Is this email not looking the way it should? Click here to view it in your browser.

Salon: Issue 423
12 March 2019

Next issue: 26 March

The Society of Antiquaries of London Online Newsletter (Salon) is a fortnightly digest of heritage news. It focuses on the activities of the Society and the contributions that the Society's Fellows make to public life. A copy of Salon’s editorial policy can be found on the Society’s website.

Please send news, comment and feedback for publication to the Editor, Mike Pitts, at Salon EditorSalon doesn't review books, but the Editor is pleased to receive details and cover images of new titles written by Fellows. Scholarly publications are reviewed in The Antiquaries Journal.

Fellows may occasionally find they do not receive email notification of a new Salon. There are suggestions for solving this, and an online archive where new editions are posted. You can also unsubscribe at any point, by following this link.
Lamp flame

Inside this issue

From the Desk of the General Secretary

William Morris the Antiquary at Kelmscott Manor

The summer exhibition of Kelmscott treasures in July/August 2020 will present Morris the artist, political thinker and Morris the Antiquary and Fellow of the Society.  The 17th century Kelmscott Manor embodies the continuing inspirational power of the past, with its architecture and artefacts spanning more than four centuries.  It is a place of historical creativity and imaginative engagement that is as compelling today as it was for Morris nearly a hundred and fifty years ago.  The exhibition will reflect what the Society wants to achieve at Kelmscott Manor.  We want people to be able to see Kelmscott through the eyes of Morris the Antiquarian and how this is clearly evidenced in his extraordinary creative output during his occupancy. 

We are looking for sponsorship supporters to help us deliver this wonderful exhibition.  If you would like to help please contact Dominic Wallis, Head of Development, at


Back to the beginning of the report

Winton Domesday Workshop

On 27th February the Society hosted a workshop on the Winton Domesday, which is one of the most important manuscripts in the Society’s library. The workshop which was organised by the Hampshire Cultural Trust was attended by academics and scholars to think about and discuss the potential for a new study of the Anglo-Saxon and Norman city of Winchester.

Delegates had the opportunity to study both the Winton Domesday (SAL/MS/154)  and the fragments of a 10th century sacramentary (SAL/MS/154*) that were once part of the original binding, used as packing for the boards.  

The manuscript and the fragments will be the star exhibits in an exhibition at the Winchester Discovery Centre in autumn 2020.

Workshop II:  Antiquarian ‘science’ in the early modern Academy

1-2 April 2019

Registration and Programme:
The shift from the purposefully disordered Kunstkammer or curiosity cabinet of the Renaissance to the ordered Enlightenment museum is well known. Satire of eighteenth-century Antiquaries, Rijksmuseum, RP-P-2015-26-305.What has to be explored fully is the process through which this transformation occurred. The AHRC International Networking Grant Collective Wisdom, led by A.M. Roos FSA (Lincoln) and Vera Keller (Oregon), explores how and why members of the Royal Society, the Society of Antiquaries of London, and the Leopoldina (in Halle, Germany) collected specimens of the natural world, art and archaeology in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
 Satire of eighteenth-century Antiquaries, Rijksmuseum, RP-P-2015-26-305.

Workshop II of this project, Antiquarian ‘science’ in the early modern Academy,
asks the following questions (among others):
  • What was the relationship between archaeological fieldwork or antiquarianism and learned travel or the Grand Tour?
  • What does collecting on tour say about the manner and scale of personal and institutional contacts between London and the scientific world of the Continent?
  • What tools of natural philosophy were utilised to understand ancient buildings and artefacts?
  • Why were there such intensive connections between the Royal Society and the Society of Antiquaries of London in the first half of the eighteenth century, and what were they?
Speakers include Philip Beeley (Oxford), Dominik Collet (Oslo), Luke Edgington-Brown (East Anglia), Dustin Frazier Wood (Roehampton), Vera Keller (Oregon), Chantel Grell (Versailles), Clare Hornsby FSA (British School at Rome), Stephanie Moser FSA (Southhampton), Staffan Müller-Wille (Exeter), Cesare Pastorino (Berlin), Anna Marie Roos FSA (Lincoln), Edwin Rose (Cambridge), Martin Rudwick (Cambridge), Kim Sloan FSA (British Museum), Alexander Wragge-Morley (NYU), Elizabeth Yale (Iowa).

Working sessions using sources from the Society of Antiquaries Library and Museum will also be part of the programme, as well as an evening reception.

Hadrian’s Scrawl

Archaeologists from Newcastle University, funded by Historic England, are recording graffiti left by the Roman army in a quarry a few miles south of Hadrian’s Wall at Gelt Woods, Cumbria. The inscriptions are thought to have been made by soldiers while they were repairing and re-building the Wall in the early 200s. When the texts were Scheduled in 1962 there were said to be nine, of which only six were legible. As recording progresses, more are being found, some new, some recorded in the past but thought to have been lost.
Roman Inscriptions of Britain lists 20 sites in the Cumbria quarries, which have been known about since at least the early 17th century, when Camden reported their presence in his Britannia. Several have suffered since, damaged, cut away or eroded. The picture at the bottom shows a famed inscription at Gelt Woods which includes the words, ‘In the consulship of Aper and Maximus, the working-face of Mercatius,’ offering a date of AD 207 (RIB 1009). A photo today compared with the same face published by J C Bruce in 1851 (on left of engraving) shows how deep lettering has fared in the past century and a half. The phallus is said to have just been discovered.
A path up to the Gelt site collapsed in the early 1980s, making it impossible for people to view the inscriptions. The plan is to model the graffiti in 3D to allow public inspection of the engravings in digital form.
Ian Haynes FSA, Professor of Archaeology at Newcastle University, said in a press statement, ‘These inscriptions are very vulnerable to further gradual decay. This is a great opportunity to record them as they are in 2019, using the best modern technology to safeguard the ability to study them into the future.”


The Council for British Archaeology is 75

The Council for British Archaeology (CBA) celebrated its 75th birthday on 8 February, having held its first meeting at 11.30am in 1944, at the Society’s premises in Burlington House. The admirable agenda was simple and to the point: 11.30 appointments and finance, 2.30 actions, 4.00 tea.
The meeting was chaired by Sir Alfred William Clapham FSA, who became the CBA’s founding President. The very idea of a ‘representative Council of British Archaeology’ had been proposed less than a year before, at one of the last meetings of the Congress of Archaeological Societies, again at the Society of Antiquaries. Archaeologists, many of whom had worked on special duties during the war, using their expertise in intelligence or (notably W F Grimes FSA) doing their best to rescue remains at military development sites, were motivated by the damage that had been done to heritage, and the prospect of further destruction as the country rebuilt its infrastructure. It was felt that none of the existing archaeological groups was ‘sufficiently representative of British Archaeology as a whole to be competent to speak with authority both to the general public and to the Government upon problems of the post-war period.’ The CBA would fill the gap.
They got off to a flying start. Apart from actually creating the CBA, ‘expert panels’ and the regional groups that still exist were proposed. The national Council would urge for ‘large state grants’ and the strengthening of existing protection for historic monuments and antiquities; would ‘enlighten the public concerning the records and monuments of the past’; would push for better recognition of archaeology in schools, universities and adult education; and would co-operate with museums.
Cyril Fox FSA was soon President, and a key project became the creation of a Survey and Policy for Field Research, making what might have been a mindless effort to save everything into a more targeted programme of understanding the past. The first report, and the CBA’s first Occasional Paper, was by Christopher Hawkes FSA and Stuart Piggott FSA (both of whom became CBA Presidents) on The Prehistoric and Early Historic Ages to the Seventh Century AD (1948). The late Beatrice de Cardi FSA was the first paid member of staff, and she remained the CBA’s Secretary (director) from 1949 to 1973. Today’s Director is Mike Heyworth FSA.
The CBA poster at top was designed by archaeologist Brian Hope-Taylor FSA (1950). Ten thousand copies were given away, to libraries, village halls, public schools and, ‘where possible, to public houses’. It was shown during a Television Programme by the British Broadcasting Corporation, and local authorities asked for copies to give to schools. A further 20,000 copies had to be printed.

