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Salon: Issue 433
3 September 2019

Next issue: 17 September

The Society of Antiquaries of London Online Newsletter (Salon) is a fortnightly digest of heritage news. It focuses on the activities of the Society and the contributions that the Society's Fellows make to public life. A copy of Salon’s editorial policy can be found on the Society’s website.

Please send news, comment and feedback for publication to the Editor, Mike Pitts, at Salon EditorSalon doesn't review books, but the Editor is pleased to receive details and cover images of new titles written by Fellows. Scholarly publications are reviewed in The Antiquaries Journal.

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Inside this issue

From the Desk of the General Secretary


I am pleased to announce Dunia Garcia-Ontiveros as our new Head of Library and Museum Collections.

Dunia joins the Society from the London Library and she will commence work at Burlington House on 30 October 2019. 

Dunia graduated from University College London in 1998 with a BA (Hons) in Archaeology, Classics and Classical Art. Between 1998 and 2000 she worked as a graduate trainee at UCL's Library and then as a library clerk at the law firm Lovells. Dunia went back to UCL and completed an MA in Library and Information Studies in 2001. She then went on to work as Assistant Librarian at the College of Law of England and Wales from 2001 to 2003. Between 2003 and 2005 she worked as a cataloguer at the Courtauld Institute of Art, moving on to take up the post of Librarian at the National Maritime Museum between 2005 and 2007. 

Dunia joined The London Library in March 2007 as Head of Retrospective Cataloguing and became Head of Bibliographic Services in 2011, following the merger of the Current and Retrospective Cataloguing teams.

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Last chance to Kelmscott Manor 

A Private tour of Kelmscott Manor and riverside Walk to support William Morris's 'Heaven on Earth'

Following the success of their first fundraising walk for Kelmscott Manor, Christina Hardyment (centre with the dog), author of Writing the Thames and Literary Trails and Richard Mayon-White (left), an accredited walk leader and author of Exploring the Thames Wilderness are organising a second fundraising tour on Friday 6 September. 

Starting at Kelmscott Manor at 10am, there will be an exclusive tour of the Manor House followed by lunch and then a guide-led afternoon off-road ramble of approximately 5 miles to Buscot Village. The route is along the Thames Path to Buscot lock, over the lock gates and weir to Brandy Island and Buscot Church.  The church has the Good Shepherd window by Burne-Jones and other stained glass made at the Morris factory.  The walk will continue into Buscot Village, where there is a tea-room and WCs.  The circular walk will be completed on the south side of the river by a footpath to Buscot Wharf and across fields to Anchor Island and Eaton Bridge.  The tour will return to Kelmscott Manor by 5pm.

Numbers are limited to 15 and there are a few places available.  The day will include a last chance to see the collections before contractors begin major conservation works to the property, which is due to complete in April 2021.

The cost is £45 with £25 donation to contribute towards commissioning replica wallpaper for William Morris’s bedroom.  Refreshments on arrival and lunch are included.

If you would like to join the group please contact Dominic Wallis, Head of Development, 020 7479 7092

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William & Jane Morris Conservation Grants

This year’s second round of grant applications for our William and Jane Morris Fund (Church Conservation Grants) closed on Saturday 31 August. We received nineteen applications for a total requested amount of £93,878. This compares against twenty applications in August 2018 for a total requested of £85,877.

Approximately a third of applications this year were for the restoration and conservation of stained glass windows, with another third requesting support for various memorial objects (statuary, ledger stones, funerary hatchments, for example). The remainder of applications were for the conservation of wall paintings and some miscellaneous objects such as candelabrae and peal boards.

The Morris Committee will be meeting to award these grants on 24 October.

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Raglan Castle Symposium 

Saturday 23 November

Raglan Castle is a well-preserved structure that was built, effectively de novo, in a strategic position relative to land routes through the southern Welsh Marches in the 15th century. It combined fine palatial features and parkland/gardens with military features. By the mid-15th century it passed into the hands of the Herberts, sometime Earls of Pembroke, who held the young Henry, to be the first of the Tudor kings, there following Jasper Tudor’s loss of Pembroke Castle in 1468. From the 15th to the 17th century, Raglan Castle was a major centre of cultural patronage, and a stronghold for Welsh and recusant traditions, down to the Civil War.
A new research project is underway which seeks especially to uncover more detail of the situation at Raglan Castle when it was captured by the Parliamentarian forces, and what happened in the later 17th century. Exploratory geophysical survey has already taken place and more detailed investigations later this summer will be reported on at the day conference to be held at the Beaufort Arms, Raglan, on Saturday 23 November.
This event has primarily been organized as a tribute to the memory of Rick Turner OBE FSA, who died in 2018, not long after retiring from CADW. Rick had been involved in early plans for the new research project. Presentations on the programme will introduce and discuss the exceptional character and importance of Raglan Castle from a range of archaeological, architectural, historical, landscape, linguistic and literary perspectives. It is intended that this meeting will be the starting point for the compilation and publication of a new major study of Raglan Castle comparable to the major study of Chepstow Castle (Logaston Press, 2006) co-edited by Rick.
Places at the day conference can be booked through the Society’s website. Please note that numbers have to be limited to 100, so early booking is advisable. *Image ©CADW

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Liberty and Englishness: £20m for the Lot

Peter Barber FSA has been busy in his capacity as a member of the committee that advises the Government on the export of art and objects of cultural interest. He commented on two spectacular paintings on which Rebecca Pow, Arts Minister, placed temporary export bars in August: J M W Turner’s The Dark Rigi, the Lake of Lucerne (above) and (below) John Everett Millais’ Ferdinand Lured by Ariel. To keep both paintings in the UK would require nearly £20 million.
The Dark Rigi is one of three finished watercolours showing the Rigi mountain completed after a visit by Turner to Switzerland in 1841. The Red Rigi was bought for 1,100 guineas by the National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, in 1947, and The Blue Rigi, Sunrise was acquired by Tate in 2007 after a campaign to raise £4.95 million to stop it leaving the country. All three were exhibited together in that year by Tate Britain, for what was said to be the first time; Tate holds a strong collection of other Turner sketches of the mountain.
‘This breathtakingly beautiful view’, said Barber in a statement, ‘forms a part of perhaps the most outstanding series of watercolour masterpieces by Turner: those depicting the Rigi at different times of the day.
‘In Turner’s time the mountains of central Switzerland were as much associated – through the William Tell legend – with liberty as with sublime beauty. “Liberty” was also close to the hearts of Britons, and never more so than during the tumultuous 1840s with Chartism and even revolution in the air. It was perhaps this combination which led Turner to select the Rigi rather than other mountains and which makes it particularly important that this beautiful watercolour, which works on so many different levels, should be retained in this country.’

Millais’ Ferdinand, painted only seven years after Turner’s luminous landscape, is a dense salad of flora, lizards and human-headed green bats. It shows a scene from Shakespeare’s The Tempest, as Ferdinand is lured by Ariel (who sings ‘Full fathom five’) towards Prospero’s cell, deceiving him that his father was drowned in the shipwreck that landed them both on the bewitched island. The oil was Millais’ first work done outdoors, and was completed only a year after the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was founded in 1848. Liverpool Museums have a preliminary study of the subject.
Barber describes ‘this beautiful painting’ as ‘a summation of everything English. A novel interpretation of an episode from Shakespeare, it is set in a minutely observed English garden in the summer. The more one looks, the more one sees. You can almost hear the singing of the birds, the fluttering of the butterflies, the rustling of the insects and smell the scent of the flowers. Such close observation was unique to the Pre-Raphaelites, one of the very few distinctively British art movements.’
Export licence applications for The Dark Rigi will be deferred until 1 December 2019, which may be extended until 1 June 2020 if a serious intention to raise funds to purchase it is made at the recommended price of £10,000,000.
Ferdinand Lured by Ariel applications will be deferred until 15 November 2019, extendable until 15 May 2020 with a recommended price of £9,500,000.

Russian Academics’ Meetings with ‘Foreigners’ Controlled

‘At the moment’, writes Heinrich Härke FSA from fieldwork in Kazakhstan, promising to share any good news if he comes across it, ‘the Putin government appears intent on producing depressing news for scholars and scientists (and just about everyone else). I sometimes fear that Salon readers must be sick to the back teeth of my bad news from the east. But look at it from my point of view: I am married to a Russian archaeologist who is subject to the new rules – sorry, “recommendations”. Are we now to meet in the presence of a witness at all times, or is she classified by now as a “foreign agent”, anyway?’
All is explained in his latest piece:
‘In October last year, the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia sent an urgent request to all institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences (which is under direct control of the Ministry since it was stripped of its independence by the Putin government) “to provide information on the activities carried out at events in 2018 (conferences, forums, symposia, etc) at international and interregional level aimed at expanding the influence of Russian humanities and its resistance to falsification of historical events.”
‘This year, there are new instructions from the Ministry to the Academy of Sciences on how their scholars and scientists should behave when meeting colleagues from abroad: foreigners should be met only when the Russian scholar is accompanied by a friend or colleague; meetings after regular working hours require prior permission by superiors; mobile phones and pagers should not be taken into the meeting; after the meeting, a report needs to be written about it, and submitted with scans of the passports of the participants; Russian citizens working for (or funded by) foreign organisations are classified as “foreigners” for the purposes of this order. It was signed on 11 February 2019 by Mikhail Kotiukov, the same Minister of Culture who has just had a medieval history book banned from open library shelves (Salon 432).
‘Kremlin officials tried to reassure the scholarly community by stating that the order contains “only recommendations” – no denial, no backtracking. No comment.’
Belief on his sleeve (photo above): Mikhail Kotiukov, Russia’s Minister of Education and Science and author of a thesis 'without scholarly value', has been mocked for wearing a bracelet sold on the internet as 'Black Orthodox Wooden Saints Bracelet’ (photo Рогозин-на-орбите on Twitter at @LyapunovS).

