"Think back 15 years ago, just after the turn of the millennium. Picture yourself walking down the street, turning to a stranger and asking him or her to name the biggest health problem in the world. The likely answer: AIDS.

If you tried that same experiment today, AIDS probably wouldn’t make their list. That’s a good thing. We’ve made dramatic progress in the fight against HIV. But AIDS still continues to claim many more lives than most people realize.

In 2014 alone, 1.2 million people died of AIDS. Worryingly, HIV-related deaths among adolescents have tripled since 2000 – an alarming increase, and, while new HIV infections are falling globally, they are on the rise in many countries – mostly in the developing world and among key populations, such as men who have sex with men, transgender people, sex workers and people who inject drugs.

There has been a great deal of discussion in policy circles about already having the tools we need to end AIDS. We’ve set a deadline, created targets and updated global treatment, care and prevention guidelines to help us reach our goal. At the global level, our discourse is infused with cautious optimism and determination.

But in far too many places in our world, the end of AIDS is still an illusion."

In advance of the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016), the International AIDS Society (IAS) has released The Road to Durban and Beyond, an agenda-setting report on why this moment in the AIDS response is so crucial. Read the full report and we look forward to continuing the discussion with you in Durban at AIDS 2016.

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