and the transatlantic slave trade’, by Andrew Pierson, FSA
The tiny, remote island of St Helena was described as nothing less than an ‘earthly paradise’ when it was discovered in 1502. In the centuries that followed it became a vital way-station between Europe and the East Indies, where sailors recuperated and their ships were replenished. Between 1840 and 1872, however, the island took on a new role as a reception ‘depot’ for Africans rescued by Royal Navy patrols from illegal slave ships. But, whilst St Helena had long been the saving of European mariners, the same did not hold true for the freed slaves, who died in their thousands in a bleak camp in Rupert’s Valley. A recent archaeological project has investigated the ‘liberated African’ graveyards that grew up near the depot, now lost amidst a landscape of semi-desert scrub. This project’s findings provide a unique insight into the cruelties of the Middle Passage and into the lives and deaths of its victims.

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Re-Dating Early England: archaeological chronologies for the fifth to eighth centuries

At this one-day seminar to be held on 8 November 2013 (sponsored by our Society and English Heritage), Fellows Christopher Scull, Catherine Hills, John Hines and Sam Lucy will present the results of two key studies that have major implications for the dating of the period from the fifth to the eighth centuries AD, when England was transformed from a Roman province to a series of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms.

The first of these studies is an analysis of the cremation cemetery at Spong Hill, Norfolk (C Hills and S Lucy 2013: The Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Spong Hill, North Elmham, Vol 9: chronology and synthesis, McDonald Institute, Cambridge), which provides a new site-specific chronology for cremation pottery and associated grave goods of the fifth century that is widely applicable across eastern England.

The second is a wider study of a national sample of burials (A Bayliss, J Hines, K Høilund Nielsen, G McCormac and C Scull 2013: Anglo-Saxon Graves and Grave Goods of the Sixth and Seventh Centuries AD: a chronological framework, Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph 33, Leeds), which establishes for the first time a statistically robust sequence and secure calendrical date-ranges for inhumation grave goods of the sixth and seventh centuries across England.

Both projects apply seriation by correspondence analysis to large bodies of data, and the wider dating project is methodologically innovative in the integration of this approach with high-precision radiocarbon dating and Bayesian modelling. Both have major implications for archaeological interpretation and future research agendas, and for research and fieldwork practice and curatorial decision-making. They also raise some unresolved questions about the integration of scientific and material culture chronologies, in particular a disagreement between scientific dating models and current numismatic chronologies for the later seventh century. These issues will be presented, set in their European context and opened to discussion.

Early booking is strongly advised, as space is limited. Registration costs £15 per person and includes lunch and refreshments. To book, please email Executive Assistant Jola Zdunek or tel: 0207 479 7080.

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Antiquity in a World of Change: celebrating the 500th anniversary of the birth of Sir Thomas Smith (1513—77)

The speakers at this study day, to be held on 6 December 2013 (sponsored by our Society and the Institute of Classical Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London, and organised by Fellow Richard Simpson) will investigate the exceptional range of Sir Thomas Smith’s scholarly studies and his practical activities, helping us to understand how the analysis of antiquity in the sixteenth century provoked not only a desire for the recovery of the past, but also a critical and creative questioning of the present.

An early proponent of the recovery of Greek language at Cambridge, Smith’s readings in Greek philosophy and medicine informed a view of the natural world that stimulated practical undertakings in medical chemistry and alchemy. His early reading in Roman law suggests the beginnings of an engagement with Roman building, realised in his house at Hill Hall, witness to a rich complexity of cultural ambition and technical innovation (P Drury with R Simpson 2009: Hill Hall: a singular house devised by a Tudor intellectual, Society of Antiquaries, London).

One of the earliest English collectors of antique coins, Smith’s work on Roman, Greek and early English money directly informed his critical analysis of the economic and social distress that he witnessed in mid-sixteenth-century England. Wider questions of good governance — informed by his ambassadorial work in France and the Low Countries, as well as his study of ancient history — stimulated his examination of English monarchy, parliament and magistracy, resulting in his great work on the English constitution, De republica Anglorum (1583).

The study day speakers will explore just how far his influence spread, looking at the ‘singularity’ of his architectural achievement, and its contribution to the reception in England of the French-Renaissance style in the later sixteenth century, and the way that his intellectual and practical investigations can be tracked in the rich diversity that informed late-Elizabethan thinking on subjects as diverse as poetry and colonisation.

Early booking is strongly advised, as space is limited. Registration costs £15 per person and includes lunch and refreshments. To book, please email Executive Assistant Jola Zdunek or tel: 0207 479 7080.

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The first evidence in Europe for ‘art’ on timber

The former Stonehenge visitor centre, along with its car park, is being erased from the landscape around Stonehenge as work continues to remove what was famously described in 1993 by the Public Accounts Committee as ‘a national disgrace’. Visitors will still be encouraged to visit the old car parksite, however, because it contains the evidence that this landscape was sacred before the more famous bluestones and sarsens started to arrive. During the excavations that preceded the building of the car park, three large post pits were discovered that once held massive wooden posts. Charcoal from the pits was identified as coming from pine trees and dated to about 8000 BC.

What did these enigmatic posts look like? A substantial oak post that was excavated in 2012 at the site of a new wind farm at Maerdy, in Glamorgan, offers some clues. Covering the surface of this 1.8m log, preserved in a waterlogged peat bog, are circles, lines, arcs and herringbone patterns made up of parallel and concentric lines. Easily dismissed as the sort of marks that wood-boring invertebrates might make, the grooves are, according to entomologists, too wide and the edges too straight to have been made by beetle larvae. Moreover, say the excavators, HRS Wales, none of the other tree remains recovered from the site have similar patterning.

The post has been dated to 4320—4050 BC, so was cut down just on the cusp of the late Mesolithic and the early Neolithic. Two concentric circles at what might be the top of the post suggest eyes; the post could thus represent an animal, snake, human or spirit. The excavators say it might have served as a marker post of some kind, possibly designating a tribal boundary, a hunting ground or a sacred site. It strongly suggests that those Stonehenge posts were not just tree trunks, and that they might well have been elaborately carved with patterns like these, which bear a marked similarity to rock art found in Neolithic passage graves in Brittany and on Anglesey.

