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Summer 2015
FROM THE CHAIRMAN:
What's New, and How You Can Take Part


Exciting developments are in the works!!! CTHS members, as well as the public, will soon be able to access an interactive map of Cumberland Township thanks to the efforts of the Adams County Planning Commission.

This map will show existing preservation sites in the township and allow for new sites to be added. Our Preservation Committee has been collaborating with Carly Marshall in the Adams County Planning Office on this project.

Preservation is one of CTHS’s mission statement objectives, and we now have a state-of-the-art instrument to move us forward in protecting our historic heritage. This will allow us to identify and document historic sites in Cumberland Township with mapping software that is accessible to everyone. Many thanks to CTHS board member Doug Cooke and the Preservation Committee for this groundbreaking work.


Plan now for August Mason-Dixon events
Please note that the date for our September quarterly public meeting has been moved up to Monday, August 24, at the Church of the Brethren on Biglerville Road. Come see and hear surveyors “Mason and Dixon” speak of their journey across Pennsylvania and “the troublesome southern boundary of Cumberland Township.”

This presentation will be followed by a special event on Saturday, August 29, from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.: Mason and Dixon Day at the Mary-Penn Bed and Breakfast, which straddles the Mason-Dixon line. We thank the owners, the Waybrights, for allowing us to “piggyback” on this event with our members. Thanks to CTHS Vice President John Horner for attending to these details.


Getting involved
Realizing the potential of our members to accomplish the goals of our mission statement is a primary theme this year at the Cumberland Township Historical Society. One way members can participate is by serving on a committee. Here is a breakdown of our existing committee structure:
  • Membership: Lisa Burt, Linda Seamon
  • Refreshment: Carolyn Greaney, Dale Molina, Lisa Burt
  • Publicity: Jennifer Florer, Cindy Fox
  • Finance: Elsie Morey, Philip Magaldi, Linda Seamon, Don Sangirardi
  • Editorial: John Horner, Cyril Ackerman, Doug Cooke, Linda Seamon
  • Preservation: Doug Cooke, John Horner, John McCleaf, Cyril Ackerman
  • Audio-visual: Cyril Ackerman
  • Merchandise: Tom Clowney
  • Government Relations: Doug Cooke, John Horner, Cyril Ackerman, Speros Marinos
  • Nominating: Vacant
If you are on this list but do not wish to remain, let us know. If you are interested in supporting any of these committees or see a need not currently being addressed, please contact any board member.

Be an asset to CTHS in any way you can by helping us meet the goals of our mission statement. (The mission of the Cumberland Township Historical Society in Adams County, Pennsylvania, is to foster identification and preservation of the township heritage and to promote the public awareness and appreciation of this leg
acy.)

Words of thanks
We already have good examples of our members “getting involved.” Please join me in thanking Philip and Elsie Morey (Life Members) for establishing a CTHS Endowment Fund in honor of Renee Clowney. Thanks to them for attending to the details involved with getting this fund established to meet the future needs of CTHS.

Thanks also to Jen Florer and Cindy Fox for their efforts in keeping our members up to date with CTHS happenings through this newsletter, other publications, and the CTHS website at
www.cumberlandtownship.org.

A huge thanks also to our Refreshment Committee (“CTHS Unsung Hero” award winners) for their contribution at all of our public meetings.

I personally would like to express my deepest appreciation to all current board members for the great service they provide to CTHS. We are all volunteers, and I greatly appreciate the efforts of everyone who participates.


Board nominations
At our Monday, August 24, public meeting, we will seek nominations for one seat on the board of directors that will become vacant in December. The term of office runs for two years. Elections will be held at the December meeting.

Respectfully submitted,
Cyril Ackerman, CTHS Chairman

MEET THE BOARD:
Doug Cooke


Doug Cooke accepted an appointment to fill a vacancy on the CTHS board in January, and his work on the Preservation and Government Relations committees is helping to take the Society to new heights.

It’s a direction this aerospace consultant is familiar with.

Doug has worked for more than 41 years in human space flight programs. He retired from NASA after a 38-year career at Johnson Space Center and NASA headquarters, where he last served as associate administrator of the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate.