Mudlarks: the Good Old Days


In the last Salon I wrote about mudlarking, which thanks to the success of Lara Maiklen’s clever book of the same title, has suddenly become a familiar activity. Today it is highly regulated, but it was not always so. Peter Clayton FSA has been inspired to reflect on his earlier experiences on the Thames muds in London:
‘Regulations have taken over mudlarking. Permits are now required and fees have crept in when once you simply made your way down onto the foreshore, making sure that you knew the tide times, in the City or in front of Parliament by Vauxhall Gardens, with no let or hindrance.
‘When I was a volunteer excavating with the late John Hurst FSA at Northolt Manor in 1954, a Mr Johnson of Wembley took several of us mudlarking at Dowgate, just using “mudlarker’s eye”, no digging. I continued going there on low tide Sundays for many years. In the early 1960s Pathé Pictorial contacted the late Dr Donald Harden FSA, then Keeper of the London Museum in Kensington Palace, to enquire about making a short film on mudlarking, and he told them to contact me and gave them my telephone number. A photo shoot was arranged with me, my very good friend the late John Casey FSA (then at the Institute of Bankers and later FSA), and my fiancé Janet Manning (later my wife in 1964 and the Society’s cataloguer and subsequently Managing Editor until her death in 1997).
‘We accessed the foreshore via Dowgate Steps alongside Cannon Street Station. Having brought some of our previous finds to “salt” the foreshore just in case we didn’t find anything that time, we were then filmed examining our finds outside The Anchor pub on the opposite side of the river. The short film was shown for quite a while amongst other shorts at one of the small cinemas that were then around Piccadilly Circus. John told me many years later that he had found the film on one of the various recall old programmes TV channels.
‘On one occasion a rather officious young constable from Cloak Street police station, looking down on us from above, demanded to know what we were doing and said that it was illegal to be there on the foreshore. We explained that we were mudlarking and had accessed the foreshore via Dowgate Steps, a medieval right of way to the foreshore since at least the 14th century – exit young policeman.
‘I often met Ivor Noël Hume FSA there when he was at the Guildhall Museum and before he went to Colonial Williamstown. We kept in touch for many years until his death, and found that we also had a mutual interest in the pioneer Egyptologist Giovanni Belzoni. I was able to help Ivor with his book, Belzoni: The Giant Who Archaeologists Love to Hate (2011).
‘I was invited by the Master of the Worshipful Company of Barber-Surgeons to give the Sir Lionel Denny Memorial Lecture in April 1995; it was entitled “Mudlarking in the Thames at London: An Alternative View of London History”. It was based on using items found in the Thames, now principally in the British Museum and the Museum of London, and some of my own finds. Presented in the Museum of London lecture theatre it was followed by dinner in the Company’s adjacent Hall. Max Hebditch FSA, the Director of the Museum, remarked during the dinner that he would certainly go into the museum the following morning and look at a number of the exhibits with a fresh eye.’
• A clip from the Pathé film, Mudlarks (1962) can be seen on YouTube, featuring Janet Manning, Marjorie Gillespie, Peter Clayton and John Casey of the Thames Basin Archaeological Group, from which the images here have been taken.

What Next for the Boxford Mosaic?


I wrote in an earlier Salon about a Roman mosaic found in Boxford, Berkshire, in 2017. A small community excavation uncovered one edge of the pavement, which featured an astonishing array of incidents from Greek mythology, notably Bellerophon arriving at the court of Iobates with a sealed message bearing his death sentence; Iobates sits in his palace with a guard, and sends Bellerophon off to kill the Chimaera, which he attacks riding Pegasus. At the time Anthony Beeson, an art historian and Roman mosaic specialist, said the mosaic's combination of naïve execution and knowledge of classical iconography was unique, and when he first saw photos, he didn’t believe them. But the story had only just begun.
Assisted by Duncan Coe FSA (left, with Joy Appleton of the Boxford Project) and other archaeologists from Cotswold Archaeology, Revealing Boxford’s Ancient Heritage returned to the field this August to expose more of the small building and the entire floor. Bellerophon turns out to be one of several side stories, and the real focus was Pelops and Princess Hippodamia. In their story it had been prophesised that her father Oenomaus would be killed by his son-in-law, so the King challenged every suitor to a chariot race. Eighteen young men had lost and been decapitated when Pelops came along, but he outfoxed Oenomaus by getting winged horses for his chariot from Poseidon, and having the linchpins in Oenomaus’ chariot replaced with wax copies. The wheels fell off and Oenomaus was crushed by his horses.
One of many distinctive features of the mosaic is the unusual way figures burst out of the frames. In the photo on the right (by David Shepherd @downshep), a Telamon holds up the main panel between an archer on the left and a lion with an arrow in its back on the right. Another scene shows Hercules attacking a centaur.
I was on the verge of talking to Evan Davies about the mosaic on Radio 4’s PM when 10 Downing Street said the Prime Minister was going to make a Brexit announcement (see my opener in The Wisdom of Fellows below) and the piece was dropped. The big question we would have discussed, was what next? What do you do with such a stunning find which, in modern terms, lies in a field in the middle of nowhere?

Some 2,000 Roman mosaics are known in Britain, and many more will lie undiscovered. The approach to them has been to rebury, remove or display where they are. The best option must be to leave them in place and build a museum around them, as happened, for example, at Chedworth in Gloucestershire (owned by the National Trust), Fishbourne (owned by the Sussex Archaeological Society) or Lullingstone in Kent (managed by English Heritage). But that is very expensive and challenging, and typically has a magnanimous owner putting aside land, and charity or volunteer groups managing projects; Bignor villa in West Sussex remains in private hands, and will never make its owners rich (I grew up nearby, and remember seeing old Mr Tupper at family gatherings wearing a Roman gold ring).
A cheaper route to public access is to lift the mosaic and display it elsewhere. This, however, has a history of problems: floor mosaics are big and unwieldy, and not as easy to conserve as might at first sight appear. An Orpheus mosaic was found at Newton St Loe near Bath in 1837 during the building of the Great Western Railway. Brunel wanted it to go into a museum, but it was laid out in Keynsham Railway Station until 1851, when it was delivered to Bristol Museum in a jumble of fragments; kept in various stores, temporarily lost, and pieced together by Anthony Beeson in 2000, it is now back in storage. Last year a fragment of mosaic showing a leopard with its teeth in the back of an African gazelle from a Roman villa in Dewlish, Dorset, was sold to a private buyer for £30,000 (see Salon 415). Mosaics first came to light in 1740, when a storm uprooted a tree, and the estate owners had hung fragments on the walls of their house. Famously, the British Museum displays a roundel from Hinton St Mary, Dorset. Discovered in 1963, it shows a chi-rho monogram behind what is often thought to be the head of Jesus. But this is one of two panels, and the other is in store: remarkably, it features Bellerophon riding Pegasus and spearing the Chimæra.
The simplest procedure is to record and rebury. This happened with a large mosaic featuring Orpheus in Woodchester churchyard, Gloucestershire, found in 1793, reburied and every so often briefly uncovered with great public interest – too much interest for the village, it hasn’t been seen since 1973. Luke Irwin, a maker of bespoke rugs, launched a form of record of a mosaic found in his garden in Wiltshire, with a 2016 mosaic rug collection.
So what to do with the Boxford mosaic? David Neal FSA and Luigi Thompson have already started on the most detailed record, and the dig has been well photographed. But this is no ordinary mosaic, and there will be calls for it to be permanently accessible. Yet the site is no Fishbourne or Chedworth – there is just the one floor, in a relatively (and curiously so) small building. The field is outside a rural village with small lanes, a poor location for a visitor centre. So where would it go if lifted? And who would pay for it? Perhaps an ancient Greek god could say.
The photo at top shows Anthony Beeson describing the mosaic to some of the 3,000 visitors who attended on an open day on 31 August (Colin Hays & Mike Appleton from the Boxford website). The remaining two are mine.


Free to view (Except in Reproduction)

Like many of us, Robin Simon FSA is concerned about the fees we are often asked to pay for images reproducing works that are out of copyright, especially when the originals are in public ownership. He has addressed this in the latest editorial of The British Art Journal, which he edits, through a discussion of the EU Copyright Directive; the latter was issued in April and came into force on 7 June. Simon writes:
‘Article 14 of the European Union Copyright Directive says that “Member States shall provide that, when the term of protection of a work of visual art has expired, any material resulting from an act of reproduction of that work is not subject to copyright or related rights, unless the material resulting from that act of reproduction is original in the sense that it is the author’s own intellectual creation.”
‘And yet Tate, the National Gallery, the British Museum and the Victoria & Albert Museum now all attempt to charge for the use of such images and have imposed extreme restrictions even on academic use. Recently, even a PhD candidate was faced with a bill of £100 for just two images from the National Gallery to include in the thesis.
‘Tate has now made it necessary for a viewer to register in order to see any useful images of works online. This further drags the viewer into agreeing to Tate’s preposterous terms and conditions, which include the insistence that any use of an image is subject to a “licence” with an accompanying charge. Until recently, Tate had excellent hi-res images freely viewable online. Alas, it has been followed in its retrograde steps by these other institutions, with only near-useless images viewable without registration.
‘This is at a time when museums all over the rest of the world are increasingly reaching out to an international audience by making their works available for study and use at no cost and for any purpose. In the UK, this step has recently been taken, to its great credit, by the Birmingham Museums Trust, which correctly states that its images are of works in the public domain. This is what digitisation is for!
‘I strongly suspect that there are functionaries within these other organisations clinging on to their jobs, although the fact is that no significant money can be raised by this charging for images when all other costs are taken into account. On the contrary, the evidence shows that opening up online access increases interest in a collection – and also the number of visits. Galleries like Tate appear to have lost sight of their purpose.’
• The full text of Simon’s editorial can be read online. ‘The UK government voted for the EU Directive on Copyright,’ he writes, ‘and indeed Article 14 is very much in line with the way in which the interpretation of the law on copyright in the UK has been tending. Member states have two years to incorporate the ruling into local law but whether the UK leaves the EU or stays will not, we think, make any difference.’

