We are also working on other key areas of interest such as impacts on inequalities and marginalised groups, which will be added to the alert once completed.
Analytical Collaboration for COVID-19
As previously described the collaboration are supporting ad hoc immediate questions raised by national bodies but are also using their expertise to focus on questions that the NHS may lack the immediate resources to look at, which may be more medium-term, cut across sectors, or benefit from independent analysis. This week the Strategy Unit published analyses on changes in healthcare activity since lockdown, these include:
Earlier searches identified a wave of papers on the impact of the pandemic in care homes. There have been fewer papers on the impact in other residential facilities, however a new blog from the Nuffield looks at what life might be like in prisons while the virus remains a threat, and what it might mean for access to health care. Research is starting to explore lessons learned from the first wave of COVID-19 that can help prepare in case of a second wave.
New rapid reviews from the Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine explore the evidence to support the 2-metre social distancing rule to reduce COVID-19 transmission, and transmission dynamics of COVID-19. Community engagement to support contextually specific, acceptable and appropriate COVID-19 prevention and control measures is also explored.
Emerging evidence explores increased concerns regarding potential neurological complications of COVID-19. A BMJ editorial highlights the need to shift the research focus to studies on living with this disease. Other commentaries cover cognitive rehabilitation, cardiac rehabilitation, and paediatric inflammatory syndrome temporally related to Covid-19.
A Cochrane review explores antibody tests for identification of current and past infection with Covid 19. Emerging evidence explores the late diagnosis of COVID-19 in patients admitted to hospital, as well as approaches to testing patients in psychiatric units and protocols to restore surgical services. Research on criteria for COVID-19 testing of heath care workers is also considered.
There is continued concern of the impact of the pandemic and restrictions on mental health, both in the general public and for those with pre-existing conditions. There are also concerns that the pandemic may lead to a widening of pre-existing health inequalities. A new rapid review explores the effect of the COVID19 pandemic on alcohol use and alcohol-related harms. Emerging research covers concerns regarding maternal and child health and nutrition, and elder mistreatment.
The Royal College of Surgeons of England and the Royal College of Emergency Medicine have issued a joint memorandum to MPs calling for urgent action to help the NHS recover from Covid-19. A rapid review shows the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of unpaid carers. Ethical dilemmas due to the Covid-19 pandemic are also considered in a rapid review. The role of community health workers in the COVID-19 response is emerging.