39th Edition       Into SA


JULY 2016     

Into SA eBRIEF provides up-to-date, important legal, economic and political news as well as country indicators for selected Sub-Sahara African Countries
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In this Edition:                                       

  Warm Winter Welcome

  BREXIT Consequences

South Africa
  Winter-State of the Nation
  VFS Visa Applications
  Strikers vs. Non-Strikers
  Tshwane is Burning



  Upcoming Elections 2016


  Visa Types & Regulations


  New Gas Pipeline Projects


  General Work Visa


  Visa Types & Regulations
  Upcoming Elections 2016




  Upcoming Elections 2017


    Probation Period and Leave



  About Business Delegations



  Part-time Studies available

 Country News & Indicator

 2016 Election Calendar

 Cartoon Channel

Articles in Other Languages




Read Later
Into SA Company Presentation on eTUBE
A Warm Winter Welcome
With July comes the Winter and also another edition of the eBRIEF. The clocks are turning father and faster and from a work perspective half of the year is gone. Time to prepare for the Christmas Break? Not yet dear reader, not yet! There is plenty to come and excitement meets worries over upcoming topics like the new Immigration Regulations that are now in front of the Courts in South Africa, the new BEE Codes of Good Practice that make it difficult for foreign companies to comply, BREXIT and the consequences for Africa as well as a variety of elections that must be regarded as crucial for the future of Sub-Saharan Africa, amongst them Nigeria, South Africa and Zambia.
In an ever-changing world also an advisory firm has to change and adopt and the current changes within the Into SA Group give me the pleasure to welcome new Team Members:

Into SA Limited can now proudly announce its new Financial Manager for the fiscal affairs of the Into SA Group, Mrs. Zurayda Hendricks! With years of experience and as a "Master of Multi-Tasking", she will oversee the Accounting Department as well as juggling our Auditors, SARS and - last but not least - our colourful mix of debtors and creditors. Zurayda can - as a first - also be read here in this eBRIEF and will share with our readers recent fiscal developments or DO's and DONT's when it comes to our "friends" from SARS.
Into SA Durban
Into SA Durban welcomes Nazir Malik as its new Managing Director, as well as his second in command, General Manager Abdul Aziz Wahab and the two new Immigration Advisors Saleha Mustapha and Alicia Nundkishor. While our Webpage is being updated and Ramadan finds its end on 6 July (Eid), the doors at our new office in Durban will be open from 8 July and we trust that our clients in KwaZulu Natal will enjoy the much shorter ways to their advisors.

Into SA Central Europe will be under new leadership as well when Katarina Kralikova will as Managing Director take the helm of our office in Bratislava. The office will regionally cover the Vysegrád Four (Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary) as well as the Ukraine and Slovenia. Katarina will be supported by Peter Balik, Regional Director Slovakia and Ivan Lukas, Regional Director for the Czech Republik.
eACADEMY has successfully started its second semester Programme and we welcome our new Administrative Head of the eACADEMY, Keshnie Govender, who will not only assist Director Sithole, but will actually be the first port of call for all students as well as herself also being the Trainer for the modules in Labour Relations, Business Laws, Ethics and Communication. We apologise at this point for the webpage still being offline, but "TIA" - "This is Africa" ;-)

And now, after all warm welcomes have been shared, it is time for a true bumper-edition in form of this latest eBRIEF!
Ralph M ErtnerRalph M Ertner

Into SA Limited
Consequences for Sub-Saharan Africa !?
Europe is a collection of countries that used to fight a lot. For example, in World War II countries within Europe fought against one another, and it greatly hurt the continent. So after WWII, many countries felt it was important to integrate European countries — starting with the coal and steel industries and then expanding to a broader set of trade issues. Countries often make rules about things coming into their countries. For example, if you wanted to make a car in France and ship it to Britain, you would have to pay a tariff to Britain to do so. Or let's say you're French and you wanted to live and work in Britain. You would have to go through a long immigration process to legally do so.

Western Europe has dozens of countries, each with its own trade, immigration, and economic policies. Trying to navigate these rules was very inefficient. The European Union essentially started from a question: What if each country had the same rules? What if all the barriers came down? Almost every Western European country joined the group to merge their economic rules in 1993. They did this by allowing people, goods, services, and capital to move freely between member countries. It's kind of like how states in the US work. The EU has helped foster long periods of economic prosperity, and it's helped keep the region at peace.

On 23 June 2016, the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union (EU) in a non-binding advisory referendum, which resulted in the resignation of UK Prime Minister David Cameron and is likely to trigger fresh elections later this year or in 2017. Despite pressure from some EU countries, it is unlikely that exit negotiations will begin until a new UK government is firmly in place. There is a possibility that the next UK government will not trigger exit negotiations at all, based on a legal technicality or if it calls a second referendum.  News of the UK exiting from the EU, the referendum result has caused market turmoil across the world, as investors worry that the result of the UK vote could drive fresh momentum to anti-establishment movements in other European countries.

In Africa, currencies, stocks, and bonds also decreased as a result of the UK referendum vote. The South African rand fell by 8% against the US dollar, before recovering to trade at 3.6% weaker, while falling to a record low against the Japanese yen. Investors are worried that African countries will have less access to international capital markets, which would delay large infrastructure and other projects. There is also a concern that the UK will now disengage from Africa, as its economy inevitably slows, and foreign aid flows are cut. Any exit from the EU could terminate the UK’s access to the EU’s single market, forcing the country to negotiate new trade accords with African countries, which is likely to be a cumbersome and lengthy process. It is however likely that the UK would leave many existing trade agreements in place and thus mitigate risk of trade disruption.

How much trade takes place between the UK and Africa? Not much, it turns out. If we calculate that exports from Africa to the UK, it represent about 5% of Africa’s total exports. Africa is more worried about a slowdown in China, its biggest trading partner by far.

The South African economy is now more likely to fall back into recession and extreme currency volatility indicates that a downgrade of its credit rating to non-investment grade in December is now almost inevitable. The South African economy is the most exposed to the global economy and in particular its currency is the most volatile among its emerging market peers. South Africa is reliant on foreign capital to finance its wide current account deficit. Additional fears of euro-scepticism in other EU countries have also stoked fears that South Africa’s trade with the EU is under threat. South African exports to the EU reached over USD14.2 billion in 2015. However, the impact on the South African economy would be short-lived and relatively manageable. In a worst case scenario, where the UK economy were to shrink by 5% and UK imports were to drop by 10%, South Africa’s economic growth would fall by only 0.1% .South Africa’s Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan has said that the country’s Treasury and the central bank would take any additional measures to cope with the implications of the ‘BREXIT’ vote, while South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma has assured markets that South African banks and financial institutions could withstand the shock, as demonstrated during the 2008/09 global financial crisis. South Africa’s already volatile currency and a probable recession further would increase the prospect of a downgrade of the country’s credit rating to non-investment grade by December. The longer term implications would lead to weak growth, higher inflation and interest rates, as well as extensive capital flight.

Moreover, South Africa is a member of the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), which is dominated by asymmetric trade with South Africa. Other SACU members, i.e. Botswana, Namibia, Lesotho, and Swaziland, will similarly be affected by the trade renegotiations with the UK. South Africa’s Trade and Industry Minister Rob Davies has offered UK companies that stand to lose their duty-free access to EU markets a base in South Africa, thereby continuing these companies’ access to the EU through the EU-SADC Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA), which includes six countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). South Africa is one of the top ten countries receiving British aid, which could be cut down as the UK economy enters severe recession. Britain’s bilateral development programme in South Africa came to an end in 2015, since when the relationship between the two countries has shifted to one of mutual co-operation and trade.

The effective implementation of a new foreign exchange mechanism and liberalisation of the fuel sector will face fresh hurdles as the UK withdraws from the EU. Nigeria will also struggle to attract interest in new debt sales aimed at financing its expansive budget. The main impact of a ‘BREXIT’ on Nigeria would be further deterioration of the country’s already struggling economy, which has been caused by the fall in global oil prices and a steep drop in local crude production due to an insurgency in the Niger Delta. There is extensive trade and security cooperation between the UK and Nigeria that would be likely to face several years of disruption as the UK departs from the EU. Nigeria is the UK’s second-largest export market in Africa. Bilateral trade between the two countries is currently worth USD8.3 billion and projected to reach USD25 billion by 2020. The UK is also Nigeria’s largest source of foreign investment, with assets worth over USD1.4 billion..

There is also no guarantee that other EU countries will make up the UK shortfall in trade and investment, as other EU countries look to Iran for more reliable access to oil and to Asia for cheaper labour. On 24 June, Nigerian stocks ended a three-day rally, falling 1.4% over worries of Britain’s vote to leave the EU. Nigerian banks, such as Fidelity Bank and Zenith Bank, recorded the biggest losses. On 20 June, the central bank introduced a more flexible foreign currency policy, removing a de facto peg of around 197 naira to the US dollar. The sector’s liberalisation will add to fuel importers’ margins and will allow shipments of fuel to resume. The effective implementation of the new currency regime and establishing its credibility will be key to attracting new foreign direct investment and portfolio flows. However, the US and France have proven more crucial partners than the UK in combating Boko Haram, thus mitigating the effect on counter-insurgency efforts.

Kenyan officials were quick to respond the market turmoil followed by the UK’s vote to leave the EU. Finance Minister Henry Rotich assured investors that Kenya has adequate foreign exchange reserves to absorb any shocks from the crisis. Kenya has USD5.6 billion in foreign reserves, which amounts to 5 months of import cover, which is higher than the four months the country usually holds. The central bank also said it would be ready to intervene in money and foreign exchange markets if required. Such assurances steadied the impact on the Kenyan shilling, but some banking stocks still suffered losses. The Kenya Flowers Association expects any such delays would cost the Kenya flower industry USD38 million per month. Horticulture is a primary export market for Kenya and over one third of the EU’s cut flower imports, mostly to The Netherlands and the UK, are derived from Kenya. However, it is likely that the UK would prioritise trade negotiations with Kenya given the two countries’ long-standing bilateral relations. Such negotiations could even benefit Kenya and other EAC countries, as Kenya gains leverage over setting trade terms.

Although a series of diplomatic disputes have strained British-Kenyan relations over the past few years, Kenya is likely to feature as the UK’s principal destination for emerging market investment. Despite diplomatic disputes, Kenya is likely to remain a preferred beneficiary of British foreign investment in agribusiness (tea, tobacco) and in oil and gas, with the UK being instrumental in the development of Kenya’s region-leading financial sector. However, months of political uncertainty throughout Europe will rattle global and African markets. Kenyan markets were relatively stable following the ‘Brexit’ vote, although any disruption in EU trade negotiations would negatively impact the cut flowers export market. It is likely that the UK would prioritise trade negotiations with Kenya, which could even benefit Kenya and other EAC members.

Britain voted to leave the European Union, a decision that surprised many and one whose consequences still aren’t totally clear. We don’t know quite yet what this will mean for the future of Britain’s economy, its policies, and its relations with other European countries. There have been many twists and turns in British politics that have led to this particular moment. But you don’t necessarily need to have followed those to understand why the British want to leave the European Union, and why the EU matters in the first place. In conclusion Britain still has a lot to deal with and sort out and we hope that this exit would be beneficial to them in the long run, so we will be following this development and keep you all updated.