Eva Rhys


The above photo shows Eva Rhys being introduced to HRH the Prince of Wales on the occasion of the latter’s formal admission to the Society as a Royal Fellow on 11 November 1982. In the foreground are the Society’s General Secretary, Hugh Thompson FSA, and Sarah Falla, the Library Cataloguer. Eva Rhys died in July. Adrian James FSA, Honorary Reviews Editor for the Antiquaries Journal and former Assistant Librarian, has written this appreciation:
‘Many Fellows will be saddened to learn that Eva Rhys, long a dominating presence on the Society’s staff until her final retirement in 2004, died in London on 19 July at the age of 92. Eva liked to say that she was as old as the Queen, and indeed she shared with our venerable monarch a gracious and regal demeanour and compelling sense of public duty. First appointed Secretary to the then Assistant Secretary Hugh Thompson FSA in 1968 after a succession of resignations, she at once firmly stabilised the office administration and maintained her position with unfailing fortitude for nearly a quarter of a century, retiring in 1992 only to return part-time a year later to work as an editorial assistant on the Antiquaries Journal. In later years she compiled well-considered and elegantly-phrased obituaries of Fellows, most of whom she had known personally. At the Anniversary Meeting of 1996 Eva became one of the first recipients of the Society’s medal in recognition of her “exceptional loyalty and industry, always accompanied … by tact and courtesy”.
‘Born Eva Smith, she married the writer and editor Keidrych Rhys in 1956. They had one son, Myrddin. Initially trained as a cordon bleu cook, Eva put her culinary accomplishments to excellent use on the Society’s behalf at the many receptions she helped to organise when Dai Morgan Evans FSA was General Secretary. She could be formidable in manner when necessary, but was endlessly kind and attentive even to apparently difficult or unpromising people. Eva was respected by all who knew her, and much loved by her many friends.’

Fellows (and Friends)

Christian Goudineau FSA, French archaeologist, died in May 2018.
Cathy Oakes FSA, art historian, died in August.
Kerry Downes FSA, art historian, died in August.
Brian Kemp FSA, ecclesiastical historian, died in August.
Ia McIlwaine FSA, library and information specialist, died in August.
Appreciations appear in Fellows Remembered below.

A conference is to be held in York next year in memory of the late Sharon Cather FSA: see Call for Papers below.

Matthew Spriggs FSA was awarded the Order of Vanuatu (Third Class), also known as the Distinguished Service Medal, by the President of the Republic of Vanuatu Dr Ps Obed Moses Tallis on Vanuatu's 39th Independence Day Celebrations on 30 July. The medal was for his contributions to knowledge of Vanuatu's early history and archaeology, and to education and training in the country. ‘If Vanuatu had retained the British honours system after Independence in 1980’, says Spriggs, ‘you would all have to call me “Sir Matthew”, which would have been a bit embarrassing for an old Marxist with anarchist sympathies.”
Spriggs provides a survey of the history of Melanesian archaeology, with a long bibliography, in Archaeologies of Island Melanesia: Current Approaches to Landscapes, Exchange and Practice, edited by Mathieu Leclerc and James Flexner, which can be read for free online. Spriggs also contributes to a study of Lapita pottery. Christophe Sand FSA writes with colleagues separately about archaeological excavation and mummification in New Caledonia, Tim Denham FSA reconsiders the ‘Neolithic’ at Manim rock shelter in Papua New Guinea, Tim Thomas FSA looks at exchange of iron axes in the Solomon Islands, Peter Sheppard FSA considers niche construction in the Solomons and Katherine Szabó FSA contributes to a review of ethnoarchaeological studies on Solomon Island shellfishing.
The new Palgrave Handbook on Art Crime describes itself as ‘the most comprehensive, international collection of research on art crime [with] contributions from practitioners including members of Interpol, Unesco and the National Portrait Gallery.’ Those contributors include Mark Harrison FSA, Mark Dunkley FSA and Alison James, who write about the Heritage Crime Programme in England, and David Gill FSA, who addresses the returning of objects looted since the 1970 Unesco Convention to their countries of origin. Among other writers in a long, international list are Neil Brodie of the University of Oxford, James Ratcliffe of the Art Loss Register, Laurie Rush of Fort Drum and the US Committee of the Blue Shield, and Christos Tsirogiannis and Donna Yates, both at the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research at the University of Glasgow.

The application of ancient DNA research to early human history is progressing so fast, that archaeologists are struggling to deal with huge amounts of new data while they wonder how to accommodate apparent indications of substantial population movements that are often not part of mainstream ideas about prehistoric worlds. Journalists are quicker to get their commentaries out, and in extreme cases sensationalised stories are feeding the prejudices of people dreaming of racial purity. I wrote about related issues in an earlier Salon, contrasting coverage in New Scientist with a debate in Antiquity that challenged popular comparisons of ancient events with Brexit. Susanne Hakenbeck FSA talks about genetics, archaeology and the far right to Tristan Boyle, in a long podcast (30 July): a worried, thoughtful scholar ranges over journalism and academic research, the meaning of regional groupings in archaeological evidence, the language used by DNA researchers, racism and far-right websites.
Laura Freeman’s headline in the Telegraph (13 August), ‘Can the BBC save me at last from the secret shame of never having read Proust?’ probably spoke for many of us, as she contemplated a radio dramatisation of À la Recherche du Temps Perdu in ten hour-long episodes, broadcast over the bank holiday weekend. ‘In Search of Lost Time’, said the BBC Media Centre, ‘is one of the greatest and most memorable reading experiences in any language. In his masterpiece Proust offers both a panorama of Parisian life at a time of immense upheaval – with the aristocracy ceding power to the newly-rich middle class – and an intimate study of a man as he moves from a privileged childhood to a disillusioned middle age.’ Derek Jacobi played the narrator, Marcel, and ‘the rakish, libidinous Baron de Charlus [was] played with gusto by Simon Russell Beale FSA’ (Alex Clark, the Guardian 27 August). Russell Beale, who was knighted for services to drama in the Queen’s Birthday Honours in June, recently starred in Sam Mendes’ production of The Lehman Trilogy in the West End, which previously appeared at the National Theatre in London and the Park Avenue Armory, New York. The photo from the Washington Post (28 March, left) shows ‘the peerless Beale’ (left) with Ben Miles and Adam Godley on Broadway.

Elizabeth A New FSA and Christian Steer FSA have edited Medieval Londoners: Essays to Mark the 80th Birthday of Caroline M Barron. Published in honour of Caroline Barron FSA, the book includes essays by New and Steer, as well as by Charlotte Berry FSA, Julia Boffey FSA, Clive Burgess FSA, Matthew Davies FSA, Stephen Freeth FSA, Julian Luxford FSA, Matthew Payne FSA, John Schofield FSA and Anne Sutton FSA, among other writers. Medieval Londoners were a diverse group, says the blurb, some born in the city, and others drawn from across the realm and overseas, and their lives are revealed in the rich archaeological and documentary evidence. In a career spanning some 50 years, Caroline Barron, Emeritus Professor of the History of London at Royal Holloway, University of London, has revitalized the way in which we consider London and its people. Orders received by 30 September will gain a £10 discount on the price, and the opportunity for names to be listed in the Tabula Gratulatoria (details online).

Stephen Clarke FSA has curated Rescuing Horace Walpole: the Achievement of W S Lewis, an exhibition at Yale University’s Lewis Walpole Library at Farmington, Connecticut (20 September – 24 January 2020). Lewis (1895–1979) was a collector who ‘discovered’ Walpole in 1923, and having satisfied himself that Walpole was a pivotal and under-estimated 18th-century figure, he devoted his life to creating the world’s finest collection of Walpoliana, himself evolving from collector to scholar whose finest monument is the 48 volumes of the Yale Edition of Horace Walpole’s Correspondence (1937–1983), of which he was general editor. A symposium, Scholarly Editing of Literary Texts from the Long Eighteenth Century, will be held on 21 September at the Graduate Club, New Haven. Further details can be found online.
‘A bit pop perhaps,’ writes Gillian Darley FSA of her new book, Excellent Essex: In Praise of Britain’s Most Misunderstood County, ‘but full of antiquarian oddments’. Not all Fellows, perhaps, warm to 'pop', but books that present new perspectives and ideas, with a good grasp of current research and thinking, to a wide readership, are among the most precious. Reviewers like Excellent Essex, described by Jonathan Meades – who recently presented a film about Essex on BBC4 – in History Today (September) as ‘a generally stellar performance', and by Catherine Slessor in the Observer (24 August) as ‘a richly nuanced billet doux to a terrain populated and shaped by dissenters, eccentrics, witch-finders, Puritans, plotlanders and punks’. Darley, writes Slessor, ‘makes a delightfully convivial and knowledgeable sherpa. Her command of her multitudinous source material is enviably fluent and always illuminating,’ not least as, ‘in a more raucous and enjoyable way, she follows the path trod, or rather driven, by that other obsessive observer and compiler Nikolaus Pevsner FSA … [who], unlike Darley, … was not a fan of Essex.’
The Times gave archaeology a good profile on 26 August, highlighting a book noted in a previous Salon edited by Norman Hammond FSA, who has long been the paper’s Archaeology Correspondent, and Warwick Ball. ‘A year after The Archaeology of Afghanistan was published [in 1978],’ writes David Sanderson, ‘the Soviet Union invaded the country. As occupation was followed by civil war and then the authoritarian rule of the Islamist Taliban, all excavation ceased. “Archaeology,” Hammond said, “took a back seat to instability and war.”’ Now, 40 years later, ‘Hammond and his colleagues declare their surprise at the riches to have emerged unscathed from the depredations of the Taliban and western munitions. “Afghanistan has hardly ever been at peace,” Hammond, a senior fellow at Cambridge University and emeritus professor of archaeology at Boston University, said this weekend. “But archaeologists have a way of working round almost anything short of apocalypse.”’ In an accompanying leader (‘The Times view on archaeology: Digging for History’) the paper says that the activities of modern ‘cultural barbarians’ give archaeology ‘an ever more valuable role in understanding the past’.