Intrepid Women


International Women's Day was celebrated on 8 March, an occasion to mention a small exhibition in the Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford, Intrepid Women: Fieldwork in Action, 1910­–1957 (it was due to close on 11 March, but it has a good web presence on the museum’s site). The work of six anthropologists who have contributed to the museum, among them Beatrice Blackwood FSA, was illustrated with objects, photos and text panels, and in some cases film.
The earliest was Makareti Papakura (1873–1930), who was born in New Zealand, had a Māori mother and an English father, and toured Australia and England in 1911 with a Māori concert group for George V’s coronation festivities. She moved to England in 1912, and died in 1930, a fortnight before she was due to be examined on her anthropology thesis at the University of Oxford. It was published in 1938 by her friend and fellow student T K Penniman FSA, as The Old-Time Maori, analysing Te Arawa customs from a woman's perspective.
Elsie McDougall (1879–1961) documented textile-production in Mexico and Guatemala, living among local communities for extended periods of time, collecting information, textiles, looms and tools used for weaving, spinning and dyeing. Barbara Freire-Marreco (1879–1967) was the first women to enrol on the Oxford Anthropology Diploma. She made two fieldwork trips to North America, working mostly in New Mexico, living with Pueblo and Yavapai people. The First World War stopped a third fieldwork trip, and she married and gave up her academic career.
After a degree in English, Beatrice Blackwood (1889–1975) took the Diploma in Anthropology and worked as a Research Assistant and then Demonstrator in the Department of Human Anatomy at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History. She conducted fieldwork in Canada and the United States, but is best known for her pioneering work in New Guinea (and to a narrow band of specialist archaeologists for her study of stone-tool making). In 1935 she become Demonstrator in Ethnology at the Pitt Rivers Museum, returning to New Guinea for a third trip in 1936.
Ursula Graham Bower (1914–88) conducted anthropological fieldwork among the Zeme (Zeliang) Naga, taking several thousand photos of exceptional quality and some of the earliest colour film shot by an anthropologist. She became an outspoken critic of the way the British and Indian governments treated the Naga. Audrey Butt Colson (born 1926) worked in Guyana. The exhibition featured examples of her films, which have helped her campaign for the rights of the Akawaio and Arekuna communities to their land
Julia Nicholson, one of the exhibition curators, talked to Jane Garvey on Radio 4 Woman’s Hour (5 March, 26 minutes in). Did Nicholson have any misgivings, she was asked? ‘In a way I do,’ she replied. ‘They were definitely privileged women. It was an unequal relationship that they had with the communities they worked with. But on the whole their input was valued… They did extraordinary things.’
Nicholson mentioned a seventh Oxford Anthropology Diploma student, Maria Czaplicka (1884–1921), who studied under R R Marrett with O G S Crawford FSA. After conducting fieldwork in Siberia (about which she wrote a successful Mills & Boon non-fiction book), Czaplicka became Oxford University’s first female lecturer in anthropology, from where she moved to the University of Bristol. Having survived on a series of scholarships and awards, in 1921 she failed to obtain a travelling fellowship and killed herself.
My photos from the exhibition show some of Beatrice Blackwood’s lantern slides, and a poem by her.

Ann Kendall, Pioneer of Archaeology and Development

On International Women’s Day last year the University of London’s Senate House Library began the digitisation of some 500,000 pages of unpublished photos and papers by Ann Kendall OBE, who died on 23 February. The archive documents the history of the Cusichaca Archaeological Project, which as her colleague at UCL Institute of Archaeology Bill Sillar says, became one of the largest multi-disciplinary projects in the Peruvian Andes.
Ann Kendall went on her first archaeological expedition to the Andes in 1968, and completed her PhD thesis at the Institute, on Inca architecture, in 1974. Hundreds of British and Peruvian students, many of them now working in the heritage sector, took part in the Cusichaca Project (1977–84), which built on her earlier research. But it was not only archaeology, and would-be archaeologists, who benefitted from Kendall’s work in the Urubamba and Cusichaca valleys, not far from Machu Picchu.
Surveys and scientific studies found that an ancient abandoned system of canals, ponds and agricultural terraces could have produced food for some 5,000 people: yet by the 1980s there were only 15 families practising subsistence farming, a legacy of Spanish conquest and the arrival of farmers from other areas. Kendall founded the Cusichaca Trust, which extended its remit into contemporary ecology, rural development and community engagement. Villagers restored canals and terraces, yields of traditional agriculture increased, and the valleys were transformed, as Kendall promoted a model of understanding Andean heritage to serve the present: 160 hectares of agricultural terracing now support nearly 350 families – over 2,000 people. The Trust’s work benefited from, and contributed to, many communities in Peru beyond Cusichaca, and is now run by a Peruvian government agency.
Sara Lunt FSA, a Cusichaca Trustee whose PhD was on pottery from Cusichaca, said in a statement last year, ‘The challenges faced by Ann Kendall in South America in the 1970s are sadly familiar to women leaders today – the politicians, funders, charity CEOs and army commanders she had to deal with were not used to talking to women as professionals and equals. She simply ignored any negative reactions and bravely went on. Many people called this obstinacy, a label frequently attached to women with a mission, but I call it courage.’
In a tribute from Senate House Library, Gill Hey FSA, one of the original lead archaeologists on the Cusichaca Project, said: “Ann played such an enormous part in my life and – through the Cusichaca Project – in making me what I am. It is massively sad and a huge loss. No one else could have pulled that project off – getting the army to donate all that kit and time in support roles, convincing the INC year-after-year to give us a permit, believing in the research value of what we were doing when some were sceptical and persevering with the agricultural regeneration scheme when everyone was oh-so cynical about it. An awful lot of people owe an awful lot to that lady.’
Kendall became an Honorary Research Associate of UCL Institute of Archaeology, was awarded the Order of Merit by the Peruvian Government (1980) and received an OBE for her contribution to overseas development (1994).
Photos Cusichaca Trust/Senate House Library.

Historic English Contract May Never Return to UK


Bonhams will sell an unusual document on 27 March. Described as the Marriage Contract between Edward III and Philippa of Hainault, the prince (he was not then king) undertakes to marry the daughter of Count William of Hainault within two years; it is dated 27 August 1326. Behind this was Isabella, wife of Edward II, who successfully schemed to enthrone her son as Edward III in January 1327. ‘This deed’, says Bonhams, ‘is an extraordinary survival from the middle ages.’ It is estimated to sell for £100,000–150,000.
‘Because [the contract] has been out of the country for decades’, reports the Times (7 March), ‘the government’s Reviewing Committee on the Export of Works of Art … has no jurisdiction.’ Mark Ormrod FSA tells the paper the contract was acquired by the antiquarian Sir Thomas Phillipps in the 19th century, and Bonhams notes the MS has ‘early nineteenth century dockets on the reverse and inscribed by Sir Thomas Phillipps as being MS 27724.’ The current vendor, a private collection in the United States according to the Times, is not named.
In its extensive discussion of the document, Bonhams quotes from published works by two Fellows. Count William of Hainault, writes Jonathan Sumption FSA (The Hundred Years War, Volume I: Trial by Battle, 1990), ‘had no ties to Edward II and had no objection to making his daughter a queen. He was willing to provide a port of embarkation and a force of some 700 men.’ 'The final terms of the marriage contract between Edward of Windsor and Philippa of Hainault were agreed and sealed at Mons on 27 August,’ writes Ormrod (Edward III, 2012). ‘The Prince swore on the Gospels to provide Philippa with a suitable dower and to marry her within two years on pain of a fine of £10,000.’
Ormrod tells the Times that ‘the contract’s natural home [is] either the National Archives or the British Library.’ In a leader the paper says, ‘The marriage agreement … is one of the most important documents in English history… If the British Library cannot raise the money through donations, the government should.’
Photos Bonhams.

Fellows (and Friends)

Peter Kidson FSA, historian of medieval architecture, died in February. An appreciation appears in Fellows Remembered below. The section also contains a further notice on the late Pamela Willetts FSA, with details of the funeral and a memorial event.
John Bedford FSA, London dealer in antique furniture, died on 12 February aged 77. He was elected a Fellow of the Society in March 2017.

Sebastiano Tusa, 66, an Italian archaeologist who had been appointed Councillor for Cultural Heritage for the Sicilian Region in April 2018, was among those who died when an Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 737 passenger jet crashed near Addis Ababa on 10 March. He was en route to Kenya for a Unesco project. The son of archaeologist Vincenzo Tusa, Sebastiano had been a lecturer at the University of Bologna, Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology at the University of Naples, and Professor of Marine Archaeology at the University of Palermo. He was a visiting professor at the Philipps University of Marburg, Germany, in 2015. The photo shows Tusa (centre) in February, at the opening of a new laboratory at the Civic Museum of Natural History, Comiso.