6,000-year-old halls of the dead

The excavation site. Photograph: University of Manchester

Ancient wood in another form has emerged from the excavation of two burial mounds on Dorstone Hill, near Peterchurch in Herefordshire, co-directed by our Fellows Keith Ray, County Archaeologist, and Julian Thomas, Professor of Archaeology at Manchester University. Each mound was found to have been raised over the burnt remains of a timber hall. Enough evidence survived to enable the basic form of each hall to be reconstructed: post holes showed the position of the main structural timbers, indicating that the halls had a central nave and side aisles, with internal partitions of wattle-and-daub walls and roofs of thatch.

Once again, the dating of the timbers (4000 to 3600 BC) takes us back to that intriguing period at the interface between the Mesolithic and the Neolithic. Julian Thomas described the find as hugely significant and said that it ‘makes a link between the house and a tomb more forcefully than any other investigation that has been ever carried out. These early Neolithic halls are already extremely rare, but to find them within a long barrow is the discovery of a lifetime’. He added that: ‘the mounds tell us quite a bit about the people who built them: they sought to memorialise the idea of their community represented by the dwelling. And by turning it into part of the landscape, it becomes a permanent reminder for generations to come’.

Pitt-Rivers in Canada

It is a truism that discoveries can be made in the archive as well as in the field, and so it has proved in the case of our Fellow Chris Evans, whose recent research into the impact of General Pitt-Rivers’ military career upon his archaeology led him via the internet to some unexpected finds in Harvard Art Museums’ Department of Photographs.

There he found photographs of ‘Captain Lane Fox’ in two albums created by Lady Mary Georgina Caroline Filmer (1838—1903). While that name might not resonate in archaeological circles, Lady Filmer is celebrated in photographic history for her photo-collage albums, frequently enhanced with watercolour decoration, in which some art historians have seen the origins of the collage technique of later Surrealist artists.

These particular arrangements are more decorous than surreal, though one might ask, as Chris Evans does in his paper on the find, what links the thirteen different women, men and officers whose portraits are pasted on to the same page as that of Pitt-Rivers, including Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (1841—1910). In answer, Chris tells an intriguing story with hints of espionage and flirtation set against the background of the American Civil War and the British Government’s strengthening of its military presence in Canada in response to the Trent Affair of 1861.

The shape of heritage to come: using smartphones to bring the past to life

Anyone who has visited Dover Castle recently will have encountered the ghostly apparition of the priest who ‘haunts’ the sacristy of the lower chapel and who emerges, as you climb the steps to the great keep, to tell you something of his life. In York, similar hologrammatic technology is being used to conjure figures out of the stone of the city’s walls. Armed with a smart phone and the City of York Hologram Tour app, you can conjure up figures as diverse as a Viking resident of Jorvik, a Roman soldier, Richard III’s valet, Guy Fawkes, saint and martyr Margaret Clitherow, railway pioneer George Hudson and bouncing-bomb inventor Sir Barnes Wallis, all of whom will give you a 90-second account of their part in the city’s history.

York is one step ahead of the world at the moment, but others are working hard at developing new history and heritage apps for travellers. In Israel, for example, a group of archaeologists are developing an application that allows you to see what a monument might have looked like in its heyday: instead of a ruined castle, the smartphone superimposes a realistic image of the reconstructed castle over the ruins.

Once upon a time, you had to part with many hundreds of pounds for the privilege of going on a cultural tour and being guided around archaeological sites by an expert. Soon you will be able to tuck the expert into your pockets, so to speak, and call him or her up from our phones, like a latter day genie, or conjure up William Morris, perhaps, for a personal guided tour of Kelmscott Manor.

Tweeting to save the heritage

Smartphones are also being used in the battle against heritage crime in Egypt, according to the Art Newspaper, where phone users are being asked to keep an eye on sites and tweet if they see signs of looting. The newspaper reports that the looting that began with the revolution of 25 January 2011 has continued unabated ever since, with armed gangs systematically plundering sites and exporting their finds to foreign buyers. Osama El-Nahas, the director-general of the repatriation of antiquities department, resigned in June this year, complaining of a lack of money and police support to combat the problems.

Evidence is growing, however, that ordinary Egyptians are banding together to secure archaeological sites, museums and monuments, using social media as part of the struggle. At Dahshur, a Unesco World Heritage Site just south of the Giza pyramids, archaeologists and members of the local community launched an on-site protest and a three-month-long online and social media campaign against the looting and destruction, bringing the plight of Dahshur to the world’s attention. As a result, the army is now protecting the site.

Monica Hanna, meanwhile, has established Egypt’s Heritage Task Force, which aims to record and monitor sites in danger: the group encourages people across Egypt to report heritage crime and bring pressure on the Ministry of State for Antiquities. She says: ‘the people now know it is up to them’.

Farmers bulldoze ancient tombs in Libya

No such popular movement appears to have arisen in Libya where the Art Newspaper reports that farmers have laid claim to part of the vast necropolis at Cyrene, the Unesco World Heritage Site in north-eastern Libya, and are bulldozing the site in the hope of selling the land to real estate developers. Ahmed Hussein, an archaeology professor at Bayda University, says that '200 vaults and tombs were destroyed, as well as a section of a viaduct that dates back to approximately AD 200'. He added that: 'This land traditionally belongs to families who live in nearby farms. They have no official documents that prove that they own the land, yet their claims are not contested. Under Gaddafi, these families did not dare try to act on these claims. But now, they have transformed the archaeological site into a construction zone. Locals are willing to halt the destruction if the government were to offer them other plots in exchange or to pay them for the land.'