Peter Marsden FSA has newly summarised his research into Henry VIII’s excavated warship in 1545: Who Sank the Mary Rose? Marsden published a substantial monograph with the Mary Rose Trust, Sealed by Time: The Loss and Recovery of the Mary Rose (2003), two decades after the remains were raised from the sea. However, he writes, ‘There was then no time or funding to address various issues which had to be left unanswered. But in the intervening decade I have had time to look into them, and have published answers which alter our view of the ship and show when the sea battle occurred.’ There was no room for 500 crew, gunners and soldiers in his original interpretation of the ship with only two decks in her castles. ‘By walking on her decks,’ says Marsden, ‘carefully checking the original contemporary view of the ship, comparing this with a picture of other great ships by another artist in the 1540s, and analysing a letter about the Mary Rose from the shipwright in 1545, it is now clear that she had three decks. This solves the accommodation problem, and enables us to understand better why she sank in the Solent seaway between Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight.’
I struggle to keep up with the books being published by David Breeze FSA during what would technically be described as his retirement. Here are two more. The Frontiers of Imperial Rome, first published in 2011, has a new revised paperback edition. It describes the frontier systems, three of which are now World Heritage Sites, the methods and materials of construction and the extant remains, highlighting the differences between various frontiers and questioning whether they were the product of an overarching Empire-wide grand strategy. Hadrian's Wall: A Journey Through Time, tells the story of the Wall and its remains, with drawings by Mark Richards and photographs by Peter Savin.
Breeze produced the 14th revised edition of the Handbook to the Roman Wall in 2006. The first was written by R G Collingwood FSA. Published in 1930, it was designed to assist ‘pilgrims’ who walked the length of Hadrian’s Wall, in a tradition that was launched by John Collingwood Bruce FSA in 1849. The 14th Pilgrimage took place this summer, and Rob Collins FSA and Matthew Symonds FSA wrote the accompanying handbook, Hadrian’s Wall 2009–2019. As the title suggests, the book now follows a style of surveying activities and research in the years since the previous Pilgrimage, creating an extraordinarily useful reference work and accumulating a historical record of a World Heritage Site that is unique in the UK. In this new book further contributions are made by Bill Griffiths FSA, Nicky Garland, Jacqui Huntley, Sue Stallibrass, Roger Tomlin FSA and Alex Mullen.

Fellows Remembered

Christian Goudineau FSA died on 9 May 2018 aged 79. He was elected an Honorary Fellow of the Society in May 1990.
Christian Goudineau was a well-known archaeologist in France, honoured with the Première Médaille des Antiquités Nationales in 1980, the Grand Prix National d'Archéologie from the Ministry of Culture in 1981, and the Légion d'Honneur in 1998; he also received an honorary doctorate from the Universe of Bologna (2008). Between 1984 and 2010 he was Professor (and later Honorary Professor) at the Collège de France, with a title he revived of Chair of National Antiquities. This was to reflect his driving passion for rescuing French heritage from the ravages of development, and to engage the public through reporting and exhibitions with new discoveries and what they told about the origins, meaning and history of Roman Gaul, while rescuing the concept from 19th-century notions of nationalism. Among other positions he was successively Assistant, Lecturer and Professor in National Antiquities at the University of Provence (Aix) (1968–84), Director of his own research unit ‘Gallia-Gallia Préhistoire’ at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) (1985–94), President of the Scientific Council of the European Archaeological Centre of Mont-Beuvray (Bibracte) (1985–2001) and President of the Archaeology Committee at the CNRS (1992–96).
His inaugural lecture at the Collège de France was a rousing speech about the then almost unacknowledged destruction of heritage that was occurring across France, as archaeological remains were being destroyed without record in new developments. The message and even the language were reminiscent of similar calls in Britain a decade earlier, leading here to the formation of a campaign group Rescue and ultimately in both countries to solutions that now mean developers pay for excavations; in France, where Goudineau presented a Report on National Archaeology to the Prime Minister, the system is more centralised and in receipt of more government funding, and the discoveries have been spectacular and transformative.
An obituary on the RCRF website (‘people who care about Roman pottery’) compares Goudineau to a ‘hairy Gaul’ overturning archaeological conventions in search of a new objective history. It praises his literary skills, not only in his archaeological reporting, but also in the form of three novels set in Roman times, one of which (L'Enquête de Lucius Valérius Priscus, 2004) won the Prix du Roman Historique; he also liked to write fictional polemics under the name of Classical writers. His specialist interest was pottery, in particular terra sigillata. ‘His pen’, says the RCRF, ‘had a magic gift.’

Cathy Oakes FSA died suddenly in France on 7 August. She was elected a Fellow of the Society in October 2008. She was Director of Studies in the History of Art at the Department for Continuing Education and a Fellow of Kellogg College, Oxford, from whose website I have taken most of the following.
Catherine Oakes was a medievalist specialising in Romanesque art and architecture, and the interrelation of word and image in western medieval culture. Her career began in museum education at the V&A, whence she moved first to Bristol University and then to Oxford. Here she directed the Master of Studies Programme in Literature and Arts, co-directed the Postgraduate Certificate in Historical Studies, and co-directed the D Phil Programme in Architectural History.
Her publications include work on French and English Romanesque subjects and a major monograph, Ora Pro Nobis: The Virgin as Intercessor in Medieval Art and Devotion (2008). In promoting and developing the study of visual culture, she initiated programmes where artists talk about their work, and courses in which artists work with non-practitioners and demonstrate the interdependence of art practice and art history. She worked with the Kings Fund on arts projects with Health Service personnel participating in their Senior Management programme (2001–05).
‘Cathy believed utterly in the value of liberal adult education’, tweeted the Department for Continuing Education (@OxfordConted), ‘and gave herself wholeheartedly to it. A beloved mentor and colleague, she will be much missed.’


Kerry Downes FSA died on 11 August aged 88. He was a Lifetime Fellow of the Society, having been elected in March 1961.
Kerry John Downes, who studied at the Courtauld Institute, London, when Anthony Blunt was Director, was an architectural historian specialising in English Baroque architecture. According to James Stevens Curl FSA in A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (2nd ed 2006), he ‘made a significant contribution with his works on Hawksmoor, Vanbrugh, and Wren. He has also written perceptively on Sir Peter Paul Rubens (1577–1640), the great Flemish painter. Downes's productivity seems to contradict his claim that procrastination is one of his recreations.’ Those three architects featured strongly in a collection of papers by colleagues, pupils and friends in English Architecture Public & Private: Essays for Kerry Downes, edited by John Bold FSA and Edward Chaney FSA (1993).
‘Kerry was the preeminent historian of English Baroque Architecture,’ writes John Bold on the Cambridge University Press website. ‘He was for 25 years a well-loved teacher at the University of Reading, where he found teaching and research to be complementary activities in which teaching kept the work fresh in his mind. Much of that research was carried out with his wife Margaret, a music librarian whom he had met when both worked at the Barber Institute at the University of Birmingham.’
‘Kerry’s long-term reputation’, continues Bold, ‘will rest on his ground-breaking analysis of the hitherto less regarded work of Wren’s pupil Nicholas Hawksmoor. His first major monograph, on Hawksmoor (1959), was essentially the PhD thesis which he had completed at the Courtauld Institute under the supervision of Margaret Whinney FSA. For this publication he was awarded the SAH Alice Davis Hitchcock Medallion in 1961. He was especially pleased that his work had changed the climate of understanding about the importance of the architect’s work – restoration of Christ Church, Spitalfields and consolidation of St George-in-the-East were to follow.’
Downes was President and Honorary Patron of the Society of Architectural Historians of Great Britain (SAHGB), and a Commissioner at the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (1981–93). Appointed OBE in 1994, he was, says Bold, ‘one of the great architectural historians of the late 20th century'. The SAHGB has made his contributions to Architectural History freely available online via Cambridge University Press.


Brian Kemp FSA died on 12 August aged 79. He was elected a Fellow of the Society in November 1982. He was also a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. Nigel Saul FSA, author of English Church Monuments In The Middle Ages (2009), has kindly supplied this obituary:
‘When the Church Monuments Society met at All Hallows-by-the-Tower in London, much interest was shown in the impressive tomb effigy, apparently of bronze, of the Reverend “Tubby” Clayton (died 1972), founder of the Services charity Toc H and for 40 years vicar of the church. Brian Kemp caught the President’s eye, tapped the effigy, and said with quiet glee, “fibreglass!” Kemp’s powers of close observation were legendary.
‘Brian Richard Kemp’s interest in church monuments went back a long way. He was a founder member of the Church Monuments Society in the 1980s and served as its President from 1991 to 1996. He was a regular speaker at the meetings of the Society, making a particularly memorable contribution at Aldworth, Berkshire, in 2006, when he showed that the mighty effigies of the de la Beche knights were all commissioned by the same man, Edmund, the last of the de la Beche line, re-creating his ancestors in stone. His book English Church Monuments (1980) is still unsurpassed as a general survey of the subject. His interest in monuments led to his appointment to the Oxford Diocesan Advisory Committee, a body on which he served with distinction for many years. He was also an active member of the Royal County of Berkshire Churches Trust.
‘Another interest close to his heart was the history of Reading Abbey. As a lifelong resident of the town, he took a keen interest in the conservation of the abbey ruins and was a founder member of the Friends of Reading Abbey, formed in 1984 when the ruins’ future was uncertain. In his capacity as President of the Friends he was instrumental both in securing conservation funding for the site and sponsoring its subsequent reopening to the public. He was in the forefront of current research on the abbey, stimulated by the closure of HMP Reading on part of the site, made famous by Oscar Wilde’s Ballad of Reading Gaol, and by the renewed quest for the lost tomb of King Henry I, buried there after his death in 1135 [see extended feature by Tim Tatton-Brown FSA and David Harrison FSA in British Archaeology July/August 2019].
‘The greater part of Kemp’s academic life was spent at the University of Reading, where he was both an undergraduate and research student and from 1964 a member of the academic staff. He was appointed Senior Lecturer in 1974 and Professor in 1990, retired partially in 2002 and fully in 2006, but remained an active presence. His skills as an historian were perhaps best displayed in his editorial work, to which his careful precise scholarship was well suited.
‘Two Reading teachers who aroused his interest in the Middle Ages and, in particular, ecclesiastical history, were Barbara Dodwell and Cecil Slade FSA. Under Dodwell’s inspiration Kemp wrote a series of short but influential studies of late Anglo-Saxon church organisation which were crucial in laying the foundations of modern understandings of high medieval parochial organisation. His interests later shifted to the institutional history of Salisbury Cathedral and he edited four volumes of Salisbury English Episcopal Acta for the British Academy (1999–2011). It was Slade, Professor of Archaeology at the university and perhaps the greater influence, who encouraged him to study the history of Reading Abbey, a subject central to his interests for the rest of his life. Kemp’s Reading Abbey Cartularies (1986–87) was a model of precise scholarship. One of his last publications was a further volume of Reading Abbey records, issued by the Berkshire Record Society in 2018.
‘He was born on the Easton estate in Lincolnshire, where his father worked as a gardener, but spent most of his childhood near Tetbury in Gloucestershire after his father changed jobs. When he was eleven, on his father’s appointment to a post at the Sutton’s Seeds Trial Grounds, the family moved to Reading. He was an active member of many organisations involved in the town’s cultural life, in particular the local branch of the Historical Association. A keen wildlife enthusiast, he was also a member of the Reading and District Natural History Society.
‘Brian Kemp was a convivial, polite, courteous man, precise in his speech, friendly and yet able to keep his distance. He was always immaculate in his dress: a lifelong bachelor, he found much enjoyment in his later years with Dr Julia Boorman, herself an historian at Reading University, and he was much grieved by her death in 2012.’