Ten new Fellows were elected on 7 March:
John Adamson (publishing, history of material culture).
George Carter (garden history and design).
Oliver Harris (archaeology).
Judith Hawley (18th-century English Literature and culture).
Sophie Jackson (development archaeology).
Susan Moore (archive research, Chancery Proceedings).
Daniel Slatcher (development archaeology).
Spencer Smith (building and landscape archaeology).
Jane Stevenson (Post-Classical and Renaissance studies, 20th-century art).
Thomas Williams (archaeology and history of Vikings in Britain).
For details see Ballot Results. Further details can be seen in the Ballot Archive (Fellows only).

Fellows are among seven curators named as the first beneficiaries of the Headley Fellowships with Art Fund (7 March) Dan Hicks FSA (on left), Curator of Archaeology, Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford, will research colonial histories in the Pitt Rivers collection (April 2019–March 2020). Bryan Sitch FSA (right), Deputy Head of Collections, Manchester Museum, will create a new gallery of Chinese culture (February–November 2019). Launched in July 2018, the programme will provide £600,000 over the next three years to UK curators ‘to realise ideas for engaging audiences as well as to broker new relationships and share knowledge with museums and peers across the country’. It is intended to give experienced curators time and resources to pursue in-depth research, and encourage ambitious and high-quality museum projects which have collections at their core.
Richard Osgood FSA was awarded Archaeologist of the Year at the annual Current Archaeology Live! event on 8 March. In an interview for Andante Travels, Osgood talks about deciding to become an archaeologist when he was 11 after finding a Roman villa while avoiding school cross country runs, his excavations at Barrow Clump on Salisbury Plain (‘fundamental to the success of the Operation Nightingale programme’, which works with service personnel injured in recent conflict – ‘many of the participants seem to regard it as something of an archaeological “battle honour”') and advising Philip Pullman on archaeology for his Northern Lights, the first of the His Dark Materials trilogy.
Rachel Moss FSA and Fainche Ryan have created a free online course from Trinity College Dublin, called The Book of Kells: Exploring an Irish Medieval Masterpiece. It is returning after a successful first run, and is aimed at everyone from academics to the general public who are interested in the history, crafting, and enduring legacy of one of the world’s most famous medieval manuscripts. The four-week course, which starts on 18 March, covers Where and how the manuscript was made; Its social context; Its artistic context; The theology and interpretations of the text; How and why the manuscript survived; and The Book of Kells and contemporary culture. Details online.
‘Analysing the value of degrees according to their impact on the taxpayer provides only part of the picture and overlooks the wider value of degrees,’ wrote Sir David Cannadine FSA, President of the British Academy, to the Times (7 March). ‘Arts and humanities graduates make invaluable contributions to culture and society. Eighty per cent of the UK economy derives from the services sector, which is underpinned by graduates in these disciplines.’ He was responding to a report from the Institute for Fiscal Studies that claimed that ‘creative arts degrees cost the taxpayer more than others [such as Science and engineering] because graduates are less likely to pay off their loans.’ Speaking on 31 January, Chris Skidmore FSA MP said, ‘the last thing I want to see is value judgements emerging which falsely divide the Sciences and Engineering from the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences. To do so would be a travesty. Our future success depends on all these disciplines being completely intertwined.’

Paul Bidwell FSA, President of The Arbeia Society and former Head of Archaeology at Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums, has written Hadrian’s Wall at Wallsend, a full account of one of the most comprehensively excavated sections of Hadrian's Wall. The book reports on intermittent excavations around Segedunum Roman Fort, Wallsend in North Tyneside, between 1988 and 2015, culminating in a Treasury-funded project that saw the rediscovery of the fort’s baths as well as the public display of a stretch of Wall remains. ‘The results,’ said Bidwell in a press release, ‘are a great advance in our understanding of how Hadrian’s Wall was built and of its later history. They also show that the remains of the Wall in urban Tyneside are just as important as the better-preserved lengths in rural Northumberland.’

‘Recently,’ writes James Stephen Curl FSA in New English Review (March), ‘the British magazine, Prospect (275, March 2019), published a “duel” between Barnabas Calder, an enthusiastic supporter of “Brutalism”, and myself: the proposition was “Has modern architecture ruined Britain?” I did not like the question, as any work of architecture, realised today, is obviously “modern”, and that does not necessarily mean it is rotten architecture, although more often than not, unfortunately, new buildings are truly dreadful, ignoring their contexts, and could never be described as “architecture” at all by any thinking person.’ Curl didn't like the answer either – even though he won, with 638 votes cast for YES (65%) and 341 for NO (35%). As he writes in an email: ‘YES represents my viewpoint, that architectural Modernism has wrecked a great many towns and cities in these islands… the YES votes have won the duel, and all my supporters deserve my thanks. However, it is profoundly depressing that so many people are now so visually desensitised … that they cannot see, will not admit (for ideological reasons), or are really incapable of understanding, the damage that has been done and continues, almost everywhere, and this is borne out by the fact that 341 people voted NO.’

His primary research concerns ancient Egypt, says Aidan Dodson FSA, but he also has a wider interest in funerary customs. A second edition of his British Royal Tombs was published last autumn. Reviewing the book in the Art Newspaper (28 February) under the headline ‘Dead kings and queen and where to find them,’ Aldo Scardinelli writes that ‘For the many people, like myself, who love to visit cemeteries and mausoleums, this book is a sine qua non. Not only does it list in chronological order all the British rulers and their burial places from the sixth-century English and the ninth-century Scottish kingdoms to George VI, the late Queen Mother and Princess Margaret, it also includes biographical notes, and images of their burial places… Wales has no royal burials.’

The Last Tsar: Blood and Revolution, an exhibition at the Science Museum which investigates the lives and deaths of Tsar Nicholas II and his family, closes on 24 March. In the context of social upheaval and war between 1900 and 1918, the exhibition shows the significant influence of medicine on the imperial family’s private lives, and the modern advances in medicine and forensic science which transformed the investigation into their sudden disappearance. ‘This exhibition marks 100 years since the end of the Romanov dynasty,’ said Ian Blatchford, Director of the Science Museum, in a press statement, ‘and explores one of the most dramatic periods in Russian history, all through the unique lens of science. Our curatorial team have brought together an exceptional, rare and poignant collection to tell this remarkable story.’

Fellows Remembered

Peter Kidson FSA died on 10 February aged 93. He was a Lifetime Fellow of the Society, having been elected in January 1961.