Damage to Offa’s Dyke at Plas Offa, Wrexham

Closer to home, Cadw, the Welsh heritage agency, has launched an investigation into the alleged bulldozing of a section of Offa’s Dyke near Wrexham. The damage to a well-preserved stretch of the eighth-century monument is said to have taken place over the weekend of 10 and 11 August 2013 at a site close to the A5 between Llangollen and Chirk. Press reports say that a 50m section of the dyke was flattened and the ditch alongside was filled in by new owners who said they had acquired the site in July and that they planned to build stables. The local authority, Wrexham County Borough Council, has used an interim Tree Preservation Order to prevent any further work at the site. For more on this, including a video report in which our Fellow Nancy Edwards, of Bangor University, explains the Dyke’s significance, see the BBC website.

Folio folly

The University of London’s plan to sell its copies of the first four Shakespeare Folios has been withdrawn following a succesful campaign to persuade the university authorities to change their minds. These early printed editions of Shakespeare’s plays are among some 4,200 rare volumes and first editions donated to the university by Sir Louis Sterling (1879—1958) in 1956. Known today as the Sterling Library, the original gift has been supplemented by purchases and further gifts of printed books (now 7,000 volumes) and literary manuscripts (c 100), including first editions of Milton’s Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained, Burton’s Anatomy of Melancholy and two fourteenth-century texts of Piers Plowman.

The sale of the First, Second, Third and Fourth Shakespeare Folios was expected to raise between £3 million and £5 million, which the university said would be reinvested in new acquisitions. ‘Sir Louis was a great advocate for refreshing the collection and we believe he would have supported the idea of reinvesting in fresh items’, a Senate House spokesman said. Even so, Sir Louis’s bequest stated that the four folios, which were bound together in the nineteenth century, should remain at Senate House in perpetuity; had the sale gone ahead, the university would have had to obtain permission from the Charity Commission to vary the terms of the gift.

We will never know whether the Charity Commission would have said yes, but leading Shakespeare scholars, and those concerned with the dispersal of historic collections, took a very dim view of the proposal. The Bibliographical Society set up an online petition to urge ‘the Director and Trustees of the Senate House Libraries to reconsider and reverse [their] misguided initiative’. Our Fellow Henry Woudhuysen, Rector of Lincoln College, Oxford, and a Renaissance literature specialist, took a leading role in the campaign to bring the university’s plan to public attention and prevent the sale. Writing an open letter to Christopher Pressler, Director of Senate House Libraries, he questioned the university’s moral right to sell the folios. Sir Richard Eyre, former Director of the National Theatre, said that ‘if academic institutions don’t value [the folios] the game is up’. The Times, in an editorial published on 4 September 2013, denounced the proposed sale as ‘repaying one of [the university's] donors with boorish and philistine ingratitude’.

For once, the campaign was successful: the Vice-Chancellor, Professor Sir Adrian Smith, announced on 5 September 2013 that the proposed sale would not go ahead ‘in light of the negative response from the academic community’. Instead, he said, ‘the university has decided to focus its attention on examining alternative ways of investing in the collection’.

Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum to acquire Whistler archive with NHMF support

Above: The Vale of Aylesbury, one of Rex Whistler's advertising posters for Shell Petroleum

The National Heritage Memorial Fund (NHMF) has awarded a grant of £350,000 to Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum to support the museum’s bid to buy the personal archive of the celebrated twentieth-century British artist and designer, Rex Whistler. The archive was assembled by Rex Whistler’s brother Laurence, after Whistler’s career was tragically cut short when he was killed on his first day of action in Normandy in 1944. It contains more than 1,000 items and is the only substantial collection of material relating to Rex Whistler in existence.

Highlights of the archive include sketches for Whistler’s celebrated Tate Restaurant mural, In Pursuit of Rare Meats, completed in 1927, portraits, advertisements, stage set designs, book jackets and illustrations for Shell Petroleum, the Post Office and for Hans Andersen’s Fairy Tales and Legends, diaries, letters and personal sketchbooks from throughout his life, including one he left on a train en route to Munich in 1929, which found its way back to his brother in 1958.

The choice of Salisbury Museum as a home for the archive is especially appropriate given that Rex Whistler lived a few doors from the museum in Walton Canonry, sometimes known as Whistler House, for much of his adult life. His work is strongly associated with houses and landscapes in the Salisbury vicinity, including Wilton House, whose Palladian Bridge he found especially inspiring, Ashcombe, where, together with Oliver Messel and Lord Berners, he created a series of murals for Cecil Beaton’s bedroom, and Salisbury Plain, where he was stationed at the village of Codford and trained as a tank driver with the Welsh Guards.

Adrian Green, Director of the Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum, said: ‘We are absolutely delighted that the NHMF has helped to support the museum with the acquisition of the archive. We are now only £10,000 short of achieving our fundraising total. Acquiring the archive will ensure that future generations appreciate the talent of an artist whose work epitomises the interwar era.’

Items from the Whistler archive are currently on display at the museum as part of the exhibition called Rex Whistler: A Talent Cut Short, which runs until 29 September 2013. Anyone wishing to make a contribution towards the fundraising should contact museum director Adrian Green (tel: 01722 820542).

HLF backs restoration of J M W Turner’s country villa

Further good news from the Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF) comes in the form of a First Round pass and development grant for the Turner’s House Trust, which needs to raise £2m if it is to restore Sandycombe Lodge, the Twickenham home of J M W Turner. Completed in 1813, the Grade II* listed villa was designed by Turner as a country residence for himself and his elderly father. Largely unchanged, it is now seriously threatened by damp and neglect and is on the English Heritage Buildings At Risk Register. Sue Bowers, Head of the Heritage Lottery Fund for London, described Turner’s Twickenham house as ‘a little known historical gem, being the only surviving residence in the country designed and built by a major artist for his own use’.

News of Fellows

Salon 303 gave an incomplete list of Fellows of our Society who have been elected to Fellowship of the British Academy this year: in addition to Ron Hutton, Christopher Page and (as Corresponding Fellow) Susan Alcock, our Fellow Vincent Gillespie was also elected. Vincent has been the J R R Tolkien Professor of English Literature and Language at the University of Oxford since October 2004, is an Honorary Fellow of St Anne’s College, Oxford, and combines an interest in modern British drama (especially Harold Pinter) with research into medieval literary theory and the psychology of literary response; poetic identity in the Middle Ages; medieval religious writing (‘vernacular theology’); Syon Abbey; and the history of the book. Intriguingly, he is also an advocate of what Nietzsche (in the preface to Daybreak (1887)) called ‘slow reading’ — perhaps the predecessor of ‘slow food’ and all those other ‘slow’ movements that have sprung up in recent years, based on the paradox that you get more out of life by slowing down and savouring the moment.