Ia McIlwaine FSA died on 24 August aged 84. She was elected a Fellow of the Society in May 2002.
According to Burke’s Peerage (2003), Ia Cecilia Thorold was educated at Bath High School and graduated from London University in 1956. In 1963 she became a Lecturer at the School of Library, Archive and Information Studies, University of London. Having taken a PhD at the University of London in 1984, she became Reader of Classification and Indexing at the university in 1995, and Professor of Library Information Studies in 1997. She was also Director of the School of Library, Archive and Information Studies at UCL and most recently UCL Emeritus Professor.
Her two-volume Herculaneum: A Guide to Printed Sources (1988) runs for a little over 1,000 pages. She was Editor-in-Chief of the Universal Decimal Classification, on which she published four titles in 1998, and Chair of the IFLA Committee of Classification and Indexing and FID/Classification and Knowledge Organization and Research Committee. She was also a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (1962).
She married John McIlwaine, also an information professional, in 1966.

Memorials to Fellows 

Dan Slatcher FSA was recently in Birmingham Museum, where he noticed this memorial to John Humphreys FSA in the entrance. He writes:
‘The Catalogue of the Papers of the Humphreys Family, which are held by Birmingham University, is the main source of the description below. It notes that John Humphreys FSA (1850–1937) was one of the founders of the University of Birmingham and the recipient of three honorary degrees by the University of Birmingham: MDS in 1901, MA in 1925 and PhD in 1931.
‘He took a keen interest in the flora and fauna of east Worcestershire, and as well as being an FSA was a Fellow of the Linnean Society and the Geological Society.
‘He had a private dental practice from which he retired in 1915, but retained his post of Lecturer in Dental Anatomy and Physiology at the University of Birmingham until 1919. He became Reader in Medieval Archaeology in 1924, a post which he held until he was 80, when he was the oldest member of University staff.
‘His writings comprise papers, notes and articles relating to botany and naturalism, dentistry and local history, mostly written in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Among other works he produced the Catalogue of the Collection of Skulls and Teeth in the Odontological Museum of the University of Birmingham in 1916, but perhaps of more significance was his discovery and subsequent publication of the Sheldon Tapestries in Chastleton House in Gloucestershire (see Humphreys, J, 'Elizabethan Sheldon Tapestries,’ Archaeologia 74, 1924, 181–202).
‘He died on 29 May 1937, is buried at Bromsgrove cemetery and is commemorated by a tablet on the main staircase of the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery.’

The Wisdom of Fellows 

One of our Fellows is a Government Minister of State. In the last Salon, under the headline All Change in Westminster, I wrote about Chris Skidmore MP FSA, formerly Minister jointly at the Departments for Education and for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, and now (as I write the first half of this sentence, we live in rapidly changing times) at the Department of Health and Social Care in Prime Minister Boris Johnson MP’s new Cabinet. I’m grateful to three readers who wrote to Salon about the piece. All objected to it. I will comment, but first, starting with Matthew Bennett FSA, here is what they had to say:
‘Having previously raised the issue of Brexit in relation to Fellows perhaps not understanding the significance of EU funding for archaeological and other research in this country [Salon 421], I refrained from doing so [again] following request from [a] particular Fellow to give the subject a rest.
‘I was therefore somewhat surprised to see the topic back in Salon as part of a report by Dr Chris Skidmore FSA. As a member of the present government he takes it upon himself both to make a crass party political point about Brexit and the claim (amongst other things) that “(the Conservatives) are modern, future-facing party that … invests in knowledge.”
‘This hapless propaganda could not be farther from the truth, with the Brexit idea being the very opposite of rational enquiry. Everyone except the Brexit cultists knows that a No Deal Brexit would inflict huge harm upon the UK and significant collateral damage on our European neighbours. It is a regressive policy seeking to turn Great Britain into the Singapore of the North Sea and to undermine basic rights in our society.
‘Apart from that I have nothing to say on the matter.’
Next, John Collis FSA writes:
‘I was shocked to see a piece of political propaganda appear in the Newsletter urging me to “defeat Corbyn”. I suspect I shall not be alone among the Fellowship in wishing to have no continuity of the shambolic Tory governments we have had since 2010, with the threat of something even worse in the new incoming government under Boris Johnson – for me Corbyn represents a better, though flawed, alternative to what we have suffered recently. The Antiquaries should hold a neutral position, though involved in politics in furthering or opposing Government bills and policies of whatever the political hue which involve us as a Society. Better than providing Chris Skidmore FSA with a political platform, perhaps the Antiquaries should follow the example of the Royal Society and report the damage that Brexit is inflicting on the research funding for universities, and more specifically for archaeology as Prof Chris Gosden FSA outlined in the Guardian on 16 October last year, showing that we are no longer eligible for funds for which in the past UK universities had had a high success rate.’
And finally a comment from John Cowpertwait:
‘I'm not a Fellow,’ he writes, ‘just a humble member of the public who (usually) enjoys reading your newsletter, so I'm not sure my opinion will carry any weight, but I have to say I'm rather concerned by your largely uncritical reporting of Boris Johnson's elevation to PM and the recent cabinet reshuffle. I'm particularly disturbed by the repetition in the article of the anti-Corbyn tweet from Chris Skidmore FSA, along with the image showing the “Defeat Corbyn” banner. The main image seems disproportionately large compared to other images in the newsletter and therefore great prominence is given to its pro-Johnson message. The piece seems to me to amount to anti-Corbyn pro-Johnson propaganda. I'm surprised and alarmed that you think Salon is an appropriate vehicle for this sort of thing.’
I edit Salon on the understanding that it is not to be taken as representing Society policy (what you read in Salon comes from Salon and those whose words appear in it, not ‘the Antiquaries’), and that I should not express my personal views on contentious issues. Salon is not a policy vehicle, and that is how our Society would like it. Its principal purpose is to report the activities of Fellows. Chris Skidmore MP FSA has followed postgraduate research at Oxford with books about Edward VI, Richard III and Elizabeth I among others, and he is also a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and the Royal Historical Society. I consider the doings of a Fellow who happens to be a Government Minister to be particularly pertinent.
There are currently six Fellows sitting in Westminster, three in the Commons (John Howell MP FSA, Tim Loughton MP FSA and Chris Skidmore MP FSA) and three in the Lords (Lord Peter Brooke FSA, Lord Rupert Redesdale FSA and Lord Colin Renfrew FSA). As far as I'm aware, all but Redesdale, who is a Liberal Democrat, are Conservative Party members. I try to pick up and report anything newsworthy they might do; Fellows should not be surprised if in the political sphere that sometimes means reporting Conservative Party policy.
I welcome informed comment and analysis from Fellows on any issue, not least the potential impact and the continuing aftermath of Brexit on the fabric of arts and antiquity in the UK, and on all those who engage with it, as indications are that they will be profound. Chris Gosden FSA’s case for the threats to archaeology of our EU departure, which I set into context in a piece headed Shuffling Around in a Fog to Brexit (Salon 416), remains a rare voice. Five days after the EU Referendum in June 2016 I sent out a special Salon devoted to Fellows’ views on Brexit. The weight of opinion, often argued with passion and overall expressed at great length, was overwhelmingly against leaving the EU. Let’s hear from you, whatever your views.
My photo outside Parliament at the top was taken in May; further down the road was a bright red Dyno-Rod emergency drains-service van. I snapped the newspapers on 29 August in the green room at BBC Broadcasting House (conspiracy theorists will make what they will of the apparent absence of a Guardian, because nobody would read it or because the buyer knows every interviewee and staff member will have their own copy?). I was there to be interviewed by Robert Elm about my new book, Digging up Britain. It was due for publication on that day, but all the copies are stuck on a quayside in China, and the launch has been postponed.
I couldn’t possibly comment.

‘I was fascinated by Chris Going FSA’s item on the bombs in Pompeii,’ writes Robert Hannah FSA of a piece in the last Salon. ‘I was glad to see that the house I was engaged in helping to record in 1981 as part of an Australian team – the House of the Coloured Capitals (VII.4.31-33, 51), marked in blue on Chris’s map – seems to have just barely missed being caught by a couple of bombs. We did some minor excavation in the wastage hole of the kitchen at the time, but I recall we were more concerned about possible infections than anything else!
‘I also recall being told at the time that damage such as the gouging seen around the head of a figure in one of the wall paintings in the house (photo from the website AD 79: Destruction and Re-discovery) was due to servicemen in WWII passing through the site and hoping to take home some souvenirs. I don’t know how true that is, but whoever gouged this painting must have been stopped in their tracks.’

‘I don’t know if he has been “done before”’, writes Dan Slatcher FSA with his offer of a piece about a memorial to John Humphreys FSA (see above), a fair question in the absence of any index. I rely on my memory, which is appalling, and it was no surprise to me to hear from Philip Lankester that I have featured the same memorial to Francis Drake FSA twice (in Salon 365 and 431). Apologies. I have accordingly now compiled a list so as to avoid duplications (in the course of doing which I was pleased to find only one other duplicate), and when there is space I’ll put it into a future Salon.

‘The theory that the statue of the Virgin and Child in the V&A could actually be the lost image from Walsingham has a possible parallel in Wales,’ writes Maddy Gray FSA (see Fellows & Friends, Salon 432).
‘The statue of the Virgin and Child in Penrhys was one of those which Latimer listed as priorities for destruction, along with Walsingham, Ipswich and Doncaster. A local landowner, William Herbert of St Julian’s near Newport, was tasked by Cromwell with removing the Penrhys statue in secret. He had various difficulties and delays, and when he reached Penrhys he was confronted by a crowd of locals, but he claimed to have completed the mission successfully. However, when he wrote his report, three weeks after the event, he said the statue was still in his house in Newport. Why the delay, when this was such a politically sensitive item? Was he protecting the locals who had resisted him? Was he trying to cover himself against a charge of inefficiency? Or (as one of my students suggested) was what he eventually sent to London a replica?’ Photo Wikimedia/FruitMonkey.


Rosemary Hill FSA was among Fellows who saw the mysterious new ivory chess piece exhibited in Burlington House in July. ‘I was fascinated to see it’, she writes, ‘and to hear the account of the attempts to age it. There is certainly now a question to be answered about the dates of all the pieces, and I agree that carbon dating needs to be applied to the other parts of the hoard. I'm not an archaeologist but from my own area of research on antiquarianism in the Romantic period, I note that when Walter Scott went, in October 1831, “to see a set of chessmen thrown up by the sea”, he describes them as being “in the costume of the fourteenth century”. Maybe he was right?’
‘Keep up the good work at Salon’, adds Hill, ‘it is much appreciated.’ Thank you.

Finally, another word from John Collis FSA, this time on the subject of an infamous archaeological conference at Southampton in 1986:
‘I am concerned with your wording [in Fellows (and Friends), Salon 432] under the tribute for Jane Hubert, saying that Peter Ucko FSA, with her help, founded the World Archaeology Congress “as a response to the International Union for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences’ failure to boycott (sic) conference participants from South Africa and Namibia”. In fact it was as much the organising committee’s failure to meet the UISPP’s demands about the right to participate in its conference, rules which had been drawn up in the wake of the extreme nationalistic and racial politics of the 1930s, and of the Holocaust. It demanded that everyone was eligible to participate irrespective of colour, race, nationality, gender, religion or politics, so under its own more liberal rules the South Africans had to be admitted.
‘What made it worse was that South African archaeologists such as Philip Tobias who were in the forefront of the fight against Apartheid were banned. One argument was that grants from organisations such as Southampton City Council would have been withheld without the exclusion of the South Africans and the conference would not have taken place, an argument that whoever pays the piper calls the tune, a very dangerous slippery slope to go down. What I would like to have seen would have been a major session, or a conference within a conference, discussing the political manipulation of archaeological interpretations, with the experiences of archaeologists such as Peter Garlake who finally had to leave his post in “Southern Rhodesia” over the conflict about who built Zimbabwe, natives or outsiders. The sad thing was that those who participated and those of us who boycotted were all basically on the same side, looking for shift from European and American domination to something more all-encompassing. But South Africa was not the only country with a dubious government represented at the conference. Given the racist pronouncements by their President, perhaps all archaeologists from the United States should now be excluded from international conferences!’

• Jane Hubert featured in Radio 4’s Last Word on 4 August (14.20 minutes in). In Australia, said Peter Stone FSA, ‘In her usual very calm, quiet and thoughtful way she realised the extent of the appalling way archaeologists and anthropologists had treated indigenous people.’ She and Peter Ucko FSA brought an insistence, said Stone, that ‘those with a legitimate cultural understanding of their [own] past’ should be allowed to speak at the 1986 conference. ‘It couldn’t have happened without her.’ The World Archaeological Congress has published an obituary.

Forthcoming Events for Fellows

You can catch up on meetings you've missed by visiting our YouTube Channel.

Ordinary Meetings of Fellows

Interested in proposing a lecture? Please download the Lecture Proposal Form, and email it to Danielle Wilson Higgins, Communications Manager (

Forthcoming Public Events

Conferences and Seminars

  • 21 September: Open House London Join us for Open House London. We participate in this city-wide event every year, welcoming visitors into our apartments in Burlington House to learn about the architecture. 
  • 25 October: Postgraduate Open Day Spend the day learning about our collections and resources that can help you with your research. Hear from Fellows of the Society who are experts in their fields. Network with other postgraduate students and early-career researchers. Spend time in the Library, exploring our collections.
  • 26 October: New Researchers Conference This conference is on the history of collecting and the role of the antiquary. The conference is part of our public outreach programme with a specific focus on engaging with ‘new’ researchers, postgraduate and early career academics. Key note speaker: Professor Arthur McGregor FSA
  • 1 November: Publishing The Staffordshire Treasure: Impacts and Implications, organised by Prof Leslie Webster FSA, Dr Sam Lucy FSA & Dr Tania Dickinson FSA 
  • 29 November: Respect and Protect: fulfilling the obligation to safeguard cultural property in the military context organised by Dr Clive Cheesman FSA (College of Arms) & Dr Helen Forde FSA

Public Lectures

Public Lectures are held from 13.00 to 14.00 on Tuesdays, with advance booking advised to be sure of a place.

Regional Fellows Groups


South West Fellows

Further information on talks at Exeter can be found here.

Want to join the South West Regional Fellows Group? Please see bulletin above regarding potential upcoming activities. You can sign-up to hear about future activities, here.

Welsh Fellows

The Welsh Regional Fellows’ Group of the Society is holding a one-day symposium on Raglan Castle, Gwent (Monmouthshire), in the Beaufort Arms, Raglan.

The meeting is being organized in honour of the late Rick Turner OBE, FSA, formerly of CADW, who died in June 2018. It will report on a new project of research into the castle and grounds of the exceptional very late medieval and Renaissance-period castle at Raglan and its role as a cultural and political centre, which Rick himself had been involved in planning.

We shall have a programme of papers and reports from leading specialists in the field from 9.45 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. and propose to discuss future prospects for research and publication, including the aspiration to bring together a comprehensive volume of the scope and quality of Rick Turner’s own co-edited volume on Chepstow Castle (with Andy Johnson, Logaston Press, 2006). The cost for the day will include coffee/tea morning and afternoon and a buffet lunch. You can book tickets through the Society website here

Want to join the Welsh Regional Fellows Group? If you would like to attend any current events, please email Bob Child at If you wish to be added to the mailing list, sign-up here.

York Fellows

Want to join the York Regional Fellows Group? If you would like to receive email updates about forthcoming meetings in York, sign-up here.

Propose a Lecture or Seminar

Please download and complete the Lecture Proposal Form, and email it to Danielle Wilson Higgins (, the Society's Communications Manager, if you are interested in giving a lecture at one of the Society's Ordinary Meetings (Thursday evenings at 17.00) or as part of our Public Lecture series (occasional Tuesday afternoons at 13.00). We welcome papers based on new research or themes related to the Society's field of interest: the study of the material past. You can view our current lecture programme in the Events section of our website.

Fellows are also encouraged to propose topics or themes for conferences or seminars that bring scholars and professionals from a variety of disciplines together to explain, discuss and debate our material culture. Please download and complete the Conference Proposal Form, and email it to Danielle Wilson Higgins (, if you are interested in helping us organise such an event.

Presently we are scheduled approximately a year in advance. 

Temporary Reduced Library Services 


Rebecca Loughead & Barbara Canepa have joined the Library team as Serials & Electronic Resources Librarian and User Services Librarian respectively. We will be continue to operate with reduced library services until October, when the new Head of Library and Collections will take up their post.
Research visits: Research visits by Fellows will continue as usual during the Library’s normal opening times (Monday - Friday 10am - 5pm). Fellows wishing to consult material that needs retrieving by staff (manuscripts, archives, prints and drawings, and printed items on closed access) are asked to order material in advance.
External researcher visits will be limited to no more than 2 researchers per day and will be strictly by appointment only. Our Guidelines for Researchers on our website give information on how to make an appointment.

Image services: From 10 September the images service will resume and we will be accepting requests for images and licenses from the library and museum collections.
Other library services to Fellows will operate as normal (book loans and electronic resources service)
Please check our website at for dates of planned closures.

New Digital Presence 


The Society is currently undertaking a digital overhaul and we will soon have a new website and database system to manage Fellows’ details. Both are scheduled to ‘go live’ on Monday 7 October. The new website has been developed to help further our reach and engagement with the public as well as simplifying the interface and making it easier for Fellows to find the information they are looking for.

Key aspects to look forward to are a new ‘Collections Highlights’ platform where we will be showcasing some of the objects from our Library and Museum Collection, many which have not been shared before and a redesigned Kelmscott Manor section. Our new Fellowship system will act as a hub for Fellows’ content and will include a discussion platform and the ability to link your social accounts e.g. LinkedIn, Twitter etc to your profile.

During this vital time our current website will not be accepting any new updates and we will be suspending our online grants and online balloting system from 12 September. It will resume once our new website launches on 7 October. The first ballot of the season is scheduled for 17 October so will not be affected by this.

All Fellows will be sent an update on this project by postal mailing and e-mailing in due course. 

Other Heritage Events

• Entries new to this Salon are marked by The Veil of Time, the keystone over the entrance to the Society’s premises in Burlington House

7 September: Culture Under Attack (London)
A symposium at IWM London organised by the IWM Institute in close partnership with Historic England and support from UK Blue Shield, will unpick the complexities behind the targeting and destruction of culture around the world, questioning how we rebuild societies once that which defines us has gone. The day brings together panels of artists, academics, journalists and policy-makers, who will lend their unique perspectives and help reveal the motivations behind and wide-reaching effects of cultural devastation. There will be a screening of the award-winning documentary, The Destruction of Memory. British-Turkish novelist Elif Shafak will open the day with a keynote, and other speakers include John Darlington​ FSA, Zena Kamash FSA, Lt Col Tim Purbrick FSA and Peter Stone FSA. Details online.

12 September: Talk: Sir Horace Jones and the Architecture of Tower Bridge (London)
Jennifer Freeman FSA will guide guests through the extraordinary life of Tower Bridge architect Sir Horace Jones. A specialist on the man behind a number of London’s most iconic buildings, including Smithfield Market and Billingsgate Market, Freeman will not only explore Jones’ legacy and his innovations as a designer and planner, but the architectural marvel Tower Bridge remains as to this day. Part of Tower Bridge’s 125th anniversary celebrations; tickets include a return visit to the bridge. Details online.

12 September: Discover All Saints (Bristol)
All Saints City Church, formerly known as All Hallows, was founded in Norman times and today this closed church occupies a relatively cramped site in the heart of the old city. Clive Burgess FSA will talk about the church, with an optional guided tour of the old city led by Peter Fleming. Details from
14 September: Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians (d 911) and his Deerhurst Connections (Deerhurst)
Barbara Yorke FSA will give the Annual Deerhurst Lecture in St Mary's Church, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire. Details online.
16 September: The Book of Kells: Exploring an Irish Medieval Masterpiece (online)
The Book of Kells manuscript, housed at Trinity College Dublin, attracts almost a million visitors a year. But what can it tell us about Irish history? And what significance is the manuscript in today’s world? On this online course that starts on 16 September with tutors Rachel Moss FSA and Fáinche Ryan, you will use the Book of Kells as a window through which to explore the landscape, history, faith, theology and politics of early medieval Ireland. You will also consider how the manuscript was made, its extended biography and how it has affected different areas of the contemporary world. Details online.
16 September: Reading Church History in Early Modern England: Three Annotated Copies of the Nuremberg Chronicle (1493) and their Readers (London)
Nina Adamova will explore how English readers in the 16th and 17th centuries interacted with books on church history. The talk at Lambeth Palace Library will feature three annotated copies of the celebrated Nuremberg Chronicle, which previously belonged to various English readers, including Henry VIII, and are now in the collections of Lambeth Palace Library. Details online.
18 September: Thomas Rickman, a Quaker Architect and the Anglicans (London)
Megan Aldrich’s lecture at Lambeth Palace Library will be accompanied by an exhibition of architectural plans from the Incorporated Church Building Society collection and will be followed by a drinks reception. In association with the University of Liverpool conference, Architectural Patronage in an Age of Reform. Details online.
18 September: James I: The Court at Play (London)
First in a series of free lectures at the Museum of London on the theme of Theatres of Revolution: Stuart Kings and the architecture of disruption, by Simon Thurley FSA for Gresham College as Visiting Professor of the Built Environment. Before he became King of England in 1603 James I had never set foot in an English royal palace. His response on doing so was to create an entirely new sort of country residence devoted to hunting, reading and relaxation with his male favourites. James’s remarkable, architecturally incoherent country houses tell us a huge amount about the man and the dawn of the Stuart age. Details online.
18 September: Post-Excavation Assessment in Practice (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course will introduce recent guidance to PX, and review the essential components of assessment and updated project design. In the afternoon we will review examples from current practice and consider how far they meet their purpose and justify funding decisions. The course is designed for those in supervisory, junior management or specialist roles who will be compiling and contributing to PX assessments, and those in consultancy and curatorial roles who commission and evaluate them. Course Director: Leo Webley, Head of Post-Excavation, Oxford Archaeology South. Tutors: Edward Biddulph, Senior Project Manager and Roman pottery specialist, Oxford Archaeology South; Sarah Wyles, Senior Environmental Officer, Cotswold Archaeology. Details online.

21 September: Bath – Classics, Carbuncles and Conundrums (Bath)
A walking tour led by Timothy Cantell, a founding Trustee of SAVE and a former Trustee of Bath Preservation Trust. The route will include the site of the controversial rugby stadium proposal just across the river from the abbey, and King Edward’s School, a persistent problem building featured in SAVE’s Too Good to Lose: Historic Schools at Risk. We will see a recent shopping area, Milsom Place, and experience Bath’s premier street, Milsom Street, free of traffic as part of a Love Our High Streets event on 21–22 September. And there will be some of the World Heritage Site’s glories along the way. Details online.

21 September: Church Monuments Study Day (London)
The Church Monuments Society will celebrate its 40th birthday and AGM with a day of free lectures at the St Alban’s Centre, Holborn. Speakers include Roger Bowdler FSA, David Carrington FSA and Adam White FSA. Details online.
21 September: Suffolk by the Sea (Southwold)
The 5th Wheeler Conference of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology & History will consider the impact of the coast on Suffolk’s heritage from prehistory to medieval times. Topics include exploring Doggerland, crossing the North Sea and Scandinavian ships, Medieval trade, underwater archaeology at Dunwich, and Southwold museum (Museum of the Year 2017). Speakers include Brian Ayers FSA, Paul Constantine, Vince Gaffney FSA, David Sear and Simon Loftus. Details online.
23 September: Screens, Mosaics and Meanings in Torcello and San Marco (London)
As work on the Iconostasis project continues in Venice, Antony Eastmond, AG Leventis Professor of Byzantine Art History at the Courtauld Institute of Art, will talk for Venice in Peril at the Society of Antiquaries, Burlington House about the screen and mosaics at Torcello. Comparing them to the decoration for the apse of the Basilica di San Marco, made a generation later, he proposes that we can see in them the birth of Venetian art, distinct from that of Rome or Constantinople. Details online.
23 September: Adam Lowe and Charlotte Skene Catling in Conversation with Jonathan Jones (London)
Adam Lowe founder of Factum Foundation and exhibition designer Charlotte Skene Catling, will be in conversation with Jonathan Jones, who writes on art for the Guardian, about how technology is being used to enhance our understanding of art history, enabling masterpieces which have been victims of circumstance or history to be seen as they were once intended. This talk at Spencer House coincides with the exhibition Madame de Pompadour in the Frame at Waddesdon which runs until 27 October. Details online.
25–27 September: Heritage Values and the Assessment of Significance (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. Significance assessment is a key part of management and of development within the historic environment. This course will introduce the process, show you what is involved in preparing assessments of significance, teach you how to read and judge such assessments, and explore the ways in which they can be used. Open to all, but of particular interest to heritage asset managers and advisers, planners, historic environment professionals and architects, surveyors and others who do not specialise in heritage but may need to understand assessments and their value in guiding change. Course Director: Stephen Bond, Director of Heritage Places and joint author of Managing Built Heritage. Course Co-Director: Henry Russell, Course Director of the programme in Conservation of the Historic Environment, Reading University. Details online.

26–27 September: From Enemies to Allies (Istanbul)
This is the 4th BATAS/BIAA-organised Workshop: From Enemies to Allies (FETA), to be held at Rumelifeneri Campus of Koç University in Istanbul. It will focus on the relationships between Britain, Turkey and NATO between 1945–1960, with talks from Ilter Turan (Bilgi University), Joshua Walker (German Marshall Fund of the United States), and many others. Details online.
27 September: Maritime Archaeology (Chatham)
This will be Chatham Historic Dockyard’s first course, with three morning talks covering themes on the history and work of the dockyard at Chatham, the built heritage and conservation of maritime architecture at Portsmouth dockyard, and marine archaeology across east Kent. Lunch will be provided, followed by a guided tour of the dockyard, introduced by the Chatham Historic Dockyard Trust and led by Peter Kendall FSA of Historic England. Details online.
28 September: ‘Embroidered with Dust and Mortar’: Women and Architecture 1660–1840 (London)
The Georgian Group presents a symposium at the Society of Antiquaries, Burlington House, exploring how women contributed to and interacted with architecture between 1660 and 1840. Drawing on recent research, the symposium will reassess, and throw new light upon, female architectural achievement and the significance this has upon our understanding of architecture from this period. Speakers include Sue Berry FSA, Caroline Stanford FSA and Rosemary Baird Andreae FSA. Details online.

30 September: ‘The Aura of Popularity’: The Rise and Fall of Bartolomé Esteban Murillo in the Nineteenth-Century British Art Market (London)
Isabelle Kent, Enriqueta Harris Frankfort Curatorial Assistant, The Wallace Collection, speaks in a series of Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.

3 October: Elizabeth I at 60 (London)
Literary scholar Helen Hackett and art historian Karen Hearn FSA will give a lunchtime lecture in the National Portrait Gallery about Queen Elizabeth I, who celebrated her 60th birthday in 1593. In modern screen representations the older Elizabeth is usually in a grotesque state of physical decay, with flaking white make-up, black teeth, and a garish orange wig. The record from the early 1590s is far richer and more complex than this. Using portraits, literature and eye-witness accounts, this lecture will investigate how the ageing Queen was viewed by her contemporaries, and will ask: can we discover the truth of what Elizabeth was like at 60? Details online.
5 October: Social Housing in Buckinghamshire: from Almshouses to Right-to-Buy (Aylesbury)
A conference organised by the Buckinghamshire Archaeological Society and local history societies, exploring housing for the people from cottages on manorial estates and the 18th-centuiry workhouse, to New Towns and the right-to-buy. Speakers include John Boughton, author of Municipal Dreams: The Rise and Fall of Council Housing. Details online.

5 October: One Thousand Years of Ceramic Innovation (London)
This conference organised by the Society for Post-Medieval Archaeology and the Medieval Pottery Research Group, will focus on a wide range of technological, stylistic and functional advances in ceramics that have taken place from medieval times to the present. These are manifested in innovative developments in methods of manufacture, ceramic fabrics, new and increasingly specialised forms, decorative styles and techniques, and their collective effect on the place and role of ceramics within society. The conference will bring together speakers covering a diversity of topics, and will also offer opportunities to visit the Museum of London’s Ceramics and Glass Collection. Details from Lorraine Mepham FSA, at or 01722 326867, and online.
5 October: Walking Tour of Churches (Stamford)
The Church Monuments Society continues its series of Walking Tours with a visit to medieval churches in Stamford, Lincolnshire, with a galaxy of monuments from all periods. Not for the faint-hearted, we shall be visiting five churches in five hours, each with a good 20–30 minute walk between, so please wear suitable shoes. Details online.
7 October: Hadrian's Wall: Life on the Roman Frontier (online)
This six-week online course starts on 7 October with tutor Ian Haynes FSA, and offers a comprehensive introduction to Hadrian’s Wall and its people, raising fascinating issues concerning colonisation, cultural transformation, immigration, integration and imperialism. We will explore life in the region before the construction of the Wall, and after the arrival of the Roman army and its impact on the local population, with detailed case studies, To appreciate the range and character of native people, soldiers’ families, slaves, merchants and migrants, we will examine their homes, dress, diet, rituals and religious beliefs. Details online.
10 October: Archaeological Desk-Based Assessments (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course informs participants about the role of desk-based assessments in managing the cultural heritage resource and provides a practical guide to their production. It will also include guidance on the use of desk-based assessments to fulfil the requirements of the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF). The course will be of interest to all those who are currently (or hope to be) involved in the commissioning or production of desk-based assessments. It is targeted towards new entrants to the profession and those who would like to develop skills in this area. Course Directors: Jill Hind (formerly Senior Project Mgr Oxford Archaeology) and Melanie Pomeroy-Kellinger, County Archaeologist for Wiltshire. Details online.

16 October : Faith and Place: A Future for the Isolated, Rural Church (Norwich)
Booking is open for the annual County Churches Trust conference to be held at Norwich Cathedral. Speakers include John Inge, Bishop of Worcester; Trevor Cooper, Chair of the Historic Religious Buildings Alliance; John Goodall FSA, Architectural Editor of Country Life, and Diana Evans from Historic England. There will also be experienced representatives from community projects involved with rural churches. Details online.