A Festschrift, Medieval Architecture and its Intellectual Context, was published in Peter Kidson’s honour on the eve of his retirement from the Courtauld Institute in 1990, edited by Eric Fernie FSA and Paul Crossley FSA. In their introduction, the editors wrote that Kidson ‘was arguably the most influential historian of medieval architecture of his generation in the English-speaking world. Few scholars in his field remained untouched by his special, and very personal, power to illuminate the broadest areas of medieval architectural history. In his hands medieval buildings became much more intelligible as central achievements of the medieval mind.’
‘He eschewed the Pevsneresque focus on antiquarian detail,’ says an obituary in the Telegraph (28 February), ‘instead showing how the emergence of new styles was shaped by anonymous builders thinking imaginatively about architectural problems and working out effective solutions. He emphasised the importance of seeing medieval churches and cathedrals as conceived within the framework of theology and medieval understanding of history and mathematics – as reflected in techniques of planning, building, and associated iconography.’
Kidson published his first book in 1958, Sculpture at Chartres with photos by Ursula Parisier (‘still the most lucid presentation of that intricate iconography’, write Fernie and Crossley), followed in 1962 by ‘what may be his most influential contribution to the study of English medieval architecture in his chapter in the History of English Architecture. Here, for the first time, English Romanesque and Gothic were analysed not in terms of antiquarian detail of “interior space”, but as the history of a series of architectural problems the solutions to which precipitated the emergence of new styles.’
‘No one but Peter Kidson’, continue Fernie and Crossley, ‘could have completely rewritten the chapters on Gothic for the latest edition of Bannister Fletcher FSA’s A History of Architecture with such magisterial ease and clarity. His more specialised articles reveal the same breadth of vision: from 12th-century Tewkesbury to St George’s Chapel Windsor, from St High’s Choir at Lincoln to the Master of Naumberg, from William of Sens and the factions of Canterbury, to his three-pronged attack on the most cherished beliefs of Erwin Panofsky, Otto von Simson, and Sumner Crosby about Suger’s St-Denis.’
Peter Kidson was born near York Minster, which inspired an interest in Gothic architecture before his family moved to Kent when he was seven. In 1943 he won an exhibition to read Geography at Selwyn College, Cambridge, was conscripted in the Royal Navy, and returned in 1946 to switch to history and then moral sciences. He took a degree in art history at the Courtauld Institute (where, write Fernie and Crossley, his tutor Christopher Hohler FSA was an important influence), then a PhD (Systems of Measurement and Proportion in Early Medieval Architecture) supervised by Geoffrey Webb FSA. In 1955 he joined the Institute’s Conway Library (under George Zarnecki FSA), becoming Conway Librarian in 1959.
‘Through most of the 1960s,’ write Fernie and Crossley, ‘he dazzled a whole generation of students at the universities of Cambridge and East Anglia with the brilliance of his teaching.’ In 1967 he was appointed a Lecturer at the Courtauld, and Reader in 1971. He was Visiting Professor at the University of Victoria, BC in 1972, he gave the Mellon Lectures at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC in 1980, and in 1982 he was the Rhind Lecturer at the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. He was awarded a Personal Chair in London University in 1988. He remained at the Courtauld until retirement in 1990 as Honorary Fellow and Emeritus Professor. He was appointed a Royal Commissioner in 1977 and Chairman of the Commission's Architectural Committee (1985–87), and he was President of the British Archaeological Association (1980–82).
‘Virtually single-handed,’ conclude Fernie and Crossley, ‘Peter Kidson took the study of medieval architecture in this country onto a new level of intellectual sophistication.’


The Times (5 March) has published an obituary of the late Pamela Willetts FSA, who died in January.
She was, headlined the paper, ‘Deputy keeper of manuscripts at the British Museum who charmed composers’ families into parting with their papers.’ In this way she helped the BM acquire papers of Edward Elgar, Gustav Holst and Arnold Bax, among others. She deciphered the ‘Kafka sketchbook’ of Beethoven manuscripts and published Beethoven and England (1970).
Born in Kingston upon Thames, she studied history at Newnham College, Cambridge. She spent three years at the Air Ministry, helping to prepare the official history of the Second World War. She became Assistant Keeper of Manuscripts at the British Museum in 1953 (rising to Deputy Keeper in 1972 and Deputy Director in 1985, taking early retirement in 1987), ‘attracted to the position by the opportunity to further her musical interests. She was a highly competent pianist, violinist and viola player, although not quite at professional standard, and enjoyed playing with friends. It was through them that she met Edgar Gordon, known as Mick. They were married in July 1956 and moved to Barnes. A large room became the music room, being used for teaching, informal musical gatherings and rehearsals of the Sacred Music Drama Society, of which Gordon was the driving force and Willetts played the violin.’

• The funeral will be on Tuesday 19 February at 2.30pm at Great Glen Crematorium near Leicester (details online). ‘Additionally,’ writes Pamela Willetts’ son Andrew Gordon, ‘if anyone who remembers Pamela would be interested in attending a memorial event in London on 16 April (which would have been the month of her 90th birthday), please contact me on or mobile 07976 199553.’

Memorials to Fellows 

David Clark FSA writes about John Gutch FSA (1746–1831), whose memorial is in St Clement's church, Oxford. Gutch was an antiquary and a Church of England clergyman from Wells, who matriculated at Oxford University from All Souls College in 1765 and the next year was appointed a clerk of his college and began 'looking after the museum'. Gutch is best-known, says the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, for his books, including two volumes of Collective Curiosa, tracts on historical and university matters taken chiefly from the manuscripts of Archbishop Sancroft in the Bodleian Library, and for his editing of Anthony Wood's English version of his History and Antiquities of the University of Oxford (1674).
The ODNB article, says Clark, ‘does not explore some of the anomalies, such as why he is credited on the memorial as having been the force behind the building of St Clement's (Daniel Robertson, 1828, in a neo-Norman style) whereas ODNB suggests that J H Newman played the greater role. Of the two, it seems to me that the antiquarian Gutch may indeed have had more influence on the design of the church than Newman – Geoffrey Tyack FSA has pointed out resemblances between St Clement's and the 12th-century work in Christ Church Cathedral. Robertson, incidentally, was also building the University Press building in Walton Street at the same time, but in a completely different (Graeco-Roman) style, so he was clearly able to build as his clients wished, rather than pursuing a particular design ideology of his own.’


Jean Wilson FSA sends this photo of ‘a splendid monument to an early antiquary’, George Lynn the Younger FSA (1706/7–58), in the Church of St Mary, Southwick, Northants.
‘Lynn was elected in 1726,’ writes Wilson. ‘He was involved with his father, George Lynn the Elder (1676–1742), in the publication by the Antiquaries (engraving by Vertue) of a Roman pavement at nearby Cotterstock. They were members of the Spalding Gentlemen's Society and friends of William Stukeley FSA.’
The marble monument, attributed to Roubiliac, features a draped oval portrait medallion with a profile of Lynn, sculpted as if hanging from an obelisk, mourned by a seated figure of his widow supporting an urn. The church has several other monuments and ledger stones commemorating members of the Lynn family.

The Wisdom of Fellows 

I wrote in the last Salon about an impressive project to digitise an enormous collection of aerial photographs at Cambridge University, to which the key contributor was J K St Joseph. Paul Stamper FSA has some questions:
Salon notes the project to digitise the air photos of “Holy Jo” and his colleagues. Not least as the collection has been closed for some considerable time, this is excellent news. However, your phrasing that Cambridge “would like to” make available the whole archive suggests that this remains an aspiration rather than a fully set out and costed programme. The other thing one remains curious about is whether terms for digital images’ use have been agreed; will there be a charge – fair enough for commercial publications, but otherwise?
‘My one meeting with HJ came c 1975 when he came to give a public lecture at Southampton University. Somehow I was deputed to be projectionist, operating an ancient, huge and hot projector (the only one which could be found to handle his glass lantern slides) in a projection box high at the back of the lecture theatre (in Physics A, the university’s biggest). The slides were in a wooden box, and had to be slid in one at a time to the precariously propped up projector. I’m sure HJ was charming, but the terror of dropping one or all of the fragile slides (luckily I didn’t) is all I recall of the evening.’
Addressing Stamper’s queries, the news is good, if the outcome might once have been otherwise. ‘The Collection came to the Department of Geography in October 2000’, writes Tom Spencer, ‘on the closure of the University’s Air Photography Unit, and was subsumed into the Unit for Landscape Modelling (ULM). Following the closure of the ULM in 2010, the Collection was saved from disposal by a project using the proceeds from the sale of the ULM’s aeroplane and associated equipment.’
One of several problems was that the collection was difficult to access, ‘except to a small band of professional and enthusiastic “aerial archaeologists” (based in Royal Commissions and English Heritage (now Historic England)).’ The collection was ‘thoroughly overhauled and modernised’ at the Department of Geography’s expense (2012–16), and there are now over 80,000 thumbnail scans, with coverage across the whole of the UK: only Historic England’s National Monuments Record holds more digital aerial images, says Spencer. The ‘ambitious vision is for the long-term digitization of the entire Collection of half a million images.’ In the meantime, 1,500 high resolution images are online as the result of a pilot project, funded by Cambridge Humanities Research Grants Scheme 2017/18.
Not only can these photos be seen without a subscription, but in keeping with Cambridge Digital Library’s ‘Mission, Vision & Values’, content is freely available for use within teaching and research. Where copyright and licensing will permit (as most of the aerial photos were apparently taken by a university department, this would seem to apply here), good quality images, texts and metadata are available for download and reuse.
The photo is a thumbnail of cropmarks at East Kennet, in the Avebury World Heritage Site.