Nazla Eksteen
Nazla Eksteen

Into SA Cape Town
South Africa

Christmas in July
Reflecting on the "Winter-State" of the Nation

Christmas in JulyThese days a lot of South Africans are celebrating “Christmas in July”, an old tradition based on fun and marking the coldest period of the year. Comes Christmas in July it is time to reflect on the first half of the year 2016 and what the true – not “zumanised” – "Winter-State" of the Nation is:
The news are clearly dominated by what is happening abroad, the exit of the United Kingdom out of the European Union (BREXIT), almost weekly terrorist attacks by ISIS and the Propaganda Circus around the US Presidential Elections on 8 November. Here, at home and hopefully in front of a warming fire place, we reflect on the consequences of the happenings in the world, but we also realise that the current circumstances are new, odd and mostly dangerous.
Looking out of our windows there is hardly anything new to be seen that pleases the critical observer. South Africa’s economy is now only ranked third in Africa with Nigeria and Egypt taking the lead at the brink of local recession, but clever calculations and interpretations of the term “recession” let the country officially tread water at 0.1% growth. Why is that? Local demand is only slowly forced to shift from imported to local products, thanks to the Rand that is on its lowest exchange level in decades.
In the meantime, there are no urgently needed impulses coming from inside the country. This is due to an either absent or defiant leadership in combination with a ruling political party, which has long embraced Lex Zim: “ …letting a country economically and politically bleed in favour of the political leaders’ own fiscal interests and the insatiable obsession with power”. The current Power-Clique is still not realising that even local elections can swing a country and force a government to step down. Public Unrest in TshwaneThis elite circle is still priding itself in the erratic assignment of incompetent relatives and comrades to political office, recently leading to civil war-like scenarios on Tshwane’s streets, in combination with a clearly xenophobic legislation, which is falsely propagating to be modern and to further empowerment through Immigration Regulations and BEE Codes, but are in fact designed to fail and to alienate the country from the helping European and American hands.
Ailing state-owned companies and parastatals are burning and changing CEO’s faster than the Minister can say “corruption” and the only noticeable record shared by all of them are the insanely uneconomical wage bills that pay premium for nepotism instead of material and fiscal accomplishments. SAA, SABC, ESKOM, PRASA and the Postal Services come to mind, top-heavy dinosaurs limping through national and municipal budgets like the proverbial bull in a china shop!
What is the problem? Does democracy fail us or is our legislative administrative and constitutional framework not as liberal and functional as it was said to be? The answer lies in what the private commercial sector would refer to as “cartels”, illegal agreements made secretly between supposed-to-be-independent forces to the detriment of competition and product affordability. Unions married Political Parties and the Wedding Gift was the sacrifice of mutual vigilance to keep check and balances on work floors and during electoral processes.
Another problem is that the omnipresent lack of education is a tool for politicians “too good to be true” as it only requires rhetorical and demagogic abilities instead of real competence to swing votes year after year in direction of the country’s prison-wardens; Brainwash, not Stockholm Syndrome, as the element of love is missing! Millions of school books are year for year discovered on dumpsites and rural schools – 25 years after the end of apartheid – are still without water, electricity, chairs, tables or teaching means and instruments. Coincidence or Cartel-Design?
South Africa in July 2016 is seeing the currency of a proud nation falling into a bottomless pit, lowest investors’ "Leading by Example"confidence levels and the sword of Damocles dangling above future budgetary heads in form of a junk-status rating by international Credit Rating Agencies. And what do we hear? The cackling of a leader, who just got away of publicly confirmed theft. Life is great if the law does not apply to you and you do not need to lead by example anymore as you cannot be re-elected anyway! Congratulation, so all is lost for the people of South Africa?
No, to the contrary! In times and at places where leadership, control and directions are absent it is the private and the informal sectors that are striving. Local demand increases as a necessary answer to high Rand Exchange Rates, domestic travel increases and finds its support by those inbound groups, for which the Exchange Rate is a blessing. Both boost local commercial activities, hand-in-hand with the export-focussed manufacturers, farmers and producers, whose formerly over-priced goods and services are now becoming the bargain of the week overseas. Entrepreneurship becomes once again the tool to economic independence and success and never has it been so affordable to “try and error”. But what about the foreign investors? Well, if all South Africans would be able to afford travels around the world to see for themselves they would realise that the grass is NOT greener on the other side and that other countries and markets experience their own problems in mostly over-regulated, anonymous Big-Brother-Economies. Those international investors, who have not lost their risk appetite or come from countries with a similar past of political incompetence or narcissism, they find new room for expansion, investment and co-habitation between Kruger Park and Table Mountain. This is a fact that the current government hates, hence the xenophobic legislation mentioned earlier. But there are always and everywhere means and ways to succeed, even without the approval or support of authorities by simply doing what we do best: to follow our abilities, our passion and our hearts!
For the Future of our Children!On 3 August are Local Elections in South Africa!

Don’t trade your Economic Future for a T-Shirt and a Boerie Roll!
Ralph M Ertner
Ralph M Ertner

Into SA Group

Visa Applications through VFS
Added Services or Additional Fee Trap?

The Department of Home Affairs introduced the new Visa and Permit Facilitation Centres in 9 provinces and 11 cities within South Africa in June 2014. Without questioning the constitutionally illegal procedures to this contract being awarded to the Gupta Family without proper procurement tender procedures, VFS was established to assist foreigners with existing visas in South Africa with visa services ranging from Visa Extensions, Work Visas, Spousal/Life Partner Visas, Permanent Residency, Relatives Visas and Study Visas.

The process is quite simple, an online registration is required on their website, after which you can process and online application. Before you start the application you need to specify the type of visa and which office of application you will be applying at. Once the application is completed with all the relevant information there are different payment options, such as a direct deposit, whereby you can print a payment slip and make payment directly to their bank account at any Standard Bank, or an online payment with a debit or credit card, they have also now introduced an EFT payment. The facilitation fees are R1350 per application and it excludes Government Fees depending on what visa you apply for. After the payment there is a waiting period of 1-3 days until the payment clears on their system and you can then go ahead and book an appointment on their website, where a calendar appears and you can select a specific date and timeslot suitable for you. The timeslots are available from 08:00-15:30 at 15 minute intervals and there are four appointments available per timeslot. The website then directs you to a page where you can download the application form, appointment letter and checklist.

Once the appointment is booked, form is signed and printed and all the documents are gathered you can then proceed to submit your application. Before entering the VFS Centre you have to go through a security check displaying your ID/Passport and contact number. You can then proceed to the VFS Centre where you will receive a ticket number, which means that will be your number in the queue. You are then showed to a seating area where you wait for your number to be announced on their digital screens and proceed to the counter number displayed. The first counter will be Quality Control where you hand over all your documents and everything is checked as per their checklist as well as proof of payment for your application. You can then be seated and wait for your number to be announced and then proceed to the next counter which is Submissions. At Submissions your documents are double checked and a receipt is issued for proof of submission of your application. They also offer an SMS service which can be paid by debit or credit card at the counter of which the cost is R20.00, whereby they will notify you once your application has been finalised and has arrived at the VFS centre of application. The last process is to wait again for your number to be announced and then proceed to one of the two biometrics rooms, this is where your digital fingerprints and photos are taken and then you are done.

The applications are placed into courier bags and then sent off to Home Affairs for processing by the next working day. Processing times for temporary residence range from 6-8 weeks and for Permanent Residence 10-12 months.

There is also a tracking system on their website, where you can check the status of your application by filling in your reference number on a weekly basis, once the status shows that the application has been received at the application centre, you may then proceed to the collections room. No appointment is needed for this you can collect any time between 10:00 and 15:00 Mondays to Fridays. You are also then given a ticket number, when you enter the collection room you have to hand in your receipt and ticket number at the counter, after which you will be called to collect your results. The courier bag is opened and you are given the results to check if your visa is correct or whether it is a rejection letter. If you are happy with the results a slip is given to you to sign and your visa is placed into your passport or in the case of a rejection letter, it needs to be signed and they will make the necessary copies for their records.

Premium Submission ServiceAnother of their services now made accessible through Into SA is the access to  the Premium Lounge, this is basically for our clients who do not want to queue and want to be assisted immediately. The cost for this service is an additional R500.00 which is payable at the VFS centre on the day of your appointment through debit or credit card. It is a more comfortable setup with luxurious furniture, DSTV, sodas and water. The entire application process from step 1-3 is done by one official and within less than an hour then you are good to go.

In summary, VFS was designed to make the life of foreigners a bit easier and more comfortable when applying for their visas. There are a few glitches in their system at times, especially with their payment system, but otherwise a much better environment than the previous Home Affairs setup. With a huge influx of foreigners coming into the country the waiting periods can go up to two or three hours if their systems are a bit slow, but the staff are friendly and try and make your experience as comfortable as possible especially with the elderly and mothers with young babies, who are helped first to make their waiting time a bit shorter.

In closing I would recommend that Into SA be used to assist with this process, as a staff member will accompany the applicant to VFS, drive the entire process and you can sit back, relax and enjoy the pleasures of working with Into SA.
Tarryn A Evon
Tarryn A Evon

Into SA Cape Town

Successful eGovernment Solution

South African Revenue ServicesSARS eFILING is a free online submission to the South African Revenue Services or SARS, of tax returns, declarations and supporting information required by law, as well as access to other related services. SARS eFILING was introduced over 12 years ago in South Africa, allowing taxpayers and companies the convenience of submitting returns in a secure online environment 24 hours a day. 

Electronic submissions are stored through an innovative reporting tool on individual and business profiles, which allows for ease of access to historic submissions, payments and correspondence. Best of all, it allows you to interact with your banking institution to perform these payments when due. The simplicity of the process results in fewer errors and creates a quicker processing cycle for individuals and businesses.

SARS eFILINGOver the years, taxpayers and practitioners had the tedious job of standing in long queues for submissions on a monthly basis. Now, with the help of SARS eFILING, notifications will be sent to your cellular phone or email, advising you as to when your next return is due, and also if SARS has issued correspondence for your attention. It also saves you the rush of manual submissions by the 25th of the month as you are now allowed to submit returns by month end, allowing for ease of cash flow pressure.

A new function to eFILING was launched on 18 April 2016, which now enables all South Africans and business entities to request a Tax Clearance Certificate hassle free online, provided they are compliant and up to date with all their taxes. Previously, under the Tax Administration Act, No. 28 of 2011, this process could take up to 21 days to complete to if submitted manually, however, now it’s as easy as receiving a notification from SARS within 24 hours of your online application as to whether you are tax compliant or not. Copies can also be obtained online on your profile, once again, saving you the time and effort of going into a SARS branch.

SARS Help You eFILENow, for the not so tech savvy, SARS has also introduced “Help-You-eFILE". With permission from the taxpayer, the facility enables the agent to access the taxpayer’s eFiling browsing session at the same time as the taxpayer and sees exactly what the taxpayer is seeing. SARS says: “This is the first time any revenue service around the world has instituted such a system and SARS is proud to be at the forefront of such technological advancements.”

The call centre agents will guide taxpayers through the eFiling steps and talk them through the filing process to address any difficulties experienced in completing their return.

Is my information secure?
Sensitive security fields such as the taxpayer's banking details, password and login are not visible to the agent. Agents also have view-only access and cannot enter any information on the return, but can direct the taxpayer on where to enter information by highlighting fields on the return.
Following the implementation of the “Help-You-eFILE”, Finance minister Pravin Gordhan said that the increased use of technology enabled SARS to process 98% of all returns within 24 hours. SARS eFILING service is on a par with international standards, being comparable with services offered in the United States (US), Australia, Singapore, Ireland, Chile and France.
The following web-enabled services are available on e-filing, amongst others:

  • Electronic filing of Income tax return and Forms
  • Pre-Filling of Income Tax Return with Personal and Tax Information
  • View Status- Income Tax Return
  • View/Download previous Income Tax Returns
  • File Rectification
  • Refund Re-issue request
  • Filing of Income Tax Return through e-Return Intermediary

In conclusion, using the SARS eFILING facility will make the process of handling your tax affairs simple and easy with the additional benefit of shorter processing times and the reduction of submission and capturing errors.

Zurayda Hendricks  
Zurayda Hendricks

Into SA Group

From unlawful Strikes to Protected Strikes
Strikers vs. Strike-Breakers

Labour LawThere is a misconception within the international community that south Africa is riddled with violent strikes and unrest due to relaxed labour law which is not true as there are certain legal prescripts that employees need to adhere to in order to before embarking on a legally protected strike.

As the law currently stands, there are four procedural requirements which must be complied with by a party (usually a trade union) who wishes to embark on protected strike action as opposed to only three before amendments to the Labour Relations Act.

The term "protected" strike action refers to a lawful strike which is in compliance with the requirements of the Labour Relations Act, No.66 of 1995 ("LRA"). The effect of embarking on protected strike action is that no employee may be dismissed by reason of their participation in the strike, nor do they commit a breach of their contracts of employment by participating in protected strike action.

The first procedural requirement is a mandatory referral of "the issue in dispute" to the CCMA which results in a conciliation meeting between the parties. The purpose of conciliation is an attempt to settle the dispute, with the assistance of an appointed CCMA Commissioner. If the dispute is settled at conciliation, strike action is averted.

NUMSA StrikeIf however conciliation is unsuccessful, the CCMA issues a certificate stating that the issue in dispute remains unresolved. It is this certificate which is the second procedural requirement of protected strike action in terms of the LRA. Thirdly, any person and/ or union who, after the issuing of a certificate by the CCMA, wishes to go out on strike must give an employer at least 48 hours advance notice of the intended strike action. Provided these three procedural requirements are complied with, the strike is deemed to be protected in terms of the LRA.

The Labour Relations Amendment Act 2012 introduces the fourth procedural requirement, namely the conducting by a trade union amongst its members of a strike ballot the aim of which is to determine whether strike action should be embarked upon.

Only if a majority of those members who voted in the ballot vote in favour of the strike, will the strike be regarded as protected. The onus rests upon the CCMA to certify that a trade union has conducted a ballot in compliance with the requirements of the LRA thereby introducing a fourth procedural requirement regulating the right to strike.

Perhaps unsurprisingly, this amendment has met significant opposition from organised labour. There can be little doubt that the practical effect of such an amendment shall constitute a procedural hindrance on unions wishing to embark on protected strike action.

Critics of the amendments underline the difficulties associated with organising a ballot within single or even multiple workplaces, the time and cost associated therewith and the practical difficulties associated with counting the ballots and collating their results. In many instances, this may delay the onset of proposed strike action.

Supporters of the amendment on the other hand argue that the introduction of a strike ballot is necessary in order to verify that the members themselves (being the persons ultimately affected by the strike and by not earning a wage for the duration of the strike action), are in support of the strike as opposed to merely trade union officials wishing to assert their muscle by calling their members out on strike action.


Usually many Employees who do not want to go on strike are usually victimised by their fellow colleagues. The question I often get is when does the conduct of an employee amount to ‘incitement’ justifying disciplinary action?

In order to discipline an employee for inciting employees to commit misconduct, of any form, an employer must be able to show that the employee in question sought to reach and influence the minds of other employees in order to commit a crime or misconduct. In the context of a strike, a shop steward who calls a meeting with a group of non-striking employees in order to query whether they will join the remaining employees in their unlawful strike action cannot be said to have gone far enough to justify dismissal on the basis of incitement.