Fellows Roy and Lesley Adkins have been enjoying very positive reviews of their latest book, Eavesdropping on Jane Austen’s England: how our ancestors lived two centuries ago, not least thanks to the Bank of England’s announcement that Jane Austen will feature on £10 notes from 2016 — something that no author can ever predict but that is very useful in keeping alive interest in Jane Austen and no doubt helping to drive the book to the number one slot in the Huffington Post’s list of ten essential Jane Austen books. Several Fellows say they have greatly enjoyed going to hear Roy and Lesley speak at literary festivals and chatting to them afterwards. If you want to catch them over the autumn, they are appearing at the Theatre Royal, Bath, 12 noon, on 20 September; at the Henley Literary Festival, Town Hall, 1pm, on 5 October; at the Appledore Book Festival, St Mary’s Hall, 2pm, on 6 October; at the Ilkley Literature Festival, St Margaret’s Hall, 7.30pm, on 10 October; at ‘Off the Shelf’ at Sheffield’s Central United Reformed Church, 7.30pm, on 23 October; and at the Bridport Literary Festival, Bull Hotel, 1 pm, on 13 November. Further details are on their website.

Fellow Humphrey Welfare has been appointed a member of the Transition Advisory Board that will monitor the merger between Historic Scotland and the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Humphrey brings to the task the experience of having been involved in the merger of English Heritage and the English Royal Commission in 1999. Our Fellow Diana Murray, Chief Executive of the Scottish Royal Commission, is also a member; for further details, see the RCAHMS website.

Salon’s editor learned about this too late in the day to include advance details, but the weekend just passed was marked at the Wallace Collection by a two-day symposium in honour of our Fellow Jennifer Montagu. The Eternal Baroque: the Jennifer Montagu Symposium, was, in the words of the Wallace Collection, mounted to honour ‘a world-renowned art historian whose name has become synonymous with the study of Italian Baroque sculpture. In addition to her groundbreaking archival research into Alessandro Algardi and the French painter Charles Lebrun, she has elevated the connoisseurship of Roman bronzes to an academic discipline, and fundamentally changed the way art historians think about Baroque sculpture in general. Her approach to the organisation of ateliers and to the complex relationships between patron, designer, and craftsman has established a new standard for methodology not only in Baroque sculpture but also for the study of all early-modern European sculpture. In honour of her immeasurable contribution, the foremost scholars in the field of Italian Baroque sculpture will present papers in her honour.’

Fellow Curtis Runnels writes to say that he has just handed over the reins as Editor in Chief of the Journal of Field Archaeology to his colleague Christina Luke of Boston University’s Department of Archaeology. Curtis is returning full time to research and teaching after twelve years at the helm of the journal, which was established at Boston University by our Fellow James R Wiseman in 1974. Since then many Fellows have been associated with the journal, including Rick Elia, who was Editor in Chief from 1995 to 2002, and Norman Hammond, who launched the Book Reviews section in 1989 and is the current Consulting Editor, not to mention the many Fellows who have served as authors, reviewers and members of the editorial advisory board.

Dr Luke, the new Editor in Chief, has been part of the JFA editorial team since 2005, serving as co-editor, with Morag Kersel, of the section on Archaeological Heritage and Ethics. In addition to her extensive background in that field, Dr Luke has been actively involved for many years in field archaeology in the Aegean, Latin America and, most recently, in Turkey.

Rescuing the farm where Wellington won the battle of Waterloo

As the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Waterloo approaches, the Daily Telegraph recently published an article concerning the work of our Fellow Martin Drury as joint Chairman (with his Belgian counterpart, Count Georges Jacobs) of Project Hougoumont. This project leapt to prominence earlier this year when the Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, announced that the UK Government would donate £1 million towards the £3.2m needed to restore this key Battle of Waterloo site by 2015. A further £1 million has been promised by the Walloon regional government, and £600,000 has been secured in private donations so far, leaving £600,000 still to be raised.

Joe Shute, the journalist who wrote the Telegraph report, describes Hougoumont Farm as ‘largely unchanged from when, on 18 June 1815, it was the centre of action throughout the Battle of Waterloo. Of the tens of thousands who died that day, 6,500 men were killed, or suffered terrible injuries, at Hougoumont. The Duke of Wellington, joint commander of the Allied army who took on the French alongside Field Marshal Blücher’s Prussians, regarded the farm on the right wing of his position as the anchor that secured his line. The French launched ceaseless attacks, pounding its walls with artillery and eventually burning down a château that occupied the centre of the farmstead. At one point, Napoleon’s troops surged inside after a burly French lieutenant called Legros smashed through the main gate with an axe. But still the 4,000 defenders held strong. “No troops but the British could have held Hougoumont,” declared a triumphant Wellington following the battle, “and only the best of them at that.”’

Despite being one of Britain’s most important battle sites, and one that, according to the Iron Duke, ‘turned the outcome of Waterloo’, Hougoumont has become derelict. Restoration plans include turning the dilapidated Great Barn into an educational centre. The empty chapel will be a place of remembrance and the gardener’s house an apartment available for rent to those wanting to study the site.

Where a flimsy metal barrier is currently placed across the entrance to keep out thieves and vandals, a replica of the North Gate, which played such an important role in keeping the French out, is being funded by the family of Lieutenant Colonel Henry Wyndham of the Coldstream Guards, one of the soldiers who helped force the gates shut during bloody hand-to-hand fighting. Appropriately, the replica is being made in the estate yard at Petworth House in Sussex, home of our Fellow Lord Egremont, now head of the Wyndham family.

The restoration work is informed by three sepia-wash drawings made a few days after the battle by the Prince Regent’s military painter, Captain Denis Dighton, and by sketches made by Turner on a visit in 1817. Despite, or perhaps because of, the years of neglect, it is remarkable how little the farm’s appearance has changed. Drury says preserving this haunting atmosphere is key to the project, about which there is much more, including videos and photo galleries, on the Project Hougoumont website.

What Jayne did next

You might not expect a report in Salon on the launch of a new women’s magazine, but the reason for making an exception for the first issue of Her Edit is that this magazine is the brainchild of two former members of the Society’s staff: Jayne Phenton, our communications officer during the Tercentenary year, and one-time Antiquaries Journal editor, Ann Clark, along with Sue Christoforou and Allison Lindsey.

Jayne says that Her Edit was born of frustration at the lack of material on the newsagent’s shelf that reflected the interests of ‘independently minded women with experience of life and curiosity about the world’. Each issue will have a theme: the first is concerned with ‘Myths, Legends and Fairy Tales’ and has features from psychologist Professor Uta Frith on the formative influence on children of the characters in fairy tales, from Fellow and Guardian journalist Maev Kennedy on the warrior women she admires, from award-winning performance artist Bryony Kimmings on playing fairy godmother on the streets of Aberdeen and from two peace campaigners on the myths that have grown up around the Greenham Common protests.

Her Edit is decidedly not, says Jayne, ‘a consumer, fashion or beauty magazine. Her Edit’s “cover girls” are scientists, politicians, writers, artists, activists, historians and campaigners ... we want to celebrate what women have achieved, explore meaningfully how we live now and inspire generations for the future.’

Her Edit will be published every two months and is available by free subscription — simply send an email asking to be placed on the mailing list and it will be delivered to your email box. Back issues will be available in the future on the magazine’s website and you can keep up to date with news about the magazine and its editors on Twitter.


Salon 303 incorrectly described Fellow Richard Knowles as the author of the newly published book, John Carr of York, Architect: a pictorial survey. As the book's cover made clear, the author is, in fact, our Fellow and John Carr authority, Dr Ivan Hall. Richard and his wife Carol are the book’s publisher, under their Rickaro Books imprint .

If anyone tried to follow up the link to the publisher of Antiquities of Cambridgeshire in the last issue of Salon, they will have failed to get through because the email address was incorrect. Here is the correct address for further information.

Fellow Daniel Woolf asks whether Frank Panton, whose obituary was included in the last issue of Salon, ‘was actually “Frances” (sic) not Francis?’ And in the previous issue of Salon, several Fellows spotted that the University of Sydney had apparently been renamed Sidney University — in whose honour one wonders?

Apropos the report in Salon on the National Trust’s plans to build a new conservation centre at Knole, Fellow David Leigh asks ‘how do you talk to conservationists as they work’? David offers his own ‘rough-and-ready’ distinction between conservators 'who conserve the heritage' and conservationists 'who worry about it and, in various other ways, campaign and stand up for the conservation of the heritage’. David adds that: ‘conservators talking with visitors, as planned for Knole, is an excellent thing!’

On a similar theme, Fellow Peter Fowler responded to Salon’s report on Clive Gamble’s word-play, as follows: ‘you write that the word "archaeologist" has never enjoyed the same popularity as "antiquary" and say that our own Society can take some of the credit for that. Do you really mean credit? “Responsibility” might be a more neutral adjective but, if you must use a value-laden term, could I suggest that “blame” might be more appropriate?’

Peter goes on to say that it is a matter of regret that ‘the word “archaeologist” has not so far quite established itself as a professional equivalent of “architect” or “engineer” (the sort of professional equivalents we had in mind in creating IfA some forty years ago), though the widespread exception to that generalisation is, in my experience, among fellow-professionals involved in many land-based activities like forestry, land-management, environmental mitigation, etc., fields in which the antediluvian concept of “antiquary” does not, I am glad to say, occur.’

Salon 302’s obituary for our late Fellow Henry Paget, seventh Marquess of Anglesey, drew attention to the fact that he was one of a diminishing number of people left alive, apart from the Queen herself and the Duke of Edinburgh, who had been at the 1953 Coronation. Fellow James Wilkinson reminds us that he is also one of that very small number: ‘I was in the Abbey choir at the time’, he says, adding that ‘I recently wrote a short book about the Coronation, for which HRH The Duke of Edinburgh kindly wrote the foreword, a copy of which is in the Society’s Library’ (The Queen’s Coronation: the inside story, by James Wilkinson, Scala, 2011).

Finally, Fellow John Cattell, Head of the Investigation and Analysis Division in the Heritage Protection Department at English Heritage, says that there were ‘a few inaccuracies in the piece in Salon 303 concerning the Blue Plaques scheme’, and he has asked for the following corrections to be included in this issue.

‘As you infer’, John writes, ‘the Scheme did not need “saving”; English Heritage continues to support it, and the generous donation from David Pearl will help our efforts to put it on a more sustainable footing in the future. The scheme has been temporarily closed to new public nominations since January of this year to enable us to work down a backlog of agreed cases. In the meantime we continue to erect plaques at much the same rate as previously. We have said that we will erect a minimum of six plaques this year, though in practice we hope to install a few more than that, assuming we are able to gain the necessary consents. We plan to reopen the Scheme to new nominations during 2014.

‘As far as I am aware, no donations have been received from Evening Standard readers. The donation from David Pearl is separate from the Evening Standard's involvement. As Mr Pearl has said himself, he loves the Scheme and wants to help support it.

‘It is not right to say that a new panel will be recruited in the future. The current panel remains in existence and new appointments will be made to bring it back up to full strength. Lastly, each ceramic plaque costs around £4,000 for design, manufacture and installation, not for the other costs cited in Salon 303.’


23 November 2013: Wakefield Court Rolls Symposium: 10.30am to 4pm at Northowram Methodist Church, The Green, Northowram, Halifax HX3 7JE, to mark the publication by the Yorkshire Archaeological Society of Volume 16 in the Wakefield Court Rolls Series, covering the roll for 1812—13. Among the speakers will be our Fellows Dr John A Hargreaves, the volume’s editor, and Professor Paul Harvey. Further details from Fellow Kate Taylor.