In the last Salon I noted a new publication of two late 18th-century Quaker weather diaries, edited by Robert Tittler FSA. Tim Clough FSA, who is the Honorary Editor for the Rutland Local History & Record Society, writes:
‘It may be useful to remind ourselves that John Chipchase and Elihu Robinson were contemporaries of the Rutland scholar and landowner Thomas Barker (1722–1809), who began keeping weather records in 1733 and maintained them for over 60 years, sending reports which were published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. Oh, and he was a grandson of William Whiston and married Anne, the younger sister of Gilbert White.
‘Like Chipchase, it would seem, Barker’s diaries ranged widely over all aspects of rural life and natural phenomena, from harvest yields and earth tremors to swarms of bees and thunderstorms. They are an invaluable resource for scholars of rural life and meteorology alike. Full transcripts of his journals and daily records were published by our predecessor the Rutland Record Society in an edition prepared by John Kington of the Climatic Research Unit, University of East Anglia, thus: John Kington (ed), The Weather Journals of a Rutland Squire: Thomas Barker of Lyndon Hall (1988). Now out of print, but second-hand copies can be found online.’
Norman Hammond FSA writes with an interesting story about an excavation and what happened to some of the finds. While we are not told where the site was, many archaeological Fellows will I think recognise the general situation, and the issue is worth a discussion.
‘More than forty years ago I directed excavations overseas: under the rules of partage then operating in the host country, a generous share of the finds were allocated to the project, to be given to a public institution. Since a major British museum was a leading supporter of the work, this presented no problem. There was a stipulation that closed finds such as burials, caches and hoards were to be kept together: either the host country or the project would have the entire content of a tomb.
‘On the final day one year, a burial was discovered, excavated, and added to the project’s allocation. It contained four pottery vessels and two small but culturally-significant items of semi-precious material traded into the ancient community from far away. While the reconstructable vessels were crated for shipment back to the UK, the two small pieces were taken out by air and entered into a Smithsonian Institution source-characterisation project. They were returned to me several years later, and were published along with the other material from the burial in a monograph. Because of their importance (early date, distant procurement) they were also illustrated elsewhere.
‘After shipping delays, the pottery vessels arrived at, but mislaid by, the recipient museum, not to surface for more than a decade. They were then restored and accessioned, to join the other material from several years’ work. I have subsequently tried to hand over the two preciosities to join the remainder of the grave group, but have run into procedural obstacles on which I am now asking advice from readers of Salon.
‘In the more than four decades since the excavation, the paperwork in the host country has gone missing (the location of their archaeology administration and its personnel changed, and the officials involved have died), and although the recipient museum has formally accessioned the project’s collections, including the vessels from this burial, the incoming documents have also not been found.
‘Admirable due diligence processes introduced to counter acceptance of looted, smuggled, and other unprovenanced materials now make it impossible, the museum tells me, for these two important pieces to join the rest of their grave group: but under the rules of partage they must stay together; because this means they belong to the museum in question, I cannot place them elsewhere. Because the four pots have been formally accessioned, the whole grave-group cannot be reunited by return to the donor country.
‘My suggestion that the pieces be physically placed back with the vessels but not formally accessioned has been rejected, although the museum has conceded that a note might be placed with the vessels informing scholars that they exist. Meanwhile, I am the unwilling custodian of this important material: can Salon produce a solution?’


Can any Fellow explain the accession-like DAR.185:141 pencilled in one corner of a manuscript by Charles Darwin, I asked in the last Salon? A temporary export bar has been placed on three documents, two of which have this DAR note. Robert Harding FSA has the answer:
‘DAR 185 is the Cambridge University Library shelfmark for a large collection of Darwin letters and manuscripts from which these pieces, having been on loan, were removed for sale following the death of Anne Pinsent (née Adrian), wife of Richard Darwin Keynes. They are all digitised. 184, a fragment of Expression of the Animals, Lot 363 in the Sotheby’s sale, can be seen here.’


‘PLEASE, can you declare Salon a “Brexit free zone”’, writes Leslie Smith FSA, ‘until hostilities cease? And, if we do leave/crash out with a deal/no deal, can post-mortems be embargoed for a period of not less than five years so that at least a short to medium term view can be evinced before we allow another shouting match? From my bunker in deepest Kent.’

Forthcoming Events for Fellows

You can catch up on meetings you've missed by visiting our YouTube Channel.

Ordinary Meetings of Fellows

Interested in proposing a lecture? Please download the Lecture Proposal Form, and email it to Danielle Wilson Higgins, Communications Manager (

Introductory Tours for Fellows

If you've never visited Burlington House or had an introduction to the Library and Collections, please join an introductory tour. You'll meet the Society's staff, learn about your Fellowship benefits, and discover more from the collections at Burlington House. 

Forthcoming Public Events

Conferences and Seminars

Public Lectures

Public Lectures are held from 13.00 to 14.00 on Tuesdays, with advance booking advised to be sure of a place.

Regional Groups: Help Needed! 


South-West Regional Fellows Group, Nigel Llewellyn FSA writes:

''To enhance the programme of SAL/University of Exeter archaeology seminars currently organised by Hajnalka Herold FSA, I am volunteering to try to convene additional meetings on other topics of interest to Fellows.  Joint seminars might be held with the Medieval and Early Modern research groups at Exeter or with similar groups at other south-west universities and institutions, for example, at Bristol.  It might also be possible to arrange visits to sites of archaeological or historical interest within the region and social gatherings for Fellows.  The Society's budget could support 3 or 4 additional meetings per annum

Would any Fellows based in the region willing to indicate their preferences for the kinds of programme that they would like to see, or willing to offer papers and those willing to attend such additional meetings, please contact me on".

Regional Fellows Groups


South West Fellows

Further information on talks at Exeter can be found here.

Want to join the South West Regional Fellows Group? Please see bulletin above regarding potential upcoming activities. You can sign-up to hear about future activities, here.

Welsh Fellows

Want to join the Welsh Regional Fellows Group? If you would like to attend any current events, please email Bob Child at If you wish to be added to the mailing list, sign-up here.

York Fellows

Want to join the York Regional Fellows Group? If you would like to receive email updates about forthcoming meetings in York, sign-up here.

  • 14 May 2019: “Petuaria ReVisited – Rediscovering Roman Brough and environs” by Dr Peter Halkon FSA
The meeting to be held in the Bedingfield Room, The Bar Convent, York. The Bar Convent  ( is very near the Nunnery Lane car park, Nunnery Lane, York, YO23 1AA. The meeting will begin with refreshments at 18.00, with the presentation at 18.30, concluding with a meal organised by our new steward, Nicola Rogers at 20.00.  For those who wish to join us I would be grateful, for catering purposes, if you could let me know if you are able to attend the meeting as well as the meal following. Please remember that you may now bring up to five guests to the meeting. Dr Ailsa Mainman FSA (


Other Heritage Events

12 March: Nottingham (London)
The Georgian Group is holding a series of lectures exploring aspects of the Georgian architecture of a number of towns and cities in the context of their social and economic history. This lecture by Pete Smith FSA will focus on Nottingham. Details online.

16 March: Landscapes of the Dead: Exploring Bronze Age Barrowscapes (London)
The first of three linked dayschools in the Prehistoric Society’s highly successful Seeing the Bigger Picture series will be held at the Society of Antiquaries, Burlington House. Speakers include Andrew Jones FSA and Stuart Needham FSA. Details online.

18 March: Celebrating Lady Wallace: Women Philanthropists of the Gilded Age (London)
A study day in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Julie Amélie Charlotte Castelnau was born into humble circumstances in Paris in 1819, and bequeathed the Wallace Collection to the British nation in 1897. Her bicentenary is the perfect opportunity to discover more about what motivated her bequest and those of other philanthropic women of the period who gifted art to the public. Join Charissa Bremer-David (Curator, Sculpture & Decorative Arts, J. Paul Getty Museum), Kate Hill (Principal Lecturer, School of History & Heritage, University of Lincoln), and our curators Suzanne Higgott FSA, Yuriko Jackall and Lelia Packer, to explore this fascinating theme. Our Research Librarian Helen Jones will discuss the pioneering women who visited the collection and signed the visitors’ book when Lady Wallace lived here at Hertford House. Details online.
18–20 March: Short Course in Radiocarbon Dating and Bayesian Chronological Analysis (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course is aimed at researchers using radiocarbon and other techniques, including Quaternary geologists, palaeobiologists, archaeologists and marine geoscientists. The first two days will cover key aspects of radiocarbon dating including sample selection, laboratory processes and Bayesian analyses of radiocarbon dates. The third day of the course will expand on this to look at the construction of Bayesian chronologies more generally, including those that rely primarily on other dating techniques. In this third day there will be a focus on using chronologies for environmental records. Course Director: Professor Christopher Ramsey, Author of OxCal, with members of the NERC Radiocarbon Facility based at both Oxford and East Kilbride. Details online.