In Albion Services CC v CCMA and others (D 275/10) [2013] ZALCD 12 (12 May 2013) the employer’s workforce had divided into two groups, the first group (“group A”) had engaged in an unlawful strike action while the second group (“group B”) had elected to continue working.

Mine StrikeUpon engaging in the unlawful strike, management warned the strikers of the unlawfulness of their actions. Subsequent to such warning, a shop steward for a trade union held a meeting with group B. During the meeting the shop steward asked what group B’s intentions were when group A continued with their strike. As a result of his action the shop steward was charged with incitement to strike and insolence. He was dismissed after an internal disciplinary hearing after being found guilty of the first charge. At arbitration, his dismissal was found to be unfair as the employer had failed to prove incitement.

Upon review the Labour Court confirmed the finding of the arbitrator finding that there was no evidence suggesting the shop steward did more than merely trying to ascertain the view of the non-striking employees.  In order for conduct to constitute incitement, an employee must act in such a manner so that he ‘reached and sought to influence the minds’ of his fellow employees. Calling a meeting merely presented an opportunity to incite which the employee did not exploit.

An employee can be guilty of inciting other employees to commit misconduct such as participate in an unlawful strike.  However, the employer must prove that the employee ‘reached and sought to influence the minds’ of his fellow employees to commit such misconduct. Whether an employee has done so will have to be determined based on the facts of the matter. Merely asking whether employees intended to join an unlawful strike would not be enough.  There will clearly have to be an element of persuasion or cajoling on the part of the employee.

Clients are urged to be extremely cautious when approaching issues such as foregoing as they have a potential to fatal financial losses if not properly handled. It is also worth noting that there is a need for grievance policies and procedures in place. Into-SA Johannesburg through its Rivonia office under the leadership of Jackson M Makgamatha  is equipped to deal with all your labour law issues.


Jackson M Makgamatha
Jackson M Makgamatha

Into SA Johannesburg


Tshwane is Burning
Violence follows nepotistic Appointment

Tshwane in June 2016A couple of years ago ANC leaders raised the idea of placing the cream of its leadership crop at the bottom, in local councils, because it was this level of government that could make the biggest difference to people’s lives. They said that not all of them can sit up there in Parliament or Cabinet. It seemed like a great plan for the country while mayors were being deployed from the national level. In 2007, instead of national appointing them, mayoral candidates for the ANC were now to be nominated by the party’s regions.
Currently the major of the City of Tshwane is Kgosientso “Sputla” Ramokgopa and under him has seen the support for the ANC in the city dropping. Despite some scandals like the smart meter tender and the party’s loss of support in recent years in the city, the ANC has not before made any move to remove him, even with the Public Protector investigating the apparent irregularities surrounding the smart meter tender. Mr Ramokgopa did not make the nominations shortlist, the branches rather chose his deputy, Mapiti Matsena. The ANC’s national leadership then roped in Thoko Didiza former Cabinet minister as a neutral candidate ahead of this year’s municipal elections in August.
Violence characterized the party’s meeting where an ANC member was shot and killed as members fought over who should be chosen. After the party’s announcement that Thoko Didiza was selected, the city ran amok in protest of her appointment. Looting and damage of property was the order of the following day in Mamelodi, Atteridgeville, Mabopane and Hammanskraal. Foreign shops owners took refuge in a police station when residents started looting. Everything in Tshwane is Burning in June 2016their shops was stripped, stock, cables, bulbs and crates were taken. Shop owners were left with no choice but to take their stock and flee.  Police struggled to contain the sporadic incidents of looting around Mamelodi. Roads were blocked with burning tyres, an undisclosed number of people have been killed, over (30) thirty buses, several cars and trucks have been torched since the protests erupted on that fateful Monday. Residents said they were not happy with Didiza and wanted mayor Kgosientso Ramokgopa to remain in his position because Thoko was not born in Tshwane and she is not culturally a Setshwana woman, she is Zulu. She was born in Kwa Zulu Natal which has predominately Zulu speaking people residing there. Ramokgopa however distanced himself from the protesting in his name, saying he was backing Didiza to take over.
“We are very, very concerned that this whole problem is beginning to acquire tribalistic type of tones, where it is suggested that someone who was born in another province, but lives in a city, in a metro like Pretoria, should not be mayoral candidate of Tshwane.” said Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa where he was addressing a delegation of the federation of economic organization of Japan.
The ANC however did say the violence was not of its own doing but an act of criminality. They also found it difficult to admit that the announcement of Thoko Didiza as its mayoral candidate sparked a wave of violence that they were unable to control. Numerous senior leaders said that irrespective of who was chosen, there would still have been a rebellion from within the party ranks. They say it is the work of “thugs”, “anarchists” and hooligans.  
The riots have ceased for now and there are no signs that it may happen again, however because the ANC is in denial about all their problems, they are clearly unable to get a grip of the situation to stop the violence when it occurs. By constantly writing off the infighting as criminality without dealing with the source, it is allowing political violence to be entrenched. The deaths and destruction of property during this election period is a direct result of a leadership being out of touch with the sentiments on the ground. 

Phila P Cona
Phila Cona

Into SA Tshwane


Upcoming Elections in Zambia
Operation 777 endangers Democracy

Zambia is known for its proficient democracies where elections are persistent and consist of peaceful campaigns which ends in the opponents accepting defeat. Much of what is expected in the upcoming elections which have been scheduled for August this year. Edgar LunguZambia’s current ruling party appears to be using their powers wisely to guarantee victory for its candidate, President Edgar Lungu, who took office on 25 January 2015 from President Guy Scott who was appointed as acting president since the decease of President Michael Sata.
Controversy has been raised towards the ruling party and their tactics or strategy to keep presidency in an unfair manner. Their strategy is founded on intimidating their opposition whilst rigging the results of the 11 August 2016 poll. This was allegedly exposed in an exclusive online newspaper “Open Zambia” which published an article earlier this month. This article “leaked the details of Operation 777” which was comprehensive to the extent that even contact details of individuals tasked with certain implementations were reflected. The article stated patriotic objectives of how the ruling party would maintain its position by:

  • “Removing opposition observers from polling stations”;
  • “Manipulating the printing of ballot papers”;
  • “Eliminating critical coverage by The Post, the last critical mass-market publication; give Zambian passports to foreign nationals”;
  • “Restricting the opposition party’s use of airspace”; and
  • “Purchasing votes in a well co-ordinated manner”.

The publication proposes that the winner of the upcoming elections is none other than the forth going party. On this basis, is the country really democratic? To add to the commotion, the only voice of the country being “The Post” an International Press Institute (IPI) that provided “balance political coverage” ahead of the elections was shut down due to taxes owed amounting to 6.3 Million dollars. Publications to not dispute the debt but in fact dispute and debate the timing of which this media outlet was shut down. Could this be a tactic?
It has also been noted that other publications which are “government-friendly” are also in a similar predicament. Steven Ellis from the IPS said that the closure of The Post looks like the result of political pressure on the tax authorities. Especially as there was no threat or improper actions being reported. In essence, there is no reason why the authorities could not wait six weeks and allow the IPI to cover the election – especially as the voters will not have a full array of information on which to make an informed choice about their future. Steven Ellis then stated that “this harms the voters and democracy, and ultimately Zambia,”.
“Operation 777” has a decree to select a specific company based in Dubai to conduct the printing of the ballots. The concern here is the printing of extra ballots which can be marked prior to the election. The Dubai-based Al Ghurairi Printing and Publishing company won the tender to print the ballots – even though South Africa’s Ren-Form CC was half the price, and had worked in Zambia before. Opposition parties have cried foul, and even a government regulator advised that the contract should be scrapped because of irregularities. The Electoral Commission of Zambia ignored this advice.
Zambia Elections 2016These incidents are extremely worrying and not only limited the scope of free, fair and credible elections but impact the future of millions with the attempt to illegally influence on the result of the elections. What will the outcome be? This is the question. Is Zambia still the democratic country many believe it to be? We will soon find out after the elections in August!

Karina Cantante
Karina Y G Cantante

Into SA Group

VISA Types and Regulations
Mission Impossible made possible through Into SA

Nigeria and Angola have been found to be of the hardest countries to visit. Why may you ask? When applying for a visa for Nigeria, consulates usually request a standard deposit of equivalent to R6000 of which most people never end up getting back. Whereas Angola, has been accused on numerous occasions of implementing stringent visas requirements as a result of regarding foreigners as potential threats who could rob the country of their resources such as oil and diamonds. Nations such as Americans has specifically been victims of such discrimination where almost no visas were approved and granted for a period of years merely on the basis that America was in support of the Angola rebels in the 27-year civil war which began in 1975 and killed more than half a million people.

Foreigners are not able to freely travel in and out of Angola for touristic, business or work reasons. In order to do so you would need contacts in the government who have an influence. The 11 (!) types of visas for Angola and their requirements are :

1. Transit Visa

  • Photos copy of flight ticket to country of destination.
  • Proof of valid visa for country of destination.
  • Letter from the applicant planning to travel to Angola stating the reason for the visa application. 
2. Study Visa
  • Letter of request from the Institution addressed to the Consulate at the Foreign Mission of Angola.
  • Proof of Medical Aid.
  • Proof of enrollments and acceptance in a learning institution indicating duration of course.
Take note: Applicants under 18 years must provide details of a person in Angola that will be responsible for the minor, proof of his/her residence status and letter from the person confirming guardianship. Proof of accommodation needs to be provided along with consent from both parents and copies of their IDs.

3. Tourist Visa
  • Letter of request from the applicant, addressed to the Consulate at Foreign Mission (letter must be certified).
  • Copy of the hotel reservation with the official stamp from the hotel.  
4. Short Term Visa
  • Letter of request from the applicant, addressed to the Consulate at Foreign Mission (letter must be certified).
  • Copy of the hotel reservation with the official stamp from the hotel.
  • Letter of invitation by Angolan resident or alternatively letter of confirming short term employment. 
5. Ordinary Visa
  • A letter addressed of request to the Consulate at the Foreign Mission, showing proof of the legal establishment of the company.
  • A copy of the business permit.
  • A copy of evidence of payment of current taxes (industrial payment tax for the current year.
  • A copy of the company’s publication page in the Diário da República (official gazette of the republic).
  • A copy of identification of the person signing the letter (passport copy if the signer is an Angolan citizen, or passport with Angolan visa if the signer is a foreigner).
If Applicant is sponsored by a private enterprise/individual or has no sponsor:

  • The Letter from the private enterprise/individual sponsoring or visa applicant must be authenticated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Angola and include:
  • Copy of the hotel reservation with the official stamp from the hotel;
  • Invitation letter or alternatively employment letter. 
6. Privileged Visa
  • Letter or request from the Requester or Beneficiary, addressed to the Consulate at the Foreign Mission of Angola.
  • Original and copy of Investor certificate.
  • Proof of authorisation to import capital for the required investment, from the competent banking entity.
  • Valid proxy for the person representing the investor in Angola, if applicable.
  • Proof of payment of the Immigration Act requested.
  • Approval letter from ANIP (Agência Nacional de Investimento Privado) 
7. Work Visa
  • Letter from the contracting company, requesting the visa, addressed to the Consulate at the Foreign Mission of Angola, with a copy to the Migration and Foreigners Service, indicating the following information on the beneficiary:
  • Full name;
  • Nationality;
  • Parents’names;
  • Date of birth;
  • Passport number and expiration date;
  • Profession and functions to be performed.
7.1 For professional work in the oil or mining sector:

In addition to the above mention requirement applicants will further need to provide the following:
  • Profession and functions to be performed.
  • Opinion of the competent ministry.
  • Work contract or employee lease agreement.
  • Academic and professional certificates translated into Portuguese, certified by a Commissioner of Oaths and by the Consulate at the Foreign Mission of Angola.
7.2 For professional work in any other sector not listed above:
  • Academic and professional certificates translated into Portuguese, certified by a Commissioner of Oaths and by the Consulate at the Foreign Mission of Angola.
  • Curriculum Vitae translated into Portuguese and duly certified.
  • Opinion of the Ministry of Public Administration, Employment, and Social Security for public enterprises or institutions, and from the line agency for the activity in question for private enterprises and institutions.
  • Photocopy of the Diário da República [Official Gazette of the Republic], publishing the by-laws of the company.
  • Current evidence of payment of tax obligations.
  • Contract of employment containing the signatures of both the employer and employee and the terms and conditions of employment.
  • Applicants also must present a letter of motivation from the employer.
  • Copy of business permit to practice.
  •  Copy of the updated income tax.
  • Report on HIV status 
8. Short/ Temporary Stay Visa
  • A letter addressed to the Consulate at the Foreign Mission of Angola, for a temporary stay visa.
  • Academic and professional certificates translated into Portuguese, duly certified by a Commissioner of Oaths.
  • Proof of family relations with Angolan citizens or legal foreign residents in the country.
  • Proof of accommodation.
  • Proof of payment of the Immigration Act requested.
  • Letter on behalf of applicant confirming intention and duration of stay.
  • Letter form Angolan host. 
9. Temporary Residence Visa
  • A letter addressed to the Consulate at the Foreign Mission of Angola, for a visa for establishing residence by applicant.
  • Proof of ownership or lease of residence (if applicable).
  • Letter on behalf of the applicant confirming intention and duration of stay.
  • Letter from Angolan host. 
10. Diplomatic Visa
  • Verbal note from the appropriate diplomatic mission or consulate.
Please take note: Diplomatic, official and courtesy visas are free

11. Medical Treatment
  • Letter from applicant's medical practitioner or medical institution confirming reason and period of treatment.
  • Passport photos must be submitted with all visa application and it must be in colour, front view and with a white background. Applicant's name must be written on the back of the photos. Male applicants must be wearing shirt and tie, and women must me modestly covered to the neck in the photos.
  • A letter of invitation from host in Angola (either company or individual) addressed to the specific Consulate where the visa application will be submitted, explaining the relationship to the applicant and the purpose of travel. In addition, the letter must indicate the length of stay, place of stay, and contact information. The letter must include a statement of guarantee of financial responsibility from host company in Angola (or else the applicant must provide a personal bank statement). This letter must be written in Portuguese and must also have been certified.
  • Letter from employer or sponsoring company in country of origin, addressed to the specific Consulate where the visa application will be submitted, on company letterhead, introducing the applicant, indicating the applicant's employment status/position held in the company, and clearly stating the purpose of visit. The business letter must also indicate who will be financially responsible for the applicant and must provide detailed contact information in host country.
  • Bank statements as proof of financial means equivalent to ($200.00 per day) to support stay in Angola. Either a statement of guarantee of financial responsibility from host company in Angola included in the Letter of Invitation, or a copy of the traveler’s bank statement.
  • Original passport and copy of valid passport (biometric page and pages containing information on migratory movements).
  • All passports must be valid for no less than 18 months at time of submission of visa application.
  • Passport must have at east 3 blank pages for endorsements.
  • Copy of flight schedule to and from Angola.
  • Medical certificate from country of origin and Yellow Fever certificate (if applicable).
  • Police Clearance Certificate from country of origin or residence (applicable to persons 18 years older).
  • Applications must be submitted in person by the applicant, and fingerprints will be taken at the Consulate.
  • Letter of undertaking confirming applicant will abide to all laws in Angola during their stay.


Since the implementation of the new Immigration Regulation South Africa has been scrutinised as a result of the negative experiences endured not only by foreign residents but potential travellers too. However, after having done research on visa processes amongst Africa specifically Angola and Nigeria I am of the opinion that travellers will refrain (if they haven't already) from traveling to these two countries completely as a result of their stringent requisites. As developing countries Angola and Nigeria have the potential to grow and at much faster rate should they just do away with requisites most travellers can not comply with and ones that scare investors away. Talk about an immigration nightmare! Not only is it almost impossible to comply with certain requirements but corruption and poor service delivery is rife characteristics when dealing with immigration related matters.

Please feel free to contact us if you encounter any of those problems or need any assistance with Visa Applications for this Region!
Gabriela A S Da Costa
Gabriela A S Da Costa      Artigo Português  Artigo Português

Into SA Tshwane
New Gas Pipeline Projects
Tanzania to follow Mozambique as major Gas Supplier

Apart from Tanzania being the home to two renowned tourism destinations like Africa's highest mountain, Kilimanjaro, and wildlife-rich national parks such as the Serengeti, Tanzania is also more and more moving into the limelight when it comes to gas reserves and gas supplies.

Tanzania has had more success in its search for gas than for oil. Songo Songo was Tanzania's first important hydrocarbon Songo Songo Gasfielddiscovery in which gas from Lower Cretaceous sands tested up to 23 million cubic feet per day of gas and minor volumes of high API oil. Seven appraisal wells have been drilled and reserves are estimated to be about 1Tcf. Although the gas is methane-rich, ethane and higher hydrocarbons are ubiquitous. Gas ratios are characteristic of gases associated with oils and several wells in the field have tested 42 to 50 degree API condensate. Biomarker analysis conducted on the condensate indicates derivation from moderately mature type II/III kerogen.

Gas produced and sold from the Songo Songo field is classified as either Protected Gas or Additional Gas. The Protected Gas is 100% owned by the Tanzanian Petroleum Development Corporation and is sold to Songas Limited under a 20 year Gas Agreement either for use at the Ubungo Power Plant or for onward sale to the Wazo Hill Cement Plant or for the Village Electrification Programme.

Tanzania said on  the 4th of May 2016 it was planning to build a pipeline to supply natural gas to neighbouring Uganda as it looks to export some of the huge offshore gas reserves discovered in recent years.

East Africa is a new hotspot for hydrocarbons exploration after substantial oil deposits were found in Uganda and major gas reserves discovered in Tanzania and Mozambique.

The gas pipeline is the latest move to deepen commercial ties between Tanzania and Uganda which were said to start in April 2016. It’s crude oil is to be shipped via a pipeline through Tanzania to Tanga port.

Most of the gas discoveries in Tanzania were made in offshore, deep-sea blocks south of the country near the site of a planned liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant.

It is truly remarkable how East Africa, and specifically Tanzania has in a short period of time become the main focus of attention as a source of new global gas supply. Large amounts of foreign investments have been made in the Tanzanian Oil and Gas industry after its first discovery. These investments have made East Africa the next lucrative market in the international scenario and the accompanying tenders are one of the main focusses of our
eAFRICA Platform.

As our members of our 
eAFRICA Platform are fully aware and already involved in, from the 7th to the 9th of July  2016 Africa’s Mega Oil and Gas Exhibition and Conference will be hosted in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania with over 100 exhibitors, more than 22 countries, expectation of more than 4300 visitor and over 2000 Professional Visitors.

Veronika Chovancová
Veronika Chovancová

eAFRICA Platform, Johannesburg
General Work Visa
Mozambican Bureaucracy at its worst ...

2016 Africa Day message from African Union Commission chairperson affirms the organisation’s commitment to political and economic integration among member states. It cites the free movement of people, goods and services as among its flagship projects for 2016. But a recent analysis of public attitudes towards regional integration suggests that more needs to be done to convince African citizens of the benefits of integration.

If Interested in going to Mozambique to work the first hurdle for you will be securing a job in Mozambique. The second hurdle will be doing the overly bureaucratic work permit process. The Mozambique Work Visa is for foreigners entering Mozambique to work. The visa is valid for 30 days, extendable to 60 days it come come as single or multiple entry visa and If you are looking to stay in Mozambique for longer than 60 days, you are going to need a Mozambique Residence Permit. However, the visa processing time is between 24 to 72 hours therefore there is a role to be played for both the prospective employee and employer and a duly completed application form as per the submitting through the embassy or consulate.

Documents required for the General Work Visa

1. Original passport, valid for at least 6 months from date of submission and have at least 1 blank page for a visa stamp/sticker (amendment pages are not acceptable).

2. One (1) visa application form.

3. Two (2) passport-sized photographs

4. A copy of your employment contract authorized by the competent authorities (e.g. Ministry of Labor)

5. Criminal Record Certificate

6. Employment Contract

7. Letter from the Employer ( Undertaking for repatriation and financial guarantees)

8. Invitation letter from Mozambique

If any assistance is needed with compiling the application or its submission, please feel free to contact me directly.

John S Makhoba
John S Makhoba

Into SA Tshwane
Visa Types and Regulations
Mission Impossible made possible by Into SA.

Nigeria and Angola have been found to be of the hardest countries to visit. Why may you ask? When applying for a visa for Nigeria, consulates usually request a standard deposit of equivalent to R6000 of which most people never end up getting back.

Types of Visa for Nigeria and their Requirements
1. Tourist / Visitor /Transit Visa

  • A Letter of invitation from a company/host in Nigeria accepting immigration responsibility. Duration and purpose of visit should be indicated.
  • Letter of employment from company.
  • Copy biometric page of valid passport of host person in Nigeria.
  • Proof of Hotel reservation.
  • Applicants for transit visas must submit copies of their onward tickets and visas to their destinations.
  • Minor traveling to Nigeria must submit copies of their birth certificates showing names of their parents.
  • Children of Nigerian parents must submit copies of the information page of both parents' passport, and letter of consent from both parents.
2. Business Visa
  • Self sponsored business men are required to show evidence of sufficient funds.
  • If going for business, letters of invitation from companies or business organizations stating the reason must be submitted.
3. Temporary Work Permit Visa (TWP)
  • A copy of General of Immigration Service's approval (this is an approved visa endorsement authorizing a foreigner to enter Nigeria for a specific job within a specified time).
  • Certificate of cooperation of employing company in English.
  • Letter of invitation from Nigerian company. 
4. Subject to Regularisation (STR) Employment Visa
  • Four copies of letter of Expatriate Quota Approval from Ministry of Interior.
  • Four copies of credentials, certificates and curriculum vitae, all verified by a relevant official of Nigerian High Commission/Embassy (English Certified translated copy where applicable). 
  • Four copies of letter of offer of employment.
  • Four copies of STR visa request letter from company in Nigeria.
  • Four copies of acceptance of Offer of Appointment letter.
  • Evidence of a minimum 4 years of post-graduation experience.
  • Certificate of cooperation of employing company in English.
Be advised: All of the above should be submitted in four sets, not separately

5. Diplomatic Visa
  • Note Verbal from the Ministry of Foreign Affair in country of origin stating purpose and duration of assignment.
6. Missionary Visa
  • If going for religious purpose, approval from the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Nigeria must be submitted.
7. Study Visa
  • If going for educational visit, a letter of invitation from the host University or school stating its purpose must be submitted.
  • If a student, letter from your institution confirming acceptance, enrollments and duration of course. 
  • Passport valid for at least 6 months with at least one blank page for endorsement of visa
  • Passport photos
  • Means of financial proof in form of a bank statement of applicants’s account of no less than US $ 5000.
  • Copy of flight schedule.
  • A signed letter of invitation from host (either company or individual) in Nigeria explaining the relationship to the applicant and the purpose of travel to Nigeria. In addition, the letter must indicate the length of stay, place of stay, and contact information, and must include the statement "We hereby accept full immigration responsibilities".
  • Letter from employer or host company, on company letterhead, introducing the applicant, indicating the applicant's employment status/position held in the company, and clearly stating the purpose of visit to Nigeria. The business letter must also indicate who will be financially responsible for the applicant and must provide detailed contact information in Nigeria

Since the implementation of the new Immigration Regulation South Africa has been scrutinised as a result of the negative experiences endured not only by foreign residents but potential travellers too. However, after having done research on visa processes amongst Africa specifically Angola and Nigeria I am of the opinion that travellers will refrain (if they haven't already) from traveling to these two countries completely as a result of their stringent requisites. As developing countries Angola and Nigeria have the potential to grow and at much faster rate should they just do away with requisites most travellers can not comply with and ones that scare investors away. Talk about an immigration nightmare! Not only is it almost impossible to comply with certain requirements but corruption and poor service delivery is rife characteristics when dealing with immigration related matters.

Please feel free to contact us if you encounter any of those problems or need any assistance with Visa Applications for this Region!

Gabriela A S Da Costa
Gabriela A S Da Costa      Artigo Português  Artigo Português

Into SA Tshwane
Gubernatorial Elections commence on 10 September 2016
The Giant beckons to the Polls

Elections in NigeriaWith the upcoming  gubernatorial election in Nigeria the battle to win the voters wil soon begin and a lot is at stake for every party. Edo State is going to have the election on the 10th of September 2016 while Ondo will have it on the 26th of November 2016. The Ondo have decided  that (PDP) People’s Democratic  Party  will lose to  (APC ) All Progressives Congress  on this election, since the ruling  PDP is spending it’s  last term in the state.  It has been stated  by the publicity secretary of APC Omooba  Abayomi  that  Ondo state has about 11 state-owned industries or more, but today none is working.  The PDP in Ondo State appears to be in a serious battle over the choice of it’s candidate for this year’s governorship election holding in the State. Since the release of the election date by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC)  the  ruling party has swung into action with the singular aim of searching for a formidable candidate that will succeed Mimiko as he is not contesting for the election.
HON. Niran Sule-Akinsuyi , a former special commissioner in Ondo State has indicated his intention to vie for the November governorship election  in the state  under APC.  APC is at the centre of the game of politics in Ondo State in terms of strength and content  because it has personalities, people who are concerned , people who believe they can do more than they are doing presently. Also in Edo State tension rose when  Obaseki was chosen as the anointed candidate for the APC to run in the election. Many party members were looking forward to be chosen but only one made it . The incumbent  governor , Adams Oshiomhole is ineligible to run for the third consecutive term due  to term limits established in the Fifth Amendment  to the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The PDP runner for the State is Osagie Ize-Iyamu former Chief Staff to the Edo State governor and Secretary to the State Government.
Just like every election comes with scandals for every political party, the PDP suspended a governorship aspirant Matthew Iduoriyekemwen for alleged anti-party activity.  Iduoriyekemwen who  lost  in the recent governorship   primary election was accused of working  for the Ali Modu Sheriff faction of the party and apparently against the Ahmed Makarfi  faction. It is also said that the gubernatorial aspirant was also said to have  been  working  with the State Governor , Adams Oshiomhole a member of the APC. Also  the  Director General Chief  Osaro Onaiwu resigned from his post in the PDP to enable his political ambition. It said that he has pitched a tent with the All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA) and his new  party  has  confirmed  that  he is interested in the September  10  gubernatorial election in the Edo State as he has picked a form to contest  in the election. It is clear now that the crisis in the PDP did not just start now because there were such decisions and crisis before.
“The lesson of history is very important in our quest to serve our people” both parties say but it’s all up to the people to make their decision come the day of the elections. The parties have a long way to go convincing the people that they will take the challenges facing the country and what is in store for them, like the security in the country, the issue of subsidy removal and the  fraud  with it  that has been on the table for a long time. The decay in the economy  and in the financial system along with the level of corruption.

Depending on the outcome and the accompanying events during the election period, Nigeria may again become available as a Target Country on our eAFRICA Platform. For now it stays suspended.

Pinkie C Mabula
Pinkie C Mabula

Into SA Johannesburg
General Elections in Kenya on 8 August 2017
More than one year to go, but still a lot to do ...

In 2008, there was a huge elections dispute in Kenya, where 1200 lives were lost. Due to this the country was ripped apart. Although over a year ahead of the next elections, the country has been put under the spotlight because of the recent violent protests.

The Democratic Party from Kenya will take part in the 2017 elections but only if it is supervised by a reformed electoral body. Mr Pete Ndubai says they are worried that the IEBC (Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission) disagreement has split their country and also affected negatively on the economy. The Kenyans are threatening to boycott the elections if the IEBC is not reformed.  The IEBC was created in 2011 through an act of parliament, and is in charge of conducting and supervising votes and elections for any elective body established by the constitution. The IEBC has always been seen as dishonest and a large section of the public no longer has confidence in it.

This was caused by several events, such as, firstly, the process and outcome of the 2013 elections. These were the first elections to be managed and supervised by the IEBC, but the outcome and and the process caused a lot of speculations.

The second incident is the uncovering of the multi-million shilling “Chickengate scandal” which involved senior IEBC officials, who had apparently been bribed to hand a printing tender for election materials to UK firm, Smith and Ouzman.

The third incident s IEBC’s handling of CORD’s Okoa Kenya (which means ‘save Kenya’) initiative, which requested the amendment of the 2010 constitution and among other things. The IEBC rejected CORD’s petition, claiming that it lacked valid sufficient signatures.

The members of the DP (Democratic Party) have made it clear that they have no intension to join the Jubilee Alliance Party, but do back President Uhuru Kenyatta’s re-election.

Kenya Elections 2017, who is ready?Regardless of IEBC’s effort to strengthen electoral processes, insights remain that it would not be able to guarantee free and fair elections next year. Whether or not these insights are verified is not known, but the fact still remains that the IEBC’s integrity, credibility, independence and public stature have been really battered.

It should be acknowledged that Kenya’s political circumstances involve extreme political and ethnic polarisation, which require not only technical and legal solutions, but also a politically nuanced pact.But in order to achieve that, first peaceful and democratic elections need to take place by not repeating what happened in 2008. Although it is still more than a year until 8 August 2017, the official election date, there is a lot that has to be done until then and we will focus on and report about the developments over the next year!

Angelina Z Ntuli
Angelina Z Ntuli

Into SA Tshwane

Probation Period and Leave
A Practical Overview
Employment ConditionsThe purpose of a probationary period is to afford a company the opportunity to evaluate the employee's work performance over a reasonable, mutually agreed upon period of time whereby the employer can determine the employee's suitability for the position. The employee is therefore appointed on the basis of a conditional employment contract, meaning that the continuation of his/her employment contract is conditional on whether the employee has demonstrated that he/she is able to carry out the responsibilities defined under the job description. So, if the contract is considered to be conditional, when does the basic condition of employment regarding leave commence?

Annual Leave
Section 20 (1) states that an “annual leave cycle” means the period of 12 months’ employment with the same employer immediately following—

(a)          an employee’s commencement of employment; or
(b)          the completion of that employee’s prior leave cycle.

Section 20 (2) states that an employer must grant an employee at least—

(a)       21 consecutive days’ annual leave on full remuneration in respect of each annual leave cycle; or
(b)       by agreement, one day of annual leave on full remuneration for every 17 days on which the employee worked or was entitled to be paid;
(c)       by agreement, one hour of annual leave on full remuneration for every 17 hours on which the employee worked or was entitled to be paid.

Furthermore, Section 20 (10) states that annual leave must be taken—

(a)       in accordance with an agreement between the employer and employee; or
(b)       if there is no agreement in terms of paragraph (a), at a time determined by the employer in accordance with this section.

An annual leave cycle is a period of 12 months with the same employer, calculated from the employee's commencement of employment, or from the completion of that employees previous leave cycle. The entitlement is twenty one (21) consecutive days annual leave on full remuneration, in respect of each annual leave cycle, and if an employee works a five (5) day week then this is equal to fifteen (15) working days, or if the employee works a six (6) day week then it is equal to eighteen (18) working days.

If the employee is working a five (5) day week, then the annual leave will accrue at the rate of 1.25 days per month, and if the employee is working a six (6) day week then the annual leave will accrue at the rate are of 1.5 days per month. The same goes for the probation period as the annual leave is accrued each month. So in essence, the employee will only accrue up to and including the last month that he/she has worked.

The employee is entitled to take whatever leave he/she has accumulated in an annual leave cycle, on consecutive days. This means that if an employee has, for example, accumulated eleven (11) days during an annual leave cycle, he is entitled to take those eleven (11) days consecutively, and the employer may not refuse him/her permission to take those days consecutively. There is nothing preventing an employer from using its own discretion to grant annual leave during probation even if the employee has not accumulated sufficient days. This will all depend on the nature of circumstances surrounding the annual leave request. It is important to note that the employee is not automatically able to qualify for all of his/her annual leave as soon as employment is started – the annual leave due will always accumulate monthly.

Sick Leave
The sick leave entitlement is the number of days that an employee would normally work during a six (6) week period, in every three (3) year cycle, calculated from the first day of employment. Therefore, if an employee works a five (5) day week, then six (6) weeks would equate to thirty (30) days, and the employee would therefore be entitled to thirty (30) days sick leave on full pay in every three (3) year cycle.

During the first six (6) months of employment, the entitlement is one (1) day paid sick leave for every twenty six (26) days worked. On the first working day of month number seven (7), the balance of the thirty (30) days kicks in and is available to the employee. Therefore, if the employee took no sick leave during the first six (6) months of employment, then on the first working day of month number seven (7), that employee would have thirty (30) days sick leave available to last him/her for the balance of  2.5 years remaining in his first three (3) year cycle.

If the employee took say four (4) days sick leave during the first six (6) months of employment, then on the first working day of month number seven (7), that employee would have twenty six (26) days sick leave available to last him/her for the next 2.5  years. This amount can be used by the employee at any time during the next 2.5 years, or three (3) years, as the case may be, but when it is all used up then of course the employee has no further sick leave available until the start of the next three (3) year cycle.

Any sick leave remaining to the credit of the employee at the end of a sick leave cycle is forfeited, and is not carried over to the next leave cycle. Any sick leave remaining to the credit of the employee upon termination of the employment agreement by either party, is forfeited and the employee is not entitled to receive any payment for any sick leave days outstanding to the employee's credit.

Family Responsibility Leave
Family responsibility leave is presently an allowance of three (3) days on full pay per year, and if the employee does not utilise the family responsibility leave during any one (1) year, then any part of the allowance remaining at the end of the year is forfeited and is not carried over to the next year.

Family responsibility leave is available only to employees who have been in employment with the same employer for longer than four (4) months, and who work more than four (4) days per week for the employer.

Family responsibility leave may be used when the employee's child is born, when the employee's child is sick, or upon the death of the employee's spouse or life partner, or the employee's parent, adoptive parent, grandparent, adopted child, grandchild or sibling.

An employee is entitled to take family responsibility leave as a half day, if that is all that is required. The employer is entitled to ask for proof of the event for which the family responsibility leave is sought, such as a medical certificate or death certificate. Family responsibility leave may not be claimed for any reason other than the reasons stated above.

Unpaid Leave
There is no provision in the BCEA which entitles an employee to take unpaid leave. Unpaid leave is referred to in the Act only in terms of what the employer is entitled to do when an employee’s sick leave or annual leave has been exhausted – the employer may then allow (or require) the employee to take unpaid leave. However, there is no provision in the Act that allows an employee to demand that he/she be permitted to take unpaid leave.

Study Leave
Very simply, in labour legislation there is no such thing as study leave - it does not exist. Therefore, if the employee has such a requirement, he must apply for paid annual leave in accordance with the employer's annual leave policy.

It’s always good to assess each situation before approaching leave as a mechanical checklist procedure. The time lines should be adhered to in order to protect companies from abuse of leave days in order for employees to be remunerated for those days. With that being said, it’s also a wise idea to maintain and implement an environment where control measures can be set in place to ensure that leave is not abused.
Fernando J A Rolo

Into SA Group
Business Delegations to Africa
Challenges on your Way to Success

Business DelegationArranging a business as well as apolitical delegation can be quite the challenge. However, there are simple but effective rules that have to be applied in order to make the delegation a successful event. At Into SA Travel (formerly eTRAVEL), our Travel Management Team strives to ensure that our clients’ needs are met, to the last detail.  We pride ourselves on attention to detail and success is the key word that drives our efforts.

Here are some key parameters for a successful delegation:

Before rushing into the logistics of the event, you need to prepare yourself. Sourcing as much information as possible, from the client, is critical in delivering the exact outcome your client expects. Accuracy and attention to detail is crucial, especially for International Clients, as expectations can be very different to the outcome, as they are not always familiar with the infrastructure in a foreign countries and their ideas may vary from that of our local Suppliers and Travel management partners.

It is important to understand the concept of the delegation. Understanding what is the scope, language preference, dates, names, target audience, sponsors, etc. Know what the budget plan is and align it with Marketing and other related costs. Source and suggest appropriate Marketing Aids to the client.
  • Source venues that will be of primary value to the Delegation Hosts and then consider the audience. Travelling times and distance between locations is crucial to delegations where the delegation is governed by schedules.
  • Ensure that you have the correct contact details, so that there can be easy communication and feedback.
  • Deal with reputable marketing companies who will deliver timeously.
  • Confirm high ranking Officials and ensure that they receive priority and VIP treatment.
  • It is always advisable to check and test equipment the day before the event.
  • Understand the cultural differences of who you are dealing with and those that you are catering to.
The Power of Technology can be an instrumental tool in ensuring a successful and high calibre event. At the same time it is important that you have a system that works well and is adequate for the needs of the event. With this being the 21st Century, everyone has access to laptops, smartphones, tablets, etc. and therefore access to Internet becomes a high demand. Wi-Fi is usually a major issue at Conferences and delegations and it’s important to make sure that this is one of the primary questions when sourcing a venue.

Keynote Speakers
Choosing your speakers carefully is an important aspect.The right keynote speaker will capture the audience and set the tone for the delegation. The key is to aim for specifics. The keynote speaker you eventually choose has to be both informed and learned about the purpose of the delegation, in order to contribute to the successful event. Diversity and gender balance are also a contributing factor to winning the attention of an audience.

Networking is a one of the main reasons why delegates attend events. Ensure that you capture the right networking circle, in order for the event to be successful for both the Hosting Delegation and the audience.

Time allocation is important for networking opportunities and discussions. Avoid programs that are overcrowded with presentations. If the delegation revolves around statistics and finances, then build in enough breaks to keep the audience refreshed. Appropriate breakaway and meeting rooms, with comfortable seating is always welcomed.
Always include a social event as part of your proposal as it allows the Networking to continue in a more relaxed environment.
Organising delegations involves a multitude of tasks, many of which involve a host of other players, suppliers and other personnel.  Being able to delegate tasks and manage them at the same time requires skill and energy. As the Travel Management Company, we are, at the end of the day, responsible to the client who is hosting the delegation and it is our responsibility to ensure that all parties are on board and carrying out tasks with the same common goals and purpose, to ensure a successful outcome.

Ensuring that there are no hiccups during and after the event, even though there may be unforeseen problems and situations out of your control, is the key to the success of your event.
Bringing in a delegation can be an adventure if planned and executed with total commitment to detail and the right team. At Into SA Travel, we pride ourselves on our Brand Image. Our clients that know us, are aware that failure is not an option. Our success speaks for itself.

Anysa D Pillay
Anysa D Pillay

Into SA Travel
Part Time Studies at eACADEMY
Convenient Way of up-skilling your Employees

Empowering EmployeesAre you looking to increase your employee’s productivity? Whether it is preparing them for their roles or acquiring new skills, IntoSA's eACADEMY part-time programmes will help you achieve this. It is my pleasure to introduce to you our wide range of short skills training programmes. Our courses include but are not limited to:

How to do Business in South and Sub-Saharan Africa, Procurement and Supply chain, Information technology, Human Resource Management, Immigration Law and Strategies, Negotiation Skills and Sales and Marketing.   
eACADEMY consists of trainers and moderators that have a sound practical background in theoretical knowledge as well as decades of practical experience in Sub-Saharan Africa. Rest assured that you have the support of a strong training institution that strives on quality and distinction. We provide on-site and off-site training programmes to ensure ultimate convenience and we are flexible to accommodate your operations within your organizations needs. 

Benefits of our part-time Programmes
  • Employees can work whilst upscaling their theoretical and practical knowledge - especially as we provide flexible training hours designed around your operations which will ensure that your productivity is not affected;
  • In depth levels of student support and facilities are available - on-point student support system; and 
  • Potential to increase productivity for the benefit of company and its employees 

To find out how we can assist you and to learn about the various benefits and discounts available, please feel free to contact me on 0787847282 and/or 012411509 and email: I will be more than happy to schedule a meeting with you at your convenience.

Julius G Sithole
Julius G Sithole

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Kommunalwahlen in Südafrika: Gegenwind für die Regierungspartei ANC

Eine Demonstration von DA-Anhängern aus dem Jahr 2012.Anhänger der stärksten Oppositionspartei Democratic Alliance (DA)
Urheber: The Democratic Alliance. Dieses Bild steht unter einer Creative Commons Lizenz.

Am 3. August 2016 sind 26 Millionen Südafrikaner/innen zur Wahl aufgerufen. Es wird die spannendste Wahl seit dem Ende der Apartheid. Die fünf wichtigsten Beobachtungen.

Der Kampf um die Städte

Zum ersten Mal in seiner Regierungsgeschichte hat der African National Congress (ANC) über seine alleinige Regierungsfähigkeit in mehreren urbanen Zentren des Landes gleichzeitig zu fürchten. Die Democratic Alliance (DA), Südafrikas größte Oppositionspartei, hat es sich zum Ziel erklärt, neben dem von ihr seit 2006 regierten Kapstadt gleich drei weitere Metropolgemeinden – Tshwane (Pretoria), Johannesburg und Nelson Mandela Bay (Port Elizabeth) – für sich zu gewinnen. Wie gut ihre Chancen tatsächlich stehen, ist schwer einzuschätzen.

Fest steht: weniger Stimmen für den ANC würden sich in einen breiteren Trend einordnen lassen. Seit den Nationalwahlen im Jahr 2004 hat der Stimmenanteil der Regierungspartei bei National- und Kommunalwahlen graduell von 70 auf 62 Prozent (2014) abgenommen. Es scheint daher nicht unwahrscheinlich, dass der ANC unter die 60-Prozent-Marke rutschen wird, was nicht das erste Mal wäre. Bei den Kommunalwahlen im Jahr 2000 erhielt der ANC 59.4 Prozent der Stimmen.

Gerade in den Großstädten dürfte es dem ANC schwer fallen seine Kernwählerschaft zu mobilisieren. Zu sehr bestimmen politische Skandale, wie etwa um den mit Steuergeldern finanzierten Ausbau der privaten Residenz Präsident Jacob Zumas in Nkandla, die Schlagzeilen. Gleichermaßen zeigt sich eine wachsende Zahl von Bürgerinnen und Bürger über die mangelhafte Bereitstellung von öffentlichen Dienstleistungen enttäuscht und bringen dies in jährlich tausenden von sogenannten „service delivery protests“ deutlich zum Ausdruck.

Der regierende ANC ist sichtbar besorgt

Der ANC ist sich seiner Lage in den Metropolen des Landes bewusst und sichtbar besorgt. So ernannte die Partei auf Initiative ihrer Zentrale im Mai 2015 Danny Jordaan als Bürgermeister von Nelson Mandela Bay, um die weitgehend marode Metropolgemeinde um die Stadt Port Elizabeth wieder auf Vordermann zu bringen. Jordaan gilt als erfahrener Verwalter, der das lokale Organisationskomitee während der Fußballweltmeisterschaft 2010 unter sich hatte. Ob dieser politische Schachzug seine gewünschte Wirkung zeigen wird, bleibt abzuwarten.

In der Provinz Gauteng hat der ANC damit begonnen, seine Kampagne stärker an der dort breit vertretenen schwarzen Mittelklasse zu orientieren. Auf Anlass der Parteispitze in der Provinz, wo sich Johannesburg als die wichtigste Wirtschaftsmetropole des Landes befindet, versucht die Partei gezielt junge Akademiker und Berufstätige als Freiwillige für den Wahlkampf zu rekrutieren. Damit will man sich vorsichtig von der Partei auf nationaler Ebene abheben, von der sich eine zunehmende Zahl der schwarzen Mittelschicht entfremdet fühlt. Gerade diese Stimmen hofft die DA durch die Nominierung schwarzer Spitzenkandidaten an sich zu reißen. So wurde in Johannesburg mit Herman Mashaba ein bekannter Unternehmer ins Rennen geschickt.

In Johannesburg gerät der regierende ANC aber bei weitem nicht alleine durch die DA unter Druck. Die vom ehemaligen Präsidenten der ANC-Jugendliga, Julius Malema, gegründete linkspopulistische Partei Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) hat bei der Veranstaltung zur Veröffentlichung ihres Parteiprogramms in Soweto – ein Zusammenschluss zahlreicher Townships südwestlich von Johannesburg und eine der historischen Wiegen des ANC – gezeigt, dass sie in der Lage sind, Mitglieder und Sympathisanten zu mobilisieren.

Linkspopulistischen EFF könnten zum „Königsmacher“ werden

Mehr als 40.000 Teilnehmer strömten zum Orlando Stadium, um dem charismatischen Populisten Julius Malema sprechen zu hören. Die Ambitionen der jungen Partei sind hoch und ihre Wahlversprechen wild. Auch wenn die Selbstdarstellung als „Regierungspartei in der Warteschleife“ überzogen sein mag und ein volles Stadion nicht mit tatsächlichen Stimmen an den Urnen gleichzusetzen ist, könnte die Partei in den Ballungsräumen von Gauteng durchaus in die Rolle des „Königsmacher“ schlüpfen.

Die Aussicht, dass breite Koalitionen eingegangen werden müssen, um eine Regierungsmehrheit zu erreichen, ist größtenteils Neuland für Südafrika. Sollte der ANC in manchen der Metropolen tatsächlich deutlich unter die 50-Prozent-Marke rutschen, wird es mit hoher Wahrscheinlichkeit zu bisher unvorstellbaren Schulterschlüssen kommen müssen. Die EFF haben einer möglichen Koalition mit dem ANC bereits mehrmals eine Absage erteilt. Gleichzeitig erscheint die programmatische Kluft zwischen der DA und den EFF als unüberbrückbar. Damit bleibt eine Art „große Koalition“ der politischen Mitte, die weder dem ANC noch der DA gefallen dürfte.

Sollte der ANC tatsächlich schwächer werden in den urbanen Zentren des Landes, während er in den ländlichen Regionen fest im Sattel bleibt, könnte dies den Charakter der Partei und die politische Landschaft des Landes auf lange Sicht grundsätzlich verändern.

Die Unabhängige Wahlkommission – wie unabhängig ist sie?

Bisher gelten Wahlen im demokratischen Südafrika als insgesamt frei und fair. Die Unabhängige Wahlkommission (IEC), die für die Umsetzung der Wahlen zuständig ist, genoss ein allgemein hohes Ansehen als eine starke, unparteiische Institution mit Integrität. Eine Reihe von Ereignissen hat allerdings zum Beginn einer veränderten öffentlichen Wahrnehmung geführt.

Zunächst trat im Jahr 2014 die lange Zeit hoch respektierte Vorsitzende der Kommission, Pansy Tlakula nach einem in die Länge gezogenen Korruptionsskandal um den Mietvertrag für den IEC-Hauptsitz zurück. Die Nominierung ihres Nachfolgers Vuma Glenton Mashinini durch Präsident Jacob Zuma sorgte unter den Oppositionsparteien für Unmut. Zwar hatte Mashinini bereits von 1998 bis 2001 eine Position im Management des IEC inne, allerdings fungierte er in der Vergangenheit auch als persönlicher Berater Zumas.

Bereits bei den letzten Nationalwahlen im Jahr 2014 haben die EFF dem IEC Wahlbetrug in Alexandra Township in Johannesburg zu Gunsten des ANC vorgeworfen. Als die Situation vor Ort völlig in Gewalt zu eskalieren drohte, lenkte die Partei jedoch ein und erkannte das Wahlergebnis an. Seither hat Malema seine damaligen Vorwürfe mehrmals öffentlich wiederholt – ohne jedoch konkrete Beweise anzubieten. Seine offenen Drohungen gegen den IEC, solchen Betrug bei den kommenden Wahlen nicht mehr zu akzeptieren, dürfte ein ungesundes Misstrauen der Bevölkerung gegenüber der Institution schüren. Aufgrund der umfassenden Kontrollmechanismen bei der Auswertung der Stimmzettel, die Vertreter aller Parteien mit einbeziehen, erscheint eine Wahlfälschung unwahrscheinlich.

Unabhängigkeit der Wahlkommission ist unabdingbar für politische Stabilität

Allerdings zeigt ein anderer Fall, dass es nicht unmöglich ist. Im November 2015 kam das Verfassungsgericht zu dem Schluss, dass die im Jahr 2013 abgehaltenen Nachwahlen in Teilbezirken der Gemeinde Tlokwe (Potchefstroom) als nicht frei und fair anzuerkennen seien und ordnete Neuwahlen an. Eine Gruppe unabhängiger Kandidaten hatte dem IEC vorgeworfen, Wählerinnen und Wählern registriert zu haben, die nicht in den jeweiligen Stimmbezirken wahlberechtigt gewesen seien, und dass dies die Wahlergebnisse verfälschte.

Auf Grundlage der vorliegenden Beweise, stimmte das Gericht den Vorwürfen zu und verordnete auch, dass in Zukunft die Adressen aller Wählerinnen und Wähler mit in das Wahlverzeichnis aufzunehmen sind. Da das für den IEC bis zum Zeitpunkt der Kommunalwahlen am 3. August nicht zu schaffen ist, urteilte das Verfassungsgericht nun am 14. Juni, dass die Kommission 18 Monate Zeit habe, um das nationale Wahlverzeichnis zu korrigieren und dessen Legalität zu gewährleisten.

Das Verfassungsgericht hat damit, rechtlich gesehen, Klarheit geschaffen und ist eine Verfassungsänderung umgangen, die nötig geworden wäre um die Kommunalwahlen zu verschieben. Dennoch hat der Fall ein potenzielles Schlupfloch offengelegt, das gerade in eng umkämpften Wahlbezirken zum Tragen kommen könnte und die Tür für mögliche Anfechtungen der Wahlergebnisse der kommenden Wahlen öffnet.

Eine umfassende Ablehnung der Wahlergebnisse seitens einer der größeren Oppositionsparteien könnte das Land in eine politische Krise mit schwer vorhersehbaren Folgen stürzen. Vor diesem Hintergrund erscheint ein zu allen Zeiten sorgsames und unabhängiges Verhalten der Wahlkommission besonders wichtig.

Gewalt und Einschüchterungen nehmen zu

Trotz seiner gewaltreichen Geschichte und Gegenwart, kann Südafrika stolz auf eine Tradition von insgesamt gewaltfreien Wahlen zurückblicken. Dies droht sich mit dieser Wahl allerdings zu verändern. Die Anzahl von öffentlichen Protesten hat sich nach Angabe des südafrikanischen Institute for Security Studies (ISS) seit 2010 stetig erhöht. Proteste sind zum festen Bestandteil des öffentlichen Lebens geworden.

Als Hauptauslöser gelten unter anderem die mangelnde Bereitstellung öffentlicher Dienstleistungen, Arbeitskonflikte sowie Konflikte über die Demarkation einzelner Kommunen. Die derzeit schwierigen Rahmenbedingungen wie etwa Arbeitslosigkeit und geringes Wirtschaftswachstum, Dürre und Nahrungsmittelinflation sowie ein Verlust von Vertrauen in die Regierung und demokratischen Institutionen drohen die Situation weiter zu verschärfen. Im direkten Zusammenhang mit den Wahlen ist es aber insbesondere der instabile Zustand des ANC, der sich zu einem der Hauptfaktoren für Gewaltausschreitungen entwickelt hat.

So hat etwa der Nominierungsprozess für die zur Wahl stehenden Kandidaten innerhalb der Partei bereits zu einer Welle von politisch motivierter Gewalt und Morden geführt. Insbesondere die Provinz KwaZulu-Natal aber auch andere Teile des Landes sind davon betroffen. Hier geht es nicht nur um poltische Flügelkämpfe innerhalb der Partei, sondern auch um ein Leben in Armut oder Wohlstand. Die Posten in der Kommunalverwaltung sind beliebt. Außerhalb des öffentlichen Dienstes stehen die Chancen, einen geregelten und gutbezahlten Arbeitsplatz zu finden, für die Meisten schlecht. Die negativen Wirtschaftszahlen haben das noch weiter verschärft.

Höhepunkt der Gewalt bisher sind jedoch die jüngsten Ausschreitungen in Tshwane. Als die ANC Parteispitze am 20. Juni verkündete, Thoko Didiza als Bürgermeisterkandidatin in der Metropolgemeinde aufzustellen, kam es zu weitreichenden Unruhen in und um die Landeshauptstadt Pretoria. Die lokalen ANC-Parteistrukturen sind tief gespalten. Keiner der drei von ihnen vorgelegten Vorschläge für Spitzenkandidaten überzeugte den Parteivorstand.

Stattdessen entschied dieser, die demokratischen Prozesse innerhalb der Partei zu unterhöhlen und mit Didiza zwar eine als kompetent geltende, aber in der Stadt weitgehend unbekannte Nationalpolitikerin aufzustellen. Unter der Anführung von lokalen ANC-Mitgliedern ist der Unmut in der allgemeinen Bevölkerung über die Entscheidung schnell in Vandalismus und Plünderungen umgeschlagen, die mehrere Tage andauerten. Dabei kam es auch zu mehreren Toten.

Gewalttätige Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Anhängern des ANC und der EFF

Ebenso ist es bereits zu gewalttätigen Auseinandersetzungen und Einschüchterungsversuchen zwischen den Parteien gekommen. Bei Wahlkampfveranstaltungen der EFF zwischen April und Juni in den Provinzen Gauteng und KwaZulu-Natal ist die Partei mehrmals mit Mitgliedern und Unterstützern des ANC gewalttätig aneinander geraten. Zwei Mitglieder der EFF in Tembisa Township in Gauteng sind bereits ermordet worden. Während sich die Parteien gegenseitig die Schuld zuschieben, sind die EFF laut Medienberichten weitaus disziplinierter in ihrem Verhalten. Zudem werfen die EFF der Polizei vor, voreingenommen zu agieren.

Die Androhungen seitens Julius Malema während eines Interviews mit Al-Jazeera im April, den ANC, wenn nötig, mit Gewalt aus der Regierung zu heben, trug aber mit Sicherheit wenig dazu bei, eine friedvolle Wahlatmosphäre zu schaffen. Dies gilt auch für seinen Aufruf an die Protestierenden Südafrikas bei einer Wahlveranstaltung in Kapstadt, anstelle von Schulen und anderen öffentlichen Einrichtungen lieber doch die lokalen Büros des ANC niederzubrennen. Insbesondere die ANC-Jugendliga hat solche Anmerkungen regelmäßig mit der Androhung von Gegengewalt beantwortet.

Angesichts des Gewaltanstiegs im Vorfeld der Wahl stellt sich auch die Frage , wie insbesondere die Mitglieder des ANC oder der EFF auf ein unerwartet schlechtes Wahlergebnis reagieren werden.

Jungwähler – der Wunsch nach Wandel

Die Stimmen der sogenannten „born frees“ werden seit einigen Jahren von allen politischen Parteien heiß umkämpft. Nach dem Ende der Apartheid geboren und aufgewachsen, fühlen sich diese Erstwähler weniger als die älteren Generationen zu Loyalität gegenüber dem regierenden ANC und seiner „glorreichen Geschichte“ verpflichtet. Dies macht ihr Wahlverhalten weniger vorhersehbar, was zukünftige Wahlergebnisse stark verändern könnte. Bei den Nationalwahlen von 2014 registrierten sich jedoch trotz gezielter Kampagnen der Wahlkommission nur 33 Prozent aller Wahlberechtigen zwischen 18 und 19 Jahren.

Auch für die vergangenen Kommunalwahlen galt, dass die ca. zwei Millionen jungen Südafrikaner in dieser Altersgruppe von allen Wahlberechtigen am wenigsten im Wählverzeichnis vertreten waren. Gleiches gilt auch für die größere Gruppe von Jungwählern. Immerhin 66 Prozent der Gesamtbevölkerung und die Hälfte aller Wahlberechtigten sind unter 35 Jahre alt. Allerdings ist nur die Hälfte von ihnen derzeit registriert. Dabei haben die Metropolen besonders viele junge Bürger. Zudem spielen Kommunen eine zentrale Rolle in der Bereitstellung von Dienstleistungen. Es stellt sich also die Frage, warum sich junge Südafrikaner bisher so wenig motiviert zeigten, ihre Stimmzettel abzugeben.

Eine Studie vom Institute for Security Studies im Jahr 2014 fand heraus, dass jugendlicher Apathie am wenigsten die Schuld zu geben ist. Geringer Wille zur Partizipation an der Urne scheint eher in einem tiefen Vertrauensverlust in die politischen Parteien zu wurzeln. Laut einer Meinungsumfrage aus Juni 2016 glauben weniger als 30 Prozent der Altersgruppe zwischen 15 und 24 Jahren, dass sich das Land in die richtige Richtung bewegt.

Unter den jungen Südafrikaner/innen schwindet das Vertrauen in die Politik

Die Jugendarbeitslosigkeit ist seit 2008 gestiegen, und zu Beginn von 2016 haben mehr junge Südafrikaner die Suche nach Arbeit gänzlich aufgegeben. Sie scheinen Zuversicht zu verlieren, dass Parteien und Wahlergebnisse tatsächlich einen Wandel einleiten und ihren Zugang zu Arbeit, Bildung, Gesundheit und Wohnraum verbessern können. Junge Südafrikaner scheinen jedoch gleichzeitig mit mehr Optimismus in die Zukunft zu blicken: Mehr als 60 Prozent glauben an eine positive Zukunft für alle in Südafrika vertretenen Ethnien.

Im März 2016 kündigte die Wahlkommission an, verstärkt an junge Bürger appellieren zu wollen, sich zur Beteiligung an den Kommunalwahlen zu registrieren. Im April ließ die stellvertretende Vorsitzende Terry Tselane ermuntert verlauten, dass von den 1,2 Millionen Bürgern, die sich am Registrierungswochenende eintragen ließen, 70 Prozent Jungwähler waren.

Laut den Zahlen der IEC registrierten sich doppelt so viele Jungwähler am ersten Registrierungswochenende im Vergleich zu den Kommunalwahlen in 2011, und ein Viertel mehr als bei den Nationalwahlen 2014. Verschiedene Faktoren mögen dabei eine Rolle gespielt haben: die politischen Korruptionsskandale der vergangenen Jahre um Zuma, das Debakel um die Entlassung des fähigen aber kritischen Finanzministers Nhlanhla Nene, und die Studentenproteste, die im vergangenen Jahr die Grundfeste der südafrikanischen Universitäten erschütterten.

EFF und DA sehen ihre Chance bei der Jugend

Die Studentenbewegungen „Rhodes must fall“ und â€žFees must fall“ zeigten, dass sich junge Südafrikaner alternative politische Kanäle schaffen können, um ihren Frust kund zu tun und politische Forderungen zu äußern. Abgesehen von der Transformation der höheren Bildungsinstitutionen, ging es denjenigen, die sich an den bisher größten studentischen Protestaktionen seit dem Ende der Apartheid beteiligten, um die volle kulturelle, soziale und ökonomische Teilhabe der weiterhin benachteiligten Bevölkerung. EFF-Sprecher Mbuyiseni Ndlozi ist der Meinung, dass die Mainstream-Parteien die Anliegen der Jugend bisher ignoriert haben.

Die EFF hingegen, so Ndlozi, verstünde die Jugend am besten und habe mit ihrer Programmatik der Land- und wirtschaftlichen Umverteilung konkrete Antworten gefunden. Tatsächlich ist die EFF teilweise bereits an die Stelle der geschwächten ANC-Jugendliga als dominante politische Jugendformation getreten. Aber auch die DA umwirbt die Jungwähler offensiv. Der Parteipräsident Mmusi Maimane, selbst schwarz und relativ jung, unternahm eigens eine Kampagne, um Jugendliche zur Wahl aufzurufen und nannte die Wahlen ein „Referendum für die Zukunft“.

Es fragt sich jedoch, ob die DA den Ärger und die Wünsche der Jugend so effektiv einfangen kann wie die militant auftretende EFF. Der oben genannten Meinungsumfrage aus Juni 2016 zufolge scheint die EFF bei Jungwählern tatsächlich besser anzukommen: 47 Prozent gaben an, dass sie für den ANC stimmen würden, 12 Prozent für die EFF, und nur 11 Prozent für die DA.

Wie frei und fair ist die Berichterstattung?

Die South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC), Südafrikas öffentliche Fernseh- und Radioanstalt erreicht mit seinen 19 Radio- und vier Fernsehstationen ein größeres Publikum als jegliche andere Medienanbieter des Landes. Die Institution steht schon seit langem gerade bei der Opposition in der Kritik, ihr öffentliches Mandat, das nach Unabhängigkeit und Unparteilichkeit in der Berichterstattung verlangt, nicht zu erfüllen. Unter der Führung des extravaganten und skandalbehafteten Hlaudi Motsoeneng, der als enger Verbündeter Zumas gilt, hat sich diese Kritik jedoch noch weiter zugespitzt.

Ende Mai verkündete die SABC, dass seine Sender von nun an keine Filmaufnahmen von gewalttätigen Protesten mehr zeigen werden. Dies solle verhindern, dass Täter unnötige Publizität erhalten und andere zu Gewalt und Vandalismus angestiftet werden. Ebenso wurde das Zitieren von Schlagzeilen aus den Printmedien des Landes in den SABC-Radiosendern unterbunden. In den Augen der freien Medien, der Zivilgesellschaft und den Oppositionsparteien ist dies schlicht Zensur, mit dem Ziel die Regierungspartei in der Wahlkampfphase und darüber hinaus vor negativer Berichterstattung zu schützen.

SABC und Gupta-Medien zu abhängig vom ANC

Die DA zieht in Betracht, die SABC vor ein Beschwerdetribunal der Regulierungsbehörde für Kommunikation und Rundfunk (ICASA) zu bringen. Auf Basis seiner eigenen Analyse wirft sie der Anstalt vor, im Zeitraum vom 5. bis zum 17. Juni dem regierenden ANC beinahe drei Mal so viel Berichterstattung gewidmet zu haben wie der eigenen Partei. Die SABC ist jedoch dazu verpflichtet, allen Parteien gleichberechtigte Berichterstattung in Wahlkampfzeiten zu gewährleisten. Bereits in den Wochen zuvor hatte die SABC laut der DA bürokratische Verzögerungstaktiken angewandt, um die Ausstrahlung seiner Wahlclips zu verhindern.

Auch die private Medienlandschaft ist im Auge zu behalten. Die Tageszeitung „The New Age“ als auch der Nachrichtensender „ANN7“, beide im Besitz der Präsident Zuma nahestehenden Unternehmerfamilie Gupta, wurden von Beginn an als Medienhäuser gegründet, die der Regierungspartei gegenüber positiv gesonnen sein sollen. In den vergangenen Monaten sind sie aber dadurch aufgefallen, insbesondere der Fraktion um Präsident Zuma innerhalb des ANC dienlich zu werden.

So hat gar Gwede Mantashe, Generalsekretär des ANC, die Berichterstattung der Gupta-Medien als „rücksichtslos“ beschrieben. Diese hatten über eine #ZumaMustFallBrigade innerhalb des ANC berichtet, nachdem der stellvertretende Finanzminister öffentlich bekannt gab, den Chefposten im Ministerium von Vertretern der Gupta-Familie angeboten bekommen zu haben kurz bevor der frühere Finanzminister Nene im Dezember 2015 aus dem Amt gehoben wurde. Unabhängiger und verantwortlicher Journalismus sieht anders aus.



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Gabriela A S Da Costa

Into SA Tshwane


Visto na África é o foco em dificuldades de obtenção de Vistos para Angola e na Nigéria 

Nigéria e Angola são considerados ser dos países mais difíceis para se visitar. Porque será, pergunta você? Ao solicitar um visto para a Nigéria, os consulados geralmente requerem um depósito equivalente a R6000, dos quais a maioria das pessoas nunca são reembolsados. Onde em Angola, foram acusados em diversas ocasiões de implementação de requisitos de vistos tão rigorosos por considerarem os estrangeiros como ameaças potencial que poderia roubar o país de seus recursos como o petróleo e os diamantes. Nações como os americanos têm sido especificamente vítimas de tal discriminação onde quase nenhuns vistos foram aprovados e concedidos por um período de anos apenas na base de que a América apoiou os rebeldes durante a guerra civil em Angola, de 27 anos que começou em 1975 e matou mais de meio milhão de pessoas.
Os estrangeiros não podem viajar livremente dentro e fora de Angola, seja por razões turísticas, de negócios ou de trabalho. E para o fazer, só  com contatos no governo que têm uma influência.
A seguir estão os 11 tipos de vistos para Angola e os seus requisitos são as seguintes:

1. Visto de Trânsito :
  • Fotos cópia do bilhete de avião param país de destino.
  • Prova de visto válido para país de destino.
  • Carta do requerente viajar para Angola citando as razões para o pedido de visto.
2. Visto de Estudos
  • Carta de pedido da instituição dirigida ao Consulado da Missão Exterior de Angola.
  • Prova de seguro de saúde.
  • Prova de inscrição e aceitação em uma instituição de ensino indicando duração do curso.
  • Tome nota: Os candidatos menores de 18 anos devem fornecer detalhes de uma pessoa em Angola que será responsável pelo menor, prova de sua / seu estatuto de residência e carta da pessoa confirmando tutela. Prova de alojamento deve ser fornecida juntamente com o consentimento de ambos os pais e cópias dos seus cartões de identidade.
3. Visto de Tourismo
  • Carta de pedido do requerente, endereçado ao Consulado de Missões Estrangeiras (carta deve ser autenticada).
  • Cópia de reserva de hotel com o carimbo oficial do hotel
4. Visto de Curta Duração
  • Carta de pedido do requerente, endereçado ao Consulado de Missões Estrangeiras (carta deve ser autenticada).
  • Cópia de reserva de hotel com o carimbo oficial do hotel.
  • Carta de convite por residente de Angola ou, alternativamente, carta de confirmação de emprego a curto prazo.
5. Visto Comum
  • Uma carta de solicitação dirigida ao Consulado da Missão das Relações Exteriores, mostrando a prova da constituição legal da empresa.
  • Uma cópia da licença de negócio.
  • Uma cópia de prova de pagamento dos impostos correntes (impostos industrial para o corrente ano.
  • Uma cópia da página de publicação da empresa no Diário da República (jornal oficial da República).
  • Uma cópia de identificação da pessoa que assina a letra (cópia de passaporte se o signatário é um cidadão angolano, ou passaporte com visto de Angola, se o signatário é um estrangeiro).
Requerente é patrocinado por uma empresa / uma pessoa ou não tem patrocinador:
  • A carta da empresa privada / patrocínio indivíduo ou requerente do visto deve ser autenticado pelo Ministério das Relações Exteriores de Angola, e incluem:
  • Cópia de reserva de hotel com o carimbo oficial do hotel;
  • Carta de convite ou, alternativamente, carta de emprego.
6. Visto Pivilegiado
  • Carta ou pedido do Solicitante ou Beneficiário, dirigida ao Consulado da Missão Exterior de Angola.
  • Original e cópia do certificado de Investidor.
  • Prova de autorização de importação de capital para os investimentos necessários, a partir da entidade bancária competente.
  • Procuração válida para a pessoa que representa o investidor em Angola, se for o caso.
  • Comprovante de pagamento da Lei de Imigração solicitado.
  • Carta de aprovação da ANIP (Agência Nacional de Investimento Privado).
7. Visto de Trabalho
  • Carta da empresa contratante, solicitando o visto, dirigida ao Consulado da Missão Exteriores de Angola, com cópia para o Serviço de Migração e Estrangeiros, indicando as seguintes informações sobre o beneficiário:
  • Nome completo;
  • Nacionalidade;
  • Nome dos pais;
  • Data de Nascimento;
  • Número de passaporte e data de validade;
  • Profissão e funções a serem executadas.
7.1 Para o trabalho profissional no setor de petróleo ou de mineração:
Além das exigências mencionada em cima, os candidatos precisam ainda de fornecer o seguinte:
  • Profissão e funções a serem executadas.
  • Parecer do Ministério competente.
  • Contrato de trabalho ou contrato de locação empregado.
  • Certificados académicos e profissionais traduzidos para Português, certificadas por um Comissário de Juramentos e pelo Consulado da Missão das Relações Exteriores de Angola.
7.2 Para trabalho profissional em qualquer outro sector não listado acima:
  • Certificados académicos e profissionais traduzidos para Português, certificadas por um Comissário de Juramentos e pelo Consulado da Missão das Relações Exteriores de Angola.
  • Curriculum Vitae traduzido em Português e devidamente certificado.
  • Parecer do Ministério da Administração Pública, Emprego e Segurança Social para as empresas ou instituições públicas, e da agência de linha para a atividade em causa para as empresas e instituições privadas.
  • Fotocópia do Diário da República [Diário Oficial da República], a publicação dos estatutos da empresa.
  • A evidência atual do pagamento das obrigações fiscais.
  • Contrato de trabalho contendo as assinaturas de tanto o empregador e empregado e os termos e condições de emprego.
  • Os candidatos também devem apresentar uma carta de motivação por parte do empregador.
  • Cópia da licença de negócio para a prática.
  •  Cópia do imposto de renda atualizado.
  • Informar sobre o estado de HIV.

8. Visto de Estadia Temporária
  • Uma carta dirigida ao Consulado da Missão Exteriores de Angola, com pedido de visto de estadia temporária.
  • Certificados académicos e profissionais traduzidos para Português, devidamente certificado por um Comissário de Juramentos.
  • Prova de relações familiares com cidadãos nacionais ou estrangeiros residentes legais no país.
  • Prova de acomodação.
  • Comprovante de pagamento da Lei de Imigração solicitado.
  • Carta em nome do candidato confirmando a intenção e a duração da estadia.
  • Carta do acolhedor em Angola.
9. Visto de Residência Temporaria
  • A carta dirigida ao Consulado da Missão Exteriores de Angola, pedindo um visto para residência temporária por requerente.
  • Prova de propriedade ou arrendamento de residência (se aplicável).
  • Carta em nome do candidato confirmando a intenção e duração da estadia.
  • Carta do acolhedor em Angola.
10. Visto diplomático
  • Nota verbal da missão diplomática adequada ou consulado.
  • Por favor, tome nota: Vistos diplomáticos, oficial e de cortesia são gratuitos
11. Tratamento Médico
  • Carta do médico do requerente ou estabelecimento de saúde comprovativo com a razão e período de tratamento.
  • Fotos tipo passaporte devem ser enviadas com todos pedidos de visto e devem ser a cores, vistas de frente e com um fundo branco. Nome do requerente deve ser escrito no verso das fotos. Candidatos do sexo masculino deve ter vestido uma camisa e gravata e as mulheres devem modestamente estar cobertas até o pescoço nas fotos.
  • A carta de convite de acolhimento em Angola (seja empresa ou indivíduo) dirigida ao Consulado específico onde o pedido de visto é submetido, explicando a relação com o requerente e a finalidade da viagem. Além disso, a carta deve indicar a duração da estadia, lugar de estadia, e informações de contato. A carta deve incluir uma declaração de garantia de responsabilidade financeira da empresa de acolhimento de Angola (ou então o requerente deve fornecer uma declaração bancária pessoal). Esta carta deve ser escrita em Português e estar certificada.
  • Carta do empregador ou empresa patrocinadora no país de origem, dirigida ao Consulado específico onde o pedido de visto seja submetido, em papel timbrado da empresa, introduzindo o requerente, indicando o estatuto de emprego do requerente / cargo ocupado na empresa, e indicando claramente o propósito da visita. A carta comercial também deve indicar quem será financeiramente responsável pelo candidato e deve fornecer informações detalhadas de contato no país de acolhimento.
  • Extratos bancários como prova de meios financeiros equivalentes a ($ 200,00 por dia) para apoiar estadia em Angola. Ou uma declaração de garantia de responsabilidade financeira da empresa de acolhimento em Angola incluída na Carta de Convite, ou uma cópia do extrato bancário do viajante.
  • Passaporte original e cópia do passaporte válido (Página biométrica e páginas que contenham informações sobre movimentos migratórios).
  • Todos os passaportes devem ser válidos por não menos de 18 meses, no momento da apresentação do pedido de visto.
  • Passaporte deve ter pelo menos 3 páginas em branco para endossos.
  • Cópia do itinerário de voos, de e para Angola.
  • Atestado médico do país de origem e certificado de febre-amarela (se aplicável).
  • Registo Criminal negativo da polícia do país de origem ou de residência (no caso de pessoas 18 anos mais velho).
  • As candidaturas devem ser apresentadas pessoalmente pelo requerente, e as impressões digitais serão tomadas no Consulado.
  • Carta de compromisso confirmando requerente concordar em cumprir com todas as leis em Angola durante a sua estadia

Tipos de vistos para a Nigéria e os seus requisitos:
1. Vistos de turísmo / de visitantes / trânsito:
  • Uma carta de convite de uma empresa / acolhedor na Nigéria a aceitar a responsabilidade de imigração. Duração e propósito da visita devem ser indicados.
  • Carta de emprego da empresa.
  • Cópia da página biométrica do passaporte válido da pessoa anfitriã na Nigéria.
  • Prova de reserva de Hotel.
  • Os requerentes de vistos de trânsito devem apresentar cópias dos seus bilhetes de ida e vistos para os seus destinos.
  • Itinerante menor para a Nigéria deve enviar cópias de suas certidões de nascimento, mostrando os nomes de seus pais.
  • Filhos de pais nigerianos devem apresentar cópias da página de informação do passaporte de ambos os pais, e carta de consentimento de ambos os pais.

2. Visto de Negócios:
  • Homens auto patrocinador de negócios são obrigados a mostrar evidências de fundos suficientes.
  • Se viajar por razões de negócio, cartas de convite de empresas ou organizações empresariais indicando a razão deve ser apresentado.
3.  Vistos de Trabalho Temporário (TWP):
  • Uma cópia da aprovação do General dos Serviços de Imigração (este é um visto já endossado com uma autorização que um estrangeiro a entrar na Nigéria para fazer um trabalho específico dentro de um tempo determinado).
  • Certificado de cooperação da contratação de empresa em Inglês.
  • Carta de convite da empresa nigeriana.
4. Sob reserva de Regularização (STR) Visto de trabalho:
  • Quatro cópias da carta da Quota de Expatriado Aprovado pelo Ministério do Interior.
  • Quatro cópias das credenciais, certificados e curriculum vitae, todos verificados por um funcionário relevante da Nigéria ou no  Alto Comissariado/ Embaixada (cópia traduzida para Inglês e certificada).
  • Quatro cópias da carta de oferta de emprego
  • Quatro cópias de STR carta de solicitação de visto de empresa na Nigéria.
  • Quatro cópias de aceitação da oferta da carta de nomeação.
  • Evidência de um mínimo de 4 anos de experiência de pós-graduação.
  • Certificado de cooperação da contratação de empresa em Inglês.
Ser avisados: Todos os itens acima devem ser apresentados em quatro cópias, não separadamente

5. Visto Diplomático
  • Nota Verbal do Ministério das Relações Exteriores do país de origem finalidade afirmando e a duração da atribuição.
6. Visto Missionário
  • Se a sua entrada na Nigéria for para fins religiosos, aprovação do Ministério da Administração Interna na Nigéria deve ser também submetido.
7. Visto de Estudo
  • Se entrar na Nigéria para uma visita educacional, uma carta de convite da Universidade de acolhimento ou escola declarando seu propósito deve ser apresentada.
  • Se entrar como estudante, carta da sua instituição que confirma a aceitação, a matrícula e a duração do curso.

Requisitos para todos os pedidos de visto para NIGÉRIA:
  • Passaporte válido pelo menos por 6 meses, com pelo menos uma página em branco para aprovação de visto
  • Fotos de passaporte
  • Meios de prova financeira na forma de um extrato bancário da conta do candidato com o mínimo de US $ 5000 depositados.
  • Cópia do itinerário do voo
  • Uma carta de convite assinada pelo encolhedor (empresa ou indivíduo) na Nigéria explicando a relação com o requerente e a finalidade da viagem para a Nigéria. Além disso, a carta deve indicar a duração da estadia, lugar de estada, e informações de contato, e deve incluir a declaração: "Vimos por este meio aceitar responsabilidades de imigração integral".
  • Carta do empregador ou da empresa acolhedora, em papel timbrado da empresa, introduzindo o requerente, indicando situação de emprego / a posição que o recorrente vai ocupar na empresa, e indicando claramente o propósito da visita à Nigéria. A carta comercial também deve indicar quem será financeiramente responsável pelo candidato e deve fornecer informações detalhadas de contato na Nigéria
Desde a implementação do novo Regulamento de Imigração, África do Sul foi escrutinada por causa das experiências negativas, suportada não apenas por residentes estrangeiros, mas também por potenciais viajantes. No entanto, depois de ter feito uma pesquisa sobre o procedimento dos processos de vistos em África, em específico na Angola e Nigéria, eu sou da opinião de que os viajantes vão abster-se (se é que já não o fazem) completamente de viajar para estes dois países por causa dos seus requisitos tão rigorosos na solicitação de vistos. Como países em desenvolvimento, Angola e a Nigéria têm potencial para crescer e com um ritmo muito mais rápido, se eles apenas acabarem com os requisitos tão rigorosos que a maioria dos viajantes não podem cumprir e outros requisitos que assustam os investidores. Falar de um pesadelo de imigração! Não só é quase impossível de cumprir determinados requisitos, mas a corrupção e má prestação de serviços é características quando se lida com questões relacionadas com a imigração nestes dois países.


Gabriela A S Da Costa
Gabriela A S Coelho      

Into SA Tshwane
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Los clientes corpóreos, así como los privados extranjeros reciben apoyo profesional para alcanzar susto objetivos en África Subsahariana, con la ayuda de un equipo de asesores expertos de Alemania, Angola, Namibia, España, Italia, Portugal y Argentina, así como abogados, economistas y banqueros sudafricanos.

Ofrecemos orientación y consejo a nuestros clientes con respecto a cualquier actividad en África Subsahariana, con un enfoque holístico para la incorporación de empresas y el pago de todos los impuestos, la solicitud de visados de inmigración, así como la redacción de documentos legales, la solicitud de subvenciones oficiales y certificados de BEE (el Empoderamiento Económico de la Gente de Raza Negra), la obtención de licencias del Banco Central de Sudáfrica en todos los sectores empresariales, así como la ayuda con la importación de bienes. Estos son nuestras virtudes en INTO SA.

INTO SA ha adquirido un conocimiento interdisciplinario y podemos ofrecer asistencia especializada en los siguientes sectores: las energías renovables, la hostelería, la producción industrial, los automóviles así como la agricultura, la ingeniería y las infraestructuras. Contamos con una amplia red a lo largo de todo África Subsahariana.

INTO SA ofrece soluciones rápidas y sostenibles en los asuntos empresariales y personales, ofrecemos una amplia gama de servicios especializados integrales en colaboración con nuestros contactos sudafricanos e internacionales y nuestros socios, así como el profundo conocimiento del mercado y la ayuda con introducción de productos.


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