In his last year, he led efforts to adopt the current vehicle designs for the Orion and Space Launch System. He had senior leadership responsibilities and achievements during critical periods of the space shuttle, space station, and human exploration spaceflight programs.

While Doug’s vocation kept him focused on space, his avocation was all about water. He has raced sailboats most of his life and was on design teams for two America’s Cup campaigns.

Doug, a past vice president of the Gettysburg Civil War Roundtable, says that he and his wife, Reneé, settled here to enjoy “the history and beautiful countryside.”

Community Bids Farewell to Stanley Wolf


Local historian and CTHS supporter Stanley Wolf died Friday, May 29, at the age of 86.

Stanley, a lifelong farmer, was well-known for his extensive collection of antique farm equipment, tools, and related items. He shared some of this collection (shown at right) during the November 2014 CTHS public meeting that explored the history of agriculture in Cumberland Township.

Stanley was a member of St. James Lutheran Church in Gettysburg and owned Wolf’s Furniture Store on the Barlow-Two Taverns Road and the Gettysburg Campground on the Fairfield Road. He also was the Adams County Gypsy Moth Coordinator for many years. He was instrumental in establishing the Adams County Ag Center and was very involved with the Adams County Farmers Association and Young Farmers Organizations. He also served on both the Gettysburg and Littlestown School Boards.

Stanley is survived by his wife of 65 years, LaVaughne May Wolf.

Author Shares Stories of Camp Sharpe WWII Training


What do a professor, musicologist, Disney artist, gossip columnist, Austrian stage actor, and Henry James scholar have in common? They all trained at Camp Sharpe during World War II to help win the war, it’s been said, with words instead of bullets.

Beverley Driver Eddy, professor emerita of German at Dickinson College in Carlisle, shared her knowledge of Camp Sharpe, and what she’s learned from interviewing nine of its veterans, during the CTHS public meeting in June.

The camp was located in McMillan Woods, previously a Civilian Conservation Corps site. In November 1943, some new inhabitants who would become known as the “psycho boys” began arriving there from Fort Ritchie in Maryland.

The first group of men received commando training to prepare them for intelligence work behind enemy lines. After that came four specialized units deemed Mobile Radio Broadcasting Companies. Their training would focus on psychological warfare.

Eddy made clear that these weren’t your average military men. They were older than usual and spoke multiple languages. Many were immigrants from Europe, and many were also Jewish. They came from incredibly diverse — and interesting — backgrounds.

The story of instructor Hans Habe is just as interesting. Eddy described him as Hungarian by birth and a newspaperman by trade. He had been captured in France in 1940 while fighting with the French Foreign Legion, escaped, and later turned his experience into a best-selling novel. He became a U.S. citizen in 1941 and in 1942 married his third wife, General Foods heiress Eleanor Post Hutton. Habe became a prominent figure in the Washington social scene; Eleanor Roosevelt was godmother to his son.

Habe’s students described him as the best-dressed officer in the U.S. Army, with dyed hair sporting blond tints. “It was like perpetually being at a show,” Eddy quoted one soldier. Habe was also described as an “actor and a fop.” Still, he was an effective instructor who won the men’s respect and admiration. They were, after all, preparing for what would be critical missions.

Some lessons focused on interrogation. The men learned how to evaluate prisoners and determine how easy or difficult it would be to “reach” them by asking certain questions and providing certain information. Other lessons focused on radio monitoring: listening to broadcasts and reporting on them quickly and accurately.  

Broadcast teams learned how to prepare news programs based on reports, keeping them short and simple. Others learned how to take a print shop on the road, preparing small leaflets that would be loaded into shells and fired across enemy lines to urge surrender. Included were assurances that the enemy soldier would be returned home at the war’s end and instructions on how to surrender.

All the soldiers were subject to sharp criticism in what Eddy quoted one man as calling a “hands-on training course like I have never experienced before.”

Eddy also offered a look at the soldiers’ lives in Gettysburg. The need for complete secrecy about their training and mission made it hard to develop deep relationships, she said. Two did marry local girls, however, and many had family and girlfriends who would stay at the Gettysburg Hotel.

The men made the 20-minute walk to town to spend their free time at the movie theater or soda fountain, the library, the drugstore on the first floor of the Wills House, or a local restaurant, such as Mrs. Smith’s, where a dollar reportedly bought an excellent meal.  

As the men completed their training, they headed to Europe. By July 1944, the last soldier had been deployed. After that, Camp Sharpe was used to house prisoners of war.

Eddy noted that after the war, the “psycho boys” remained very visible. Some started the first post-war newspapers and radio stations in Europe; others served as translators at the Nuremberg trials. Many returned to the United States.

Eddy’s book, Camp Sharpe’s “Psycho Boys”: From Gettysburg to Germany, offers a detailed look at this piece of local history that impacted world events. She will also be speaking before the Adams County Historical Society Tuesday, September 1, at 7 p.m., in the auditorium of the Lutheran Theological Seminary.
Marinos Notes Appointment As CTHS Board Advisor

Editor’s note: Former CTHS board member Speros Marinos, who also served as chairman, resigned from his post earlier this year but remains involved with the Society. He submitted the following for publication:

On April 28, I was appointed a “Board Advisor” to CTHS. This is a non-voting (ex-officio) volunteer position. This will allow me to continue to help the board while taking care of my family and businesses.

I am excited about the new “Get Involved” program. I hope you will join me in volunteering in any way you can to keep our society healthy.

Your servant still,
Speros Marinos

Mark Your Calendar for Upcoming Programs


The Cumberland Township Historical Society holds quarterly public meetings, each featuring a special presentation on a specific aspect of the township's history. All presentations are free and open to the public.

All events are held at 7 p.m. at the Church of the Brethren, 1710 Biglerville Road, Gettysburg, unless otherwise noted. Come and explore our local history!
  • Aug. 24, 2015 — Learn about the Mason-Dixon Line during its 250th anniversary (quarterly meeting moved from September)
  • Aug. 29, 2015 — Mason and Dixon Day at the Mary-Penn Bed & Breakfast (more details below!)
  • Dec. 7, 2015 — Get a glimpse of Gettysburg’s long-ago theme park: Fantasyland (quarterly meeting)
Watch your email for more information on each event about two weeks before the scheduled date. Details will also be posted on the CTHS website.

Aug. 29: Mason and Dixon Day at the Mary-Penn B&B

Did you know that the Mary-Penn Bed & Breakfast in Cumberland Township straddles the Mason-Dixon Line? On Saturday, August 29, join in a celebration of the 250th anniversary of the Mason-Dixon Line and spend a day in 1760s colonial life! See living history events and demonstrations, French and Indian War reenactments, Mason and Dixon survey demonstrations, and a raid on the survey party. Enjoy wineries, breweries, distilleries, hard cider, food and beverage vendors, and art and craft vendors.

Events will take place 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. at the Mary-Penn Bed & Breakfast, 716 Mason Dixon Road, Gettysburg. A free Irish music concert will be held from 7-10 p.m. The event is sponsored by the Gettysburg Wine & Fruit Trail.


Click here for more information or visit the event's Facebook page.
Thanks to New and Renewing Members

The Cumberland Township Historical Society board of directors thanks the following new and renewing members — along with all members — for their support:
  • Sandra Breighner & family
  • Nancy Cocklin 
  • Mira & Bruce Form
  • Jane Malone
  • Paula Olinger
  • Jim & Sue Paddock
  • Robert Teeter
Click here for a form to join CTHS or renew your membership. All are welcome!

Own a Piece of History



These handcrafted keepsakes are made from a tree that witnessed President Lincoln as he rode toward the National Cemetery to deliver his Gettysburg Address.

Give yourself or someone special the gift of a pen, letter opener, magnet, paperweight, or ornament and support CTHS. Pricing is as follows:
  • Magnet – $15
  • Hanging ornament – $15
  • Paper weight – $20
  • Letter opener – $25
  • Pen – $45
The items may be purchased at the CTHS quarterly meetings or by contacting CTHS member Tom Clowney at (717) 334-5406.
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