19 March: Bury St Edmunds (London)
The Georgian Group is holding a series of lectures exploring aspects of the Georgian architecture of a number of towns and cities in the context of their social and economic history. This lecture by Caroline Knight FSA will focus on Bury St Edmunds. Details online.

21 March: 'In the Age of Freedom, in the Name of Justice': Slavery and Emancipation in the Late Ottoman Empire (London)
Ceyda Karamursel will present her research on the practice of slavery in the Ottoman Empire, at the Institute of Archaeology UCL. The lecture traces the political and legal courses of slavery, from the first general prohibition of the trade in 1857 until its official ending in Turkey in 1933. The Ottoman institution of slavery lacked a definitive ‘Emancipation Proclamation’, and moved across the advent of constitutional rule in 1908, the end of World War I and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, and the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923. All these moments were marked by an expectation of the end of slavery. Details online.
21 March: A Look at London’s Religious History: From the Romans to the Present Day (London)
A Lambeth Palace Library event. Author, historian and former antiquarian bookseller Philippa Bernard’s new book, Mithras to Mormon, is about the religious history of London over 2,000 years. With Giles Mandelbrote FSA she will discuss the challenges and fascination of researching a book for the general reader on such a wide-ranging subject. Details online.
22–23 March: What is Unique about Cornish Buildings? (St Austell)
The Cornish Buildings Group’s conference, in conjunction with Historic England and the National Trust, will unite aspects of Cornish architectural design with distinctiveness and exclusivity, complementing earlier conferences which focused on the county’s architectural history and contemporary design philosophies. Speakers include Peter Herring FSA, Paul Holden FSA, Joanna Mattingly FSA, Jacky Nowakowski FSA and Alex Woodcock FSA. Details online.

23 March: William Somner, 1606-1669 (Canterbury)
A one-day colloquium at Christ Church University, including papers by Jackie Eales and Kenneth Fincham, will celebrate the life and work of this remarkable Canterbury scholar, and will be preceded by a display of his books and manuscripts in Canterbury Cathedral Archives. Details online. A two-part full life of Somner by David Wright FSA will be appearing in Archaeologia Cantiana in 2019 and 2020. For information and other enquiries please contact Wright at or visit

25 March: Museums and Decolonisation (London)
A talk by Alice Procter, Independent Tour Guide, in a monthly series given by curators, academics, and PhD researchers in the Virginia Woolf Building, King's College. A new PhD-led research group, Exploring the Institutionalisation of Archaeology, is examining the historical and contemporary intersections between archaeology, museums, and collections, hoping to bring to light hidden histories which shaped the discipline of archaeology. Details online.
25 March: The Case of Leo Nardus (1868-1955): Reconstructing the Remarkable Career of a Major yet Forgotten Dealer in Old Masters (London)
Esmée Quodbach, Assistant Director and Editor-in-Chief, Center for the History of Collecting, the Frick Collection, speaks in a series of free Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.
27 March: John Brookes: His Landscape Legacy (London)
John Brookes is most often associated with the ‘room outside’, the subject of his seminal book of 1969 inspired by his early work in small London gardens. This talk will demonstrate how over the subsequent 50 years he remained at the forefront of design by creating distinctive gardens and landscapes increasingly based on ecological principles and designing in harmony with nature and the local vernacular – without losing sight of his belief that a garden is a place for use by people. The talk by Barbara Simms, Institute of Historical Research, University of London, is part of the Gardens Trust’s Winter Lecture Season 2018–19. Details online, and contact Sally Jeffery FSA, or 0208 994 6969.
April (date TBC): Scripting Spadework: Publishing Archaeology in the Late 19th and early 20th Centuries (London)
A talk by Amara Thornton FSA, Honorary Research Associate, UCL, the last in a monthly series given by curators, academics, and PhD researchers in the Virginia Woolf Building, King's College. A new PhD-led research group, Exploring the Institutionalisation of Archaeology, is examining the historical and contemporary intersections between archaeology, museums, and collections, hoping to bring to light hidden histories which shaped the discipline of archaeology. Details online.

1-2 April: Antiquarian 'Science' in the Scholarly Society (Society of Antiquaries)
This is workshop II of the AHRC International Networking Grant: Collective Wisdom: Collecting in the Early Modern Academy. What was the relationship between archaeological fieldwork or antiquarianism and learned travel or the Grand Tour? What does collecting on tour say about the manner and scale of personal and institutional contacts between London and the 'scientific' world of the Continent? What tools of natural philosophy were utilised to understand buildings and artefacts? What were the implications of the collecting of ethnographic objects for political dominance and Empire?  This workshop is dedicated to discussing these questions. A link to registration and a draft programme may be found here:

2 April: Exeter (London)
The Georgian Group is holding a series of lectures exploring aspects of the Georgian architecture of a number of towns and cities in the context of their social and economic history. This lecture by Rosemary Yallop will focus on Exeter. Details online.

3 April: Starting in Post-Excavation (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course will introduce participants to what post-excavation is and why we do it, and to the process that takes us from the site record to a completed report. The focus of the course will be on report types that are common in professional practice and generated by development-led fieldwork (including evaluations, watching briefs and small scale excavations with limited results). It will be ideal for archaeologists in, or moving into, supervisory roles that involve the preparation of reports. Course Directors: Alistair Douglas, Assistant Project Manager, Pre-Construct Archaeology, and Jon Hart, Senior Publications Officer, Cotswold Archaeology. Details online.

4 April: Lambeth Under Laud - New Perspectives on the Archbishop and his Household (London)
A Lambeth Palace Library event. William Laud is one of the most controversial archbishops to have lived at Lambeth, but relatively little is known about his life as a private individual and his role at Lambeth Palace. Leonie James will provide a fresh perspective on Laud and showing what life was like at the Palace while he was head of the household. This talk will be accompanied by a small display of material from the Library’s collections. Details online.

5–7 April: The Construction History Society Annual Conference (Cambridge)
James Campbell FSA, Chairman of the Construction History Society, will welcome attendees to the Sixth Annual Conference, with the AGM on Saturday, an annual lecture (Sarah MacLeod on saving Wentworth Woodhouse) and dinner on Saturday night, and a tour of Boughton House on Sunday. The theme of the first day will be water. The second day will cover any aspect of construction history. There will be a special session on doors. Details online.
6 April: Exploring the Archaeology of Yorkshire Landscapes (Hull)
A Yorkshire Archaeological & Historical Society conference at the University of Hull, inspired by Tony Pacitto (1931–2003), archaeologist, air photographer, excavator, geophysicist and metal detectorist. The conference will be opened by Ian Stead FSA, and papers from Matthew Oakey, James Lyall, Peter Halkon FSA, Paula Ware, Marcus Jecock FSA and Tony Hunt will focus on landscapes within the East Riding of Yorkshire and parts of North Yorkshire, reviewing techniques for revealing archaeological sites from prehistory through to the medieval period, new insights into Iron Age chariot burials and the later prehistoric settlement of the Yorkshire Wolds. Details online.

9 April: Bristol (London)
The Georgian Group is holding a series of lectures exploring aspects of the Georgian architecture of a number of towns and cities in the context of their social and economic history. This lecture by Andrew Foyle will focus on Bristol. Details online.

10 April: Studying Orchards in Eastern England (London)
Orchards have formed an important part of our culture for centuries, but investigations of their history are hampered by persistent myths concerning the age of particular examples, and about the antiquity of the fruit varieties they contain. These issues are being addressed by a research project based at the University of East Anglia, Norwich. This talk will discuss the history of different kinds of orchard – farmhouse, institutional, commercial, and as elements in designed landscapes. It will also explore a range of related issues, including the age and origins of ‘traditional’ fruit varieties. The talk by Tom Williamson, University of East Anglia, is part of the Gardens Trust’s Winter Lecture Season 2018–19. Details online, and contact Sally Jeffery FSA, or 0208 994 6969.

14–26 April: UK Archaeological Sciences Conference 2019 (Manchester)
The UKAS 2019 conference will take place in the Manchester Institute of Biotechnology (MIB). Themes include site interpretation, cultural heritage resource management, trace element analysis and material sourcing, origins and spread of agriculture, health and disease, isotopes and subsistence strategies, imaging techniques, portable techniques and environmental archaeology and geoscience. Details online.