Books by Fellows: Encyclopedia of Medieval Dress and Textiles

This is not a book to pick up if you have only a few minutes to spare: before you know it an hour will have passed and you will not want to be dragged away to some more mundane task: for this book not only does what it says on the tin, providing a comprehensive account of clothing and textiles in the British Isles from AD 450 to 1450, the alphabetical entries also pack in a huge amount of social history, literary reference and humorous observation on fashion and medieval attitudes. You feel that if there is a reference anywhere in medieval literature, hagiography, history or sermonising that contains a reference to clothing, it will be in this book somewhere, fully referenced: a major feat of the combined scholarship of Fellows Gale Owen-Crocker and Maria Hayward and Elizabeth Coatsworth (blessed with such a surname, how could you not become a textile specialist), along with yet another Fellow — the late Janet Arnold — whose spirit one feels inhabits this enterprise and whose work features again and again in the notes and bibliographies that conclude each entry.

You might think that an alphabetical approach would militate against easy reading, but cross-references from one entry to another lead you hungrily from subject to subject devouring the succinctly presented information. Start with the first entry — ‘Accessories’ — and before you know it you are following up cross-references to pouches and purses as diverse as the gold and garnet-decorated example from Sutton Hoo or those depicted in thirteenth-century manuscripts and on fifteenth-century brasses. The entries do not just define and describe the item under discussion: they also reveal the connotations and contemporary attitudes, quoting Chaucer, in the case of purses, to show how this object could be a metaphor for profligacy and for the opposite vice of miserliness, as well as an overtly sexual symbol. Along the way you will also learn how much the English language has benefited from clothing terms, from frippery to tinsel and tenterhook, and you will learn about everything from clothing manufacture to personal hygiene, from medieval fairs, markets, shops and shopping to underwear (‘difficult to study because rarely illustrated or listed in wardrobes and tailors’ accounts, and even the indignant chroniclers criticise it much less than they do the more noticeable outer garments’) and the place of fox and squirrel fur in medieval fashion.

Comprehensive as the book seems to be, Gale Owen-Crocker says that there may be omissions, and that ‘if any reader can think of anything we have NOT got (remembering that this is the British Isles) let me know and we will try to include it in the online updates’.

Encyclopedia of Medieval Dress and Textiles of the British Isles c 450—1450, edited by Gale Owen-Crocker, Elizabeth Coatsworth and Maria Hayward; ISBN 9789004124356; Brill, 2013

Books by Fellows: Treasures from Lord Fairhaven’s Library at Anglesey Abbey

Libraries in grand country houses have only recently become a subject of scholarly interest, in part because of the efforts of the three authors of this book, Fellows Mark Purcell and David Pearson and William Hale, who have been fortunate enough to do what so many of us long to do: pick the books off the shelf and look at their contents rather than just admiring the collective glory of their gold tooling and leather bindings. This book begins with a spirited history of the library (such subheadings as ‘The making of a squillionaire’, ‘Enter the robber baron’ and ‘From Manhattan to Mayfair’ give a flavour of the tone and style with which the story of Lord Fairhaven and his inherited fortune are told) before we move on to the core of the book, consisting of fifty ‘treasures’ from the library, all of them superbly illustrated.

Amongst the fifty are Christopher Saxton’s Atlas of the Counties of England and Wales (c 1590), Thomas Lord Busby’s Costume of the Lower Orders of London (1820), ain interesting offshoot of the contemporary fashion for ethnographic books showing ‘natives in characteristic garb’, and the autograph manuscript of Sabine Baring-Gould’s ‘Onward Christian Soldiers’ (c 1920). Definitely a fun book to have in your own library.

Treasures from Lord Fairhaven’s Library at Anglesey Abbey, by Mark Purcell, William Hale and David Pearson; ISBN 9781857598261; National Trust, 2013

Books by Fellows: Life in an Eighteenth-Century Country House

Fellow Peter Hammond and his wife Carolyn have written the history of Grove House, Chiswick, from the unusual perspective of the staff rather than the owner. The book’s primary source is a series of twenty letters written by head groom Will Bishop to his absent master, Humphrey Morice, between 1783 and 1785. Morice had gone to Italy for the sake of his health, and his death brought an end to the correspondence, but for the previous two years, we have a series of insights into the life of a gentleman’s country estate in the parish of Chiswick. Half of the book is taken up with transcriptions of the letters, now in the Local Studies Collection, in Chiswick Library, with explanatory notes. The rest consist of a series of chapters on the life of Humphrey Morice and the history of the Grove Estate.

It is perhaps a little flippant to say that fans of ‘The Archers’ will like this book, but there is something very Archers-like about the incidents recounted in the letters. The servants are forever quarrelling — for example, over dividing up the bill for the beer they consume in large quantities on a daily basis. One of them, absentee father Robert Carter (see, even the names have an Archers’ ring), is being pursued by Poor Law officers seeking to serve the eighteenth-century equivalent of a child maintenance order on him, for refusing to contribute to the costs of bringing up his two illegitimate children.  One letter reports on an attempted armed robbery. Another, on 5 October 1783, has more of an Eddie Grundy ring to it as ‘eleven men from Mortlake [attempted] to get over the iron gates at the bottom of the park to steal the walnuts’ (they were arrested and fined a collective total of one guinea; but who would have thought walnuts so valuable as to be worth stealing?). With echoes of recent metal thefts from churches and public monuments, Will Bishop also reports the theft of iron railings from the park palisade: suspicion falls upon a local fisherman who, when arrested, is found to have not only the palisade spikes, but also a large quantity of plough shares and harrow tines stowed in his boat.

And just as ‘The Archers’ is (or was) intended to educate listeners in matters agricultural, so we learn a great deal about the costs of hay and oats, and about the illnesses to which the animals on the estate are subject, as well as the cures, their success or othersise and the costs. What emerges, one has to say, is not a happy picture: whether the letters reflect the reality of farm life at the time, or whether their tone and content reflect the writer’s cast of mind, it is difficult to tell, but crime, illness, poverty, death, disaster, decay and bad weather are the dominant themes — and the book is all the more compellingly readable for that reason.

Life in an Eighteenth-Century Country House, by Peter and Carolyn Hammond; ISBN 9781445608655; Amberley, 2012

Books by Fellows: Edward III and the Triumph of England

Fellow Richard Barber says that the idea for his ‘latest and biggest book yet’ arose out of writing an entry on the Knights of the Garter for the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. ‘When I had written it, I felt that there was more to be discovered about the Garter and about the military and chivalric background of the Order, and I embarked on the project hoping that I would have something new to say. I was very fortunate in that an important Italian account of the battle of Crécy came to light several years ago, and this book will be the first publication of the material in English. Furthermore, it became evident that Edward’s close companions were in effect a tightly knit team, a reason for both his military and political success.

Unlike his father and his grandfather, and also his grandson, his problems with the great lords were minimal, and this was undoubtedly due in part to the court culture of the period, which seems to have been inclusive rather than competitive. Tournaments and festivals saw the king taking part as an equal, although certainly the most splendid among equals, as the royal expenditure on dramatically elaborate costumes shows. And a study of the “Order” of the Garter in its first half-century shows that, despite the paucity of records, it is undoubtedly not an order of chivalry, but a religious confraternity probably founded with the victory at Crécy in mind, and closely centred on this “team” and the royal family itself.’

And if you want a day-by-day account of Edward III's triumphant Crécy campaign, you can follow Richard Barber’s tweets.

Edward III and the Triumph of England, by Richard Barber; ISBN 9780713998382; Allen Lane, 2013

Books by Fellows: Ancient Church Fonts of Somerset

Edited by Fellow Adrian Webb, this volume reproduces 416 measured drawings made by Harvey Pridham in 1898 and 1899, which the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society purchased in 1908 and deposited in Taunton Museum. He was recording at a time when medieval fonts were being retooled to spurious newness or copied and the originals destroyed or discarded as a result of the modernising zeal of evangelical Victorian ‘restorers’. The drawings thus include some twenty fonts whose fate was to be used as garden ornaments, or as recycled masonry; we are fortunate that the number in Somerset was this low: Oxfordshire and Berkshire are two counties that did not do so well. As Adrian Webb tells us in his introduction, the drawings too were very nearly lost to the damp conditions under which they were stored at Taunton Castle until they were removed to more environmentally friendly storage conditions in the Somerset Heritage Centre, and digitally cleaned for this publication.

Ancient Church Fonts of Somerset, edited by Adrian Webb; ISBN 9780902152212; Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society, 2013

Books by Fellows: Ancient Lamps in New Zealand

New Zealand might seem an unlikely place to go to study ancient lamps, but there are some 313 examples in the Otago Museum alone, and a further 200 or so in the Auckland War Memorial Museum, Whanganui Regional Museum, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa and Canterbury Museum, donated since the latter part of the nineteenth century by businessmen, travellers and members of the armed forces — who have served in the Mediterranean during the First or Second World Wars. Dimitri Anson and Fellow Robert Hannah have catalogued the entire national collection for the first time, with detailed description and analysis, starting with Greek and Roman types, then lamps from Egypt, followed by Byzantine and Early Islamic types. The two-volume catalogue closes with a handful of what the authors describe as ‘rather amusing’ forgeries.

Ancient Lamps in New Zealand, by Dimitri Anson and Robert Hannah; ISBN 9780958026543; Meditarch Publications, 2013

Books by Fellows: Crisis and Survival in Late Medieval Ireland

The crisis in the title of Fellow Brendan Smith’s book was the challenging combination of plague and warfare that afflicted the English settlers in County Louth in the period from 1330 to 1450. Louth had been densely colonised by English settlers at the start of the thirteenth century, doggedly remaining loyal to the English Crown. The Black Death, recurring at frequent intervals during 1348—9, reduced their numbers and weakened their ability to resist their hostile Irish neighbours. Brendan’s book looks at how they coped, the tactics they deployed and what Englishness meant to these settlers. In doing so he draws on an unusually rich collection of documents and is able to show that marriage alliance was one way in which the settler families sought to consolidate their property, hang on to and control their lands, resist native Irish ‘migration’ and reinforce their ‘Englishness’. Through their recruitment of priests from the mainland, their use of the English language and their maintaining contact with the larger English world, they sought cultural continuity, but profound changes nevertheless took place over the 125 years covered by this book, resulting not in the maintenance of Englishness so much as the creation of a distinctive new community.

Crisis and Survival in Late Medieval Ireland: the English of Louth and their neighbours, 1330—1450, by Brendan Smith; ISBN 9780199594757; Oxford University Press, 2013

Books by Fellows: Viking Art

With the British Museum planning a blockbuster exhibition on the Viking Age in 2014, Fellow James Graham-Campbell has timed his new book perfectly, giving us a well-illustrated account of what he calls (echoing the title of Peter Foote and Fellow David Wilson’s 1970 book) ‘the Viking achievement’ in art. In typical Graham-Campbell fashion, he starts by challenging the title of his own book: most of the material in the book, he says, is not ‘fine art’, but is functional, no matter how finely it might be decorated and the word ‘Viking’ is misleading in all sorts of ways, not least in implying a high degree of homogeneity or unity of governance, ethnicity or outlook. And yet, there is a surprising degree of cultural uniformity, albeit with regional diversity, that allows us to recognise Viking Art when we see it, and the book is a celebration of such objects as have survived.

They include the superb stave church at Borgund, Norway, with its animal-head finials, picture stones and rock carvings, wall hangings and a most splendid silk-embroidered cloak reconstructed from the remains found in a chamber grave dating from AD 970. There are statues in bronze of Thor and Frey that hint at the way these gods found their way into English and Irish Romanesque church carving as beard-pullers. The book ends with a brief glance at the lasting influence of Viking art, in the form of adverts for everything from Normandy cheese and Rover cars to Swedish matches and Norwegian beer, and with an apt quotation from the work of Swedish archaeologist Hans Hildebrand written in 1892: the Vikings, ‘who seemed to their victims to have only one interest — war, murder, rapine — really possessed industrial arts of a kind so characteristically developed that we, men of the era of engines and steam, have a great deal to learn from them’.

Viking Art, by James Graham-Campbell; ISBN 9780500204191; Thames & Hudson, 2013

Library gifts April to June 2013

The Society is very grateful to the donors of the following books, given to the Library in the period from April to June 2013. The online catalogue ( has further details.
  • From the co-editor, Megan Aldrich, FSA, Art and Authenticity, edited by Megan Aldrich and Jos Hackforth-Jones (2012)
  • From Mario Buhagiar, FSA, Proceedings of History Week 2009 Malta Historical Society, edited by Charlene Vella (2012)
  • From the author, Bernard D Cotton, FSA, Scottish Vernacular Furniture (2008)
  • From Rosemary Dunhill, FSA, Historia de los Áugustinos Recoletos. Vol 1: desde los origenes hasta el siglo XIX, by Angel Martínez Cuesta (1995)
  • From the author, William Eisler, FSA, Lustrous Images from the Enlightenment: the medals of the Dassiers of Geneva, incorporating an illustrated general catalogue (2010)
  • From the author, Robert Hutchinson, FSA, The Spanish Armada (2013)
  • From the author, Malcolm Jack, FSA, Sintra: a glorious Eden (2002)
  • From a contributor, John Lewis, FSA (General Secretary), Upper Palaeolithic Sites in the Lower Courses of the Rivers Colne and Wey: excavations at Church Lammas and Wey Manor Farm, by Phil Jones (2013)
  • From the author, Peter J Lucas, FSA, From Author to Audience: John Capgrave and medieval publication (1997)
  • From the author, Mike McCarthy, FSA, The Romano-British peasant: towards a study of people, landscapes and work during the Roman occupation of Britain (2013)
  • From Adrian Olivier, FSA: Gračanica Monastery, by Desanka MiloÅ¡ević (no date); Roskilde Domkirke, by Anne Rosendal (2012); Vikingeborgen Trelleborg, by Steen Wulff Andersen (1998); Macedonian Cultural Heritage: Christian monuments (2008); Macedonian Cultural Heritage: archaeological sites (2008); Conservation Basis for the ‘Historic Centre’ of Prishtinë/PriÅ¡tina: case study on integrated conservation (2012)
  • From Warwick Rodwell, FSA, Ashdon: a history of an Essex village, by Angela Green (1989)
  • From the author, Trevor Rowley, FSA, The Man behind the Bayeux Tapestry: Odo, William the Conqueror’s half-brother (2013)
  • From the author, Alison Stones, FSA, Gothic Manuscripts 1260—1320, 2 vols (2013)
  • From Tim Tatton-Brown, FSA, Harnham Historical Miscellany, Sarum Studies 4, in tribute to Michael Cowan (1935—2009) (2013)
  • From Jeremy Warren, FSA, Leone and Pompeo Leoni: proceedings of the international symposium, Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado, Octubre de 2011 (2012)
  • From the joint author, R H White, FSA, Wroxeter, the Cornovii and the Urban Process, by R H White, C Gaffney and V L Gaffney with Arnold Baker (2013)
  • From Christopher Wilson, FSA, Norwich School Chapel and School House, by Paul Cattermole (2011)


PhD grant for research into ‘the international contacts of twentieth-century Spanish archaeology’; closing date 10 September 2013
Fellow Margarita Díaz-Andreu, ICREA Research Professor at the University of Barcelona, is seeking a Spanish-speaking researcher with some knowledge of the history of archaeology willing to devote four years to writing a PhD on a topic related to her ‘Archaeology without Frontiers’ project. You can find further details on Marga’s blog. Potential candidates should contact Marga by email.

IMT Institute for Advanced Studies Lucca: tenured faculty positions in cultural heritage
The IMT Institute for Advanced Studies Lucca ( is currently inviting expressions of interest for tenured faculty positions. The Institute is actively seeking candidates with one of the following backgrounds: (i) classics and archaeology, with particular emphasis on the interdisciplinary approach to visual phenomena in the ancient world, on the interactions between the social, cultural and religious contexts and the visual phenomena, and on the history of classical tradition in the western culture; (ii) art history and related fields, with particular emphasis on the history of the reception of images, the interdisciplinary approach to the visual phenomena, history of art criticism and aesthetics, cultural heritage protection and organisation seen from a historical perspective, history of collecting, contemporary debates about the protection, management and valorisation of cultural heritage, current practices in museology; (iii) law, with  particular emphasis on the juridical status of cultural heritage in a comparative perspective.

For further information, visit the Academic Jobs website.

Royal Museums Greenwich: Trustee / Chair
Closing date: 16 September 2013

The trustees are seeking a new member with the potential to chair the board. Further details from the website of Saxton Bampfylde, using job reference AABZC.

School of Archaeology and Anthropology, The Australian National University: Lecturers
Closing date: 16 October 2013

The School of Archaeology and Anthropology in the ANU College of Arts and Social Sciences is seeking to appoint a Lecturer in Biological Anthropology and a Lecturer in Australian Archaeology, commencing in 2014.

The British Institute at Ankara: Research Scholar 2014
Salary: £800 per month plus one return flight between the UK and Turkey; closing date: 25 October 2013

The British Institute at Ankara invites applications for its 2014 Research Scholarship, which is tenable for seven months (with the possibility of extending for two extra months) from 6 January 2014. The Research Scholar will be required to spend at least two-thirds of this time working with the Director and Assistant Director on the research collections and the electronic records of the BIAA archives to improve the Institute’s research capacity in one or more of its Strategic Research Initiatives; the remainder of the time will be spent conducting your own research relating to Turkey and/or the Black Sea littoral, which may fall within any of the academic disciplines of the humanities and social sciences. The research undertaken at the BIAA should normally be preparatory and designed to underpin a funding application for a PhD. For further details see the Institute’s website.

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