21 October: Accademia - Recent Acquisitions and the 'Grandi Gallerie' Project (London)
Paola Marini will talk for Venice in Peril at the Society of Antiquaries, Burlington House. As Director of the Accademia between 2015–18, Marini oversaw a major programme of exhibitions, conservation and remodelling of the galleries. Setting this work in context she will offer a preview of the new Cinquecento Rooms in the light of recent acquisitions and conservation, before reflecting on her new role as Chair of the Association of Private Committees for Venice. Details online.
28 October: Architectural Salvage from Cairo to London: The Pivotal Role of the Paris Exhibitions of 1867 and 1878 (London)
Moya Carey, Curator of Islamic Collections, Chester Beatty Library, Dublin, and Mercedes Volait, Research Professor at CNRS, based at InVisu, INHA, Paris, speak in a series of Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.

29 October: Fire: Friend or Fiend in Human History? (Bournemouth)
The Third Annual Pitt Rivers Lecture at Bournemouth University will be given by the internationally renowned anthropologist Ruth Tringham (University of California at Berkeley). She will explore how archaeologists can and do act as arson investigators centuries or millennia after the event, focusing on the burned houses of Neolithic Southeast Europe, and earlier examples in Neolithic Anatolia (Çatalhöyük, Turkey), in order to consider how fire has been managed and controlled, and why fire is chosen as a means of destroying places, urban or rural, public or domestic. Details online.
31 October: Archaeological Writing for Publication (Oxford)
A short practical course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course will introduce the standard types of published reports currently produced by archaeologists, and how the scope and content of a report is planned. The course will then focus on two key components, the stratigraphic narrative and the discussion, and the most effective and successful ways of approaching the planning, writing and illustration of these. This will include a critical review of a number of examples, to identify common mistakes and how to avoid them. We will also look at the special requirements that apply to writing in a professional and academic context. The course will involve some preparatory reading before the training day. Course Director: Elizabeth Popescu, Post-Excavation and Publications Manager, Oxford Archaeology East. Details online.

1 November: Beornwyn, Byrtferth, Burials and Burhs: The Clarendon Environs in the Early Medieval Period (Salisbury)
The annual Clarendon Lecture will be given at the Salisbury Museum by Alex Langlands. By the late 12th century, clear evidence exists for Clarendon’s regional and national importance. But for the pre-Conquest period diverse sources must be employed to reveal the character of the landscape. Far from being a ‘dark age’, this part of Wessex entertained a dense settlement pattern, enjoyed sophisticated levels of land management and teemed with interesting characters. Details online.

6 November: Charles I: The Court at War (London)
Second in a series of free lectures at the Museum of London on the theme of Theatres of Revolution: Stuart Kings and the architecture of disruption, by Simon Thurley FSA for Gresham College as Visiting Professor of the Built Environment. During the Civil War Charles I’s court, denied access to its country residences, set itself up in makeshift locations. Oxford, and other temporary ‘palaces’, had to be both elegant court centres and efficient military headquarters. These unusual royal houses cast new light on the key protagonists in England’s Civil War. Details online.

9 November: Sunrise Over the Stones: Recent Research into Neolithic and Chalcolithic Wessex (Bournemouth)
The CBA Wessex 2019 Annual Conference will be held at Bournemouth University. Roland Smith FSA will give the welcome address, and other speakers include Tim Darvill FSA, Mike Parker Pearson FSA, Josh Pollard FSA, Julian Richards FSA, Miles Russell FSA, Alison Sheridan FSA and Ann Woodward FSA. Details online.
11 November: Glorious Things: John Ruskin's Daguerreotype Photographs of Venice (London)
During his 1845 visit to Venice, Ruskin became aware of the power of the recently invented daguerreotype camera to make accurate records of endangered buildings. To mark the 200th anniversary of his birth Sarah Quill, a Trustee of Venice in Peril, will look at Ruskin’s involvement with photography during his researches for The Seven Lamps of Architecture and The Stones of Venice, at the Society of Antiquaries, Burlington House. Details online.
11 November: Animals and the Rise of the Georgian West End (London)
In this Spencer House Lecture Tom Almeroth-Williams, author of the recently published City of Beasts: How Animals Shaped Georgian London, will explore the dramatic role played by horses, livestock and dogs in West End life in the Georgian period. Details online.
14–15 November: Collecting and Collections: Digital Lives and Afterlives Workshop (London)
The Collective Wisdom project, funded by an AHRC International Networking Grant, explores how and why members of the Royal Society, the Society of Antiquaries of London and the Leopoldina (in Halle, Germany) collected specimens of the natural world, art, and archaeology in the 17th and 18th centuries. Three international workshops at Carlton House Terrace will analyse the connections between these scholarly organisations, natural philosophy, and antiquarianism, and to what extent these networks shaped the formation of early museums and their categorisation of knowledge. Details online.
15 November: Curating Decay (Waltham Abbey)
This will be Waltham Abbey Gunpowder Mills’ first course, with three morning talks covering a range of issues in the management of vulnerable heritage sites, and reimagining how we might adopt an ethical stance that allows us to collaborate with natural processes and decay, rather than fighting against them. Lunch will be provided, followed by a chance to visit the Royal Gunpowder Mills exhibition and a guided tour of the site led by Wayne Cocroft FSA. Details online.
25 November: A ‘Fauve de la Curiosité’: The Hybrid Career of Edouard Jonas (1883-1961), Dealer and Curator (London)
Barbara Lasic, Lecturer in History of Art and Coordinator of Postgraduate Programmes, University of Buckingham, speaks in a series of free Seminars on the History of Collecting, in the Wallace Collection Lecture Theatre. Details online.

26 November: William Holcot's Books: Recantation and Repentance in Reformation England (London)
John Craig will talk about William Holcot, a mid-Tudor gentleman, bibliophile and lay reader in the early Elizabethan church, whose experience of recantation during the reign of Queen Mary powerfully shaped his thoughts and actions during the Elizabethan period. The few pieces that survive from Holcot's life enrich our understanding of a particular stream of Elizabethan Protestantism. At Lambeth Palace Library in association with the University of London seminar on the Religious History of Britain 1500–1800, this event will be followed by a drinks reception. Details online.
27–29 November: Art of the Lost Conference (Canterbury)
Over three days curators, conservators, scientists, historians, archaeologists and artists from the UK, Europe and the USA will gather at Canterbury Cathedral and look at how, and why art is defaced, destroyed or lost within architectural settings. With a particular focus on art within the context of cathedrals and other places of worship, the conference considers changing ideologies, iconoclasm, war, fashion and symbolism. It will discuss art from the sixth century to the present. Delegates will have exclusive access to the Cathedral’s collections, with behind-the-scene tours of conservation in action, and wall paintings and graffiti. Speakers include Gerry Alabone FSA, Paul Bennett FSA, Kate Giles FSA, Tessa Murdoch FSA, Sandy Nairne FSA and David Rundle FSA. Details online.

27–29 November: Public Inquiry Workshop (Oxford)
A short course at Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, designed to provide training in key skills and concepts for archaeologists and built heritage professionals. This course is a practical workshop carefully designed to improve the performance of anyone who might be called upon to participate in a Public Inquiry concerned with the historic environment. It will present the terms of procedure, the roles of the participants and the general feel of a Public Inquiry. A mock Public Inquiry will be mounted using a genuine case study. Training for potential witnesses will be given in how to prepare evidence for a Public Inquiry, how to produce proofs of evidence, and to experience them being given and tested under realistic conditions. You will be allocated a role to play in the Inquiry and asked to prepare a proof of evidence to fit this role. Active participation limited to 14 participants. There will also be a limited number of places available for observers. Course Directors: Roger M Thomas, Barrister and Archaeologist; George Lambrick, Independent Archaeology and Heritage Consultant. Planning Inspector: Richard Tamplin. Advocates: David Woolley QC and Allan Ledden, Solicitor. Details online.

18 March 2020: Charles II: The Court in Exile (London)
Third in a series of free lectures at the Museum of London on the theme of Theatres of Revolution: Stuart Kings and the architecture of disruption, by Simon Thurley FSA for Gresham College as Visiting Professor of the Built Environment. For a decade after the execution of Charles I the Stuart courts were based in the Low Countries and France. Determined to maintain splendour and dignity, though short of money, Charles II used rented mansions as headquarters for the exiled monarchy. In these hitherto unknown royal ‘palaces’ the king and his courtiers developed tastes that were to fundamentally fashion the art and architecture of Restoration England. Details online.
23–27 March 2020: Histories of Archaeology (Canberra)
The Collective Biography of Archaeology in the Pacific (CBAP) Australian Research Council Laureate Project, led by Matthew Spriggs FSA, will be hosting this conference at the Australian National University in Canberra, airing new ideas on the history of archaeology worldwide. Invited keynote speakers include Margarita Diaz-Andreu FSA, Stephanie Moser FSA, Lynn Meskell, Tim Murray FSA, Lynette Russell and Nathan Schlanger. The conference launches the CBAP-linked international museum exhibitions under the title of Uncovering Pacific Pasts: Histories of Archaeology in Oceania, which will take place at approximately 40 museums and cultural institutions worldwide. Enquiries to, details online.
10 June 2020: William and Mary: The Court Divided (London)
Fourth in a series of free lectures at the Museum of London on the theme of Theatres of Revolution: Stuart Kings and the architecture of disruption, by Simon Thurley FSA for Gresham College as Visiting Professor of the Built Environment. Like James I, King William III was unhappy with the formality of England’s vast crumbling royal estate. But unlike James, who virtually abandoned Edinburgh, William maintained a second court, and a parallel suite of royal houses, in the Netherlands. Mostly ignored by English historians, these houses are the key to understanding the style that we now know as William and Mary, and its impact on England. Details online.

Call for Papers

16–18 April 2020: Wall Painting Conservation and its Dilemmas in the Twenty-first Century (York)
A conference in memory of Sharon Cather FSA will take place in the surroundings of the Tempest Anderson Hall of the Yorkshire Museum, the Hospitium in the museum’s 19th-century gardens, and the King’s Manor, University of York, to take stock of the current state of wall painting conservation internationally, and consider potentially productive developments in the future. Contributions will cover all periods of wall painting from ancient to contemporary, and will take the opportunity of reflecting on the type of issues that were of such concern to Sharon Cather. The number of papers will need to be limited to about 18. Many have already been offered, and others are now invited. Speakers will be asked to commit to contributing to the follow-up publication. Details online.


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