15 April: Scripting Spadework: Publishing Archaeology in the 19th/20th C (London)
A talk by Amara Thornton FSA in a monthly series given by curators, academics, and PhD researchers in the Virginia Woolf Building, King's College. Her talk will draw on her 2018 publication, Archaeologists in Print. Details online.

16 April: Derby (London)
The Georgian Group is holding a series of lectures exploring aspects of the Georgian architecture of a number of towns and cities in the context of their social and economic history. This lecture by Max Craven FSA will focus on Derby. Details online.

16 April: Project Management in Archaeology: an Introduction (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course is designed for those who are new to the role of project management and will draw on the extensive experience of the tutors in development-led archaeology. While some familiarity with development-led archaeology will be beneficial, the course will be relevant to those taking on project management roles generally within the historic environment sector. Health and Safety management not covered. Course Director: Nick Shepherd, independent heritage consultant and CEO of FAME. Speakers: Ben Ford, Senior Project Manager, Oxford Archaeology; Anne Dodd, Strategy Delivery Officer and former Head of Post-Excavation, Oxford Archaeology. Details online.

27 April: Four Northamptonshire Churches (Wansford)
Michael Thompson FSA and Jean Wilson FSA will lead a tour of monuments with the Church Monuments Society in the churches of Thornhaugh, Apethorpe, Fotheringhay and Blatherwyck. Details online.

29 April: The Formation of Renaissance Taste in Early Victorian Britain: The Second Duke and Duchess of Sutherland as Collectors of Florentine Copies (London)
Giuseppe Rizzo, PhD candidate at the Rupert-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Germany, speaks in a series of free Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.
2 May: Stratigraphic Analysis in Archaeology (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. The course is designed for those who are familiar with the processes of excavation and stratigraphic recording, and are looking to develop their skills in the post-excavation stages of analysis, dating, interpretation and description. The course will comprise a combination of presentations to explain theory and approaches, and practical sessions providing opportunities for participants to work with real data. Course Director: Victoria Ridgeway, editor and manager of Pre-Construct Archaeology’s monograph series. Tutor: Rebecca Haslam, Senior Archaeologist, Pre-Construct Archaeology. Details online.

4 May: Sussex Archaeology Symposium 2019 (Lewes)
The Sussex Archaeology Symposium is an annual event held by the Sussex School of Archaeology which showcases recent archaeological research in the county and beyond. Speakers include Jaime Kaminski FSA and David Rudling FSA, exploring thousands of years of the human past in South-East England. Email, details online.
8 May: Dr Andrew Ducarel, Lambeth Librarian 1757-85, Seen through his Brother’s Eyes (London)
A Lambeth Palace Library event. Andrew Ducarel FSA, the eldest of three Huguenot brothers, was a successful ecclesiastical lawyer, Librarian at Lambeth, historian of the palaces of Lambeth and Croydon and of the architecture of Normandy. In The Two Brothers, a new book by Robin Myers FSA, it is his younger brother James who takes centre stage, writing letters to Andrew in London about his life in France. Details online.
8–9 May: The Setting of Heritage Assets and Places (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. In the context of official guidance and wide-ranging experience of practical casework, this course explains why the setting of historic places matters, and the principles and practical skills of sound assessment and decision-making. Course Director: George Lambrick, with Stephen Carter (Headland Archaeology), Ian Houlston (LDA Design), Richard Morrice (Historic England), Julian Munby (Oxford Archaeology), Michael Pirie (Green College), Ken Smith (formerly Peak District National Park), Karin Taylor (National Trust) and David Woolley QC (formerly Landmark Chambers). Details online.

9-10 May: Collections in Circulation: Mobile Museum Conference (London)
This conference will bring together scholars from the UK and overseas with a shared interest in the mobility of museum collections, past and present. Their papers will address various aspects of the history of the circulation of objects and their re-mobilisation in the context of object exchange, educational projects and community engagement. This conference is organised by the Mobile Museum project, an AHRC-funded collaboration between Royal Holloway, University of London and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Details online.

18 May: The Medieval Port of London (London)
A conference organised by the Docklands History Group to be held at the Museum of London, where people with a long involvement in the history and archaeology of the River Thames and the City of London will present papers on a varied range of subjects relating to the Medieval Port of London. Speakers include Nathalie Cohen FSA, Gustav Milne FSA, Edward Sargent FSA and John Schofield FSA. Details online.

20 May: Gotha’s Chinese Cabinet: Duke August’s Collection of East Asian Objects (London)
Emily Teo, PhD candidate at University of Kent and Free University of Berlin, speaks in a series of free Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.

4 June: The Library of Richard Holdsworth (1590-1649): New Light on the Manuscripts (London)
A Lambeth Palace Library event. Richard Holdsworth – academic, preacher, theologian and bibliophile – bequeathed his entire library to the University of Cambridge. On its arrival in 1664, this amounted to a second foundation of Cambridge University Library, but it has barely been studied. Jean-Pascal Pouzet’s presentation offers a survey of current research on the collection, together with the first tangible results on Holdsworth’s manuscripts. Details online.
15–16 June: Tour of South Somerset and Dorset Churches (Sherborne)
This two day coach excursion with the Church Monuments Society will visit some of the finest churches in the South-West – Trent, Montacute, Hinton St George, Sherborne Abbey, Melbury Sampford, Dorchester St Peter, Puddletown and Milton Abbey – containing some of the finest monuments in England. Details online.
24 June: Delivering Public Benefit through Archaeology (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course looks at how we can plan projects to deliver public benefit consistently, how to communicate that benefit effectively, and how to evaluate the impact of our work. It is designed for all those responsible for commissioning, specifying and/or delivering programmes of work in our sector that aim to deliver public benefit. Course Director: Kate Geary, Head of Professional Development and Practice, CifA. Tutors: Taryn Nixon, independent archaeologist and heritage adviser, formerly Chief Executive of MOLA (1997-2017); Rob Lennox, CIfA, whose PhD research looked at heritage and politics in the public value era. Details online.

28 June: Lord Stewartby – The Numismatic Legacy (London)
Lord Stewartby FSA (1935–2018) was a leading figure in British numismatic scholarship in the second half of the 20th century. At this all day Symposium at the British Academy, structured around topics with which Lord Stewartby was deeply engaged, leading figures who place the use of numismatic evidence at the forefront of historical and archaeological interpretation will explore recent work which builds on his contributions to numismatic scholarship. Four sessions will cover Britain AD 300–400, Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Viking England 800–1100, the British Isles 100-1150, and Scottish Coinage 1140–1707. Details online.

1 July: A Woman of Taste: Mrs R A Workman’s Collection of Modern French Painting (London)
Frances Fowle, Professor of Nineteenth-Century Art, University of Edinburgh and Senior Curator of French Art, National Gallery of Scotland, speaks in a series of free Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.
3–4 July: Understanding and Conserving Historic Gardens and Designed Landscapes (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. An increasing number of historic gardens and landscapes are opening their doors to the paying public. Owners and managers, reliant on tourist income, are seeking to widen their visitor base. Such development can sometimes be at odds with the conservation needs of historic sites, and this course will provide the tools for balancing the needs of developing tourist attractions with conservation and care. For trustees, volunteers and staff responsible for managing or working in a historic garden or designed landscape. Course Director: John Watkins, Head of Gardens and Landscape at the English Heritage Trust. Speakers to include: Brian Dix, Linden Groves, Emily Parker, Robin Copeland, David Lambert. Details online.

17 July: Translating Becket: New Themes, New Meanings in the Life and Afterlife of St Thomas of Canterbury 1170-2020 (London)
A Lambeth Palace Library event. The talk by Nicholas Vincent FSA will follow the Annual General Meeting of the Friends of Lambeth Palace Library. He has published widely on English and European history in the 12th and 13th centuries, most recently on King John and Magna Carta. This lecture anticipates the 850th anniversary of Becket’s martyrdom next year and will be accompanied by a display of manuscripts from the Library’s collections. Details from or 020 7898 1400.

29 July: ‘The Great Joss and his Playthings’: George IV as a Print Collector (London)
Kate Heard, Senior Curator of Prints and Drawings, Royal Collection Trust, speaks in a series of Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.
18 September: Post-Excavation Assessment in Practice (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course will introduce recent guidance to PX, and review the essential components of assessment and updated project design. In the afternoon we will review examples from current practice and consider how far they meet their purpose and justify funding decisions. The course is designed for those in supervisory, junior management or specialist roles who will be compiling and contributing to PX assessments, and those in consultancy and curatorial roles who commission and evaluate them. Course Director: Leo Webley, Head of Post-Excavation, Oxford Archaeology South. Tutors: Edward Biddulph, Senior Project Manager and Roman pottery specialist, Oxford Archaeology South; Sarah Wyles, Senior Environmental Officer, Cotswold Archaeology. Details online.

25–27 September: Heritage Values and the Assessment of Significance (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. Significance assessment is a key part of management and of development within the historic environment. This course will introduce the process, show you what is involved in preparing assessments of significance, teach you how to read and judge such assessments, and explore the ways in which they can be used. Open to all, but of particular interest to heritage asset managers and advisers, planners, historic environment professionals and architects, surveyors and others who do not specialise in heritage but may need to understand assessments and their value in guiding change. Course Director: Stephen Bond, Director of Heritage Places and joint author of Managing Built Heritage. Course Co-Director: Henry Russell, Course Director of the programme in Conservation of the Historic Environment, Reading University. Details online.

30 September: ‘The Aura of Popularity’: The Rise and Fall of Bartolomé Esteban Murillo in the Nineteenth-Century British Art Market (London)
Isabelle Kent, Enriqueta Harris Frankfort Curatorial Assistant, The Wallace Collection, speaks in a series of Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.

10 October: Archaeological Desk-Based Assessments (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course informs participants about the role of desk-based assessments in managing the cultural heritage resource and provides a practical guide to their production. It will also include guidance on the use of desk-based assessments to fulfil the requirements of the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF). The course will be of interest to all those who are currently (or hope to be) involved in the commissioning or production of desk-based assessments. It is targeted towards new entrants to the profession and those who would like to develop skills in this area. Course Directors: Jill Hind (formerly Senior Project Mgr Oxford Archaeology) and Melanie Pomeroy-Kellinger, County Archaeologist for Wiltshire. Details online.

28 October: Architectural Salvage from Cairo to London: The Pivotal Role of the Paris Exhibitions of 1867 and 1878 (London)
Moya Carey, Curator of Islamic Collections, Chester Beatty Library, Dublin, and Mercedes Volait, Research Professor at CNRS, based at InVisu, INHA, Paris, speak in a series of Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.

31 October: Archaeological Writing for Publication (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course will introduce the standard types of published reports currently produced by archaeologists, and how the scope and content of a report is planned. The course will then focus on two key components, the stratigraphic narrative and the discussion, and the most effective and successful ways of approaching the planning, writing and illustration of these. This will include a critical review of a number of examples, to identify common mistakes and how to avoid them. We will also look at the special requirements that apply to writing in a professional and academic context. The course will involve some preparatory reading before the training day. Course Director: Elizabeth Popescu, Post-Excavation and Publications Manager, Oxford Archaeology East. Details online.

25 November: A ‘Fauve de la Curiosité’: The Hybrid Career of Edouard Jonas (1883-1961), Dealer and Curator (London)
Barbara Lasic, Lecturer in History of Art and Coordinator of Postgraduate Programmes, University of Buckingham, speaks in a series of free Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.

27–29 November: Public Inquiry Workshop (Oxford)
A short course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course is a practical workshop carefully designed to improve the performance of anyone who might be called upon to participate in a Public Inquiry concerned with the historic environment. It will present the terms of procedure, the roles of the participants and the general feel of a Public Inquiry. A mock Public Inquiry will be mounted using a genuine case study. Training for potential witnesses will be given in how to prepare evidence for a Public Inquiry, how to produce proofs of evidence, and to experience them being given and tested under realistic conditions. You will be allocated a role to play in the Inquiry and asked to prepare a proof of evidence to fit this role. Active participation limited to 14 participants. There will also be a limited number of places available for observers. Course Directors: Roger M Thomas, Barrister and Archaeologist; George Lambrick, Independent Archaeology and Heritage Consultant. Planning Inspector: Richard Tamplin. Advocates: David Woolley QC and Allan Ledden, Solicitor. Details online.

Call for Papers

5 October: One Thousand Years of Ceramic Innovation (London)
Joint conference of the Medieval Pottery Research Group and the Society for Post-Medieval Archaeology, at Mortimer Wheeler House, London. From the introduction of the potter’s wheel, to the spread of factory production during the Industrial Revolution and beyond, the ceramic industries of the UK have been progressively transformed by waves of innovation. This conference will focus on technological, stylistic and functional advances introduced into potteries across the country from the 11th century to the present day. Expressions of interest with a brief summary (up to 200 words) for papers up to 30 minutes long (including questions) should be sent by 1 May 2019 to Further details online.


The Ancient Monuments Society has announced the launch of an annual essay prize in memory of Stephen James Croad FSA, who died in 2017 at the age of 71, after a distinguished career as a researcher and archivist, making a profound impact on the study of architectural history in Britain. An annual Essay Prize will be named in Stephen’s honour, with a financial award of £500. The intention of the Prize will be not only to keep alive Stephen’s memory and to celebrate his contribution, but also to encourage architectural research and writing. Contributions are now invited: in the spirit of Stephen’s own research and practice, these should be on factually verifiable, documented new discoveries on the historic buildings of England and Wales, whether part of the established canon or hitherto less examined. The deadline for submission is 30 June 2019. Details online.


FAME (the Federation of Archaeological Managers and Employers) is seeking a Chief Executive. Application deadline 17 March, short-listing and interviews by the end of March.
FAME, the voice of commercial archaeology managers and employers, seeks
an independent, senior figure with a detailed understanding of the historic environment sector looking to play an influential part in driving significant improvements in policy and operations affecting commercial archaeology in the UK and Ireland. They will take lead responsibility for FAME’s advocacy work, with effect from June 2019 when the current post holder is due to step down. The role requires excellent communication and leadership skills, diplomacy and the ability to represent FAME’s diverse membership across the UK and Ireland without actual or perceived conflict. On average this part-time role requires five days a month, including attendance at meetings around the UK and Ireland.

The Emery Walker Trust seeks a Chair to replace Michael Hall FSA, who steps down at the end of 2019. It is anticipated that interviews will take place in April or May, with the successful candidate joining the Trustee Board in June.

The Trust owns and opens to the public Emery Walker’s House at 7 Hammersmith Terrace, London, which contains some of the UK’s most authentic and best-preserved Arts & Crafts interiors. The role of Chair principally involves strategic leadership of a small historic-house museum, chairing Trustee meetings, and acting with others as the Trust’s public face, in particular for fund-raising initiatives. The post is unpaid (expenses are reimbursed), and involves up to three days work a month in addition to attendance at meetings.
Candidates should submit a letter by email to (who can provide further details) explaining why they are qualified for the post and attaching a CV and the names of two referees. For further information about the Emery Walker Trust see online.

Propose a Lecture or Seminar

Please download and complete the Lecture Proposal Form, and email it to Danielle Wilson Higgins (, the Society's Communications Manager, if you are interested in giving a lecture at one of the Society's Ordinary Meetings (Thursday evenings at 17.00) or as part of our Public Lecture series (occasional Tuesday afternoons at 13.00). We welcome papers based on new research or themes related to the Society's field of interest: the study of the material past. You can view our current lecture programme in the Events section of our website.

Fellows are also encouraged to propose topics or themes for conferences or seminars that bring scholars and professionals from a variety of disciplines together to explain, discuss and debate our material culture. Please download and complete the Conference Proposal Form, and email it to Danielle Wilson Higgins (, if you are interested in helping us organise such an event.


Follow the Society of Antiquaries on Twitter for news and event updates: @SocAntiquaries

Share with a friend

Like Salon: Issue 423 on Facebook


You are receiving Salon because you are a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries or because you have asked to be put on the circulation list.

Subscribe to Salon, our fortnightly e-newsletter.
Unsubscribe (WARNING: You will no longer receive Salon nor any other e-communication from the Society).
Forward this e-newsletter to a friend.

SAL logo

The Society cannot guarantee the accuracy of, or accept any responsibility for, the contents of Salon. Readers who wish to use or quote from items in Salon should always check the accuracy and current position with the source.

© 2017 Society of Antiquaries of London | Burlington House, Piccadilly, London W1J 0BE
Telephone: +44 (0)20 7479 7080 | Website: